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49 71 ti : 

O CTI i\l«H^k ^ 



PK 1004.p'34" ""'""""' '■"'"•■>' 
^''lllMliminiwrn^^^^^^^^ dictionary 

3 1924 023 329 703 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 








For this reprint of the Student's Pali - English 
Dictionary, first published in 1920, I wish to thank the 
Breezewood Foundation, Hess Road, Monkton, 
Maryland, United States of America, for suggesting 
the publication and for its generosity in financing it. 

Pe Maung Tin 

(Professor Dr. Pe Maun Tin, M.A., D. Litt. 

Chairman, the Historical Commission, 

University Estate, Rangoon.) 

11th. October, 1961. 


This Dictionary is intended mainly for students in Burma. 
As I have aimed at confining the maJiimum of matter in 
■the minimum of space, I have not made any reference to 
Sanskrit forms. And the arrangement of words l:as been 
guided less by philological connections than by practical 
considerations, and the abbreviation signs have enabled me 
to save space by grouping together under one heading 
many words which might otherwise have required separate 

I have derived much benefit from Childers's Dictionary, 
the list of Pali Words beginning with S and H in the 
Journals of the Pali Text Society for 1907 and 1909, 
Andersen's Glossary to his Pali Reader, Ledi Pandita's 
Pali-Burmese Dictionary. 

Pangoon College, ) MAUNG TIN. 

jist August ig3o. J 

ad;. = adjective, 
ad'!). = adverb. 
CAMS. = causative, 
con/. = conjunction. 
dat.=: dative, 
denom. = denominative, 
/. = feminine 


inter j. = interjection, 
m. = masculine, 
n.zs neuter. 
nMW. = numeral, 
part. = particle, 
paw. = passive. 

f pp. ={uture passive par- 

g'er. = gerund. 
imper. = imperative, 
indeed. = indeclinable. 
in/. = infinitive. 
iistr.-- instrumentive. 

garahati, "h& = garahati, garaha 
cira,*kala = cira, ctrakala. 

PPp. =periect passive par- 

■pre/. = prefix. 
Pron. =: pronoun ■ 
stt/. = suffix- 
^. = verb. 
voc. =vocative 


a, negative prefix — an, before a vowel. 

arhsariisa, m. (Jas) a portion of a part. 

aiiisa, ran. (N/am) tfie shoulder. 

arhsa, m. (J as) a part, portion, sliare; a period of time. 
Amsena, inst. in part. 

amsaka, m. a relative, heir; n. day. 

aihsa-kuta, to. the shoulder-blade, the hump of an ox. 

amsa-bhaga, to. (Jbhaj) a share, portion, inheritance. 

ariisala, adj. strong, durable. 

artisa-hara, °harl, mfn. (Jhar) a share-holder. 

artisu, mn. a thread, ray, sunbeam, filament. 

arhsuka, n, a leaf, cloth. 

aitisu-jala, n. a net-work of rays. 

aiiisu-dhara, vi. the sun. 

artisu-pati, to. the sun. 

atiisumaphala, /. the plantain. 

arhsu-mala, /. a garland of rays- 

ariisu-mali, to. the sun. 

athsula, adj. radiant. 

amsu-vana, the sun. 

ariisu-hattha, to. the sun. 

aiiihati, °ti, /. a present, disease, abandonment. 

aka, TO. one who walks crookedly, an evil action. 

akaca, to. a banner. 

a-kanna, adj. deaf, lit. earless. 

a-katafiiiu, adj. (Jkar), ungrateful, lit. not kowing what has 
been done. 

akata-niiij, adj. (Jhs) knowing nibbana (lit. the unmade). 

akattana, mfn. a dwarf. 

a-kanittha, adj. greatest, highest, an epithet of spirits in- 
habiting the sixteenth or highest of the material brah- 
ma worlds. 

a-karani, to. failure, deficiency. 

a-kala, to. (Jkal) unseasonable time, wrong time. 

akala-jaladodaya, m. mist, fog. 

akala-saha, adj. (Jsah) haSty, urgent. 

a-kiiicana, n. freedom from cares. 

a-kuppa, adj. (Jkup) immovable; n. gold and silver. 

a-kulina, adj. (Jkul) of low family. 

2 a-kusaia 

a-kusala, qdj. (iJkus) immoral, unskilful; m. immorality. 

akiipara, m. the sea, ocean ; a tortoise •■ a rock, stone. 

akota, m. the betel tree. 

akka, m. the sun; the plant swallow-wort; copper; Sunday. 

akka, /• the mother. 

akkosa, m. °ana, n. (is/kus) abuse. 

akkha, m. (Jakkh) the axle of a wheel; a die; a snake; a 
law-suit ; the plant terminalia bellerica ; the tical 
weight ; a born-blind ; the width of the earth ; n. a con- 
trolling faculty; the salt of the sea; vitriol. 

akkhaka, m. the collar-bone. 

akkhakanna, n. astronomy. 

akkhana, /. lightning. 

akkhata, n. fried grain ; a enuch. 

akkhata-yoni, /. a virgin. 

akkha-dassa, aka, m. (J das) a judge. 

akkha-devi, m. (J div) a dicer, gambler. 

akkha-dhutta, vi. >J{dhuv) a dicer, glambler. 

akkha-dhuttila, m. a beast of burden. 

akkha-pata, m. a law-court; boxing, wrestling. 

akkha-pataka, tika, to. a judge. 

akkha-mala, /. a rosary. 

a-kkhara, n. the imperishable, aibbana; austerity; the 
sky ; water. 

akkhara-janani, - lekhanl, f- a pen-holder, pencil. 

akkhai'a-mukha, m. a school-boy. 

akkhara-samaya, to. letters, reading and writing. 

akkha-sutta, n. a rosary. 

akkhagga, n. a carriage-front. 

akkhara-lavana, w. the sea-salt ; a morning meal. 

akkhi, n. (^/akkh) the eye. 

akkhi-kutaka, n. the eye-ball. 

akkhi-ga, n. the eye-lashes. 

akkhi-gata, mfn. that which comes into the field of vision ; 
an enemy. 

akkhi-gola, m. the eye-ball. 

akkhi-tara, /. the pupil of the eye. 

akkhi-dala, - patala, n- the eyelid. 

akkhiva, n. the sea-salt. 

akkhi-vikusita, n. a side-glance. 

akkhota, m. the walnut. 

akkhobhiiil, /. a complete army; a high numeral, i follow- 
ed by forty-two ciphers. 

aggibha 3 

a-kliaftclana, «. tinw; promise; entirety. 

E'-khancJaphulla, adj. intact, unbrokep. 

akha.n4itutu, adj. fertile in crops. 

a-khata, mn. (Wkiian) a natural pond. 

a-khila, adj. all, entire. 

aga, TO. the sun ; a tree ; mountain, snake. 

a-gaccha, m. (J gam) a tree. 

a-gati, /. (Jgam) wrong course, misfortune^ 

a-gada, -m. medicine; adj. healtJiy. 

agadan-kara, m. (K^kar) a physician. 

a-gama, m. (J gam) a tree, mountain. 

agalu, mn. aloe wood. 

a-gadha, n. a hole, chasm ; adj. deep, bottomless. 

agadha-yoni, /. a woman lusting for sensuality. 

agara, n. a house. 

agina, to. the sun. 

agira, to. the sun, fire, evil spirit. 

aguru, mil. aloe woot^, teak tree. 

aguta-gandha, n. (Jgandh) asafoetida. 

agga, adj. first, chief, pre-eminent; n. top, summit; height; 

goal ; sprout or bud of a plar^t ; firstfruits. Aggato, 

adv. prep, in front of. 
agga-kara, to. the right hand, 
agga-ja, to. (Jja) the eldest brother; a brahmin, 
agga-jana, - jati, m. (Jja) a brahmin, 
aggaiiiia, adj. noble, principal, 
aggamahesi, /. the chief queen, 
agga-mariisa, n. the heart-flesh. 

agga-hara, to. (^/har) arable field or cultivated land, 
aggala, to. a door, wave, tusk, outer layer, 
aggi, to. fire, the god of fire, gold, 
aggi-kattha, n. aloe wood, fire-wood, 
aggi-kona. to. the east, 
aggi-gabbha, to. crystal, pepper, 
aggi-jala, 11. (Jjal) the flame of fire, 
aggi-jhapana, n. (Jjha) cremation, 
aggittha, n. a pot, pan. 
aggi-niyyasa, to. gold, 
aggini, to. fire. 

aggi-patthara, to. a lucifer match. 
aggi.bahu, to. smoke- 
aggi-bija, n. gold, 
aggibha, adj. ( J.bha) radiant like fire; m. gol<J. 

4 aggibhu 

aggibhu, n. water. 

aggi-mukha, m. a brahmin. 

aggi-raja, m. {Jia]) ink, soot. 

aggi-ratlia, m. a railway train. 

aggi-vallabha, m. the wind. 

aggi-vana, m. a rocket. 

aggi-vaha, m. (iJvah) smoke- 

aggi-visappa, m. a boil. 

aggi-sakha, m. the wind. 

aggi-sahaya, m. a pigeon, the wind. 

aggi-sala, /. a fire-place, kitchen. 

aggi-slkha, ni. a lamp, lantern, arrow, rocket, balloon. 

aggha, n. (Jaggh) price, value, cost, offering of rice,, etc. 

agghati, v. (Jaggh) to cost, be worth. 

agghapaniya, 711. (iJaggh) an appraiser, valuer. 

agghiya, w.fn. an oblation. 

agyagara, ni. a fire-place. 

agha, n. evil. 

a.ghamnia dama, w. the moon. 

aiika, m. (Jac) a mark, the flank or side, hip, place. 

arika-palika, /. a nurse. 

anka-vijja, /. (iJvid) arithmetic. 

aiiki, /. a long cask. 

ankuta, m. a key. 

afikura, to. (Jac) a sprout, shoot. 

aiikuraka, m. a bird's nest. 

aiikusa, mn. (Jac) a hook to guide an elephant with. 

aiikusa-ggaha, to. (ijgah) an elephant-driver, mahout. 

aiikola, m. name of a plant. 

afiga, 7Z. (iJaiig) a limb, member, body, division, quality, 

ahga-ggaha, m. (Jgah) disease. 

aiiga-ja, n. (Jja) blood, love, hair, disease, offspring, 
aiiga-jata, n. (Jia) membrum virile, 
angaria, n. (iJaiig) a court-yard, house-floor, sin. 
aiigati, to. brahma, fire. 

angada, n. a dress with close filling sleeves, 
angana, /. a woman, 
anganappiya, TO. the amherStia tree, 
angapaccariga, n. limbs big and small, 
aiiga-pali, to. embrace- 
aiiga-m-afiga, n. limbs big and small, 
ahga-mndda, to. (Jmad) a shampooer. 

accha 5 

aiiga-rakkhinl, /. (Jrakkh) a coat of mail, robe. 

anga-raga, m. (Jraj) besmearing the body with unguents. 

anga-ruha, n. (i>/ruh) the hairs of the body. 

aiigalota, m- green ^ing^r. 

angava, m. a dried fruit. 

anga-vikati, /. (ijkar) a swoon, stupefaction, apoplexy. 

anga-sanga, m. (ijsanj) sexual intercourse. 

aiiga-hara, m. (i»/har) deportment of the body. 

afigangi, n. boxing. 

angadhipa, m. (Jpa) a king. 

angara, mn. live coal, charcoal. 

angara-dhanika, /. a stove. 

angara-puppha, m. (Jphus) the plant canna indica. 

angara-mafijarl, - vallarl, /. a kind of tree. 

angarika, /. sugarcane, a butea flower. 

angarini, /. a small stove. 

arigika, /. a shirt, bodice, shorts. 

anglkarana. n. a promise, mutual consent, contract. 

angfrasa, m. name of a buddha or a sage. 

anguttha, m. the thi^mb. 

aiigula, m7i. a finger, finger's breadth, inch. 

angulitta, °tana, n. gloves. 

anguli-pabba, n. a finger-joint. 

anguli-motana, n. the cracking of finger-joints. 

angullka, °Iya, mn. a finger-ring. 

angulT-sambhuta, m. the finger-nails. 

angulyabharana, n. a finger-ring. 

angusa, vi. an arrow, elephant-goad. 

a-canda, /. a tame cow, gentle lady. 

a-cala, adj. (Jcal) imniovable ; m. a mountain, pin. 

a-cira, adj. short, brief. Acirena, inst. adv. before long, 

acira-ppabha, /. (Jbha) lightning. 

a-cetaniia, n. (Jcit) forgetfulness. 

a-celaka, adj. unclothed; m. a naked ascetic. 

accana, /. offering, worship. 

accanta, adj. exceeding, extreme. °am, adv. very, exceed- 

accaya, m. t*ti Ji+a) lapse, death, offence, sin. 

acci, mfn. a ray of light, sunbeam, jRame. 

acci-ma, m. fire. 

a-ccuti, /. (»ycu), the deathless, nibbana. 

accha, adj. clear, transparent; m. a bear, crystal. 

6 ajjhapatti 

acchara, /. a celestial nymph, the snapping of a finger. 

acchariya, adj. wonderful. 

acchadana, n. (Jehad) a covering, lid, clothes. 

acchadeti, v. (a Jehad) to wear (clothes), dress, cover, hide. 

ppp. Acchaana. 
acchi, /. the eye. 
acchindali, v. (a Jchid) to take away, rob, plunder, daka, 

m. a robber, 
aja, in. (Jaj) a goat, ram. 
aja-kanna, vi. a goat's ear, chilli leaf, 
ajaga, m- fire. 

ajagara, m. a boa constrictor, 
aja-jlvaka, m. (Jjiv) a goat-herd, 
ajanria, n. an evil omen; adj. socially unbefitting, 
ajatakasa, m. the open space, 
a-janani, /- (Jjan) a step-mother, 
ajapa, w- (J pa) a goat-herd, 
ajapala, m. the goat-herds' banyan tree, 
ajamoda, /. the radish plant, 
ajambha, m. a frog, 
ajaya, m. (Jji) defeat, lire; adj. unconquerable: /. the flax 

ajara, /• (Jjar, jir) a spirit, the aloe plant, 
ajaiambana, n. antimony, 
ajaji, /■ cumnjin seeds or plant, 
ajina, ;;. the hide of the black antelope, 
ajinapatta, /. a bat. 

ajinayoni, »?;. a wild goat, large kind of deer, 
ajimhaga, m. (Jgam) an arrow, 
ajira, n. a court-yard, frog, wind, 
a-jivha, m. a frog. 

a-jlva, adj. (fJjiv) lifeless; m- a corpse, 
ajja, adv. today. 

ajjatagge, adv. from today, henceforward, 
ajjatana, adj. of today, contemporary, modern. °nl, /. the 

aorist tense, 
ajjuka, /. a courte;^an. 

ajjhakkha, m. a village head-man, superi^ntendent. 
ajjhatta, °tika, n. subjective, personal, internal, 
ajjhacarati, -j. (adhi+a Jcar) to pracCse, enjoin. °cara, m 

an offence, 
ajjhapeti, v. (adhi +a + apaJi) to leach, instruct, 
ajjhapatti, /. (Jpad) an offence, transgression. 


ajjhaya, to. the chapter of a book. 

ajjharopeti, cans. (Jmh) to raise, transfer, apply; "rCilha, 

ajjhavasati, v. (N/vas) to dwell, inhabit. 

ajjhava-satha, m. (-Jvas) a covered place, house, dwelling 

ajjhavahanika, n. (-Jvah) a dowry 

ajjhasaya, (adhi + a Jsi) intention, inclination, wish, vole. 

ajjhiiseti, v. (>Jsi) (o lie or rest upon. 

ajjhena, ii. vedic learning- 

ajjhesati, v. (Jis) to request, invite. 

cijjhokasa, m. (iJkas) the open sky, .space. 

ajjhogalha, ppp. (Jgah) plunged, sunk, immersed. 

ajjhottharati, v. (Jthar) to strew about, scatter; °thata, 

ajjhosita, ppp- (Vsi) tjent upon; °sana, n. being bent upon, 

ajjhoharati, v. (Jhar) to swallow, eat; °hata, Ppp- 

ancati, v. (s/anc) to honour. 

aiicala, m. the fringe of a garment. 

anjati, v. (Janj) to anoint, smear 

aiijana, m. a tuktoo ; /. a chameleon; n. a collyrium, night. 

anjanika, /• a white-bellied mouse. 

anjall, to. the hollow of the joined hands, a respectful salu- 
ation performed by rafsing the joined hands to the fore- 
head. Ahjalim karoti, pagganhdti or paiidmeti, to 
salute respectfully so. 

afijasa, n. a road. 

anjittha, m. the sun- 

anjira, n. the fig tree or fruit. 

afiua, adj. other, another, a second; *tara, adj. a certain, 
some, one; "attha, adv. elsewhere; *d-atthu, adv. sure- 
ly, certainly : *da, adv. at another time; *m-anna, adv. 
each other, mutually, reciprocally. 

anna, /. ( Jna) knowledge, fruition of arahantship. 

a-iinana, n. (Jna) ignorance. 

annadisa, adj. different. 

aiirioiina, adj. mutual- 

atata, ii- a very high numeral. 

a^ati, V. iJii{) to roam. 

atani, /- the frame of a bedstead, the notch of a bow to 
catch the bow-string. 

afavi, /. (Jal) a forest.. 


atta, TO. (-Jar) a lawsuit; (.J at) a watch-tower, an upper 
storey of a house ; ad;, suffering; *yoga, m. (Jyuj) 
attahasa, vi. (Jhas) violent laughter, 
attahasaka, to. the wild jasmine^, 
attala, to. (Jat) a watch tower; °lika, /• a palace- 
attiyati, v. to loathe. 

attha, num. eight; °aka, h. an octad, set of eight, 
atthakatha, /- ', Jkath) a commentary, 
atthagadha, to. a spider, 
atthapada, to. a spider. 

atthami, /. the eighth day of a lunar half month, 
a-tthana, w. (Jtha) wrong place, wrong occasion. Atthanc, 

ad-v. lot. out of pl^ce, unseasonably, 
atthapada, mn. a picture-frame, a chequered board for dice 

etc., spider, worm, safety pin, gold, 
attarasa, num. eighteen,! 

atthi, n. a bone, kernel of a fruit ; *ka, a skeleton, seed- 
atthikankala, to. a heap of bohes. 
atthija, *fifia, *sara, to. a mirror, glass, 
atthi-tunda, to. a bird. 

atthitoda, to. (Jtud) bone-disease, disease of the bones, 
atthi-thuna, to. the bodyi 
atthi-mala, /. a rosary of bones, 
atthi-minja-meda, fn. marrow, 
atthi-sarhharaka, vi. the adjutani bird, 
atthi-saficaya, tn- (Jci) a. heap of bones, ashes obtained 

from a cremated body, 
atthi-sosa, to. (Jsus) a disease causing the bones to dry up. 
atthuppatti, /. {>Jpat) the circumstances of an occurrence, 
addha, adj. half, wealthy. 

addha-tiya, adj. to and a half ; -teyyasata, adj. two hundred 
and fifty; - teyyasahassa, adj. two thousand and fifty, 
addha-porisa, n. two cubits and one span, 
addha-ratta, n. midnight, 
addhuddha, adj. three and a half ; "*sata, adj. three hundred 

and fifty, 
ani, TO. the edge of a weapon, extremity, limit of a field or 

anurh-thCda, adj. small and great, 
anu, TO. an atom; adj. minute, subtle, small, 
anda, n. an egg, a testicle ; *kosa, to. an egg-shell, boand- 
ary of a province. 

ati-raifha 9 

an<Ja-ja, m. (.Jja) a bird. 

andalu, m. a fish. 

andira, m. a man. 

ancJupaka, n. a roll of cloth lo serve as a sland for a vessel 
carried on the head. 

annq, m. (Jar) water, a message. 

annava, m. the sea. 

annobhava, m. a bomb, shell. 

atata, m. a mountain-precipice. 

atati, •z). (Jat) to go, 

atala, n. a hell belaw the earth. 

atalamphassa, adj. bottomless. 

atasa, m. the wind, body, a weapon. 

atasi, /. flax. 

ati, pref. {with verbs) over, beyond; (with nouns) excessive, 
surpassing; {with adverbs) very exceedingly. 

ati-katha, /. ( Jkath) meaningless words. 

ati-kkamati, v. (N/kam) to step or pass, beyond, cross, stii- 
pass, transgress; ppp. atikkanta. 

ati-kkama, m. °ana, n. (Jkam) passing away, transgression, 
a faulf, offence. 

ati-ga, adj. {J gam) going beyond, escaping from. 

ati-gacchati, v. (Jgam) to overcome. 

ati-gandha, adj. si rong smelling; m. lemon-grass, champak, 

ati-carati. v. (Jcar) to .transgress, commit adultery. 

ati-cariya, /< - caia, m. (>s/car) transgression, adultery. 

aticchafha, v. (imp er. 2nd. pi.) this is the word for civilly 
refusing alms to a monk ; ' go and beg further on- 

atichatta, m. a mushroom ; /. the anise plant. 

atithi, m. a guest, visitor. *knya, /. hospitality, duty to- 
wards guests. 

ati-dassana, adj. ( Jdas) beyond ken, invisible. 

ati-ppage, adv. too early. 

atibharaga, m. a donkey, mule, camel. 

ati-matta, adj. (Jma) exceeding, excessive, am, adv. ex- 

ati-marijada, adj. exceeding the limit. 

ali-nianusaka, adj. superhuman. 

atimutta, ?». the soap acacia creeper; aka, nt. the persimon 

ati-modfi, /. the jasmine plant; excessive icy- 

ati-ratha, m. a chariot-army. 

horapataka 25I 

hTny, ppp, (J ha) wanting, deprived, base, vile. 

hinajacM, adj. low-boni. 

hinavddn, »n. wlio has lost his disputes. 

hinSdhimutta, "tika, adj. having low inclinations. 

hiyatlana, adj. belonging to \'esierday ; "nl, /. the imper- 
fect tense. 

hiyo, adv. yesterday. 

hira, »). a necklace, spainter, small piece; *hirarii karoti, to 
cut into small pieces, chop up. 

liiteli, V. to be vexed, to grieve, scorn, disdain ; hllana, n. 

huiti, ononi. 

hukku, sound uttered by a jack&l. 

hutikara, m. uttering the sound huiii, barking, roaring. 

Iiutavaha, °asana, m. fire. 

hutta, );.. sacrifice. 

hurarii, adj. in the other world; hurdhuraih, from existence 
to existence. 

husa, /. a daughter-in-law. 

huhuhkajatika, m. a brahmin uttering the saund huyh,' 

hiiti, /. calling, challenging. 

he, a vocative particle. 

hetthato, abl. from below; hettha, adj. down, below. 

hetthabhaga, m. the lower part. 

hetthamafica, m. a platform outside a house under the eaves, 

hetthasisaka, adj. head downwards. 

iietthima, adj. lower, lowest; *ntena, at least. 

hetheti, v. to harass, worry, injure; hethaka, m, a robber; 

°hethana, /. 
heti, /. a weapon. 

hetu, m. cause, reason; *ppabhava, adj. rising from a cause, 
hema, n. gold. 

hemanta, m. the winter; °tika, adj. wintry, 
hemavantaka, m. belonging. to the Himalayas, 
heyya, fpp. (Jha) to be abandoned, 
herariiiika, m. a treasurer, 
hela, /. sport, dalliance, 
heva ; hi-eva, quite, exactly, just, 
hesati, v. to neigh; hesa, /; hesita, n. 

hessati,/"/. from Jbhu,orJhu, to be, and from ■>/ha, to leavQ. 
hehita, fut. from ^/bhii. 
hotabba, ppp. from Jbhu. 
homa, mn. oblation, 
■.^-s^staii--. til. an astroloG^er, 

lo ati-ritta 

ati-ritta, °aka, adj. (N'ric) superfluous, extra, in excess, 
atireka, adj. (Jfic) excessive, exceeding, 
ati-rocati, -d. (J rue) to outshine- 
ati-romasa, adj. very hairy ; m. a wild goat, 
ati-vattati, v. {•Jva.t) to go beyond, pass, overcome, trans- 
aU-vasa, adj. subject to, submissive, 
ati-vakya, n. (iJvac) bad language, abuse- 
ati-viya, adv. very, exceedingly, 
ati-visa, ad/, able to counteract poison ; /. garlic, dried 

ati-vela, adj. unseasonable, late- 
ati-sajjana, n. (N'sajj) a present. 

ati-saya, 17!. excess, excellence. Atisaycna,insir. exceedingly, 
atisara, vu dysentery, 
atlta, adj. {J\) past; n. a story of the past. AlUe, adv. for- 

ativa, adv. very, exceedingly- 
a-tula, adj. (Jtul) incomparable, 
ato, adv. hence, now, accordingly, 
atta-ggaha, m. (Jgah) belief in the self, soul-theory, 
atta-ghosa, m. (Jghus) blowing one's own trumpet, 
atta-ja, adj. (^'ja) self-produced; m. a son ; /. a daugiiter. 
atta-jaya, m. (iJji) self-conquest, 
atta-d-attha, m. one's own good, 
atta-dassa, m. (Jdas) a looking-glass, 
atta-ditthi, /. ( jdis) heresy of the self, soul-lheory. 
atta-dutlya, adj. alone, lit. ' with self as a second com- 
atla-niya, adj. belonging lo the self. 
atla-bandhu, vi- (N/bandh) one's relative; nephew, 
atta-bhava, vi. (Jbhij) intli\idualily, personality, 
atta-vada, m. doctrine of (he self, soul-lheory. 
atta-samapanidhi, m. (Jdlia) self-determinnlion . 
alla-haccji, /. (Jhan) suicide, 
atta-hila, m. one's own advantage. 

attanopada, ii- the intransitive, reflexive {grawvuilicaJ). 
atlamana, adj. (-Vdii) delighted, joyful, 
allavlra, m. n brother-in-law, clown. 

atla, w. self, individuality, soul; /. mother, elder sister; 
*dhlna, adj. independent, relating to one's self; m. a 
brother-in-law, son- 
tallukkaifisnna, n. (Jkaihs) self-praise- 

atha 1 1 

attupanayika, adj. (^/nl) making self the example, consi- 

atlov^da, m. (Jvad) self-instrnction. 

attha, adv. here. 

attha, adj. rich, skilled. 

attha, in. (Jar) need, matter, aim, purpose, reason, welfare, 
meaning. Attham, ace. ; althaya, dat. for the purpose 
of. Atthcna, instr. by reason of, on account of. 

atthakara, adj. (Jkar) m. beneficial. 

j^tthakusala, adj. clever in one's welfare. 

atthakkhayi, m. (.ykha) a friend who instructs one for good. 

atthacariya, /. (J car) wise conduct. 

atthapati, in. a king. 

atthappayoga, m. (s'yuj) usury 

atthabhata, adj. (is/bhar) drawing a large salary. 

atthabheda, m. ( Jbhid) destruction of one's welfare, classi- 
fication of meaning in grammar. 

atthalesa, adj. similar in meaning. 

atthavada, m. benediction. 

atthasaiUhana, n. treasury, bank. 

atthasattha, n. ethics 

attha, n. (Jas) disappearance, destruction. 

atthahgacchati, v. {J gam) to disappear, to set (of the sun); 
°gama, m. disappearance, destruction. 

atthana, /. (-s'ar) a request. 

attham-eti, v. (Ji) to set (of the sun). 

attharana, n. (Jthar) a covering, carpet. 

attharati, v. (Jthar) to spread, lay out, cover; ppp. atthata. 

atthadhikara, m. a treasurer, accountant. 

atthantara, n. another meaning, opposite meaning. 

atthi, v. {Jas) to be, exist. 

atthibhava, to. (N/bhu) existence. 

atthika, adj. (Jar) desirous of; ni. a pauper, 

atthita, /. °tta, n. (Jas) existence. 

atthi, mfn. (Jar) a beggar, plaintiff, 

attheti, v. (Jar) to request, 
atyappa, adj. very few 
atra, adv. here- 

atriccha, adj. (Jis) covetous, greedy, 
atha, adv. and, but, then, now. 
atha kliti, adv. how so? why? 
atha kho, adv. indeed, then, 
atha va, conj. or. 

12 athabbana 

athabbana, m. the atharva vcda- 
atho, adv. and, also, tlicn. 
adatlri, /. a virgin, unmarried lady, 
aditi, /. tiie mother of Gods, the earth, 
adinnadfma, n. theft, lit- ' taking "what is not given/ 
adii, adj. such and such. 

adukkha-m-asukha, /. neither painful or pleasurable feel- 
ing, neutral feeling, 
a-dutiya, adj. without a second, alone, 
adda, adj. wet. 
addaka, n. ginger, 
adda, /. name of a planet, 
addi, m. a mountain, 
addipavaka, m. a volcano, 
addita, adj. oppressed, afflicted, 
addha, adj. half, 
addhanisa, /. midnight. 

addhaga, °gu, in. (Jgam) a traveller. 

addha, m. a road, distance, lime 

addha, adv. truly, certainly. 

addhi, /. a long journey. 

addhika, mfn. a fai: traveller. 

adhama, adj. lowest, meanest, 

adhamaiiga, n. the foot. 

adhara, adj. lower, inferior ; m. the lower lip. 

adharika, adj. opposing. 

adhi, f:rcp. above, superior to. 

adhika, adj. exdfeeding, more than, excelling. 

adhikarana, n. (Jkar) reference, locative case in grammar, 
circumstance, special cause. 

adhikaranl, /. a smith's anvil. 

adhikara, m. (^/kar) office, authority, function, chapter. 

adtiikottana, n. (sfkutt) a chopping block. 

adhigacchati, v. (Jgam) to reach, attain. 

adhitthati, °thati, "thahati, v. (Jtha.) to estabhsli, resolve, un- 
dertake, appoint. 

adhitthayaka, m. supennlendent, director- 

adhipa, °ati, m. lord, chief, ruler. 

adhippaya, to. intention, wish, meaning. 
i adhibhavana, n. subjection. 

adhibhasati, v. (Jbhas) to address, speak. 

adhibtiu, to. lord, master, king. 

adltimatfa, adj. excessive. 

an-avasesa 13 

adliimuccati, v. (Jmiijc) to be inclined to, intent upon, 

adliirohani, /. a ladder. 

adhivacana, n. a synonym. 

adhivasati, v. {Jvas) to dwell. 

adhivaseti, v. (Jvas) to consent, comply willi, accepi, ap- 

adhivinna, /. chief wife. 

adhivedana, w, taking a lesser wife. 

adhisaya, m. place. 

adhisayani, /. fire-place, bellows. 

adhiseti, v. (n/sI) to lie down, rest, sleep. 

adhlte, adhlyate, v. (Ji) to re(id, study. 

adhina, adj. subject, dependent. 

adhuna, adv. now. 

adho, adv. underneath, below 

adhojivhika, /. the uvula. 

adhopatthara, vi. (Jthar) a bed cloth- 

adhobhaga, m. (Jbhaj) the lower portion. 

adhobhuvana, n- the lower region, hell. 

adhomukha, adj. face downwards 

adhovirecana, n. (Jric) a purgative. 

ana, n. a cart. 

an-agariya, /. asceticism, the homeless life of a monk. 

an-aggha, adj. {iJaggh) priceless, invaluable. 

an-afina, ac^- without another, alone; *pubba, /. a pure 

an-aiiiiata, adj. (Jna) unkown. 

anaduha, m. a bull. 

anati, v. (Jan) to breathe, 

an-atta, m. selflessness, soullessness. 

an-attha, m. disadvantage, misfortune. 

an-anta, adj. endless, infinite; *sisa, /. Visnu's wife. 

an-antara, adj. without an interval, immediately following, 

an-amatagga, adj. (is/mar or Jman) revolving (in sarhsara), 
endless, whose end is not known, without end or be- 
ginning (used of samsara). 

anaya, m. bad luck, calamity, sin, misfortune 

anayabyasana, n. destruction. 

anala, to. fire. 

an-avaya, adj- non-destruction. 

an-avasesa, adj. (rVsis) without a remainder, the whole. 

14 an-asana 

an-a.sann, /;. (^/as) fasting. 

an-.-issava, adj. (Jsu) disobedient. 

an-ak'iila, adj. untroubled, unmixed. 

an-agata, adj. (is/garn) tlie future- 

an-fitapa, in. shadow, coohiess- 

a-niilha, /. a widow. 

a-nama, m. bamboo; "luikfi, /. the ring-finger. 

an-ayala, adj. short. 

an-fu'ata, adj. (Jram) continual. 

anfivaha, m. a cart-bullock. 

an-ahata, v. (Jhan) new clotii, tlial has not been washed 

anikkhu, vi. a reed, 
a-nicca, adj. impermanent. 

a-nimisa, adj. not winking the eyes, vi. a god, spirit, 
anjruddha-palha, m. the sky. 
anila, m. wind ; °anjasa, n. the sky. 
anilapariyaya, m. swelling of the eye-iids. 
anilasakha, m, fire, lit. 'friend of the wind. 
anilamaya, m. distending of the stomach, 
anilasayana, n. the sky. 
anika, mn. an army, battle 
anikattha, m. body-guard, a musical band, 
anikadassana, n. a review of .soldiers, parade, 
anu, adv. prep, after, under, along, in consequence of. 
anuka, adj. greed)^ lustful, 
anukaddhana, n. (Jkaddh) referring back, 
anukatha, /. agreeable .speech, words of compliance, 
anukantati, v. (Jkanl) to cut. 
anukappa, m. a substitute, 
anukampati, ^i. (^/kamp) to pily. 
anukarana, n. imitation, 
anukassana, n. (iJkass) persuasion, 
anukamarii, adv. at will, 
anukfda, adj. suitable, agreeable, 
anukkama, m. (Jkam) series, 
anu-ga, m. a follower, servant, 
anugacchati, v. to follow- 

anuganhati, v. (Jgah) to favour; ggaiia, in. favour 
anugiddha, adj. greedy, 
anucara, m. an attendant, companion- 
anuccfivaca, adj. middling, neither too high nor too low. 
anucchavika, adj. suitable, fit. 

anunlodati 15 

aniijii, m/. a 3'ounger brother or sister. 

anujanati, v. (Jja) to grant, permit. 

anujivl, VI. a servant, retainer. 

anuju, adj. crooked, wicked. 

anunna, /. (iJja) permission, sanction. 

anutthubha, /. a kind of metre. 

anutakketi, v- (N'lakk) to consider. 

anutappati, v. (Kytapp) to suffer, be anguished. 

anutara, lu freight. 

anutthunati, v. (Jthun) to be.wail. 

anuthCda, adj. small and big. 

anuthera, n. succession of elders. 

anudaya, /- compassion. 

anudinaiii, adv. daily. 

anudisa, /. an intermediate point of the compass. 

anuduta, "!. a travelling companion. 

anuddharhseti, v. (Jdhariis) to vex, harass. 

anudhamma, ni. minor doctrine. 

anudhavati, r. (Jdhav) to run. 

anunaya, m. compliance. 

anunada, tn. a continuous sound, echo. 

anunayaka, m. iJni) sub-chief, vice-presideni. 

anunasika, adj. nasal- 

anupa, adj. watery. 

anupatati, v. (Jpat) to follow, meet, ily up. 

anupadarii, adv. after, behind. 

anupabbajati, v. (N/vaj) to give up I he world in imitation of 

anupariyati, v- (Jya) to walk round and round, watch over- 
anupavisati, (J vis) to enter upon, occup)'. 
anupassati, v. (Jpas) to contemplate- 
anupubba, adj. regular, successive; °bena, adv. regularly, 

one by one- 
.luuppadajjali, v. ( Jda) to give in return, 
anubandha, ni. succession, consequence;/, hiccough, 
anuljandhali, r- (Jbandh) to pursue, wait upon- 
;inubh;!vali, -;'- (s'bhii) to enjoy, experience, partake of. 
anubruheli, v. to de\elop, devote oneself to. 
anumali, /• {iv'man) to consent- 
anumatla, adj. small, least- 
aiuimasati, v. to touch- 

anumaiia, 11. inference, duubl, uiuerlaiuty- 
anuinodali, v. (mud) to approve, express gratitude, thank 

16 anuyunjati 

anuyuiijati, v. (N/yuj) to practise, exert oneself, be zealous, 
anuyoga, m. a question, zeal, application, 
anurakkhafi, v. (-Jrakkh) to guard, preserve, 
anurafijana, n. (Jraj) attachment, affection, 
anurava, in. (Jru) a continuous sound, reverberation, echo, 
anuradha, /. name of a constellation, 
anurujjhati, v. (-Jrudh) to approve- 
anurupa, adj. suitable, conformable, proper, 
anurodha, m. compliance- 
anulapa, m- (^/lap) repetition, tautology, 
anulomam, adv. in direct order, 
anulometi, v. to be in accordance with. 

anuvattati, v. (Jvatt) to follow, conform, attend upon, as- 
sociate with, 
anuvadati, v. to blame, censure- 
anuvasati, v. to inhabit, 
anuvassam, adv. yearly, 
anuvatarh, adv. in the direction of the wind- 
anusandhi, m. connection, application, 
anusaya, m. repentance, latent bias- 
anusahagata, adj. subtle, refined, 
anusasati, v. (Jsas) to teach, instruct, admonish; 'aka, m. 

a teacher; ppp. anusittha. 
anusara, m. conformity. AnuSdrena, instr- according to. 
anusitthi, /. admonition, command, 
anusocati, v. (Jsuc) to bewail, 
anussati, /. (Jsar) recollection. 

anussarati, v. (Jsar) to recollect, remember, call to mind- 
anussava, m. (n/su) report, tradition, 
anussaveti, caus. (n/su) to proclaim, announce, 
an-una, adj. entire, complete, without deficiency, 
anupaja, n. green ginger, 
an-eka, adj. several, many, manifold, various. Anekaso, 

adv. in many ways, 
anekaja, m. a bird, 
anekapa, mf. an elephant, 
an-eja, adj. free from desire, 
an-esana, /. (J is) impropriety, 
aneha, tit. time. 
;m-oka, n. the houseless state, 
anolattn, m. name of a lake- 

andhabala 17 

anta, mn. end, limit, boundary, side, death, interior; n. an 

intestine, bowels; "aka, m. death, the evil one. 
antaguna, n. the mesentery 
antamaso, adv. even. 

antara, adv. prep, within, between, among, in. 
antara, ti. interior, included space, interval, opportunity, 

ditterence, peculiarity, a hole, inner garment, the 

heart or mind, 
antaradhayati, v. (Jdha) to disappear, vanish; "ana, n. 

disappearance, covering; ppp- antarahita. 
antarantara, adv. from time to time, at intervals. 
antarabhogika.TO. a village headman, border chief, 
antaravasaka, m. an under-garment. 
antara, adv. prep, between, on the way. 
antaraparinibbayl, m. one who dies and attains nibbana 

before half the age he should have lived in a Brahma 

world is expired, 
antaraya, m. an obstacle, prevention, accident, end. 
antararati, denom. v. to run into danger, 
antarala, n. an interval, 
antarita, ppp. (Ji) hidden, 
antarlpa, n. an island, 
antariya, n. an under-garment. 
antare, prep, between, among, during, within, 
antarena, prep, between, except, 
antalikkha, n. the sky, air. 
antavanna, m. one of the working class, 
anti, /. an elder sister. 

antika, /. an elder sister, hearth; n. vicinity, 
antima, "aka, ad/, final, last, 
antepura, n. royal citadel, inner chamber for royal ladiesi 

harem . 
antevasika, "si, m. a pupil. 
anto, adv. prep, within, inside, during, 
antogadhaj ad/, contained in, being among, 
antojata, m. the child of a slave, 
antonivesana, n. (Jvis) an inner room, 
antobhaga, m. (ijbhaj) interior, 
antobhava, m. (^/bhu) inclusion, 
andi^, m. a chain, 
andha, adj. blind, 
andhakara, m. darkness, 
andhabala. adj. silly, stupid, doting. 

i8 andhabuta 

andhabhuta, ad/, blind, unenlightened. 

andhika, /. night, mustard, a woman. 

andhu, to. a well. 

anna, fi. (Jad) food, boiled rice. 

annakottha, n. a meatsafe, granary. 

anna, /. a mother. 

anvattha, adj. according to the meaning. 

anvaddhamasa, mn. a fortnight. 

anvaya, to. connection, race, lineage, succession. 

anvacaya, adj. adding an object of secondary import. 

anvadheya, n. a wedding present given by the bridegroom's 

anvaya, ger. (Ji) following upon, in consequence of. 
anvassavati, v (anu + aN/su) to flow from, result from, 
anveti, v. {Ji) to follow; ppp. anvita. 
anvesati, v. ( Jis) to seek, search, 
apa, adv. prep- away, from, 
apakaddhati, v. (Jkaddh) to remove, put away, 
apakarana, to. a bad performance, 
apakkamati, v. (Jkam) to depart, 
apagacchati, v. (rjgam) to go away, depart from, 
apaga, /. a river. 

apaghana, to. a limb of the body. 

apaiiga, to. the corner of the eye. 

apacaya, to. (n/cI) loss, decay; honour, worship. 

apacayati, v. to honour. 

apaciti, /. (Jci) offering, worship; loss, decay. 

apacca, n. offspring. 

apaccada, /. a midwife. 

apaccasattu, to. a lobste'r, crab. 

ypeijita, ppp. (Jji) defeated. 

apati, /. a screen, door-curtain, 

apanna ka, adj. certain, absolute; true. 

apadana, n. a heroic action, tale, legend, the 13th book of 

apadisati, v. (►/dis) to tell of, show. 

apadevata, /. an evil spirit. 

apadesa, to. statement, pretext, deception, stratagem, cause. 

apadharana, n. covering. 

apanidheti, v. (N/dha) to hide, conceal. 

apaneti, v. (Jni) to remove, put away. 

apanhana, n. bathing a dead body. 

apamara, to. epilepsy 

apaya 19 

apayana, n. departure. 

aparam, adv. moreover, further. 

apara, adj. other, subsequent, western. 

aparagoyana, n. name of one of the four great continents. 

aparajju, adv. the next day. 

aparajjhati, v. (ijradh) to ofltend against, sin. 

aparanna, n- beans, vegetables. 

aparanha, n. the cool of the evening. 

aparanta, m. the future- 

aparabhage, adv. afterwards, subsequently. 

aparava, m. emulation, discord. 

aparadha, m. (i7radh) an offence, sin, crime, guilt. 

aparaparam, adv. on and on, successively, backwards and 

aparinlta, /. an unmarried woman. 

apala, n- a pin, peg, stake. 

a-palapa, m. («yiap) secrecy, silence- 

apalasika, /• thirstiness. 

apaloketi, v. (^/lok) to give notice ot, obtain consent. 

apavagga, m. completion, renunciation, deliverance. 

apavajjana, n. a present, sacrificing. 

apavana, n. a grove, garden. 

apavaraka, n. a sleeping room. 

apavahati, v. to carry away. 

apavada, m. (Jvad) blame, abuse. 

apaviddha, ppp. (Jvidh) thrown away, discarded. 

apasakkati, v. to depart. 

apasaggana, n. stopping, hesitation. 

apasavya, adj. right (not left), 
apasadeti, caus. v. (►/sad) to upbraid, 
apasmara, m. epilepsy, 
apassaya, m. a pillow to lean on. 
apassena, n. basis, charity- 

apahattha, n. shifting from one hand to another, pilfering, 
apahara, m. (Jhar) taking away, 
apakasaka, n. green ginger, 
apaci, /. the south ; *na, adj. southern, contrary, 
a-padaka, m. a snake, lit. ' without legs.' 
apadana, n. taking away, the ablative case, 
apana, n- respiration, breathing out. 
apamagga, m. a kind of plant. 

apaya, m. departure, disappearance, loss, misfortune, ruin, 
place of suffering or punishment. 

20 apayika 

apayika, m. one suffering in a place of suffering. 

aparuta, /. crooked iron. 

apalamba, m. basis, a pillow to lean on. 

api, part, also, even, though, merely; expresses interroga- 
tion ; *ca kho pana, however, nevertheless ; *nu kho, 
expresses emphatic interi'Ogation ; *nama, perhaps. 

apidhana, n. (Jdha) concealment, a cover, lid. 

apupa, m. a cake. 

apekkhati, v. (Jikkh) to regard, mind, expect. 

apekkha, /• regard, care, affection, longing. 

apeti, V. ( Ji) to go away ; ppp. apeta, free from, deprived of,, 

apoha, m. giving up, shifting, excuse. 

appa, °aka, adj. little, slight, few. 

appacura, adj. little, few. 

appana, /. initial application of mind. 

appabodhati, v. (Jbudh) to despise. 

appamannati, v. (Jman) to despise, underrate. 

appamaiina, /. the Buddhist beatitudes. 

appa-matta, adj. little, slight. 

a-ppamada, m. vigilance, earnestness, zeal, non-negli- 

appamarisa, m. a kind of plant. 

a-ppameyya, adj. (iJma) immeasurable, boundless. 

appahonaka, adj. insufficient. 

appabadha, m. good health. 

appekada, adv. sometime or other. 

appeti, V. to fit, fasten, deliver, assign ; ppp. appita. 

appesakkha, adj. of little power 

apposukka, adj. free from care. 

appotheti, v, to clap the elbows in token of delight. 

apphota, /. a kind of jasmine. 

a-phala, adj. barren, fruitless, unprofitable. 

aphena, n- opium. 

abaddha-mukha, adj. foul-mouthed, scurrilous. 

ababa, num. i followed by seventy-seven ciphers. 

abala, adj. weak ; /. a woman. 

abbati, v. ( Jabb) to go. 

abbahati, -y. (Jvah) to take away, remove; ppp. abbulha. 

abbula, adj. undisciplined. 

abbuda, n. a high numeral, canker, sore. 

abbha, mn. a cloud, sky. 

abbhaka, n. a tale. 

abbhakkhana, n. (^/kha) accusation, $lander, calumny. 

abhijappana 21 

abbhanjana, n. (abhi .Janj) anointing. 

abbhattha, n. setting, declining. 

abbhanumodana, »7. (abhi+anu Jmud) rejoicing, thanks- 

abbhantara, n. (abhi+antara) interval, interior. Abbhantare, 
loc. within. 

abbhagamana, v. (abhi + a J gam) approaching, visiting. 

abbhacikkhati, v. (abhi+a •s/cikkh) to accuse, slander, ca- 

abbhana, n. rehabilitation of a monk. 

abbhasa, m. repetition, reduplication 

abbhuggacchati, v. (abhi + ud J gam) to ascend, approach, 

abbhujjalana, n. (abhi + ud <y/jal) spitting fire. 

abbhunha, adj. warm, fresh. 

a-bbhuta, adj. marvellous, mysterious; n. a wonder, marvel. 

abbhokasa, m. (abhi+okasa) the open sky. 

abbhokkirana, n. (abhi+o Jkir) spreading out, bedecking. 

abbheti, v. (abhi Ji) to restore a rtionk. 

abyata, /. the wild rarabontan. 

abyathi, m. a horse. 

abyathisa, m. the ocean, sun; /. the earth, midnight. 

abyaya, n. an indeclinable word, particle. 

abyayena, adv. without loss, safely. 

abyaseka, adj. charming, fascinating. 

abhabba, adj. unable, improbable. 

abhikirati, -c'. (i^kir) to overwhelm. 

abhikami, adj. desirous. 

abhi-kkamati, v. (iJkam) to go forward, advance, ap- 
proach ; ppp- "kanta. 

abhikkanta, adj. (ijkam) handsome, desirable; (Jklam) 
withered, exhausted. 

abhikkhanarii, adv. repeatedly. 

abhikhya, /. name, beauty, splendour; *ta, adj. renowned. 

abhi-gacchati, v. to go to, approach. 

abhighata, w. striking, concussion. 

abhighara, m. butter. 

abhicara, m. a servant. 

abhicara,m. fascination by means of certain magfical influ- 

abhiccha, /- (Jis) desire, longing. 

abhijana, m. race, tribe. 

abhijappana, n- muttering spells, incantation. 

22 abhijata 

abhijata, ppp- (Jja) well-born. 

abhijati, /. origin, race, birth. 

abhijanati, v. to know, ascertain, perceive, admit. 

abhijjha, /. covetousness ; *lu, adj. covetous- 

abhiiiiia, /• higher knowledge, super-knowledge. 

abhinfiana, n- a sign, token. 

abhinharii, adv. repeatedly. 

abhitatta, adj. scorched. 

abhilappeti, v. fo satisfy thoroughly. 

abhito, adv. near, in the presence of, on both sides. 

abhitoseti, v. (Jtus) to gratify, reward. 

abhittharati, v. (»/thar) to make haste. 

abhitthavati, v. (Jthu) to praise; ppp. "thuta. 

abhidosa, m. evening. 

abhidhamma, m. higher doctrine, Buddhist philosophy, 

abhidha, /. a name. 

abhidhana, n. name, appellation, noun, 
abhidhiyati, pass, (^/dha) to be declared, 
abhidheyya, n. (iVdha) a name, appellation, 
abhinadati, v. (Jnad) to roar, 
abhinandati, v. (Jnand) to be pleased with, approve of, 

abhinaya, m. a dramatic representation, 
abhinava, adj. quite new. 
abhinikkhamati, v. (Jkam) to go out, depart, 
abhininnameti, v. (Jnam) to turn, direct, 
abhinipajjati, v. (Jpad) to lie down, 
abhinipphatti, /. (Jpad) accomplishment, success, 
abhinipphadeti, v. (Jpad) to accomplish, effect, succeed, 
abhinibbattati, v. (i7vatt) to be re-born 
abhinibbatti, /. (Wvatt) rebirth, 
abhinimantetj, v. (Jmant) to invite, present, 
abhinimminati, 'mati, v. (Jma) to create, 
abhinillyati, v. (ijll) to lie. hid, hide onself. 
abhinivisati, v. ( Jvis) to settle down, devote oneself to. Ppp. 

abhinivesa, m. inclination, laying to heart, 
abiiinisidati, v. to sit down, 
abhinlla, adj. deep blue, 
abhinlharati, v. (ij'har) to turn, direct, 
abhinlhara, m. earnest wish or aspiration, 
abhipatlhcti, v. {tja.tth) to pray for, wish for. 

abhividhi 23 

abhipllita, ppp. (Jpi!) oppressed, afflicted. 

abhipujeti, v. (Jpuj) to offer, present. 

abhihavati, v. (JbhCi) to overcome, master, surpass. Ppp- 

abhibhava, w, defeat, 
abhbihayatana, n. a position of mastery, 
abhibhasati, v. («/bhas) to speak, address, 
abhibhu, adj. surpassing, mastering, vanquishing, 
abhimaiigala, n. high festival, solemnity, 
abhimatthati, v. (N/matth) to grind, crush, 
abhimaddita, ppp- (J mad) crushed, trampled, overthrown, 
abhimana, m. pride, haughtiness. 

abhimukha, adj. facing towards, opposite, in the direction of. 
abhimuda, /. .sympathetic joy. 
abhiyacati, v. (»/yac) to entreat, request, 
abhiyati, v. (Jya) to approach, attack, 
abhiyoga, m. ( Jyuj) charge, accusation, 
abhirati, /. (J ram) delight. 

abhiramati, v. (Jram) to delight in. Ppp- "rata, 
abhiramma, °rama, adj. delightful, 
abhiraja, m. a supreme king, 
abhiradheti, v. (Jradh) to content, satisfy, 
abhirucita, ppp. (s/ruc) pleasing, agreeable, liked, 
abhiruta, n. a sound, 
abhiruhati, "ruhati, "rohati, v. (Jruh) to ascend, mount- 

Ppp. "rulha. 
abhirupa, adj. handsome, beautiful, 
abhilakkhita, Ppp. (iJlakkh) marked, distinguished, 
abhilabhati, v. (Jlabh) to obtain, receive, get. 
abhilapa, m. talking, conversation, 
abhilava, m. (Jlu) reaping, 
abhilasa, m. desire. 

abhilitta, ppp. (is/lip) smeared, stained, polluted, 
abhilepana, n. (is/lip) pollution, smearing, 
abhivaddhati, v. (Jvaddh) to grow, increase, multiply 
abhivadati, v. (Jvad) to say, declare, 
abhivandati, v. ( Jvand) to salute, greet respectfully, 
abhivakya, n. humiliating speech, mean words, 
abhivadaka, adj. humiliating, rude, 
abhivadana, /. respectful salutation, greeting, 
abhivadeti, v. (Jvad) to salute, greet respectfully, 
abhivijayati, "jeti, v. (Jji) to conquer, overcome, 
abhividhi, m. arrangement, procedure. 

24 abhivinaya 

abhivinaya, m* higher discipline. 

abhivuddhi, /• growtli, prosperity, increase. 

abhisajjati,, v- (JsJijj) to be angry, scold. 

abhisankharoti, v. (iJkar) to prepare, effect. Ppp. "khata. 

abhisankhara, m. effecting, accumulation, idea, conception. 

abhisanga, m. curse, imprecation. 

abhisaddahati, v. (ijdha) to confide, believe firmly. 

abhisandeti. v. (Jsand) to drench, wet, saturate. Ppp. "nna. 

abhisandhi, m. intention. 

abhisamaya, m. penetration, intuition, understanding. 

abhisamacarika, n. minor duties. 

abhisameti, v. (Ji) to comprehend, penetrate. Ger. "ecca. 

abhisamparaya, m. future state. 

abhisambujjhati, v- (Jbudh) to be perfectly enlightened, 

abhisambodhi, /. (Jbudh) perfect knowledge, omniscience, 
abhisambhunati, "noti, v. (Jbhu) to attain, get. 
abhisammata, ppp- (tjman) approved, honoured, 
abhisavana, n. (Jsu) oozing, trickling, 
abhisapana, n. taking the oath at a law court, 
abhisarika, /• a woman who carries on an intrigue, 
abhisificati, v. (Jsic) to besprinkle, anoint. Caus. °seceti. 

Ppp' °cita, "sitta. 
abhisunoti, v. (Jsu) to hear, barken, 
abhisuta, n. vinegar. 

abhiseka, m. sprinkling, anointing, inauguration, 
abhissaiiga, m. attachment, 
abhihanti, v. (Jhan) to assail, strike, 
abhiharati, v. (s/har) to bring, acquire ; "hata, ppp ; "hara, m. 

abhihita, ppp. (Jdha) called, said, named, 
abhjka, m. a husband, 
abhira, m. a cowherd. 

abhisu, m. colour, bridle, affection; /. a finger, 
abhuta, adj. false. Abhutena, instr. falsely, 
abhyagata, to. a guest, visitor, 
abhyasa, m. repetition, practice; adj. near, 
abhyupagama, to. agreement, promise, 
ama, n. a water-snake. 
amaiigala, adj. inauspicious, 
amacca, m. a minister, councillor, 
amajjha, /. uncleanliness. 

ambukirata ij 

amata, ». death lessness, nibbana, ambrosia, nectar; adj. 

deathless, undying, eternal, 
amatatarahgini, /. a ray of the moon, 
amatadidhiti, vu the moon. 

amatapa, m. a spirit, lit. ' one ivho drinks nectar-' 
amata, /. emblic myrobalan. 
amati, v. (Jam) to go. , 
a-mati, adj. foolish, unintelligent, 
amatta, n. a pitcher, vessel. 

a-matta-iiiiu, adj. (Jiia) immoderate, intemperate, 
amani, /. a road, path, way. 
a-raanussa, w. a demon, ogre, 
amanda, to. a tree. 

amara, to. a spirit, quicksilver; /. a Iiouse-pillar, womb, 
amaravati, /. name of Sakra'sciiy. 
amaravikkhepa, to. eel-wriggling, changeable view- 
aniala, adj. taintless, pure ; n. talc. 
amasa, m. time, disease, 
ama, adv. near, with, 
amavasi, /. the day of the new moon, 
a-mitta, TO. an enemy, foe. 
amilata, to. the plant Globe Amaranth, 
amisa, n. indulgence in sensual pleasures ; honesty, 
amu, *ka, adj. this, such, 
a-mukhya, adj. secondary, not principal, 
a-mutta, adj. (Jmuc) not shot; n. a non-missile weapon, 
amutra, adv. in that place, there, another world, hereafter 
a-mula, adj. without payment, unpaid, 
a-raoha, vu (Jmuh) non-delusicn, intelligeticc. 
amba, in- thr mango tree- 
ambaka, n. the eye, red coppei. 
ambattha, /. a kind of plant, 
ambati, v. (Jamb) to go. 
ambantara, to. a kind of mango, 
ambara, to. the sky, cloth, cotton, mica, 
amba, /. a mother, 
ambafaka, to. the hog-plum. 
ambika, /. a mother, 
ambila, adj. sour, acid, 
ambiluka, in. the tamarind tree. 
ambu, n. water, 
ambukana, /. a water-spray, 
ambukirata, m. a crocodjld 

26 atnbukisa 

ambukisa, m. a porpoise. 

ambucamara, n. water-weeds. 

ambucarl, m. a fish. 

ambuja, m. a fish; n. a lotus plant. 

ambujakara, m. a pond. 

ambujini, /. a lotus-pond. 

ambuda, m. a cloud. 

ambudhara, m. a cloud. 

ambudhi, w. the ocean. 

ambunidhi, m. the ocean, sea. 

ambupaddhati. /. a current of water. 

ambura, m. the threshold of a door. 

ambusappini, /. a water-leech. 

ambha, m. a stone, pebble. 

ambho, interj. Oh ! I say ! 

ambhoja, n. el lotus flower; to. the moon, a crane. 

ambhojajani, m. brahma. 

amma, ijoc. mother 1 lady ! madam ! 

ammana, n. a canoe, a measure of capacity. 

amtna, /. a mother. 

amha-maya, adj. made of stone. 

amhadisa, adj. like us. 

aya, tnn. iron. 

ayati, 'v. {iji) to go; °ana, n. a road. 

a-yacitaka. adj, owned by oneself, unborrowed. 

ayanaya, w. a countr}'. 

ayokara, m. a blacksmith. 

ayoghana, m. a sledge-hammer. 

ayya, m. a lord, master.; voc sir I my lord I /. madam t my 

lady ! 
ayyaka, m. a grandfather, ancestor; /, a grandmother, 
ara, n. a wheel, 
aram, ad'i). speedily, presently, 
araka, m. moss, 
araghatta, m. a water-pump. 
arailjara, m. a large pot, jar. 
araflfia, n. a forest, 
arafiiiatii, /. a large forest; 
arani, mf. wood for kindling fire by friction, 
ftratatapa, m. a dog. 
uiati, /. dislike, discontehl. 
arama, adj. inferior, 
ei-ata, >rt/)i. a gate, dbor, cover, lid. 

alattaka 27 

araru, ?n. an enemy. 

aravinda, n. a lotus, red copper; Mini, /. a lotus-bunch, 
araha, adj. worthy, deserving, venerable, 
arahati, v. (Jarh) to deserve, be worthy of, fit ; arahita, ppp. 
arahatta, n. state of being an arahant or saint; *phala, n. 
fruition of arahantship ; *magga, m. the path of ara- 
arahanta, "ha, m. an arahant or saint, 
arati, m. an enemy, 
ari, m. an enemy, 
arittha, to. a heron, the nimba tree ; n- buttermilk, harem, 

aritta, n. a rudder. 

arindama, adj. (Jdam) foe-vanquishing, victorious* 
ariya, adj. noble, venerable, elect, holy, 
ariya-dhana, n. noble treasure, the cheek, 
ariya-phala, n. the noble fruition, viz., arahantship. 
ariya-magga, the noble path, 
ariya-sacca, ?i. the noble truth or fact, 
ariya-savaka, to. a holy disciple, 
arisa, n. hemorrhoids, 
aru, n. a wound. 

aruna, adj. light red; to. the dawn, 
aruna-kamala, n. the red lotus, 
aruna-locana, to. a pigeon, lit. ' the red-eyed.' 
arunuggama, n. the dawn, sunrise, 
arunopala, to. a ruby. 

arupa-bhava, to. formless existence, immaterial world, 
ariipavacara, adj. (Jcar) experienced in the formless or 

immaterial realm, 
are, interj. here ! I say ! sirrah ! 
alarh, adv. hold ! enough ! adequate, sufficient, 
ala, ??. scorpion-poison, 
alaka, mn. a roll, fold, bundle, 
alaka /. Kuvera's city, 
alagada, to. a snake, 
alaghupala, to. a rock, 
alankaroti, I', to decorate, adorn, embellish; "kara, m. an 

ornament, decoration, rhetoric, 
a-lajjl, adj. shameless, 
alanjara, to. a large pot, jar. 
alattaka, m. lac. 

28 alambusa 

alambusa, m. the palm of the hand; sickness; /. a kind of 

alavala, n. a pond at the foot of a tree. 
alasa, adj. idle, lazy, slothful, 
alata, n. a firebrand, 
alapu, n- a gourd, pumpkin, 
alabu, /. a gourd, pumpkin, 
alara, m. a gate, door, 
ali, in. a bee. 

alika, n. the forehead, falsehood; adj. false, untrue, 
atigaddha, m. a cobra. 

alipaka, m. the carpenter bee, scorpion, dog. 
alimaka, m. a cuckoo, frog. 

alika, n.. the forehead, falsehood; adj. false, untrue, 
a-llna, adj. free from desire, 
alu, /. a small water-pot. 
alia, adj. wet, moist; /. a mother, 
avamsira, ad/, head downwards, head foremost, 
ava, prep, away, off, down, 
avakathsa, m. inferiority, 
avakaddhati, v- (Jkaddh) to drag down, 
avakara, m. dust, rubbish. 

avakasa, m. place, room, space, opportunity, leave, leisure, 
avakujja, adj. upsidedown. 
avakkanti, /. (i>/kam) introduction, descent, 
avahara, m. a thief, 
uvapurana, n. a key. 
avarapara, m. the sea. 
a\'araparika, /. the coriander seed, 
avavata, m. a son of a lesser husband. 
avi, m. a ram, sheep, day, mountain, master, mouse, wind. 
avika, n. a diamond, 
avikata, m. a flock of sheep. 

a-vikkhepa, m. (Jkhip) non-distraction, balance of mind, 
aviggaha, m. the god of love, 
a-vijja, /. ignorance. 
a-v,iddasu, adj. ignorant, 
avidusa, n. sheep's milk, 
avipata, to. a coat made of sheepskin, 
avila, /. a female sheep, 
aviha, /. one of the brahma worlds, 
a-vihirtisa, °hesa, /. mercy; lit- ' non-cruelty.' 
avici. m- one of the eight hells. 

assada 20 

avekkhati, v. (Jikkh) to look down upon, consider, con- 

avecca, ger. (J'l) thoroughly, clearly, penetratively. 

avhaya, m. a. name, invocation. 

avha, /. a name, appellation. 

asakiili, adv. more than once, repeatedly, continuously. 

asaniiasatta. m. inhabitant of one of the hrnhma worlds. 

dSattha, TO. the tree of wisdom. 

asana, m/n. an arrow, food. 

asani, vif. the thunderbolt. 

a-santa, adj. unreal, false, wicked, bad. 

a-sayha, adj. (Jsah) invincible, unconquerable. 

asi, m. a sword. 

asita, mn. a sickle; adj. black. 

asipatta, to. the sugar-cane plant. 

asiputti, /. a knife. 

asilesa, /. name of a constellation. 

asiti, num. eighty. 

asu, TO. breath, life. 

asu, pron. this, that. 

asuka, adj. such and such. 

asura, to. a fallen god. 

asekha, to. an arahant, one who is no more a student. 

asecana, adj. charming, captivating. 

asesa, adj. all, without remainder. Asesato, adv. entirely, 

asoppa, /. a fairy, spirit. 

asmagabbha, to. emerald. 

asmapuppha, n. benzoin. 

asma, to. a stone- 

assa, TO. a horse, corner. 

assakanna, to. one of the seven circles of rock that sur- 
round Meru. 

assatara, to. a mxile. 

assattharana, n. a saddle. 

assama, mn. a hermitage. 

assamedha, to. horse-sacrifice. 

assayuja, to. name of a constellation. 

assava, adj. (Jsu) obedient ; to. pus, matter. 

assasati, V. (Jsas) to inhale air, inspire, breathe; assattha, 
ppp. Caus. assaseti, to comfort, encourage. 

assada, w. "ana, n. tasting, enjoyment. 



assasa, m. (Jsas) inhalation, comfort, consolation, respira- 
tion ; *passasa, m. inhalation and exhalation, 
assu, n. a tear. Assumukha, with tearful face, 
aharhkara, m. arrogance, haughtiness, 
aham-aham-ika, /. conceit, egoism, 
aha, n. a day. 

ahata, n. (Jhan) a new cloth before it is washed, 
ahaha, n. a high numeral, 
ahaha, inter j. alas ! oh ! 
a-hiiiisa, /. mercy; lit. ' non-cruelity.' 
ahi, m. a snake. 

avaganeti, v. (Jgan) to neglect, disregard, 
avagata, ppp. {J gam) known, understood, 
avajahati, v. (J ha) to abandon, forsake, 
avajata, ppp. (Jja) low-born, 
avajanati, v. (Jja) to despise; avaniiata, ppp. 
avajiyyati, "jlyati, pass. (Jji) to be conquered, 
avajja, n. blame; adj. not to be avoided, harmless, 
avajjhayati, v. to waste away, perish, 
avail fia, /. disrespect, contempt, 
avaniiita, adj. despised, 
avata, m. a hole, hollow, well, astrologer, 
avatatika, in. market-place, 
ava^u, /. the neck, well, 
avatthifi, /. (Jtha) steadiness. 

avanna, m. dispraise, reproach. Avav-nam bhasati, to speak 

ill of. 
avatamsa, m. a crest, earring, 
avatarati, v. to descend, disembark; "tirina, ppp. 
avatara, mn. a landing-place, 
avati, -c'. (Jav) to protect, 
avattabbata, /. ineffability. 
a-vattha, adj. naked ; m. a naked ascetic, 
avattharati, v. (^/thar) to spread, cover, scatter, pervade- 

thata, ppp. ^ ■* 

avattha, /. state, condition, time, period, 
avatthana, nl standing-place, state, 
avatthapana, n. fixing, settling, 
avadata, adj. white, pure, 
avadarana, n. a spade, 
avadoha, m. sweetened milk, 
avadhfina, n. (*/dha) attention. 

ahipiiena 31 

a vadhareti, caws. (J dha) to ascertain; "raija, n. ascertain- 
ment; °rita, ppp. 

avadhi, m. limit. 

avana, n. wish, grace, entrance- 

avani, /. the earth. 

avani-pati, m. a king. 

avani-ruha, m. a tree. 

avanejana, n. washing. 

avaplda, to. a snuff. 

avabodha, m. (^/budh) understanding; °ana, n. instruction. 

avamahgala, adj. inauspicious. 

avamana, n. disrespect. 

avamaneti, caus. (Jman) to despise. 

avaya, TO. loss, decay. 

avayava, to. a limb, member, part. 

avaratta, n. the whole night. 

avalambana, n. hanging, depending. 

avalekhana, n. a small piece of whittled bamboo or wood 
used in the bath-: com. 

avalepa, tn. (>Jlip) anointing, pride. 

avaloketi, v. to look, behold, survey. 

avasa, adj. unsubdued, independent, powerless, true, 

avasanna, ppp. languid, depressed. 

avasaya, m. leave, rain-fall, year. 

avasara, to. opportunity, turn. 

avasaratl, v. (Jsar) to go. 

avasana, n, end, conclusion. 

avasitfha, ppp. («Jsis) remaining, left. 

avasita, PPp. (Jsi) finished, ascertained. 

avasissana, n. (Jsis) remainder. 

avasina, mfn. a scorpion - 

avaseseti, v. (tjsis) to leave, spare, 

avassaiii, adv. certainly, undoubtedly; *bhavl, adj. enewit- 

avassagga, m. relinquishment, abandonment. 

avassaya, rrt. support, help, refuge, protection. 

avassuta, ppp. (Jsu) lustful. 

avaharati, 1). {fj har) to take away, steal, draw down. 

ahi'kaficukaj to. the slough cast off by a snake* 

ahiigunthika) to. a snake charmer. 

ahichattaka) u. a musht'oom. 

ahi>tuo4il^^> ♦". a snake charmer. 

ehipheoa, n. opium, snake's poison. 

32 ahimartisu 

ahimamsu, m. the sun- 

ahivata, to. the plague- 

ahirani, m. a two-headed snake. 

aho, interj. oh ! ah ! alas ! *vata, indeed, Oh what I 

ahomani, m. the sun. 

ahomukha, n. the morning. 

ahoratta, m. a day and night. 

ahosesa, n. the .evening. 

aja, TO. a crab's finger. 

alakka, to. a mad dog. 

a, pfep' until, as far as. 

akaiikhati, v. (Jkaiikh) to wish, desire, long for. 

akankha, /. desire, longing. 

akaddhati, v. (ijkaddh) to draw towards, drag along. 

akappa, tn- appearance, embellishment, disguise, disease. 

akara, to. a multitude, mine. 

akassa, to. dragging, a magnet. 

akara, to. appearance, countenance, form, sign, way, means, 

cause, purpose, factor, constituent part, 
akasa, to. (N'kas"* the sky, air, space, 
akasa-mandala, n. the open sky. 
akasa-yana, n. an aeroplane- 
akasa-valli, /. the orchid plant, 
akasa-salila, n. rain. 

akasanaiicayatana, n. sphere of infinity of space, 
akiiicaniiayatana, n. sphere of^ nothingness, 
akirati, v. (Jkir) (o .scatter, sprinkle; ppf- akinna, mixed, 

akuAcita, ppp- (Jkuiic) bent, curved, 
akula, adj. crowded, confused, perplexed, troubled, 
akuli, /• a kind of plant, 
akha, to. a spade. 

akhanika, to. a thief, rat, pig, spade, 
akhu, TO. a rat, mouse, 
akhughata, to. the fourth caste, 
akhubhunja, m. a cat- 
akhetika, m. a hound, hunter- 
akhota, m. the walnut tree, 
akhya, /. a name. 
akhySta, ppp. said, anhounced; n. a finite verb. 

apapeti 33 

akhyayika, /. a tale, story, legend. 

agacchati, v. (Jgam) to come, arrive, return ; agamma, ger. 

agantu, *ka, adj. coming, occasional, adventitious, foreign ; 
m. a guest, visitor. 

agantukavatta, n. hospitality, duty towards guests. 

agama, m. advent, arrival, income, knowledge, Buddhist 

agameti, cau:i. (Jgam) to cause to come, communicate, im- 
part, wait. 

agami, adj. coming, future. 

agara, n. a house, building; "rika, m. a householder. 

agilayati, v. (Jgla) to be tired, ache. 

agu, n. sin, guilt, crime ; *carl, mfn. a sinner. 

aghattana, n. (Jghatt) impact, touching. 

aghata, m. ill-will, malice, hatred. 

aghatana, n. slaughter-house, place of execution. 

acaka, m. a kind of plant. 

acamana, n. (Jcam) rinsing the mouth, washing. 

acaya, m. ( Jci) accumulation. 

acarati, v. (tJcar) to act, perform, treat, practise; acinna, 

ficariya, in. a teacher, professor. 

acariya-mutthi, ♦»/• a teacher's favourite or secret theme; 
lit- ' teacher's closed fist.' 

acariya-vatta, n. a duty towards a teacher. 

acdma, m. scum of boiling rice. 

aCara, nt. (Jcar) conduct, practice. 

acikkhati, v. (iVcikkh) to tell, announce. 

acinati, i). (Jci) to heap, accumulate; acita, ppp. 

aja, n. butter. 

gjaka, n. a flock of goals. 

ajaiifia, ajaniya, ajaneyya, adj. (iVja) of gcJod race or breedc 

aji, /. battle, strife. 

ajlva, m. (»ijiv) livelihood, occupation, profession. 

ata, m. a heron, duck. 

atavika, m. a forester. 

adambara, m. trumpeting of an elephant, a war-drum. 

anaka, adj. inferior. 

anatti, /. command, authority. 

ana, /. an order, command, ordinance. 

aiia-desana, /. a discourse of authority, the Vinaya Pitaka. 

a?Tap«tl» cans, to order, command ; anatta, ppp. 

34 a»i 

ani, /. the pin of a wheel, linch-pin, peg, the edge of a 

atanlia, m. sickness, affliction. 

atata, n. a drum covered with leather on one side. 

atata-vitata, n. a drum covered with leather on both sides. 

atatayl, m. a highwayman, criminal. 

atapa, m. (iJtap) sunlight, zeal. 

atapatta, m. a parasol. 

atapabhava, m. a shade. 

atappa, n. zeal, ardour, exertion. 

atara, atara, m. freight. 

atapa, m. heat, burning, zeal. 

atapi, adj. (Jtap) ardent, zealous, active; m. a kite, also 

atitheyya, n. {jr. atithi) hospitality ; adj hospitable. 

atu, m. a raft. 

atuma, w. the body ; another form of attd. 

atura, adj. ill, diseased, afflicted. 

atojja, m. (Jtud) a musical instrument. 

athabbana, to. the fourth Veda. 

adara, m. esteem, regard, affection. 

adaraniya, adj. estimable. 

adati, adadati, n. {rida) to tnke, receive, seize; adaya, ger.; 
adinna, ppp-; adata, m. one who takes; adana, n. tak- 
ing, attachment, clinging. 

adasa, to. a mirror. 

adi, m. begiiining, slarting-point ; suf. et cetera, and so 
forth. Adito, adv. from the beginning. 

adika, adj. first, beginning with, initial. 

adikammika, adj. a beginner, novice. 

adikara, to. brahma. 

adicca, to. the sun. 

adicca-patha, to. the sky, the heavens. 

adippati, v. (Jdlp) to blaze, burn; aditta, ppp. 

adi-lDhuta, -ma, adj. first, initial. 

adiyati, pass. (Jda) to take, receive, take to heart. 

adinava, to. disadvantage, evil, tribulation. 

adeti, v. to take, receive, obtain. 

adevaka', ntfn. a merry-maker. 

adevita, n. violent crying. 

adesa, to. (Jdis) information, direction, injunction, a sub- 
stitute in grammar. 

adesi, m. an infornianlj director. 

abadhika 35 

ticlyanta, mn. beginning and end. 

adtiana, n. iceeping, placing, pawn, pledge. 

adliara, to. a support, stand, receptacle, water-basin round 

(he foot of a Iree, the locative relation in grammar, 
adhipacca, n . overlordship. 
adhuta, ppl>. (Jdhii) shaken. 
JldhCinika, adj. new, first to arise, 
adheyya, mfn. a pledge, pawn, 
adhorana. to., an elephant-driver, mahout, 
ana, 11. (ijan) inhaled air, inhalation, 
fuianca, n. infinity. 

anaddha, adj. (Jnah) constipated; n. a drum, decoration, 
anana, /;. the mouth. 

ananda, to. joy, delight, a sea-monster, whale, 
ananda-pata, n. a wedding garment, 
anandi, m, joy, delight. 

anapatia, n. inhalation and exhalation, respiration, 
anaya, to. a fish-net. 
anaha, m. constipation, strangury, 
anisariisa, m. advantage, reward, good result, 
apa, TO. water, 
apaga, /. a river, 
apajjati, v. (^/pad) to enter, fall into, undergo; apanna, 

ppp; apajja, gcr. 
apana, m. a market, bazaar, shop, 
apanika, m. a tradesman, shop-seller, 
apatika, m. a hawk, 
apatti, /. offence, guilt, sin. 
apada, /. misfortune, necessity, 
apana, n. mustard- 
apanika, m. a ruby, wild man. 
apannasatta, /. a pregnant woman . 
apaka, to. a baking stove, 
apana, n. a drinking shop, tavern, 
apucchati, v. ( Jpucch) to ask leave, take leave, bid adieu ; 

"cha, /. a request, 
fipiipika, tnfn. a cake-seller, 
apurati, v. (iVpur) to be filled, increase. 
apQsa, n. tin. 
abajjhati, pass. (Jbadh) to be bound, fastened; abaddha, 

abadha, m. illness, disease, 
abadhika, adj. ill, sick. 

36 abharana 

Sbharaiia, n. an ornament^ decoration. 

abhassara, adj. radiant, shitiing. 

abha, /. splendour, radiance, light; »kara, m. the sun, 

abhSti, V. ( Jbha) to shine. 

abhasa, m. light, introduction, preface. 

abhasana, n. greeting. 

gbhidha, /. a sound. 

abhimukhya, /. front, direction towards. 

fibhira, mf- a cowherd. 

fibhujati, V. (iJbhuj) to bend, turn into. Pallaii'ktlrii'dbhujii. 
ti, to sit cross-legged. 

abhuji, /. a kind ot plant. 

abhoga, m. reflection, fulness, plenty. 

ama, inter j. yes, indeed; adj. raw, uncooked. 

amaka, adj. raw, uncooked. 

Smaka-susana, n. a cemetery where dead bodies are thrown. 

fima-gandha, m. the foul-smelling corruptions. 

amajata, w. a son of a slave. 

Smanda, m. the castor-oil plant. 

amanta, interj. yes, certainly. 

amanteti, v- (Jmant) to address, speak, c;all, consult. 

fimaya, m. sickness, ill-health. 

atn&iaka, w/n. emblic myrobalan. 

amasana, n. ( Jmas) handling, touching, contemplating. 

amStisara, w. .dysentery. 

amglaka, mn. the foot of a hill, open ground. 

amisa, mn- flesh, meat, food, object of enjoyment, tempta- 
tion, lust. 

amisa-dayada, mfn. a donor of fleshly needs. 

amisappiya, w. a heron. 

amutta, ppp. (Jmuc) dressed, accoutred. 

amupa, m. the thorny bamboo. 

Smendita, n. repetition. 

amoda, m. (Jmud) joy, fragrance. 

amodanl, /. (i7mud) rejoicing. 

aya, m. gain, revenue, entrance. 

ayatacchada, /. the plantain tree. 

ayatana, n. abode, receptacle, mine, origin, cause, meeting- 

ayatanetta, m. a prawn. 

ayati, /. the future, length, majesty. Ayatirh, adv. in future. 

ayatika, adj. future. 

ayattatii, /. dependence. 

arati 37 

Syamati, u. (»yyani) to draw, stretch, extend; ayata, ppp. 

ftyasa, adj. made of iron. 

ayasma, adj. venerable, reverend. 

ayacati, v. (N/yac) to ask, request; "ana, n. a request. 

Syati, V. (Jya) to go, approach, return. 

ayama, m. length. Ay^mato, adv. at length. 

Syasa, m. trouble, suffering. 

Syu, n. life. 

SyuJra, adj. living. 

ayukappa, m. the life-term. 

ayuta, ppp. (tJyu) endowed, furnished with. 

ayutta, *ka, m. a secretary, agent, manager, trustee. 

fiyu-dabba, n. medicine. 

ayudha, n. a weapon. 

ayudhika, m. a soldier. 

iyu-beda, m. the science of medicine. 

ayu-vaddhana, adj. life-prolonging. 

Syusa, n. duration of life- Ayusa, abl. as long as life lasts. 

ayu-sankhara,/^w. maintenance of life. 

ayijhana, n. striving, exerting. 

ayogo, m. (Jyuj) occupation. 

ayodhana, n. (iVyudh) battle. 

ara, n. a corner, end, brass. 

araka, adv. prep, far off, from afar. 

arakuta, mn. brass. 

arakkhati, v. ( Jrakkh) to guard, protect 

arafiiiaka, adj. belonging to the forest, situated in the fbrest. 

arafiiiikariga, n. the pure practice of a monk dwelling in the 

arani, m- a whirlpool. 

arati, /. avoidance, abstinence. 

araddha, ppp. (Jrabh) striving, earnest, accomplished. 

araddha-viriya, adj. strenuous, making an effort. 

aranala, n- sour gruel. 

arabhati, v. (Jrabh) to begin, undertake, attempt, exert 
oneself; arabbha, ger. beginning with, from, concern- 
ing, with reference to. 

arambha, m. *na, n. commencement, effort, injury, mischief. 

arammana, n. an object of sense, support, basis, ground, 

ara, adv. far off; /. an awl; aragga, n. the point of an awl. 

arati, m. an enemy. 

38 anldheti 

aradheti, v. (Jradh) to propitiate, make favour witii, win, 
accomplish ; "dhana, n. propitiation, accomplishment; 
"dhita, ppp- 

arama, m. a garden, park, monastery, temple. 

aramika, m. a temple servant, gardener. 

aralika, mf- a cook. 

arfiva, m- (Jru) a sound, noise. 

arissa, in. the state of a sage. 

aru, m. a crab, pig, kettle. 

aruppa, adj. incorporeal, formless, immaterial. 

aruhati, v. (N/ruh) to ascend, mount; aruUia, ppp; aniyha, 

aril, TO. the red or yellow colour. 

arogya, n. health- 

aroceti, v- (Jruc) to tell, announce, declare. 

aropeti, v. (Jruh) to lift, establish, put, raise, introduce. 

aroha, w. length, ascent ; /• an elegant woman. 

arohaka, m. a rider. 

arohana, w. 'ascent, ladder, stairs. 

aroha-parinaha, m. length and breadth. 

ala, Sidj. large, wide. 

alaka, /. Kuvera's city. 

alapati, v. (N/lap) to speak to, address. 

alambati, v. (Jlamb) to lean upon, take hold of; "ana, n. a 

support, object of sense, 
alambara, m. a drum, pride, arrogance, 
alavalaka, n. a basin round a tree to retain water, 
alaya, m. a house, dwelling, abode, longing, desire, attach- 

alasiya, "sya, ".ssa, n. idleness, sloth, 
alata, n. a firebrand. 

alana, n. a state or post to which an elephant is tied, 
alapa, m. (J lap) speech, 
alapa-sallapa, to. conversation. 

all, TO. a scorpion ; /. a woman's female friend, line, em- 
alikhati, v. (Jlikh) to draw, delineate, 
aliiiga, m. a small drum, 
aliiigati, v. (J ling) to embrace, enfold, 
alimpati, v. (lip) to besmear, anoint, 
alinda, m. a terrace or verandah, 
allnaka, n. tin. 
alu, mfn. a kettle; tow. a potato. 

avisiti 39 

alulati, V. (s/lul) to agitate, disturb, confuse; alolitfi. pf>p. 

alekha, m. (Jlilch) a drawing, painting, picture. 

alelihanl, /. a paint-brush, pencil. 

alepa, m. (N/lip) besmearing. 

aloisa, m. light, sight, look. 

aloka-sandhi, m. a window. 

alopa, m. a fragment, morsel, plundering. 

alojeti, caus. to mix. stir, jumble, confuse; °iila, ppp. 

avajja, adj. low, inferior. 

avajjati, v. (Jvajj) to reflect, consider; "ana, n. meditation. 

avajjeti, caws. (Jvajj) to bend, incline, upset. 

avatta, m. a whirlpool, circuit, circumference. Avattato, 

adv. in circumference, 
avattani, /. a woman, flat cupel, 
avapana, n. a cup, sowing, weaving, 
avarana, n. covering, obstruction, prohibition, 
avala, n. the trumpet-flower plant, 
avail, /. a row or range, 
avasati, v. (h/vas) to dwell, inhabit, 
avasatha, m. dwelling-place, abode, house, 
avasagara, n. a rest-house, 
avasita, adj. stored up, ripe, mature, 
avahati, v. (Jyah) to bring, 
avata, m. a hole, pit. 
avadha, mfn. pain, anxiety. 

avapa, m. a pond at the foot of a tree, sowing, cup, wristlet, 
avapana, mfn- a weaving loom, 
avari, m. a shop. 

avasa, m. ( Jvas) a house, dwelling-place, 
avaha, m. marriage, 
avahana, n. invitation, marrying, 
avi, adv. manifestly, evidently, plainly, 
avika, adj. woollen ; m. flannel- 
avi-karoti, v. to make manifest, explain, 
avijjhati, v. to draw, drag, 
avittha, ppP- possessed by a devil, 
avita, adj. guarded, protected, 
aviddha, ppp. thrown, 
avidha, m. a bore or drill- 
avi-bhavati, to become manifest, appear, 
avibhava, m. appearance, manifestation, 
avila, ndj. turbid, stained, 
avisati, v. (J vis) to approach, enter. 

40 avi 

avi, /. pains of childbirth. 

avikarana, n. manifesting. 

avunati, "noti, v. to cover, inclose, string; ppp. avata, 

avudha, n. a weapon. 

avusa, indecl. friend ! sir 1 brother I 

avenika, adj. detached, independent. 

avesana, n. a .workshop, dwelling, fury, entrance. 

avesika, m. a guest; adj. entering, adventitious. 

aveja, /. a garland worn on the crown of the head, a kind 
of flower. 

avhaya, m; avha, /. a name, appellation. 

asarhsana, n. hoping, wishing, publishing. 

asaihsa, /. a wish. 

asa, m. eating. 

asaiiga, m. attachment. 

asajja, adj. attainable. 

asankati, v. (Jsank) to suspect, doubt. 

asanka, /. suspicion. 

asanki, adj. anxious, apprehensive. 

asatta, ppf. (»/sajj) attached, intent. 

asatti, /. ( Jsajj) attachment, desire. 

asada, w. approaching. 

asana, n. a seat, the withers of an elephant. 

asandi, /. a long or easy chair. 

asanna, ppp. (N/sad) near. 

asabha, adj. taurine, eminent. 

asaya, in. meaning, inclination, support, abode, haunt. 

asala, m. the white anise plant. 

asava, m. spirituous drink, intoxicant, passion, drug, 

poison-drug ; *kkhaya, m. extinction of passion, 
asavati, v. (^/su) to trickle, flow, 
asa, /. desire, longing, 
asatika, /. a fly's egg^ nit. 
asara, m. a heavy shower, current, 
asalha, mf. name of a month, 
asiitisa, /. (►/sas) wish, hope, benediction. 
Ssi, /. blessing. 

asiiicati, V. (Jsic) to sprinkle, moisten, anoint; *** asitta 
asittha, ppp. (fc/sas) wished for, 
asita, n. a seat, town 
asivada, m. blessing, 
asi, /. fang of a snake^ 

inkSca 41 

asivisa, tn, S snake. 

asisa, /. wishing. 

asu, adv. quickly. 

aseka, m. ( Jsic) sprinkling, anointing. 

asevati, v. (Jsev) to practise. 

asevi, adj. addicted to. 

ahaka, m. disease of the nose. 

ahacca, adj. (Jhar) adduceable, removable. 

aliaccapada, m. a bed or chair with removable legs. 

ahanati, v. (N/han) to strike, beat, reach; ahacca, get; 
ahata, ppp. 

aharati, v. (Jhar) to bring, fetch, plunder, relate; ihata, 
ppp. Atltarh aharati, to tell a story. 

ahava, m. war, battle. 

ahavaniya, fpp. (Jhu) sacrificial. 

ahara, m. food, nourishment, nutriment, cause. 

ahava, m. a trough. 

ahindati, v. (iVhind) to roam, wander. 

ahitundika, m. a juggler, snake-charmer. 

ahuneyya, adj. sacrificial, worshipful, worthy of offerings. 

alara, adj. wide, expansive. 

alarika, m. a cook. 

alahana, n. a cemetery, graveyard. 

aji, mjn. a crab, scorpion. 

a]inda, m. a portico. 

alhaka, m. a post to which an elephant is tied ; mn. a mea- 
sure of capacity. 

ikka, tn. a bear. 

ikkata, m. a kind of reed. 

ikkhai.ia, m. (Jikkh) sight. 

ikkhanika, ni. a fortune-teller. 

ikkhati, «. (iVikkh) to look, see. 

ikkhu, tn. sugar-cane. 

iAga, tn. a gesture, sign. 

iftgati, V. (JiHg) to move. lAgitUt n, ppp. gesture- 

iilgudi, /. a kind of plant. 

iAgha, interj. come I pray I prithee ! 

icchati, v. (h/is) to wish, desire, seek. 

iccha, /. desire, wish, lust 

icchacara, tn. desire, covetousness, ambition.. 

iiicaka, m. a prawn. 




injali, V. (Jinj) lo move, budge. l>l}ila, n, ppp- .noveincit. 

iuh'aiii, adv. at will, as one wishes, 
ittha, ppp. (Jis) desirable, 
itthaka, /. a brick. 

itthaka-vaddhaki, m. a bricklayer, mason, 
itthakanyasa, m. laying a brick foundalion- 
itthagandha, adj. fraorant, 
ina, n. debt, 
inayika, m. a debtor, 
itara, adj. other, different, 
itaratha, adv. in another way. 

jtaritara, adj. one and another, any whatever, this and that, 
iti, ti, and before a vowel ice, adv. thus, used as a mark of 

indirect narration, 
itikatha, /. idle speech, 
itivuttaka, n. the fourth book of Khuddakanikaya. 

itiha, /. oral tradition. 

itihasa, nt. legendary lore, tradition. 

ittara, adj. low, mean, poor. 

itthaih, adv. thus; *bhuta, adj. such. 

hthatta, n. the present condition. 

itthannama, adj. so and so, such and such. 

itthagara, n, women's apartment, harem. 

itthi, itthlj /. a woman, female. 

itthindriya, n. feniiniety. 

idarh, n. this; adv. here, even. 

idani, udv, now. 

idha, adv. here, hither. 

iddhi, /. prosperity, power, magical potency. 

iddliika, imii, adj. possessed of magical powers. 

tddhi-pada, m. basis of magjcal powers. 

ina, m. the sun, lord, master. 

ina-sabha, /. a government office. 

inda, in. chief, king. 

bldaka, n. an assembly hall. 

iadakhila, m.. a cily-gate pillar, threshold. 

iiidagopaka, m, a sort of insect. 

indajilika, m* a juggler, magician. 

I'ndadhanu, iu the rainbow. 

Indanlla, nui. a sapphire. 

indabliesaj'ja, n. dried girigei'. 

jndayava, w. a kind of fruit. 


indalutta, mn. sliaving the head. 

indavaruni, /. a species of gourd. 

indasala, m. a kind of plant. 

indanika, to. a salt-water muscle. 

indayudha, n. the rainbow. 

indindira, m. a large bee. 

indiiavara, indlvara, n. the blue water-lily. 

indUj m. the moon, camphor. 

indukamala, n. the white lily. 

indukalika, /. the screw-pine. 

indujanaka, m. the ocean. 

indumati, /. the full-moon day, 

indura, to. a rat. 

induratana, n. pearl. 

indulohaka, n. silver. 

indriya, n. a. controlling faculty. 

indhana, n. firewood, ftiel. 

ibbaru, ibbalu, to/, cucumber. 

ibbha, adj. wealthy. 

ibha, TO. an elephant. 

ibhamacala, to. a lion. 

irana, mfn. a desert. 

ira, /. the earth, water, word. 

iracara, to. hail. 

iriyapatha, to. movement, posture, deportment. 

iru, /. the Rigveda. . 

ilagola, /. the earth. 

ilatala, n. the surface of the earth. 

ilika, /. the earth. 

illala, TO. a bird. 

illi, /. a dagger. 

iva, va, part, like, as. » 

isa, issa, m. a bear. 

isi, m. a sage, anchorite. 

isina, /. an elephant's eye, paint-brush. 

isigili, tn. a mountain in Magadha. 

isipatana, n. a place near Benares. 

isipabbajja, /. the life of an anchorite. 

isira, m. fire. 

isu, mf. an arrow. 

isudhi, mf. a quiver. 

issayati, v. to envy, be jealous. 

issara, m. lord, chief. 


44 issariya 

issan'ya, issera, v. dominion, supremacy. 

issa, /. envy, jealousy. 

issSsa, n. a bow. 

issuki, adj. envious, jealous. 

ilia, adv. here. 

iholokjka, adj. belonging to this world. 


Tti, /. danger, turbulence. 

Idisa, adj. like this, such. 

freti, -v. (Jir) to utter, shake; ppp. irita. 

isa, m. lord, master. 

isakarii, adv. a little. 

Tsakkarn, adj. easy to do. 

Isajjala, n. shallow water. 

Tsaddassana, n. a smile. 

isadhara, m, one of the concentric mountains surrounding 

Isappurisa, m. a useless man. 
isa, /. the pole of a plough, axle, 
isadanta, m. the tusk of an elephant. 
)s5na, n. radiance. 

Tsika, /. an elephant's eye, paint-brush, sprout,, 
Tsitta, n. government, 
isf, /. a queen. 
Tha, /. exertion, endeavour. 
Jhamiga, w. a wolf, leopard. 


U) ud, prep, only used as the first part of a compound, with 
the meaning of ' upwards,' ' above ' or ' away.' 

ukanaha, tn. a horse of a bay colour. 

uka, /. a louse. 

ukuiia, m. a bug. 

ukkaihsa, vi. excess. 

iikkartiseti, cans. (Jkaitis) to exalt; ppp. ukkajtha, exceed- 
ing, excellent. 

ukkaddhati, v. (Jka(J4h) to cast out. 

ukkapthati, 7;, (Jkanth) to regret, pine, be discontented. 

ukkamana, n. (^/kam) stepnintr aside, oassinp-. 

ugghatita-finu 45 

ukkamapeli, cans- (N/kam) to cause to step fiside. 

ukkalapa, uklapa, in. sweepings, rubbish. 

ukka, /. a torch, firebrand; *pata, m. a meteor; *mukha, n. 

the mouth of a furnace, 
ukkara, m. dung, excrement, 
ukkasati, v. (»/kas) to hem, clear the throat, 
ukkujjeti, v. to set up again wliat has been overturned, 
ukkutika, adj. sitting on the hams, squatting, crouching; 

Vkkvtikarh nisldati, to sit on the hams, squat, 
ukkutthi, /. (kus) shouting, crying out. Ukkutlhim koroti, 

to shout, 
ukkusa, m. an osprey. 
ukkoca, m. a bribe. 

ukkoteti, caus. to disturb what is settled, 
ukkha, adj. clean, washed, 
ukkhatara, m. a big bull, 
ukkhali, /. a rice boiling pot. 
ukkhipati, v. (ijkhip) to throw upwards, lift, eject ; tiUkhttta, 

ukkhittaka, m. a monk who has been excommunicated, 
ukkhepa, m, lifting, raising ; °aka, m. one who excommu- 
nicates ; °ana, n. excommunication; °aniyakamma, «. 

excommunication of a monk for a grave offence, 
uklapa, see ukkalapa. 
ugga, adj. violent, severe, cruel, 
ugga-gandha, adj. strong-smelling; m. onions; n. asafce- 

uggacchati, v. ( Jgacch) to rise, ascend ; uggata, ppp. 
ugganhati, v. {Jgah) to acquire, learn, lift, pick up. 
ugganhapeti, caus. to teach, 
uggati, /. ascent, appearance, 
uggatthana, n. a garland of pearls, 
uggama, m; "ana, n. rising, ascent, 
uggaha, m; °ana, n. learning, acquisition, 
uggatha, /. a stanza with a wrong metre, 
uggara, m. hiccough, vomiting. 
uggirana, n. vomiting, 
uggilati, V. to vomit, 
uggharati, v. ( Jghar) to ooze, 
ugghatana, ti. the rope and bucket of a well, 
ugghateti, caus. to open, unfasten, reveal, 
ugghatita-iinu, adj. understanding quickly. 

46 uggiinseti 

ugghoseti, caus. {•Jghus) to shout out, proclaim; "sa, m. 

uiikupa, m. a bug. 
ucita, adj. suitable, convenient, 
ucca, adj. high. (Iccato, adv. in height, 
uccata, /. pride, 
uccaya, m. (Jci) accumulation, 
uccara, m. excrement, 
uccarana, ii. utterance, pronunciation, 
uccareti, cans, to raise alcft, lift up. 
uccalinga, m. a caterpillar, 
uccavaca, adj. irregular, various, 
uccinati, v. (^ Jci) to choose, select, 
uccula, m. a flag of victory, 
ucchanga, m. the hip, flank, 
ucchadana, n. rubbing the body with perfumes, 
ucchittha, ppp. left, rejected, impure; *modana, n. bee's 

ucchita, ppp. lofty, exalted, 
ucchindati, v. (Jchid) to cutoff, extirpate, destroy; ucchijja, 

ger ; ucchinna, ppp. 
ucchu, m. sugar-cane; *gu!ha. m. sugar, molasses, 
ucchuna, ad/, swollen, exalted, fat. 
uccheda, m. extirpation, annihilation ; *ditthi, /. heresy of 

uju, ujju, adj. straight, upright, honest. Ujum karoti, to 

straighten, correct, 
ujjalati, V. (ijjal) to flash up, shine; "ana, n. lighting, 

ujjota, m. (J jut) light, lustre, 
ujjotana, n. illumination, 
ujjh^ggika, /. loud laughter, 
ujjhati, V. to abandon, throw. Ppp. ujjhita. 
ujjhana, n. taking offence, 
ujjhayati, v. to be offended, 
ufichati, v. to seek, beg for food, 
uta, m. thatch; *ja, m. a hut or monastery roofed with 

uttanda, n. treasury, 
utthahati, utthati, v. (►/tha) to rise, stand up, rouse oneself. 

be active; ger. utthaya; ppp. utthita. 
utjhahana, utthana, n. rising, origin, ejcertion. 
utthubhati, v. to spit out. 

uttunga 47 

Uijna, /«. 'wool, hair between the eyebrows. 

unnata, n. a foreliead ornament or llower. 

unnanabhi, m. a spider- 

unha, adj. hot. Unlidharam dusscli, lo grow hot. 

un ha-rariisi, ni. the sun. 

unhika, /. rice-gruel, porndgfe. 

unhisa, mn. a crest, diadem, turban, frontlet, staircase, 

utu, mfn. season, time; m. the menses; *ni, /. a menstrua= 
ting woman. 

uttaihsa, m. el chaplet, earring. 

utta, adj. wet, damp. 

uttata, re. dried flesh. 

uttama, adj. best, highest, eminent. 

uttamafiga, n. the head; *ruha, m. hair of tlie head- 

uttamanna, nifn. a creditor. 

uttamattha, m. the highest object, arahantship. 

uttara, adj. higher, superior, northern, subsequent 

uttarana, n. (Jtar) crossing over, passing across. 

uttarati, v. (Jtar) to cross over, escape from; cauS' ultareti, 

to save; Ppp. uttinna. 
uttarappacchada, m. a cover, lid. 
uttaravatti, /. a small syringe, pump, 
uttarasakkhr, m. a defendant's witness, 
uttarasanga, m. the upper robe of a monk. 
uttarasadhaka, mfn. friendship, help. 
uttaradhikarl, mfn. an heir, 
uttari, adj. excessive, superior, 
uttafitara, adj. exceeding, better 
uttarirh, adv. beyond, further, more. 
uttarlya, n. an outer garment, cloak, 
uttarottha, m. the upper lip. 
uttarottara, adv. more and more, further and further; a- a 

utlasati, v. (w'tas) to be alarmed, 
ultina, adj. supine, lying on the back, open, evident, easy ; 

*mukha, m. an open face, sweet expression- 
Utlapeti, cmts. (^/tap) to heat, 
uttara, m. vomiting, ejection, 
uttillaj adj. swift, high ; i)i. a monkey. 
Uttavikamitta, n. manifestation, making clear, 
tittasa, m. terror. 
Ulti, /. speech, ulLerauce. 
uttunga. adj. higti. 

48 uttusa 

uttusa, m. fried grain. 

uda, indecl or, on the other hand- 

uda, tidaka, n. water. 

udaka-niddhamana, w. a sluice, runnel. 

udaka-maiiika, /. a large warter-pot. 

udaka-saka, w. water-vegetables. 

udakadhara, m. a well, pond, tub. 

uda-kumbha, m. a water jar. 

udakodara, n. the dropsy. 

udagga, adj. high, delighted, elated. 

udadhi, w. the sea. 

udadhikkama, m. a sea-voyage. 

udadhimekhala, /. the earth. 

udanta, m. news. 

udapatta, n. a water-cup, finger-bowl. 

udapana, mn. a well. 

udabindu, m. a drop of water. 

udaya, m. (ud <Ji + a) rise, beginning, appearance. 

udayabbaya, n. rise and fall, birth and death. 

udara, n. the stomach, belly. 

udafattapa, n. a coat of mail, a waist-ornament. 

udaramaya, m. dysentery. 

udaravatta, m. the navel. 

udaravettha, to. a crooked iron, crooked stick. 

udariya, n. the stomach. 

udavasita, n. a house. 

uda-haraka, m. a rain-cloud. 

udana, n. aspiration, ecstatic utterance, a book of the 

Khuddakanikaya. Uddnarh ud&neti, to breathe forth 

an ecstatic utterance, 
udaslna, adj> indifferent, neutral, 
udahara^ia, n. an example, instance, 
udaharati, v. (Jhar) to utter, recite; udahafa, ppp. 
udahu, indecl. or. 

udikkhati, 'o. ( Jikkh) to look at, survey, 
udita, ppp. (iJi) high, risen, 
udici, /. the north, 
udlrana, «.. utterance, 
udireti, v. (Jlr) to speak, utter, 
udukkhala, n. a mortar, 
udumbara, m. the fig tree, 
udosita, m. a shelf, 
uddathsa, tn. a bug. 

iipakarana 4g 

uddalomi, tn. a woollen coverlet with a fringe at each end- 

uddana, n. binding, politeness, fireplace. 

uddapa, m. foundation of a house. 

uddama, ad^. freed from bondage, wild. 

uddala, m. the tree cassia fistula. 

uddina, n. noon. 

uddisati, v. (^ydis) to point out, declare, appoint; uddittha, 

uddipa, m. lighting. 

uddesa, m. ordinance, period, occasion, recitation, 
uddesika, adj. pointing to, illustrative of. 
uddehika, /. a white ant. 
uddharh, adv. up, above, after, 
uddhampada, adj. heels upwards, 
uddhambhagiya, adj. belonging to the upper part, 
uddhaitivirocana, n. sneezing. 

uddharhsota, m. one who goes up the stream (of life)- 
uddhaka, m. a kind of drum, 
uddhacca, n. distraction of mind, 
uddhana, n. an oven, 
uddhamma, m. wrong dhamraa. 
uddahrati, v. (Jhar) to draw out, lift up, raise; uddhata, 

uddhara, m. pulling out, debt. 

uddhumayati, v. to be bloated, swollen ; uddhumata, ppp. 
uddhuyati, v. to be driven away, 
undura, m. a rat. 
unna, ppp. wet. 
unnata, PPp. raised, 
unnati, /. haughtiness, 
unnadati, v. (Jnad) to shout, roar, 
unnata* m. elevation, height. 

unnaman, v. (^/nam) to rise up, ascend; ppp. unnata. 
unnala, adj. proud, insolent, 
unnahana, /. binding talk, 
unnada, n. a shou|, echo, 
unnaha, n. vinegar, 
upa, prep, below, less, 
upakattha, ppp. near, approacliing. 
upakaddhati, v. (iVkaddh) to drag down, 
upakappana, n. preparation, 
upakappati, n- to serve, profit, 
upakarana, n. help, service, instrument, furniture. 

50 iipakara 

upakara, m. help, service; a benefactor. 

upakQla, n- vicinity of a river bank. 

upakkama, m. putting fortii effort, beginning. 

upakkamati, v. (Jivani) to approach, begin ; ppp- upakkanLa. 

upakkilittha, ppp. stained, corrupted, depraved. 

upakkilesa, m. depravity, corruption, sin. 

upakkuttha, ppp. blamed, reproached. 

upakkosa, m. blame. 

upakkhata, ppp. got ready, prepared. 

upakkhara, m. tlie thill or shaft of a cart. 

upaga, adj. going to, entering, undergoing. 

upagacchati, v- to approach, visit, undergo, undertake, 

upaga, m. approaching, entering uppn. 

upagayati, v. to sing. 

upagul.ha, ppp. embraced. 

upaguhana, to. embracing, an embrace- 

upaggaha, m. capturing, helping. 

upaghattita, ppp. knocked against. 

upaghata, m. injury. 

Upacaya, m. (Jci) accumulation, increase. 

upacara, m. approach, entrance; a present, offering, prac- 
tice, civility. 

upacika, /. a white ant. 

upacinati, v. to heap up, accumulate; ppp. upacita. 

upaccaka, /. land at the foot of a mountain. 

upaccaya, m. passing away, transmigration. 

upacchindati, v. (Jchid) to cut off, interrupt. 

upaccheda. m. cutting off, interruption. 

upajaneti, v. (ijjan) to produce. 

upajapa, m. danger, sowing dissension. 

upajivha, /. the uvula. 

Upajivati, V. to subsist by, maintain life. 

upajjhaya, m. a spiritual teacher, preceptor. 

upariiiasa, m. an exordium, hint. 

upattha, adj. near, close to; ra. the hip. 

upatthaka, m. a servitor, personal attendant. 

upatthati, upatlhahati, -c. (s/lha) to serve, wait on, support. 

npatlhana, upatihahana, n. attendance, service, 

Upaddha, adj. half, partial. 

Upatapa, m. vexation, disease. 

tipatapeti, v. (Jtaj)) to v(>x, torment. 

upatthambha, m- support, prop. 

upayama 51 

upatthambliati, v. to support, help, prop. 

upadassaka, m. a guide, gate-keeper. 

upada, /. a present. 

upadisati, v. (Jdis) to command,, direct. 

upadi, /. a creeper. 

upadesa, m. instruction, direction. 

upadeha, in. a medical ointment. 

upaddava, m. accident, misfortune, distress. 

upadduta, ppp. distressed, oppressed, annoyed. 

upadhana, n. a pillow, cushion. 

upadhareti, v. to consider, reflect, ascertain, investigate. 

upadhavati, v. (Jdhav) to run after. 

upadhij m. a wheel, element of being. 

upanaya, m. bringing near, initiation. 

upanayhati, v. (isynah) to tie, wrap up. 

upanameti, caus. (N/nam) to offer, present. 

upanayika, adj. referring or belonging to. 

upanaha, m. enmity. 

upanikkhipati, v. (Jkhip) to deposit, lay up. 

upanikkhepa, m. a deposit, pledge. 

upanighaiiisati, v. to rub up against. 

upanijjhana, n. meditation. 

upanidhi, m. a deposit, pledge. 

upanibandhati, v. (Jbandh) to tie, fasten. 

upanisidati, v. to sit beside. 

upanissaya, m. a basis, sufficfng condition, faculty, tendency 

upanissaya, ger. near, close to. 

upanti, adv. before, in the presence of. 

upantika, adj. close to, adjoining; n. vicinity. 

upapajjati, v. (Jpad) to come to, attain, be reborn. 

upapati, m. a paramour. 

upapatti, /. birth, rebirth. 

upaparikkhati, v. (^/ikkh) to investigate, ascertain. 

upaparikkha, /. investigation. 

upapataka, n. a criminal offence. 

upaparami, /. minor perfection or virtue. 

upapllaka, adj. oppressive. 

upappadana, n. giving of bribe. 

upabhoga, m. enjoyment. 

upamii, /. comparison, illustration, aprable, 

upamata, /. a 

upamana, n. resemblance. 

upayama, m. marriage. 

C2 upayati 

upayati, v. (Jya) to approach. 

upayoga, m. employment, use. 

uparati, /. cessation. 

uparamati, v. to cease. 

uparava, m. noise, clamour. 

uparaga, m. eclipse of sun or moon. 

uparaja, m. a viceroy. 

upari, adv. above, upon, over, beyond, further. 

uparitana, adj. upper. 

uparima, adj. uppermost, overhead. 

uparujjhati, v. (./rudh) to cease, be stopped. 

uparupari, adv. higer and higher. 

uparodha, m. obstacle, detriment. 

upala, m. a stone, rock. 

upalakkhana, n. synecdoche. 

upalakkheti, v. (Jlakkh) to regard, note, look at. 

upaladdhi, /. acquisition, knowledge. 

upalasika, /. thirst, oppression. 

upalimpati, v. ( Jlip) to smear, defile ; "lepana, n. 

upavanneti, v. ( Jvann) to describe fully. 

upavadati, v. (Jvad) to blame; "vadana, /; "vada, m. 

upavana, n. a park. 

upavasatha, m. a village. 

upavahati, v. (Jvah) to bring about. 

upavisati, v. to sit down ; °vesana, n. 

upavlna, m. the neck of a lute, vellum. 

upasamharati, v. (Jhar) to bring together. 

upasarhhita, ppp. (Jdha) accompanied by, furnished with. 

vpasagga, m. trouble, misfortune, preposition. 

upasankamati, v. (Jkam) to approach; "ana, n. 

upasappati, v. to ^.pproach. 

upasampajjati, v. ( Jpad) to attain, reach, enter upon ; "pan- 
na, ppp. 

upasampada, /. acquiring, full ordination of a monk. 

upasammati, v. (Jsani) to be calm, cease; °sama, m. 

upesiiighati, v. to kiss. 

upasussati, v. [Jsus) to dry up. 

upasevati, v. (Jsev) to serve, honour, practise; "va, /. 

upasobbeti, caus. ( Jsubh) to adorn, beautify. 

uppassattha, ppf. oppressed, beset. 

upassaya, m. a dwelling-place, asylum. 

upassuti, /. listening to, eaves-droDDincf. 

uppada 53 

upahanti, v. (Jhan) to hurt, injure, vex; ger. upahacca; 

■ppp. upahata; °nana, n. 
upahara, m. a present, offering, sacrifice, oblation, 
upagacchati, v. to come to, arrive at, reacfi. 
upanta, adj. adjoining. 

upadana, n. firewood, grasping, attachment, 
upadaniya, adj. connected with grasping or attachment, 
apadiyati, v. to take hold of, cling to, grasp; upadaya, ger. 
upadisesa, adj. having the elements of existence remaining 

(used of nibbana). 
upaya, m. means, expedient, way, stratagem. Updyena, by 

stratagem . 
upayana, n. a present, 
upayasa, m. despair. 

uparambha, m- hate, grudge, resentment, 
upasaka, m. a lay devotee, 
upasaiiga, m. a quiver. 

upasati, v. {Jas) to attend, wait upon, serve; °sita, ppp. 
upasana, n. archery, attendance, 
upahana, /. a shocj sandal, 
upahara, m. bringing forwaro, adding, 
upitthi, /. a concubine, lesser wife, 
upekkhati, v. ( Jikkh) to be indifferent, neutral, 
upekkha, upekha, /. indifference, equanimity, neutrality, 
upeti, V. (Ji) to approach, enter, incur, undergo; upecca, 

upogghata, m. an example, 
upodika, /. a vegetable, 
uposatha, m. the fast-day, lent, 
uppajjati, V. (udJpad) to arise, originate, appear, be born ; 

uppajja, ger; uppanna, ppp. 
uppatipati, /. disorder, irregularity, 
uppandeti, v. to ridicule. 

uppatali, V. (J pat) to rise up, spring up, jump ; "aria, n. 
uppatti, /. arising, birth, production, 
uppatha, m. wrong path, error, mistake, 
uppabbajati, v. to leave the priesthood, turn layman, 
upparikkhati, v. to investigate, 
uppala, n. a lotus, water-lily, 
uppalini, /. an assemblage of lotuses, 
uppateti, caus. to root out, tear out. 
uppata, m. a portent, omen, 
uppada, m. appearance, birth, omen. 

54 uppilavana 

uppilavana, n. frivolousness, levity. 

uppljeti, V. to press together. 

iilibattana, n. shampooing the body. 

uhliahati, v. (iVvali) to raise, remove, drive away; iibbay 

ha, ,s;er; ubbajha, ppp- 
ubbigga, adj. terrifying, fearful, frightened, 
iihbijjati, v. to be afraid, 
iibbinaya, m. wrong or false vinaya. 
ubbillapita, ppp. puffed up, elated, 
ubbi, /. the earth, 
ubbldhara, to. a mountain. 
ubbejanTya, adj. causing alarm, terrifying, 
ubbega, to. excitement, agitation, 
ubbedha, to. height, 
ubbhata, ppp. thrown up. 
ubbhava, to. birth, origination, 
ubbhida, n. kitchen salt, 
ubha, ubhaya, adj. both, 
ubhato, adv. on both sides,- in both ways, 
ubhatobyaiijanaka, adj. of both sexes, 
ubhayattha, adv. in both places, 
ubho, pron. both, 
umanga, to. wisdom, a cave, 
uma, /. radiance. 

ummagga, m. an underground passage, 
ummajjana, n. shampooing the body, 
ummatta, ummattaka, adj. mad. 
umma, /. flax, 
ummada, to. madness, 
ummadeti, v. to madden, 
ummara, to. a threshold, 
ummlleti, it. to open the eyes, 
ummuka, n. a firebrand, 
ummukha, at^/." expecting, 
ummugga, adj. emerging, 
ummujiati, v. to emerge, rise out of. 
ummuleti, v. to root up. 
umhita, adj. smiling, 
uyyati, v. (►/ya) to go forth, 
uyyana, n. a garden, 
uyyama, to. exertion. 

uyyuiijati, V. (Jyuj) to exert oneself; ppp. un yutta 
uyyoga, m. departure, decay. 

ussada 55 

uyyojana, n. instigation. 

uyyodliii<a, n. a fight, warfare, conibai. 

ura, mn. the breast, chest. 

uraga, m. a snake. 

uragari, m. a gam la bird. 

uracakka, n. a razor-wheel. 

uracchada, m. a mail armour, breast-ornament. 

urana, m. a ram. 

uratthala, n. the breast. 

urasiloma, adj. hairy-breasted. 

uru, adj. large, eminent; /. sand. 

uruvuka, /. the castor-oil plant. 

urokkhata, n. consumption. 

uroghata, m. asthma. 

ulati, V. to wander. 

ulupi; m. a porpoise. 

ulumpa, 771)1. a raft. 

uluka, in. an owl. 

ullanghati, v. to leap up. 

uilapati, V. to lay claim to. 

ullasita, ppp. shining. 

ullitta, ppp. smeared. 

uUuficana, n. shaving. 

ullekhana, n. writing, peeling ofl. 

ulloketi, 1!. (Jlok) to lookup. 

uUoca, mn. a canopy, awning. 

ullola, m. a wave, surge. 

uUolita, ppp. disturbed, stirred up. 

usa, m. early morning, salt ground. 

usana, n. mustard. 

usabha, m. a bull; hence eminent, best; ?i. a mea.sure. 

usabhanga, n. the hump of a hull. 

usa, /. a cow, heat, night. 

usakala, m. a cock. 

usira, mn. a kind of root. 

usu, mf. an arrow. 

usuma, TO. heat. 

usuyyati, usuyatij v. to be envious, jcaloub- 

usma, m- heat. 

usmabha, in. the sun. 

ussanga, m. the hip, companionship. 

ussaiikita, alj. anxious, distrustful. 

ussada, m. name of a hell 

56 ussanriri 

ussanna, ppp- extensive, prevalent, rife. 

ussava, m. a festival, holiday. 

ussahati, v. (N'sah) to be able, endeavour. 

ussapeti, v. to lift up, exalt, raise- 

ussava, m. dew, hoar-frost. 

ussaha, m. strength, effort, endeavour. 

ussificati, v. (Jsic) to bale out. 

usslsaka, n. a pillow, the head of a bed. 

ussuka, adj. zealous, eager, active. 

ussukka, n. zeal, eagerness, energy. 

ussussati, V. (ijsus) to be dried up. 

ussuraseyya, /. sleeping till after the sun has risen. 

ussojhi, /. exertion. 

uhuhkara, n. an owl. 

ujara, /. great, lofty, eminent, gross- 

u!u, /. a lunar mansion. 

ulunka, m. a ladle. 


ijka, mf. a louse. 

uti, /. stitching, storing up. 

una, unaka, adj. deficient, less. 

unudara, adj. empty-stomached. 

umi, mf. a wave. 

umika, /. a finger-ring, wave, buzzing of bees. 

uru, m. the thigh. 

urutthambha, m. stupefaction; /. the plantain tree. 

ijhata, ppp. destroyed. 

uhadeti, v. to befoul with excrement. 

uhana, n. arrangement, synthesis. 

ijhani, /. a broom. 

iJha, /. life, thought, midnight. 

ekartisa, mn. absolute, true. Eliamscna, verily, undoubtedly. 

ekamsa, n. on one shoulder (said of a robe). 

ekamsika, adj. certain. 

6ka, adj. one, single, alone, a certain, same. Ekaso, ahl. 

one by one- 
ekaka, adj. alone, solitary, 
ekakkhattum, adv, once. 

etihya 57 

ekagga, adj. calm, tranquil, bent on one subject. 

ekaggata, /. tranquillity, ' one-pointedness of mind' 

ekagharia, adj. of one density, solid. 

ekacara, adj. solitary: m, a rhinoceros. 

ekacca, adj. one, a certain. 

ekajjharh, adv. in the same place, together. 

ekatama, adj. one out of many. 

ekatara, adj. one out of two. 

ekato, adv. together, on one side, apart. 

ekatla, n. unity. 

ekada, adv. once, one day. 

ekadesa, m. a part, portion. Ekadesena, partly 

ekaninnada, m. a simultaneous shout or reverberation. 

ekanta, mn. one end, one side. 

ekapadf, /. a path. 

ekappaharena, instr. in unison, simultaneously. 

ekamano, adj. unanimous. 

ekamanta, n. on one side, apart. 

ekaraula, /. the flax plant. 

ekameka, adj. each. 

ekarajja, n. sole kingship. 

ekavacana, n. the singular number. 

ekavira, m. an army's general. 

ekasapha, m. a horse. 

ekaseyya, /. a couch for a single person. 

ekaki, adj. alone, solitary. 

ekatapatta, n. one dominion. 

ekadasa, num.. eleven; °sl, /. the eleventh day of the lialf 

ekabaddha, adj. continuous, contiguous, 
ekayana, mn. the only way. 
ekarasa, num. eleven. 

ekasanfkanga, n. ascetic practice of eating at one sitting, 
ekika, adj. alone, solitary, 
ekiina, adj. (eka+una) less by one. 
ekeka, adj. one by one, each, 
eja, /. desire, lust, 
ena, m; eni, /. a kind of antelope, 
etadagga, n. pre-eminence, the chief, 
etarahi, adv. now. 
eladisa, etarisa, adj. such, 
eti, V- {Ji) to come, go, attain, 
etihya, n. oral tradition. 

58 etta 

etta, *ka, adj. so much, so man}'. 

ettavata, adv. so far, to that extent, thereabouts. 

etto, adv. hence. 

ettha, adv. here, now- 

edi, *kkha, *sa, adj. such. 

edha, m. firewood. 

edhati, v. (Jidh) to prosper, increase. 

eranda, m. the castor-oil plant. 

eravata, m. the oraiige tree. 

eravati, /. lightning, the Irrawaddy river. 

ela, /. cardamons; n. fault, sin. 

evarii, adv. thus- 

eva, adv. just, quite, even, only. 

evamadi, adj. beginning thus, such and the like- 

evameva, *rn, adv. even thus. 

evarupa, adj. such, of this sort. 

esaka, m. an arrow. 

esanika, /. goldsmith's scales. 

esati, V. (Jis) to seek, search; esana, /. 

esika, /. a pillar. 

eso, esa, pron. this, that. 

ehipassika, adj. inviting. 

elaka, m. a ram, threshold. 

elamuga, adj. deaf and dumb. 

etalu, n. cucumber. 


oka, mil. a house, water. 
okana, m. a bug. 
okappanlya, adj. suitable, proper, 
okara, m. vileness. 

okasa, m. place, foom, occasion, opportunity,- leave, per- 
okirati, v. (Jkir) to sprinkle; "raija, n; okinna, ppp. 
okula, VI. bread, 
okkacara, m/. a decoy cock. 
okkatt'na, ppp. (Jkaddh) lowered, low. 
okkanti, /. descent, conception, 
okkainati, v. Ukam) to descend, disembark, fall into; 

ana, n. 
okkassa, ger. (Jkaddh) having dragged away or abducted, 
okkhitta, ppp. (Jkhip) cast down, lowered. 
Qgadha, adj. belonging to, connected with. 

opapatika 59 

ogahati, ogaheti, v. (.Jgah) to dive, plunge into, enter; 

ogalha, p[>p; ogaylia, f:;er ; ogaha, m. ; "ana, n. 
ogilati, 1;. (Jgla) (o swallow, 
ogunthita, ppl>. covered, veiled, wrapped up. 
ogha, m. a flood, torrent, overtlow, multitude, quantity, 
ocikkhati, -v. (iJcikkh) to point out, draw attention to. 
ocitya, fn. suitableness, 
ocinati, ■:'. (Jci) to gather, pick; "ana, n. 
oja, mf. sap of life, vitality, juice, strength, vigour, 
ojadipa, m. t'eylon. 
ojahnti, v. (Jha) to leave, forsake, abandon, renounce; 

ohaya, ger ; ohiyati, pass. 
ofiata, ppp. (>Jja) low-born, 
ottlia, m. the lip, camel ; /. an earthen pot. 
oitha-sakuna, m. an ostrich, 
oddeti, V. (»yda) to set (a snare or trap), 
otata, ppp. (Jtan) covered, overgrown, 
otarati, v. (J tar) to descend, dsiembark, depart,, enter; 

"arana, n; otinna. ppp- 
otara, m. descent, entrance, landing-place, defect, fault, 
otu, »H. a cat. 
ottappa. ". fear of blame, 
ottharati, r. (.Jthar) to spread, scatter, pervade; otthata, 

odaka, adj. watery; ??. water, 
odakantlka, tn. a deep pit in the earth reaching to the waters 

odagya, 1:. elation. 

odana, vin. boiled rice; "nika, in. a cook. 
odahati, v. fJdah, dhii) to put in, deposit, apply; "ana, n ; 

ohita, ppp. Sntam odahati, to give ear, listen, 
odata, adj. white, 
odissa, ger. (^/dis) expressly, 
oddalaka, n. honey. 

odhi, m. limit, district, division; *so, adv. ultimately, 
onandhati, v. (iJuRh) to cover, bind; onaddha, ppp ; onan- 

dhana, n. 
onamati, v. (Jnam) to bow, stoop; onata, ppP- 
onlta, ppp. (Jm) removed, 
opakriya, /. a hut, pavilion, 
opadheya, n. a cart-wheel- 
opanayika, adj. conducive, leading to. 
opapatika, adj. apparitional, phenomenal, accidental, 

6o opamma 

opamma, «. a simile, conipaiison, melapiior, analogy, illus- 
opa\ayfia, adj. inleniJed i'or riding on. 
opana, n. a well, pund. 
opayika, adj. proper, fit. 
opunjati, v. ( jpufij) lo heap together, 
opunaii, v. (Jpu) to winnow, .sift, 
opuppha, n. a flower that hang.s down. 
obhagga, ppp. broken. 

obhasati, v. (Jbhas) to shine, speak, 
obhasa, m light, lustre, radiance, hint, appearance- 
omaka, adj. low, vile, inferior, 
omasati, v. (J mas) to revile, reproach, 
omasavada, m. reproachful speech, 
omana, m. irreverence, sauciness. 
omuficati, v. (Jmuc) lo take off, remove- 
orautteti, v. to make water upon, 
oraiii, n. the hither bank, 
era, adj. below, later, hither, 
orato, adv. on this side- 

orapararh, n. the hither and the thither bank, 
orabbhika, m. a butcher. 

oramattaka, adj. belonging to the present life, mundane, 
orammati, v. to abstain, 
orasa, adj. own, legitimate, 
oraso, adv. on this side, 
orima, adj. hither. 

oruhati, v. (Jruh) to descend, disembark, 
orodha, m. harem, seraglio, 
oropeti, cans-. (Jruh) to cause to descend, put down; oro- 

pana, n. 
oi'ohali, V. (Jruh) to descend, disembark; "ana, n. 
olagita, ppp. hanging down, 
olambati, 1). (Jlamb) to hang down , "beti, cans to su.s- 

pend; "ba, to. an appendage; "baka, adj. hanging, 
oligalla, m. a dirty pool, 
olokati, oloketi, v. {Jlok) to look, see, watch, consider; 

"ana, n. 
ovattha, ppp. wet with rain. 

ovadati, T. (Jvad) to admonish, exhort, instruct, advise; 

ovajja, fpp. 
ovaraka, m. an inner room, store room, 
ovada, m. (iVvad) admonition, exhortation. 

Icakkasa 6 J 

ovijjhati, v. (Jvidli) to pierce, annoy. 

osa, m. a ray, beam. 

osakkali, v. to draw back, retreat, refuse. 

csadha, n a herb, drug, herb used as medicine. 

OsadhT, /. a herb, plant, annual; the morning star. 

osadhisa, -m. the moon. 

osarati, v. (s/sar) to go to, resort, approach ; "ann, n. resort, 

osadeti, v. (iv/snd) to cause to sink, depress. 

osana, n. end, conclasion. 

osapeti, caws, to finish, complete. 

osarana, mf. restoration of a monk after temporary seclu- 

osincati, v. (Jsic) lo sprinkle; °ana, n. 

osTdati, V. (Jsad) to settle down, sink; "ana, n. 

osumika, adj. relating to heat- 

ossajjati, ossajati, v. (Jsaj) to give up, relinquish; ossaj ja, 
ger ; ossattha, ppp. 

ohareti, caus. (Jhar) to remove; oharana, n. 

oharl, adj. dragging down. 

ohina, adj. left over. 

olapuppha, n. the shoe-flower. 

ojarika, adj. large, gross, coarse. 

olumpika, *». a raft-man. 


kaitisa, in. metal, bronze, a gong, bowl. 

kaihsakuta, n. counterfeit metal. 

ka, m. brahma, fire, wind, mind; n. head, w.iter, hair.- 

kakaca, m. a saw. 

kakantaka, m. el chameleon. 

kaku, m. the hump of a bull- 

kakuta, m. a pigeon, dove. 

kakuda, mn. the hump of a bull, a symbol of royally. 

kakundara, n. a lion's den. 

kakeruka, m. a worm. 

kakka, m. paste, soap, sediment ; adj. white. 

kakkata, m. a crab. 

kakkati, /. a kind of cucumber, snake, pot. 

kakkara, adj. hard, strong; m. a mirror. 

kakkarl, /. a kettle. 

kakkasa, adj. rough, cruel, hard. 

62 kakkarl 

kakkari, /. red cucumber. 

kakkareti, v. (Jkar) to express disgust. 

kakkotaka, m. the bael tree, sugar-cane. 

kakkha, m. the armpil, dried grass, buffalo; /. a woman's 

kakkhata, adj. harsh, cruel ; /. white chalk, 
kakkhala, adj. harsh, cruel. 
kaiika, m. a heron, 
kankata, m. a coat of mail, 
kaiikana, n. a bracelet, 
kaiikani, /. a small bell with a tongue, 
kankata, m. a tree, 
kahkamukha, m. fire tongs, 
kanka, /• the scent of lotus, 
kaiiku, m. a kind of paddy, 
kankoli, m. the amherstia tree. 
kahkha, m. the fruit pigeon ; /. doubt. 
kankhati, v. (h/kankh) to doubt, 
kaiigu, /. a kind of paddy, 
kaiiguli, m. the hand. 

kaca, m. the hair, cloud; /. a she-elephant, beauty, 
kacaiigana, n. a market free from tax., 
kacamala, m. smoke, 
kacavara, m. sweepings, rubbish, 
kaccati, v. (Jkac) to shine, 
kaccara, adj. dirty, old. 
kacci, part, perhaps, surely (used in interrogation); *nu 

kho, particles for interrogation, 
kaccha, m- the armpit, a creeper, swamp ; /. a girdle. Kac- 

cliaih bandhati, to gird up the loins, 
kacchaka, m. aloes wood, 
kacchantara, n. a private room, private parts, 
kacchapa, m, a tortoise. 

kacchapi, /. a female tortoise, pimple, wart, 
kacchabu, /. swampy ground, 
kacchu, /. the scab, 
kaja, adj. watery ; ti. a lotus, 
kajjala, m. a cloud; n. coilyrium. 
kaiicana, n. gold, 
kaficika, n. vinegar, 
kaiicuka, m. the slough of a snake, a jacket, sheath, 

kaiicukita, adj. having the hairs bristling wifh i'<->" 

aknaya 63 

kancuki, /. an atlendant on the women's apartments, snake, 

a kind of bean, 
kanculika, /. a short jacket, bodice. 
kanjara, m. the sun, stomach, elephant, 
kanjiya, n. vinegar, 
kannakacchala, n. kidnapping of girls, 
kafiiiasa, m. a younger brother; /. the small finger, 
kafiila, /. a girl, maid, virgin, the orchid plant, 
kaiinaggahana, n. marriage. 

kaiiiiata, m. the middle room of a house, ladies' room, 
kafiiiapati, m. a son-in-law. 

kata, n. victory, female organs, a mat, season, grave, 
kataka, vm. a bracelet, mountain-side, 
kata-kata, onomatopoetic. 
kataki, /. a m ountain. 
katakola, to. aspittoon. 
katakhadaka, m. a glass, crow, jackal. 
katacchu, to. a spoon, ladle, 
katana, n. thatch. 

katambhara, /. black hellebore, she-elephant, 
katasaraka, /. a rush mat. 
katasi, /. a grave, 
kataha, «. a jar, vase, flower-pot. 
kati, /. the small of the back, hip, waist, 
katu, /. black hellebore; adj. harsh, severe- 
katuka, adj. harsh, severe, pungent, acrid; to. camphor; 

/. black hellebore, 
katuklta, w. a mosquito, 
katura, /. buttermilk, 
katurava, m. a frog, 
katola, TO. an outcast. 

katthissa, n. a silk coverlet embroideied with gemS. 
kattha, adj. miserable, bad; n. a piece of wood, stick, 

kalhika. /. white chalk, 
kathina, adj. hard, solid, severe, difficult. 
kaddhati,D. (Jkaddh) to draw, drag; °ana, n. dragging, 

kana, m. the fine red powder between the grain of rice and 

the husk, particle, bit, atom ; adj. little, small, 
kanajiraj n- the cummin seed, 
kanati, v. (Jkan) to sound, 
kanaya, to. a fork. 

64 katiika 

kanika, /• a kind of plant, ear^rnament. 

kanikara, m. the bauhinia tree. 

kanittha, adj. smallest, younger. 

kanera, /. a harlot. 

kaneru, mf. an elephant. 

kantaka, m. a thorn, enemy, horripilation, obstacle, pest. 

kantakagara, m. the porcupine. 

kantakaphala, tn. the jack fruit, doorian. 

kantha, m. the neck, throat. 

karithaja, adj. guttural (letters). 

kanthabhusa, /. a necklace. 

kanthamani, m. the crop or craw of a bird, a jewel necklace. 

kanthapasaka, m. the bridle-reins. 

kanthalata, /. a coat-collar, bridle. 

kanda, mn. a stalk, arrow, section of a book, portion, 

kandara, /. a blood-vessel,, /. the itch. 

kanduti, /; kanduvana, n; kanduya, /. itching, 
kanduvati, v. to scratch, 
kandola, m. a basket, store-room, 
kanna, m. the ear, rudder, corner. 
kannajai>a, m. a tale-bearer, 
kannajaluka, /. a centipede, 
kannadhara, m. a steersman, pilot. 

kannapura, m. the black lily. 

kannabhusa, /. an ear-ring. 

kannasukha, adj. pleasant to the ear. 

kannasula, n. ear-ache. 

kannika, m. a steersman; /. an ear-ornament, the pericarp 
of the iotus, the peak of a hut. 

kannikara, m. the pericarp. 

kanha, adj. black, dark, evil ; to. Vi?nu, the evil one ; n. sin. 

kanhagotamaka, m. a cobra. 

kanhajina, n. the skin of a black leopard. 

kanhavattani, m. fire. 

kataka, m, the nut plant; adj. artificial. 

katanjali, adj. saluting respectfully. 

kataniiu, adj. grateful ; "nuta, /. gratitude. 

katanta, m. the king of death. 

katama, adj. what ? which ? 

katamala, to. a kind of tree. 

katara, adj. what ? which ? 

kappnti 05 

katjikata, adj. done and not done. 

kati, mterr. pron. Iiow many? 

katika, m. the kusa grass. 

katipaya, adj. a few, some, several. 

katipaharh, adv. a few days. 

katu, m. a sacrifice, oblation. 

Icattara, to. a weak or old man ; *yattlii, /. the walking 
stick of a mendicant. 

kattarika, /. scissors, a sailor. 

kattariya, n. scissors. 

kattareti, t\ to be loose, weak. 

kattika, /. name of a constellation. 

kattii, m. an agent, doer, nominative ciise, minister. 

kattha, adv. where? whither? *ci, adv. anywhere, some- 

katthati, v. to praise, boast; "ana, /. 

kathaih, adv. how? 

kathamkatha, /. doubt. 

kathaiici, adv. scarcely, with difficulty. 

katha, /. speech, discourse, conversation, story, account. 

kathana, n. a high numeral.. 

katharambha, m. a preface, introductory discourse. 

kathavatthu, n. a subject of discourse, one of the abhi- 
dhamma books. 

kathika, /. talk, parley, agreement. 

kathina, adj. hard, solid, severe, difficult. 

katheti, v. (iv/kath) to speak, say, relate, converse; katha- 
na, n. 

kathojja, n. quarrelling in words. 

kada, vi. a rain-cloud. 

kadakl, /. a rain-protector, water-proof. 

kad-anna, n. bad food. 

kadamba, in. the coffee-wort, mustard. 

kadara, m. the white mimosa, a saw. 

kadariya, adj. stingy, miserly. 

kadalT, /. the plantain or banana tree, a flag, antelope. 

kada, adv. when? at what time? 

kadacana, kadaci, adv. sometimes, perhaps. 

kaddamd, m. mud. 

kanaka, n. gold; *tthall, /. a gold mine. 

kanakarasa, to. yellow orpiment. 

kanakkhara, m. borax. 

kanavira, m. the periwinkle tree 

66 kaniltha 

kanittlia, adj. sni;illest, youngest. 

kani, /. a young maiden. 

kaninika, /. the small finger, the pupil of the eye. 

kanta, ppp. (Jkam) charming, delightful; m. a husband; 

/. a wife, 
kantati, v. to cut, spin; "an;i, n; kanlita, ppp- 
kantjira, m. a forest, wilderness; *khinna, adj. travel-worn, 
kanti, f. beauty, wish, the bastard sandal tree, 
kanda, m. a bulb, 
kandata, n. the white lily. 
kandatl, v. (Jkand) to cry, wail, weep, 
kandamfila, n. the radish plant, 
kandara, m. a cave, grotto, 
kandarakara, m. a mountain, 
kandarala, *ka, m. the walnut, 
kandala, m/n. the temple, the inside of the cheek, an evil 

omen ; m. gold, warfare. 
kandali, /. see kadall. 
kandallkusuma, n. the mushroom, 
kalidu, mfn. a large pan. 
kanduka, m. a spinning top. 
kandota, m. the white lily. 
kandhara, mf. the neck, rain-cloud. 
kandha, m. the sea, neck. 
kapata,, mn. fraud, deception, 
kapaiia, adj. miserable, poor: °nT, m. a pauper, 
kapata, mfn. the leaf of a door, 
kapala, mfn. the skull, a potsherd. 
kapi, m. a monkey, 
kapikacchu, /. a kind of plant. 
kapikanduka, n. the skull, 
kapittha, m. a kind of tree. 

kapila, adj. reddish; m. a dog; /. the prickly-pear, a leech, 
kapilavatthu, v. the birth-place of Gotama Buddha, 
kapiloha, n. brass. 

kapisa, /. mixed blapk and yellow colours, 
kapisi, *ka, /. spirituous drink. 
kapisTsa, m. the door-post, 
kapitana, m. the bete! tree. 
kaponi, m. the elbow. 
kapota, m. a pigeon, dove, 
kapotaka, n, antimony. 
kapotafi, m. a hawk. 

kambi 67 

kapola, m. the cheek. 

kappa, adj. fit, suitable, worthy, lesembling, like; m. time, 

period, rule, usage, permission, chapter of a book, 

kappaka, m. a barber, 
kappata, in. torn clotii, rags. 

kappati, v. to be fitting, permissible, right, proper, 
kappana, m. the trappings of an elephant; /. preparing, 

thought ; n. cutting, caparisoning an elephant or horse. 
kappabindu, m. a black spot attached to a monk's new 

robe to disfigure it. 
Icappara, m. the skuU, the elliow. 
kapparukkha, m. a wish-yielding tree, 
kappasa, inn ; "si, /. cotton, 
kappiya, fpjy. right, suitable, appropriate, 
kappura, inn. camphor. 

kappeti, cans. (Jkapp) to arrange, make, think, cut. 
kapha, in. phlegm, 
kaphani, mf. the elbow, 
kaphari, m. ginger, 
kabandha, mn. a headless body, 
kabara, adj. variegated, mixed ; *main, mn. the masaragalla 

kabala, m. a mouthful, morsel, 
kabalikara, adj. made into balls or mouthfuls. 
kabya, n. poetry; *k«ra, m. a poet. 
Itarh, n. water, the "head, 
kama, in. order, succession, method. Kamena, instr. adv. 

by degrees, in due course. Kaviato, abl. adv. respec- 

kamattha, m. a tortoise, porcupine, bamboo, 
kamandalu, mn. a waterpot used by ascetics, 
liamandha, m. water, 
kamala, 11. a lotus- 
kamalacchada, m. a heron, lotus-leaf, 
kamalakara, m. a pond, 
kamalasana, vi. brahma. 
kamalottara, n. the safllower. 
kamuka, m. the betel tree, 
kampati, v. to shake, tremble; "a, in; °ana» «• 
kampaka, m. wind, 
kambala, mn. a blanket, 
kambi, /. a spoon, bamboo shoot. 

68 kambu 

kambu, vi. gold, conch, elephant, neck, vein. 

kambuglva, /. a neck marked with three lines like a shell. 

kamnia, n. action, labour, business, deed, merit, karma. 

kammakara, in. a workman, servant. 

kammaja, adj. produced from karma. 

kammaiiiia, n. adaptability, wieldiness, workableness. 

kammatthana, n. basis of action, station of religious exer- 

kammanta, m. business, work, occupation, profession. 

kammapatha, m. a course of action. 

kammavaca, /, an ecclesiastical vote or resolution. 

kammavipaka, m- the result of action or karma. 

kammasa, m. dirt, stain. 

kammassaka, adj. owned by karma, having karma as one's 

kammayatana, n. handicraft. 

kammara, m. a blacksmith. 

kammaruddhana, n. a smithy. 

kammasa, adj. variegated, spotted. 

kaya, m. purchase; *'vikkaya, m. purchase and sale, barter, 

kayirati, pass. (Jkar) to be. made. 

kara, m. the hand, an elephant's trunk, tax, a ray of light. 

karaka, m. a kettle, the pomegranate tree; /. hail. 

karakandaka, karaja, m. the finger-nail. 

karakaraka, m. revenue secretary. 

karaggaha, m. marriage. 

karanga, m. the head, human bone. 

karangana, n. a market. 

karacchada, tn. the teak tree. 

karajala, n. a ray of light. 

karaiija, m. a kind of tree. 

karana, n. action, instrument, the body, an organ of sense. 

karanlsuta, /. an adopted daughter. 

karaijda, mn. a box, casket. 

karantaklphala, m. the jack tree. 

karatala, n. a cymbal. 

karapatta, n. a saw. 

karapalika, /. a wooden sword. 

karapufa, m. the cavity formed by joining the bent palms 
of the hands. 

karabha, m. a camel, the hand from the wrist to the root 
of the fingers. 

kalapaka 69 

karabhaUa, m. the betel tree. 

karabhira, m. a lion. 

kaiabhfisana, n. a bracelet or bangle. 

karamadda, 111. a kind of plant. 

karamara, in. a prisonpr. 

karamfila, m. smoke. 

karavlka, m. the cuckoo. 

karavira, m. oleander, graveyard. 

karasakha, /. a finger. 

karahaci, adv. sometimes. 

karahata, n. a bulbous root. 

kari, w. an elephant, jar. 

karfsa, n. excrement. 

karisaiigasa, /. a storm. 

karuna, /. mercy. 

karenu, mf. an elephant. 

karota, mf. the skull. 

karoti, v. (^/kar) to act, do, cause, make, perform; kayira, 
opt; katurii, inf ; katva, kariya, ger ; kayyati, kayirati, 
pass; kattabba, kicca, i^ayira, kariya, kayya, fpp ; kata, 

kala, adj. soft, indistinct. 

kalakanda, m. a dove, pigeon, swan. 

kalakujika, /. a courtezan, harlot. 

kalaiika, m. a spot, mark, blemish, rust, defamation. 

kalankura, m. a whirpool, reflex current. 

kalaiija, /. tobacco. 

kalatta, n. the hip, a wife. 

kaladhuta, n. gold and silver, a soft sound. 

kalandaka, m. a squirrel. 

kalandara, m. a person of mixed birth. 

kalabha, mfn. a young elephant. 

kalama, m. a penholder, thief, a kind of paddy. 

kalambaka, vi. a kind of potherb. 

kalambi, /. the back of the neck. 

kalala, mn. the embryo immediately after conception, mud. 

kalaviiika, m. a .sparrow. 

kalasa, /"■; "sT, /. a waterpot. 

kalaha, mii. quarrel, strife, battle. 

kalahala, m. clamour. 

kala, /. a part, fraction, division of time, art. 

kalapa, m. a bundle, bunch, peacock's tail, tuft, quiver. 

kalapaka, in. a string or row. 



kaiapT, m . a peacock. 

kalara, adj. tawny. 

kalalapa, m. a bee. 

kalaya, m. a chick pea. 

kali,%n. sin, demerit, defeat, a die; *yuga, m. an age of 

the world, 
kalika, /- a flower bud. 
kalinga, m. the fork-tailed shrike, 
kalingara, m. chaff, 
kaliiija, in. a rush mat, 
kallra, m. the shoot of a plant, 
kalukka, m. a cymbal; /. a restaurant. 
kaUisa, adj. polluted, impure; n. sin, impurity, 
lialevara, n, a body, corpse. 

kalyana, adj. auspicious, fortunate, beautiful, good, 
kalla, adj. skilful, possible, ready, heaithy; n. dawn, 
kallati, v- to sound indistinctly, 
kallahara, n. the white water-lily. 
kalli, adv. tomorrow, 
kallola, m. a billow; mjn. an enemy, 
kavaca, mn. a coat of mail, charm. 

kavandha, wv. a headless trunk. 

kavata, inn. a door, trap-door, window. 

kavi, adj. wise; m. a wise man, poet, monkey. 

kasaka, m. a ploughshare. 

Icasata, adj. sour, acid, insipid, tasteless. 

kasati, v. (Jkas) to plough, till the ground; kattha, kasita, 

kasambii, n. sweepings, rui>bish. 

kasa, /. a whip. 

kasaya, kasava, adj. astringent; mn. astringent taste, the 
yellow colour, stain, impurity, sin. 

itasi, /. ploughing, agriculture. 

kasina, adj. all, entire; mn. a meditation-device or artifice. 

kasipu, m. food, dress. 

kasima, m. a husbandman, rnltivator. 

kasira, adj. painful, grievous; n. trouble, distress. Knsirena, 
instr. adx>. with difficulty. 

kaseru, mn, the rain tree. 

kasmira, m. Cashmere. 

kasmlraja, n. saffron. 

kassaka, m. a husbandman, cultivator, farmer. 

kamana 71 

kassapa, m. one of the 24 Buddhas, a lamous disciple of 

the Buddha, 
kahaiti, adv. where? whither? 
kahapana, mn, a coin, 
kiika, m. a crow. 

kakacchada, m. the magpie robin- 
kakanika, f: a farthing, 
kakataliya, adj. accidental, 
kakatittha, /. the ganja plant, 
kakatinduka, m. a sort of ebony. 

kakapakkha, m. a tuft of hair left on the shaved head, 
kakapeyya, /. a river fuU wiih water so that a crow may 

drink from the bank, 
kakapuccha, "puftha, m. the cuckoo, 
kakabhiru, m. the owl. 
kakamaggu, vi. water-fowl, 
kakala, n. a necklace; /. a bird's song, 
kakali, /. a soft sound in music. 

kakavaiijha, ./. a woman giving birth to an only child, 
kakasiua, m. lit. " a crow-hero," a shameless fellow, 
icakodumbarika, /. the opposite-leaved fig tree, 
kakola, m. a raven. 

kakolukika, /. enemies like the crow and the owl. 
kaca, m. soap, soda, glass, ophthalmia; n. wax- 
kacana, n. a fence, enclosure, 
kacakupi, /. a bottle, 
kaja, kaca, «i. a ' pingo ' or carrying pole, a pole placed 

over one shoulder with a rope fastened to each end. 
kathina, m. the date tree- 
kana, adj. blind of one eye. 
kadamba, m. the large horned owl. 
kadambara, n. cream of milk ; /. wine, 
kadambini, /. a cloud in the form of a flag", 
kanana, ?i. a forest, grove, 
kanina, mf. illegitimate ofifspring. 
kamaiii, adv. at pleasure, voluntarily, indeed, 
kama, m. wish, desire, the god of love, sensual pleasure, 
kama-keli, m. indulgence in sensual pleasure, 
kama-guna, m an object or constituent of sensual pleasure, 
kama-cchanda, tn. sensual desire- 
kamajala, m. the cuckoo- 
kamattha, m. a tortoise, 
kamana, adj. lustful. 

72 kamabliava 

kamabhava, m. existence in a world of sense. 

kamayali, v. (N/kam) lo desire, love; ppp- kahta. 

kamaloka, m. a world or realm of sense, sensuous realm. 

kamasakha, ni. the winter. 

kamavacara, adj. frequenting a sensuous realm. 

kami, adj. desirous; m. the moon, a sweetheart, sparrow. 

kamuka, adj. desirous; m. a husband. 

kaya, m. the body, multitude, group, house, city. 

kayakamma, n- an act of the body, deed. 

kayapasada, vi. the sensitive body, the skin. 

kayabandhana, n. a waist-band, girdle. 

kayavinnatli, /. intimation by means of the body. 

kayavifineyya, n. the tangible body. 

kara, m. action, a prison, song of praise, revenue. 

karaka, n. a grammatical case. 

karana, n. a cause, destruction ; /. agony. 

karana, adv. on account of, for the sake of. 

karanika, adj. investigating, judging; m. a guardian of hell. 

karandava, m. a sort of duck. 

karamihika, /. camphor. 

karavella, m. the momordica plant. 

karagara, mfn. a prison. 

karika, /. work, a memorial verse, metrical explanation. 

kareti, caws. (Jkar) to make, perform. Raj jam kareti, to 

karu, *ka, m. an artisan, 
karuja, m. machinery, an ant-hill, 
karuiina, n. compassion, 
karundl, /. a water leech. 

kala, m. time, season, death. Kalam karoti, to die. 
kalaka, m. a water-snake, 
kalakanda, m. a water-fowl, sparrow, peacock, 
kalakannf, /. misfortune, ill-luck, 
kalakiriya, /. death, 
kalaklla, m. an uproar. 

kalakuta, ni. one of the Himalayan peaks, a kind of poison. 
Kalakhanda, anjana, n. the liver, 
kalakkhandha, m. the Chinese persimon. 
kalakkhepa, m. wasting time- 
kalacakka, m. a clock, 
kalaniia, m. an astrologer, cock, 
kalanemi, to. an evil spirit, 
kalapakkha, m. the dark half of a month. 

kincikkha 73 

kalasutta, m. one of the eight hells. 

kaldguru, kalaguiii, n. aloes wood. 

kalatipatti, /. the conditional tense. 

kalanukalaih, adv. from time to time. 

kalapa, m. the hood of a snake. 

kalindaka, n. the water-melon. 

kalusiya, n. pollution. 

kaveyya, n. poetry. 

kaverij mf. the Cauvery river, a courtezan. 

kasa, m. cough. 

kasati, v. to shine. 

kasamadda, m. a kind of plant. 

kasaya, m. a pond. 

kasaya, "ava, n. the yellow robe. 

kasi, m. the Kasi kingdom. 

kaslsa, n. vitriol. 

kasu, /. a hole, pit, multitude. 

kalasiha, m. a bear. 

kalahathsa, vi. the large horned owl. 

kaja, /. the scammony plant. 

kalanusirl, m. the black sandal wood. 

kalayasa. n. iron. 

kalavaka, m. a kind of elephant. 

kirn, adv. why ? what ? 

kirii pana, adv. pray ! 

kirti-purisa, m, a harpy. 

kirti-vadanti, /• report, rumour. 

kirft va, adv. or else. 

kirhsaru, to. paddy-ear, an arrow. 

kiih su, adv. how? 

kiiiisuka, m. the butea tree. 

kiki, /; *diva, m. the blue jay. 

kiki, /. the pheasant, the Burmese lapwing. 

kihkara, kihkara, m. a servant. 

kliikarana, adv. why? on account of what? 

kihkinika, mn; °ni, /. a small bell. 

kicca, n. fpp. work, duty, service, need. 

kicci, adv. how so? 

kiccha, adj. difficult, laborious, painful. 

kiiicana, n. anxiety, attachment; adv. anything, something. 

kincapi, adv. however much, although. 

kiiici, adv. a little, rather. 

kincikkha, n. a trifle. 

74 kiiijakkha 

kifijakkha, m. a filament, especially of the lotus. 

kittha, n. growing corn. 

kita, m. a primary derivative. 

kitava, m. a gambler, rogue. 

kittaka, adj. how much ? how many ? 

kittana, n. mention, report. 

kittavata, adv. how far ? to what extent ? 

kitti, /. fame, report. 

kittima, adj. artificial, false. 

kitteti, V. to proclaim, celebrate, publish, announce. 

kintanu, m. a small insect. 

kin tt, adv. how ? pray ! 

kinnara, mf. a harpy, nymph. 

kin nu, adv. how? what ! 

kibbisa, n. fault, sin. 

kimaAga, ad-y. far more. 

kimatthatti, adv. for what purpose ? 

"kimi, tn. a worm, insect. 

kimija, adj. silken. 

kirn iva, adv. the reason being, because. 

kimu, *ta, adv. like this and like that ; how much more ? 

kimpaka, adj. childish. 

kira, adv. it is said, they say. 

kiraiia, tn. a ray of light. 

kirata, m. a wild hillman, aborigine. 

kiri-kiri, onomatopoetic, the chirping of birds. 

kiri^ia, mn. a diaden), medal. 

kiriya, fn. action, performance, work. 

kila, another form of kira. 

kilaiija, m. a mat. 

kilanta, ppp. (klam) wearied, exhausted. 

kilamati, v. (Jkiam) to be tired, exhausted, worried; "ana, n. 

kilamatha, m. fatigue. 

kilasa, w. ring-worm. 

kllittha, ppp. (^/klis) afflicted, depraved, corrupted, soiled, 

kilinna, adj. wet. 

kilissati, v. (Jklis) to be aflflicted, corrupted, depraved, 
kilesa, m. corruption, depravity, sin, lust, 
kilomaka, «. a membranaceous tissue, 
kisa, adj. thin, emaciated, poor, mean, 
kisalaya, tt. a sprout, shoot, 
kisora, adj. young ; m. a colt, child. 

kutta 75 

kicaka, m. a reed, bamboo. 

kfta, w. an insect, worm; *ja, n. silk. 

kidisa, klrisa, adj. like what? of what sort? 

kira, m. a parrot. 

kila, "?. a pin, stake. 

kilita, ppp- bound. 

kiva, adv. how? how much? 

kilati, V. (Jkil) to play, sport; "ana, n ; kila, /. 

ku, a prefix meaning bad, inferior, wicked; /. the earth. 

kukutthalva, ?);. the cro\v pheasant. 

kukola, n. the jujube tree. 

kukiiu, n. a cubit. 

kukkucca, n. worr}"^, remorse; Vayati, ;'. to be worried. 

kukkuta, to. a cock. 

kukkura, m- a dog. 

kukkula, in. hot ashes, embers. 

kukkuha, m. an osprey. 

kuhkuma, n. saffron. 

kuca, m. the female breast, the pomegranate. 

kuccha, /. blame, contempt ; n. the white lotus. 

kucchi, m/. the belly, womb, cavity, interior. 

kucchittha, m. wind in the stomach. 

kucchita, adj. contemptible. 

kuja, TO. a tree. 

kujjhati, -J. (ijkudh) to be angry; ppp. kuddha. 

kuncanada, ra. the trumpeting of an elephant, 
kuiicika, /. a key; *vivara, n. a keyhole, 
kuiicita, ppp. bent, crooked. 

kufija, mn. a place overgrown with creeping plants, moun- 
tain bend, elephant's tusk, 
kufijara, m. an elephant. 

kufa, mn. a waterpot; 'dharika, /. a maid-servant, 
ku^aru, n. a canvas-tent, 
kutala, n. a roof, 
kutika, /. a hut. . 
kutikara, m. a carpenter, 
kutila, adj. crooked, deceitful, 
kutilika, /. a smithy, 
kuti, /. a house, hut, tent, shed, 
kutifa, n. a box, kennel, 
kutuiikaka, m. a bush, 
kutumba, n. family, property, estates, 
kutta, n. a wall, fence, enclosure. 



kuttana, n. grinding, thrashing. 

kuttima, mn. a mine of precious stones. 

kuttira, m. a mountain. 

kuttha, n. leprosy. 

kutthaku, m. a woodpecker. 

kuduba, m. a measure of capacity. 

kudumala, m. an opening bud. 

kudda, n. a wall. 

kunapa, mn. a corpse. 

kunala, m. a cuckoo. 

kuni, ad/, crooked in a limb. 

kuntha, ad/, slow, lazy. 

kunda, to.. an iguana; n. a waterpot, well. 

kundaka, m. the red powder between the grain of rice and 

the husk, 
kundala, n. a ring, earring, 
kundikaj /. the waterpot of an ascetic, 
■kutuliala, n. tumuU, vehemence. 

kuto, adv. whence? how? much less; *ci, "from any place, 
kiitta, m. behaviour, conduct, 
kuttaka, n. a large carpet, 
kutfi'ma, adj- artificial 
kuttha, adv. where? 
kutha, mn. a woollen blanket, howdgh. 
kuda, adv. when; "canarii, adt) . ever, sometirnrs 
kudara, to. a bad wife, 
kudari, mfn. an axe, hatchet. 
kuddala, mn. a spade, 
kudrusa, m. a sort of grain . 
kunati, /. red tourmaline, the coriander seed, 
kunabhi, to. a whirl-wind, 
kunta, TO/, a lance, insect, 
kuntani, /. a curlew. 
kuntala, m. hair, a waterpot. 
kuntha, to. a sort of ant. 
kunda, n. the man5'^-flowered jasmine, 
kunnadi, /. a very small stream, 
kupini, /. a fish-net, snare, 
kuppa, n. any metal except gold or silver, 
kuppati, V. (^kup) to be angry, disturbed, ruffled; "ana, n; 

kupita, ppp. 
kumara, to. a child, youth, the god of war; adj. young, 
kumarabhacca, /. midwiferv, nursing. 

kussumbha 77 

kumasa, m. barley bread. 

kumina, n. a funnel-shaped basket fish-net. 

kumuda, n. the white water-lily, a high numeral. 

kumudabandhava, m. tht moon. 

kumbha, m. a waterpot, elephant's forehead, a measure of 

kumbhaka, n. the mast of a ship, 
kumbhanda, ni. a class of demons, water-melon, 
kumbhathuna, n. a kettle-drum, 
kumbhl, /. a pot. 

kumbhila, m. a crocodile, alligator, 
kumma, m. a tortoise; * kapala, mn. a tortoise-shell, 
kummala, m. a bud. 
kurandaka, m. a sort of amaranth, 
kurara, m. an eagle, 
kuravika, m. the Indian cuckoo, 
kurunga, m. an antelope, 
kuruvinda, to. a ruby, 
kurura, adj. cruel, severe, formidable, 
kula, n. a flock, herd, family, species, house, lineage, 
kulata, /. an unchaste woman, 
kulabhacca, /. a mid-wife, nurse, 
kulala.' m. a kite, falcon, 
kulala, TO. a potter, jungle-fowl, 
kulavaka, n- a nest, 
kulahaka, to. a chameleon, 
kuliya, to. a flying squirrel, 
kulisa^ TO»J Indra's thunderbolt, 
kullna, adj. of good family. 
kulTra, to. a crab, prawn, 
kulupaka, to. a family friend, 
kulla, mn. a winnowing basket, raft, 
kuvaifi, adv. where? 
kuvalaya, n. the water-lily, 
kuveni, /. a funnel-shaped basket fish-net. 
kuvera, to. Vessavana. 

kusa, m. a blade of grass, sacrificial grass ; /. a rope, 
kusala, adj. skilful, happy, meritorious, good, 
kusi, n. one of the four cross seams of a Buddhist robe, 
kusinara, /- a town in Indiajwhere the Buddha died, 
kusidu; °ita, adj. lazy, slothful, 
kusuma, n. a flower. 
Kusumbha, n. safflower. 

78 kusula 

kusuta, m. a granary. 

Icussubbha, n. a small pond, puddle. 

k-iihani, adv. when? whither? 

kuhaka, kuhana, adj. deceitful ; kuhana, /. deceit, hypocrisy. 

kuhara, kuhira, n. a hole, cavity. 

kuhirh, adv- where? whither? 

kuhincana, "ci, adv. anywhere, somewhere. 

kuheti, V. to deceive. 

kuhelika, /. fumigation. 

kujana, n. the singing of birds. 

kuta, mn. top, peak, mass, sledge-hammer, trap, deception, 
fraud; adj. deceitful, false, having a peak- 

kutatta, m. a false law-suit. 

kutagara, n. a gabled house, attic. 

kiipa, *ka, m. a well, pit, mast of a ship. 

kura, n. boiled rice. 

kula, n. a bank, slope. 

kuvara, adj. beautiful, charming. 

keka, m. the chaste tree. 

kekara, adj. squinting. 

keka, /. the cry of the peacock. 

keki, m. a peacock. 

keja, n. a water-lily. 

ketubha, w. the art of prosody. 

ketaka, m fkl, f. the screw-pine. 

ketana, n. a sign on a flag, banner, house, 

ketava, n. gambling, fraud. 

ketu, m. a banner. 

ketumala, /. a halo, ray of glory. 

kedara, m. a field, mountain. 

kenipata, m- a rudder. 

keyura, n. a bracelet or bangle for the arm. 

kerava, n. the white water-lily. 

keratika, adj. miserly. 

kelayana, n. play, sport. 

keiasa, adj. white; m. name of a mountain. 

keli, /. amusement, sport. 

kelika, "ad/, sporting; /. a lute, violin. 

kelikuiiclka, /. a sister-in-law. 

kevatta, m. a fisherman. 

kevala, ad/, only, mere, alone, all, entire, whole; n. adv. 

kevalakappa, adj. all, whole, entire. 

komudi 79 

kevali, Mt. a saint who has mastered all, all-accomplished. 

kesa, m. hair. 

kesam^jjaka, m. a comb. 

kesara, m. the filament of a lotus or other plant, the mane 

of a lion or horse ; n. asafoetida. 
kesarl, m. a maned lion, horse, 
kesava, m. Vishnu, 
koka, m. a wolf, frog, lizard, 
kokadeva, m. a pigeon. 

kokanada, n. the red lotus ; *bandhu, m. the sun. 
kokasaka, to. the red lotus, 
kokila, m. the Indian cuckoo- 
koci, pron. any, some, 
koccha, n. a cOmb, grand couch, 
kojava, m. a coverlet made of goat's hair, 
korica, m. a heron, crane, 
kota, m. a fort, strong-hold, 
kotara, mn. the hollow of a tree, 
koti, /. point, tip, summit, ten millions ; *ppakotr, /. a high 

kotiya, to. a mongoose, 
kotilla, n, crookedness, deceitfulness. 
kottima, mn. a pavement made of pounded stone, 
kotteti, V. (Jkutt) to strike, break, pound; cut; kottaka, ad;/ 

kottana, n. 
kottha, mn. a granary, room, 
kotthaka, to. a store-room, 
kotthagara, n. a store»room, treasury, 
kotthasa, to. a portion, lot, destiny, 
kotthu, TO. a jackal, 
kona. TO. a corner, angle, bow for a musical instrument) the 

blade of a sword, 
kotuka, n. a wonder, wedding-ring, 
kotuhala, n. clamour, noisy confusion, 
kodanda, n. a bow. 
kodha, TO. (i7kudh) anger, wrath, 
kodhanai adj. angry, passionate, 
kontika) to. a lancer, 
kopa, TO. (n/kup) anger, ill-temper, 
kopina, n. the private parts. 
komala, adj. soft 
koinudi, /. ttioonlight. 

8o koiaka 

koraka, mn. a flower bud. 

kola, mn. the jujube fruit, a pig, raft. 

koiaka, n. pepper. 

kolamba, m. a pot. 

kolavalll, /. a sort of pepper. 

kolahala, mn. uproar, tumult, 

kolitthi, /. a married woman. 

koll, /. the jujube tree. 

koleyya, adj. of noble family ; vi. a house-dog. 

kovida, adj. skilled, wise. 

kovilara, m. a sort of ebony. 

kosa, mn. a sheath, bud, treasure, testicle, shout, call, a 

measure of 500 bow-lengths- 
kosajja, n. laziness, sloth, 
kosaphala, n. bdellium, 
kosambi, /. capital of Kosamba. 
kosala, adj. belonging to Kosala. 
kosalla, n. skill, proficiency, knowledge, 
kosataki, m. a merchant ; /. a sort of vegetable plant, 
kosi, /. the sheath of a sword, 
kosika, m. the chebula tree, bdellium, 
kosiya, m. Indra, an owl; adj. silken, 
kosi, m. the mango tree; mfn. a shoe, 
koseyya, adj. silken ; n. silk, 
kriya, /. action, the verb, 
kva, adv. where ? 
kvaci, adv. sometimes, in some ciases. 


kha, n. the air, sky, zero. 

khaga, m. a bird, arrow, sun, wind. 

khagga, m. a sword, rhinoceros. 

khacara, m. cloud, wind, sun, bird. 

khacita, ppp. inlaid. 

khaja, m. a spoon, ladle. 

khajapa, m. butter. 

khajala, vi. hoar-frost, rain-watef. 

khajja, h. fpp. (.^khad) eatable, food. 

khajju, /. itching. 

khajjura, n; "rl, /. silver, the date palm. 

khajjopanaka, m. a fire-fly. 

khanja, adj. lame. 

khalita 8i 

khanjakhota, khafijana, khanjarita, m. the wagtail, robin. 

khataka, in. the fist. 

khatakhadaka, m. a glass tumbiei-, jackal, crow. 

khatika, /. white chalk. 

khattana, adj. short in height. 

khattasa, nif. the spotted civet. 

khana, m. a moment, leisure, opportunity. 

khanati, v. (Jkhan) to dig; "ana, n. 

khanika, adj. momentary. 

khanda, adj. broken, fragmentary ; mn. a fragment, lump, 

khandakanna, m. sweet, potato root, 
khandeti, v. to break, divide; "ana, n. 
khatamala, m. smoke, cloud, 
khatta, mn. a prince, nobleman, 
khatta, in. a door-keeper, charioteer, 
khattiya, m. a prince, nobleman, 
khadira, m. the cutch tree, moon, 
khadhupa, in. a rocket, 
khanati, v. (Jkhan) to dig; khata, ppp. 
khanti, /. patience, forbearance, endurance, 
khandha, m. the shoulder, trunk of a tree, multitude, ag- 
gregate of being, 
khandhavara, m. a stockade, fortified camp, 
khappa, m. the tear. 

khama, ad], patient, enduring, forgiving, favourable, fit- 
ting; /. the earth, 
kharaati, v. (Jkham) to endure, have patience, forgive; 

khanta, ppp ; "ana, adj. and n. 
khaya, m. a dwelling, loss, diminution, end, destruction, 
khayakasa, m. consumption, 
khara, adj. solid, sharp, hoarse; m. an ass, saw. 
kharakhanda, n. a water-lily, 
kharati, v. to flow, 
kharattaca, m. the pine-apple, 
kharadala, /• the prickly-pear, 
khafu, m. a horse, tooth; adj, white, 
khala, adj. mischievous, vile; mn. a threshing-floor, oil- 

cake, paste, 
khalati, v. to stumble, fall, 
khalapu, mf. a sweeper, 
khalamutti, ni. mercury, 
khalita, )t. stumbling, fall, error, fault, failing. 

82 khaliiia 

khalina, vm. the bit of a bridle. 

khalu, adv. Ineed, truly. 

Ithalunka, m. a rough horse. 

khalopi, /. a pot. 

khalla, m. a runnel, dress made of skin; adj. cracked, 

khallata, adj. bald, 
khallika, /. a frying-pan. 
khavassa, m. hoar-frost, 
khavari, »m. rain-water, 
khati, /. a scar, coffin, 
khanu, khanu, mn. the stump of a tree, 
khata, «. (J khan) a pond, 
khattahii, n- a moat, canal, 
khadati, v. (Jkhad) to eat, chew; "aniya, n. fpp. eatable, 

ana, «; "aka, m. eater, 
khara, adj. salty, alkaline, 
kharaka, m. potash, soda, a bud. 
kharl, /. a measure of about three bushels, 
khijjati, 1). to be afflicted, distressed; khinna, pi>p. 
khi(i(Ja, /. play, sport ; *dasaka, m. ten years of age char- 

acterized by play, 
khita, ppp. exhausted, 
khidira, m. the moon, a penitent. 

khipati, D. (Jkhip) to throw, shoot; "ana, n; khitta, ppp> 
khippa, adj. quick, speedy ; "am, adv. quickly, 
khila, Mrfn. waste land, obstinacy, sulkiness. 
khina, ppp. (Jkhi) come to an end, ceased. 
khiijaSava, m. one in whom the poison-drugs have beetl 

purged, saint, 
khira, n. milk; 'dharl, wt. the breast; *sara, m. butter. 
khirika, /. a kind of date tree, 
khumsana, n. abuse, 
khujja, adj. hump-backed, crooked, 
khudda, adj. small, vile, miserable ; n. bee's wax ; /. a harlot, 

khuddajantu, m. an insect, worm, 
khuddanukhuddaka, adj. small and trifling, minor and 

khudha, /. hunger, 
khuppipasa, /. hunger and thirst, 
khura, m. a razor, sharp blade, hoof, 
khurakkhepa, M. the kick of a horse or such animal. 

kanaka 83 

khuragga, n. a shaving room for monks. 

khurati, v. to cut, scratch. 

khuranasa, adj. snub-nosed. 

khurappa, in an arrow with a horse-shoe head. 

khuramaddl, mfn. a barber, 

khuUa, adj. small, vile. 

khuUatata, m. an uncle. 

khullama, m. a road. 

kheta, m ; *ka, n. a shield. 

khe^itala, m- a wandering musician. 

khetta, n. a field, region, wife, body. 

khettajiva, m. a cultivator, farmer, husbandman. 

kheda, w; "ana, n. affliction, suffering. 

khepeti, caus. (Jkhip) to throw, spend, pass; "pa, m. throw 

ing, abuse, blame; "pana, n; °paka, m. an archer, 
khema, adj. safe, secure, prosperous ; n, safety, 
khela, m. saHva, phlegm, 
khelamallaka, m. a spittoon, 
kho, adv. indeed; *pana, adv. verily, 
khonda, adj. lame. 

khobheti, caus. (*/khubh) to stir, agitate, shake; °bha, m. 
khoma, adj. flaxen, 
khora, khola, adj. lame, 
kholaka, m an helmet, tray, ant-hill, 
khyata, ppp- (►ikha) known, famous. 

gagana, n. the sky. 

gaggara, onomatopoetic, a gurgling sound. 

gaggarl, /. a churn, bellows. 

gaiigeyya, adj. relating to the Ganges; w. a sort of ele- 

gaccha, m. a shrub, plant. 

gacchati, v. {J gam) to go, depart, proceed; ganta, ppp. 

gaja, ni. an elephant ; *ta, /- a herd of elephants. 

gajamacala, gajari, gajamolana, m. a lion. 

gajjati, f. to roar, thunder; "ana, n; "jita, m. a must ele- 
phant, n. thunder. 

ganja, mfn. a mine of precious stones. 

gana, m. a multitude, number, herd, troop, chapter of 

ganaka, m. (.^gan) an accountant, treasurer, astrologer. 




gannna, /n. counting, .arithmetic 

gani, adj. having a number of disciples; m. a wild cattle. 

ganeti, v. (Jgan) to count, reckon, value, regard. 

ganeru, /. a harlot, she-elephant. 

ganthi, m. a joint, knot, tie, bond; *paya, m. a snare. 

ganda, m. the cheek, elephant's temples, boil. 

gandaka, m: a rhinoceros, sort of fish. 

gandakupa, m. a dimple- 

gandagatta, n- the custard apple. 

gandi, m. the swelling of the neck, the stalk of a tree. 

gandu, m. a pillow. 

gandula, adj. humpbacked. 

gandu, /. a knot, joint. 

gandupada, ganduppada, n . an earth worm. 

gati, /. going, journey, course, refuge, issue, destiny, pru- 

gatta, n. the body, limb. 

gada, m. disease. 

gadati, v. to speak* 

gada, /. a club. 

gaddabhanda, to. a species of banyan tree. 

gaddha, m. a vulture. 

gadrabha, to. an ass, donkey. 

gadhita, adj. clinging, desiring. 

gantha, to. a bond, tie, Jiterary composition, book; *kara, 
TO. a writer, author. 

ganthati, gantheti, v- to tie, bind, connect, compose. 

gandha, to. smelJ, odour, perfume, fragance. 

gandhakattha, n. the sandal wood, aloes wood. 

gandhakuti. /. the fragrant chamber occupied by the Bud- 

gandha jif5§^ /. the nose. 

gandhapasana, w. brimstone, sulphur. 

gandhabba, m. a celestial musician. 

gandhamadana, to. name of a mountain, a beetle. 

gandhalolupa, /. a fly. 

gandfiavaha. to. wind; /. the nose. 

gandhasoma, n. the white land lily. 

gabba, TO. pride; "bita, adj. proud. 

gabbha, m. the womb, interior, embryo, sprout, bedroom, 
calyx of a flower; °bhini, /. a pregnant woman. Gab- 
bham gai},hdti, to conceive, become pregnant, 

gabbhaparissaya, w. the secundines. 


gfvrnanlya 85 

gabbhara, u. a cave in. 

gabbhilika, m. a round pillow. 

gabbhuppatti, /. conception, pregnancy. 

gama, in. journey, march; adj. going. 

gamatha. m. a way, road. 

gamaniya, adj. transient, fleeting. 

gamika, mfn. a traveller. 

gambhira, gabhira, adj. deep, profound, abstruse, weighty. 

gayhupaga, adj. useful, serviceable. 

gara, mn. poison, antidote against poison. 

garala, n. the venom of a snake. 

garahati, v. to blame, disparage; °ha, /; °ana, n. 

garu, adj. heavy, weighty, important, venerable; m. a 

parent, teacher, religious preceptor, a bird's wing. 

Garukaroti, to respect, revere, 
garuka, adj. heavy, severe, important, 
garu I a, m. a fabulous bird, 
gala, m. the throat, debt, rope, 
galacinita, n. throttling. 

galati, V. to swallow, vanish, flow away; "ana, n. 
sralantatthi, n. the collar-bone, 
galla, m. the inside of the cheek, 
gavakkha, m. a round window, air-hole, bull's eye. 
gavaja, gavaya, m. a species of ox, gayal. 
gavampati, m. owner of cattle, the bull of the herd, 
gavala, m. wild buffalo, 
gavi, m. butter. 

gavesati, v. to seek, search; °aka, adj ; °ana, /; °si, adj. 
gavya, adj. bovine, 
gaha, mn. a house, taking, holding, 
gahattha, vi. a householder, layman, 
gahana, n. holding, grasping, learning, desire, clinging, 

gahani, /. the belly, internal fire promoting digestion, 
gahati, gaheti, v. to dive, enter, wade, 
gahana, adj. impenetrable, impervious ; n. a jungle, forest, 
gahapati, m. a householder, master of a house, layman, 
gatha, /. a verse, stanza, 
gadha, adj. fairly deep, fathomable, 
gadhati, v. to stand fast, to take a firm footing, 
gama, m. a village, multitude. 

gamani, adj. chief; m. a village headman; /; a harlot, 
gamaniya, m. an elephant or horse trainer. 

86 gamata 

gamata, /. a collection of villages. 

gamamiikha, m. a bazaar, market. 

gayati, v. (Jga.) to sing; "aka, ?n. a singer , -"ana, n ; gita, 

gayatti, /• name of a metre, the cutch tree. 

garayha, adj. contemptible, I^ase, blameworthy. 

garava, m. respect, reverence, authority, importance. 

gavuta, 11. a league distance. 

gaha, TO. taking, seizure, a demon, crocodile, idea, attach- 

galha, adj. tight, firm. 

gijjha, m. a vulture. 

gijjhati, V. (Jgidh) to be greedy. 

gifijaka, /. a brick, tile. 

giddha, adj. greedy. 

gini, VI. fire. 

gimha, m; gimhana, n. the hot season, summer. 

gira, /. voice, speech. 

giri, m. a mountain. 

girikandaka, to. a thunder-bolt. 

girikannika, /. the earth 

giridhhatu, m. red earth, sandstone. 

gila, TO. devouring, citron. 

gilati, V. (Jgla) to swallow, devour; "ana, n. 

gilana, adj. sick, ill; n. illness: w. a sick person. 

gilanasala, /. a hospital. 

gini, m. a householder, layman. 

gita, n. a song, hymn. 

giva, /. the neck, throat, debt ; "vatthi, n. the collar-bone. 

guggulu, n. bdellium. 

guccha, m. a bunch, tuft. 

gunja, TO. a branch with flowers; /. a 5eed used as the jeweller's weight. 

guna, m. a string, bow-strmg, quality, characteristic, pro- 
perty, virtue. 

gunita, ppp. multiplied. 

guntheti, v. to ensnare, cover. 

gutta, ppp. (Jgup) protected, hidden, preserved; /. a prison. 

gutti, /. keeping, guarding. 

guda, TO. the anus ; *kna, m. the piles. 

gunda, /. a kind of creeper. 

gumba, TO. a bush, thicket, multitude, troop. 

guyha, TO. a secret, pudendum.; "ariga, m. a tortoise. 

gomaya 87 

guyhapurisa, m. a spy. 

guyhamethuna, m. a crow. 

guru, adj. heavy; m. a teacher; «. topaz. 

guruvara, to. Thursday. 

gurusara, /. orchid. 

gula, /. a pimple, pock. 

guha, /. a cave, the heart. 

gulaka, 7)1. a ball. 

guheti, V. to hide, conceal ; gulha, ppp- ni. a secret. 

geijdu, *ka, m. a ball, spinning-top. 

gedha, to. greed, desire. 

geyya, n. mixed prose and verse, one of the 9 divisions of 
the three Pitakas. 

gerika, n. red chalk. 

gelafiiia, n. sickness, illness. 

geha, mn. a house. 

gehamani, to. a lantern. 

go, TO. a bull ; /. cow, the earth, speech. 

gokantaka, m. the hoof of an ox, a kind of bramble. 

gokanna, to. the elk, span, snake. 

gokila, m. a plough, pestle. 

gokula, n. a cattle-shed. 

gocara, m. pasture, sphere, resort, prey, object of sense. 

gocariya, adj. brown, reddish. 

gocchaka, m. a bunch, cluster. 

g-ottha, n. a cattle-shed. 

gona, »>i. a bullock, ox. 

gonaka, )it. a woollen coverlet with a long fleece. 

goni, /. rags, house-corner. 

gotta, «. family, lineage. 

gotrabhu, m. one who is fit to be ' adopted ' as a saint. 

godha, /. an iguana. 

godhuma, m. wheat, gram. 

gonaiigula, m. the black-faced monkey. 

gonasa, m. a kind of venomous snake, buffalo. 

gopa, Ml . a cowherd, herdsman. 

gopati, m> a bull. 

gopati, gopeti, gopayati, gopayati, v. (.J gup) to guard, pro- 
tect ;°aka^ HI /"ana, n ; g^tta, gopita, ppp. 

gopanasi, /. the rafters of a roof. 

gopura, ;l. a town gate, watch-tower, battlements. 

gopphaka, til. the {inkle. 

gonlaya, mni cowdung; *cchatta, n. mushroom. 

88 gomika 

gomika, m. a cattle owner. 

gora, adj. white. 

gorakkha, to. a cowherd. 

gorasa, to. produce of the cow, as milk, curds, ghee, butter 

milk, butter, 
golomi, /. name of a plant; a hailot. 
govinda, in. a cattle owner, 
gosagga, m. dawn, 'lime for releasing cattle), 
gosala, /. a cow-stable. 

gosiiiga, TO. the champak tree; n. cow's horn, 
gosisa, n. yellow sandal wood, 
gohira, n. the heel, 
gola, *ka, TO. a ball or lump, 
gojika, adj. prepared with molasses; m. a sugar seller. 


ghathsati, i). to rub, grind. 

ghanfia, n. destruction. 

ghata, Tu. ajar, bowl; /. multitude, troop. 

ghatati, v. to strive, join, adopt; °ana, n. 

ghati, /. a jar, clock. 

ghatteti, v. to touch, shake, annoy, join; "tana, fn. 

ghanta, to. a bee; /. a bell, clock. 

ghandka, m. a ballad singer. 

ghata, 11. butter. 

ghatakumari, /. the aloe plant. 

ghatasana, to. fire. 

ghana, adj. dense, solid, firm ; to. cloud, body ; n. a musical 

ghanakapa, w. hail, 
ghanajala, /. lightning, 
ghananabhi, w. smoke, 
ghanapadavi, /. the sky. 
ghanapallava, to. the drum-Stick tree, 
ghanapasanda, m. a peacock, 
ghanarasa, to. camphor ; wn. water, 
ghanasara, to. camphor, 
ghanaruna, adj. deep red. 

ghanoparuddha, adj. dusky, overcast with clouds, 
ghanopala, to, hail, 
ghamma, to. heat, sweat, 
ghammati, v. to go. 

cakkhu 89 

ghaniinajjuti, m. the sun. 

gliara, mu. a house. 

gliaragolika, /. ;i lizard. 

gliarnni, /. n wife. 

gharavasa, m. the Imuseholder or layman's life. 

ghasati, Z'. to eaf, 

gliasi, r)i. food, 

ghasmara, adj. gluttonous. 

ghala, ghati, ghaiika, m. ihc hack of the neck. 

giiateli, cutis. ( Jhan) to kill ; ghatn, m. slaughter ;ghatana, n 

ghatipakkhi, m. a hawk. 

ghaluka, adj. destructive. 

ghana, n- the nose. 

ghayati. v. (Jgha) to smell; °ana, n. 

ghasa, r>i. food, fodder; 

ghuna, m. wood-insect. 

ghilka, m. a kind of owl. 

ghotaka, m. a vicious horse. 

ghona, /. the nose. 

ghoni, m. a pig. 

ghora, adj. ilreadful, terrible; vt. the while, colour; /. the 

night ; »J. poison, 
ghoradassana, in. the owl. 
ghola, rt. buttermilk, 
ghoseti, V. (is/ghus) to proclaim, shout; °sana, /; °sana, 

"sava, adj : "sa, m: ghosita, gluitiha, ppp. 

ca, cow/, and. but, even. 

cakora, m. the curlew. 

cakka, n. a wheel, circle, disc, army, multitude, region, 

cakkapani, vi. Vishnu, 
cakkapada, m. a carl, carriage, elephant, 
cakkamukha, m. a pig. 
cakkavatlJ, m. a universal monarch, 
rakkavaka, tn. the ruddy goose, 
cakkavata, m. limit, boundary, lamp-stand, 
cakkavata, nt. the whirl-wind, 
cakkavaja, mn. a world. Sphere, 
cakkavha, m. the ruddy goose. 
cakkhu. «. the eve, insiffht. Dercention. 

go cakkhupatha 

cakkhupatha, m. range of vision. 

cakkhupasada, in. tlie sensitive orgaiiism of Ihe eye. 

cakkhumohana. n. (Jniuh) jugglery. 

caiikamati, v. (Jkam) lo walk up and down; "a, m.- "ana, 

)!, a covered walk, cloister, arcade, portico, 
caiikura, n. a cart, carriage, tree. 
canga, adj. beautiful, clever, healthy, 
cartgotaica, «!. a casket. 

caccara, n. a square, courtyard, house-flooring, 
cajati, V. (Jcaj) to abandon, resign, sacrifice, give away; 

"catta, ppp. 
cancari, /. (J car) a bee. 

cancala, adj. (Jcal) unsteady, shaky, frivolous, 
canculati, v. (Jcal) to move to and fro, dance, wander, 
rancu, mfn. the beal< of a bird, 
cataka, m. a sparrow, 
canaka, m. a chick-pea. 

canda, adj. passionate, harsh, cruel, savage, 
candala, m. a man of the lowest caste, 
candila, in. a barber, 
calu, num. four. 

catukka, n. a square, place where four roads meet, 
catuttha, adj. fourth, 
catura, adV. skilful, clever, 
catta, ppp. (Jcaj) relinquished, sacrificed, 
cadira, ?n. an elephant, moon, camphor, snake, 
canda, m. the moon. 

candaka, m. an eye in a peacock's tail ; adj. pleasing, 
candakanta, vm. sandal wood, the white water-lily ; /. night, 
candakapuppha, n. the clove flower, 
candaggaha, m. (Jgah) eclipse of the moon, 
candana, mn. the sandal wood, 
candanika, /. a dirty pool, 
candaloha, n. silver, 
candikfi, /. moonlight, 
capala, ad], fickle, unsteady, 
camara, m. the yak. 
cammu, m. a kind of deer. 

camu, /. an army; *pati, m. a general, commander-in-chief, 
campaka, m. the champac tree, 
campa, /. the modern Bhagulpore. 
camma, n. leather, skin; *kara, mfn. a tanner, 
cammapatta, /. a bat. 

cittaka 91 

caya, m. (Jci) a lieap, bundle, quantity. 

cara, adj. (Jcar) moving, going; 'h. a spy- 

carata, m. the wagtail, magpie robin. 

caiana, n. (Jcar) the toot, conduct, practice. 

caranayudha, m. a cock. 

carati, v, (s/car) to walk, wander, act. behave: ppp. cinna. 

caracara, adj. (Jcar) movable. 

Carita, n. (^/ca^) action, conduct, life- 

carima, adj. last, subsequent. 

cariya, /. ( Jcar) walking, observance, conduct. 

calati, V. (Jcal) to'move, shake; "a, adj : "ana, n. 

calani, /. a flying antelope. 

calu, m. water in the hollow of the hand. 

cavati, v. (Jcu) to disappear, vanish, pass away, die; cuta, 
ppp : "ana, n. 

casaka, vm. a drinking vessel. 

caga, )ii. (N/caj) self-sacrifice, liberality. 

cati, /. an earthenware vessel, jar, waterpot. 

catuka, f. praising, flattering. 

caiupatu, m. a clown. 

cataka, «i. the kingfisher. 

catumniahabhiitika, adj. consisting of the four elements. 

catura, adj. artful, clever. 

capa, mn. a bow. 

capika, m. an archer. 

camara, n. a yak's tail tan. 

camarapuppha, m. the betel tree. 

camikara, n. gold. 

cara, adj. (Jcar) walking, roaming; m. a spy. 

carana, m. ( Jcar) a traveller, actor. 

carika. /. (Jcar) moving, wandering. 

caritta, n. (Jcar) practice, observance, conduct. 

caru, adj. agreeable, charming; *iocana, in. an antelope. 

cikka, /. the white-bellied mouse. 

cikkhalla, n. swamp, mud. 

ciiigala, mf. a prawn, 

ciccitiiyati, v. to splash, hiss, bubble; la, n. 

cinca, /. the tamarind tree. 

citaka, mf. (Jci) a funeral pile. 

cilta, w. (Jcit) the mind, heart, thought, will, intention; 

adj. variegated, marvellous, 
cittaka, m. (Jcit) a painter, artist, animal; /. a woollen 
counterpane; 11. a sectarial mark on the forehead. 

g2 cittakaiitha 

cittakantha, cittagiva, n. a pigeon- 

cittakamma, n. painting. 

cittakaya, m. a tiger, leopard. 

cittakola, m. a lizard. 

cittakkhepa, m. distraction, madness. 

cittadandaka, m. the cotton tree. 

cittapila, /. swooning. 

cittalekha, /. a picture. 

cittagara, n. a picture gallery. 

cittabhoga, m. sensitiveness, awareness, reflection. 

citteti, V. to paint, variegate, diversify. 

cinta, /. (fjcint, cit) thought. 

cinteti, v. (Jcint) to think, devise, regard, mind; cintita, 

ppp- n. a thought, 
cinii, m. a parrot. 

cira, adj. long, lasting ; *kala, n. a long period, 
cirakriya, adj. dilatory, 
cela, n. cloth, a garment, 
cirantana, adj. old, ancient, 
cirappabhuti, adv. long since, 
cirarattarii, cirassaiii, adv. for a long time, 
cirayati, v. to tarry. 

cirarodha, to. a mound of earth thrown up for defence, 
cilamilika, /. a necklace, fire-fiy, lightning, 
cillabha, to. a pick-pocket, 
civi, civu, TO. the chin, 
cihana, n. a mark, sign, 
cinapittha, n. red lead, 
cinarattha, n. China, 
cira, n. bark, fibre, 
ciri, /. a cricket, 
civara, n. a monk's robe, 
cukkara^ to. a lion's roar, 
cuci, m. the female breast, 
cucuka, cucuka, cucuka, cQcukka, m. a nipple, 
cucij, cuccii, /. a radish, 
cunna, m. dust, powder, lime, cement; n. aromatic toilet 

cunneti, v. (Jcunn) to grind, crush, pulverize, 
cuti, /. (Jcu) disappearance, death, 
cuddasa, num. fourteen, 
cundakara, to. a turner, 
cubuka, m. the chin, lower lip. 



cumbaka, m. a magnet, load-stone. 

cumbata, n. a pillow, roll of cloth used as a stand for a 

vessel carried on the head, 
cumbati, v. (K/cumb) to kiss; "ana, n. 
culla, cula, cula, adj. small. 
cuUaki, /. a porpoise, waterpot, thither bank, 
culli, /. a fire-place, 
cuta, in. the mango tree, 
cula, /. a top-knot, crest, diadem; *mani, m. a jewel worn 

in a crest, 
culika. /. root of an elephant's ear. 
ce, adv. even, if. 
ceta, m. a slave ; cetl, /. 
ceta, mfn. { Jcit) the mind, heart. 

cetaka, adj. (Jcit) scheming, thinking; m. a decoy bird, 
cetana, /. (Jcit) will, intention, volition, 
cetasika, -adj. (Jcit) mental. 
cetlya, n. a sacred object, shrine, temple, tomb, 
celala, m. cucumber, 
celika, /. a bodice. 

cokkha, adj. clean, clever, delightful, 
coca, n. the bark of a tree, skin, plantain tree, 
coti, /. a Burmese petticoat, 
coddasa, adj. fourteenth. 

codeti, r. (Jcud) to urge, rouse, exhort, remind ; "dana, /. 
cora, »n. (J cur) a thief, robber, bandit, 
cola, m. cloth. 

colaka, w. a breast-ornament, 
colaki, m. a bamboo sprout. 


cha, nutn. six. 

chaka, ". dung, excrement. 

chakana, n. the dung of animals. 

chakala, m. a goat. 

chagana, mn. dried cow-dung. 

chagala, mf. a goat. 

chajja, tin- a sound like the cry of a peacock. 

chata, /. radiance, heap, line. 

chataphala, m. the palmyra tree. 

chattha, *ma, adj.. sixth. 

g4 chaddeti 

chaddeti, v. (.Jchadd) to throw away, abandon, cast olT, 

vomit ; "ana, n. 
chaaa, m. festival, 
chatta, w. a parasol, umbrella, sovereignty, corpse, body; 

/. mushroom, 
chattak'a, m. a kingfisher, musiiroom. 
chattiriisa, mjn. thirty-six. 
chada, m. (Jehad) :i cover, leaf, wing, 
chadi, n. ( jchad) a covering, roof, 
chadda, n. a roof. 

chaddanta, m. an elephant with six tusks or six-rayed tusks 
chanda, m. wish, desire, intention, consent; win. the Vedas, 

chandasa, adj. knowing the Vedas, a brahmin, 
channa, to. an ordinance; ppp. (i>/chad) concealed, private, 

chappada, m. a bee- 
chappaiifiasa, /. num. fifty-six. 
chamanda, m. a fatherless son. 
chama, /. the earth. 

chambhati, v. (Jchambh) to tiemble, be alarmed, 
chala, n. fraud, pretext. 
chain, /. the skin, bark of a tree, 
chava, m. a corpse; adj. vile, 
chavi, /. the skin. 

chaga, m. a goat; *bhoji, m. a wolf, 
chata, adj. hungry, famished, 
chadeti, v. (Jehad) to cover, conceal ; channa, chadita, ppp; 

"dana, n. 
chapa, TO. the young of an animal, child, 
chaya, /. shade, shadow, reflection, pretext ; *kara, to. an 

chayadassana, n. a cinema show, bioscope, 
charika, /. ashes 
chikka, chikkana, n. sneezing, 
chiggala, n. a hole, 
chidaka, n. adamant, 
chidi, /. an axe, hatchet, 
chidira, to. fire, sword, 
chidura, m. a swindler, enemey. 
chidda, n. a hole, gap, defect, 
chindati, 7;. (Jchid, chind) to cut, stop, destroy; chinna 

ppp; chijja, fpp ; chijjati, pass; chijjitva, ger. 

Janata Q5 

chuddha, adj. contemptible, vile. 

chupa, m. a bush, wind, lighting. 

chupati, V. ( Jchiip) to touch ; "ana, n. 

chura, /. lime. 

churika, /. a knife. 

cheka, adj. skilful, clever, expert. 

cheda, m; °ana, /;.. cutting, loss, destruction, waste. 

cheppa, m. the lower end of the backbone. 

chemanda, in. a fatherless son. 

chotika, /. the snapping of the fingers. 

choti, /. a fisherman. 

chorana, n. abandonment. 

cholaiiga, m. citron, lemon fruit. 


akuta, n. the cocoanut tree. 

akkhana, n. eating. 

agati, /. the earth. 

agatippana, to. the wind; Hi. 'Ike breath of the earth-' 

aganu, to. fire, a being. 

agara, to. a coat of mail. 

iiggati, V. ( Jjagar) to watch, keep. 

aggahana, n. laughing. 

aghana, n. the buttocks, waist. 

angamati, v. (^/gam) to go about, move about; "a, adj. 

aiigala, to. a jungle, thicket. 

aiigala, to. a ridge of earth, boundary, bank. 

aiigula, n. poison. 

aiigha, /. the leg; *vihara, to. walking for exercise. 

aiighala, adj. quick; to. a deer. 

accandha, adj. born blind. 

ata, /. matted hair, tangled branches, lust. 

atajala, to. a lamp. 

atadhara, jatila, to- an ascetic with matted hair. 

aihara, to. the bell)'. 

atu, n. lac. 

atuka, /. a bat. 

attu, n. the; back of the neck, collar-bone. 

ana, to. (>s/ja, jan) a man, being, the world; *kaya, to. the 

multitude of people, 
janaka, adj. producing ; to. a father. 
Janata, /. («7ja, jan) mandkind. 



finatta, /. a parasol, iimbrelifi- 

ananT, / a niothei'. 

anar.tika, '/• secret wliispering- 

anapada, v,. a province, district. 

anappiya, ni. line coriander seed. 

analaya, m. a pavilion. 

anika, /. (^'ja, jan) a mother. 

aneti, caus. {^J ]a} to beget, prcKJuce, cause; ''nana, adj. 

aneItT, /. ( Jja, jan) a mother. 

nntaghara, n- a firo-Juit. r(jom where a fire is kept. 

antu, 1)!. a creature, animal, man. 

aniuka, vifii. lac. 

antunasana, Ji.asafcelida. 

annu, janu, n. llie knee. 

apa, m, (J 'yap) incantation of charms; /. the China rose. 

apati, V. (-J jap) to whisper, mutter; "ana, n. 
iapamala, /. a rosary. 

jappati, V. (Jjapp) to speak, whisper, mutter; "ana, n ; "a, 
VI. speech. 

amana, n . food. 

ambava, n. the rose-apple fruit. 

ambala, vi . mud. 

ambira, m. the lemon tree- 

amhu, /■ the rose-apple tree. 

ambuka, m. a jackfil. 

ambunada, n. gold. 

ambha, m. a tooth, lemon fruit, food, heap. 

ambhi, infn. citron, lemon. 

amma. adj. base, worthless, reckless; n. birth. 

ayati, v. (Jji) to conquer, win, excel ; ppp. jita; fpp. jeyya, 

jetabba ; jaya, in. 
jayampatT, m. pi. husband and wife, 
jara, m. fever; /. old age, decjiy. 
jarantapa, m. an old man, bufTalo. 
jarayu, m. the womb, 
jala, n. water, 
jalaka, n. a bivalve shell- 
jalakantaka, m. a crocodile, 
jalakapi, m. a porpoise, 
jalacara, m. a fish- 
jalaja, adj. water-born, 
jalajantuka, /. a water-leech . 
jalajivha, nt. a crocodile. 


jalflii. <'• III lull n, hl.-izc, 'i' A\ 

i;il;ida, Ml.. ;i iHin-i'I(.)ii(i 

i;ilH<-liinr;i, j<il;i(ilii, in. lliodcoan. 

j.-ilyilhiga, /. a rivpi". 

|al;in;ikula,. m. ,in oiloi . 

•jalanidhi, m. llic orran. 

lalabandhakn, in. a da"ii, I'lnlMnkmciii. 

j.ilamagJTu, in. a iving-lislier- 

j,-i!ainutl ika, /, liail. 

j.ilai'a^a, III. salt. 

jnlalata. /■ a billow 

jala.sutli. '• ;i hivaKc shell 

jiilaklui. III., an oilrr. 

jnlatana, «t. a Iiernn ; /. Writf r-li^t- rh . 

jakldh,"!!";!, m a (lond, re^t^rvoii . 

jalahu, ". ilie woini). 

jalavhaya, v. Ihe water-lily- 
jalfika, /. a leech 
jalogi, in. loddy. 

jalodara, n. the drop.'^v 

Java, m.. speed- Javcmi, iiist. mlr. ?pefdily. 

javati, V. to hasten, huri-y. 

javana. adj. quick; m. a racer; n. apperception. 

javanika, /. a curtain. 

jahati, v. (Jha) to forsake, leave; jaha, adj. 

jala. adj. dull, stupid. 

jiigarati. v. {*/jagar) to wake, watrh ; Viya, /; °a, in. vigil. 

jataka, ii. (Jja) birth, binh-sim y 

jatcirupa, n. gold. 

jataveda, m. fire. 

jatassara, m. a natural pond. lake. 

jatapacta. /. a woman about to bring tonh h cliih! 

jati, /. (^/ja) birth, soit, family. 

jalikosa, fit. nutmeg. 

jatiphala. n. nutmeg. 

jatisumana. /. the jasniini-. 

jatissaia, adj. remembering lonnei existences. 

iatu, adv. surel\ , rcUainlv. 

jiiiuka, 17. .a.safoetida. 

janati, -.'. (is/na) l<> knuu , recognize; "nana, ri ; fiata, ppp ; 

fieyya, fffi. 
jam, /. h)ss, decay. rn. husband and wife. 

98 japa 

japa, m. incantation. 

jamata, to. a son-in-law. 

jamT, /. a sister. 

jameyya, m. a sister's son, nephew. 

jayati, v. (Jja) to be born, grow, arise; jata, ppp. 

jaya, /. a wife 

jayajiva, m. an actor. 

jayapati, m. pi. husband and wife. 

jara, m. a paramour. 

jala, /. a flame; n. a net, web, window, accumulation. 

jalaka, ft. a bud, net. 

jalakara, m. a spider. 

jalapada, m. a duck, goose. 

jalika, m. a fisherman, fowler; /. a coat of mail. 

jalini, /. desire, lust. 

jigirhsati, v. to wish, take. 

jigucchati, v. (J gup) to loathe, dislike, despise; "ana, n; 

"cha, /. 
jighacchati, v. (Jghas) to be hungry; cha, /. 
jighaiina, adj. lowest, inferior, 
jinna, ppp. (Jjlr) old, aged, decayed. 

jiti, /. (iJji) victory. 

jina, adj. (Jji) victorious; m. a conqueror, Buddha. 

jimha, adj. crooked; *ga, m. a snake. 

jiya, /. a bowstring. 

jivajiva, m. the edible-nest maker. 

jivha, /. the tongue; *muliya, m. the uvula. 

jimuta, TO. a cloud; *vahT, m. smoke. 

jira, m. cummin seed. 

jirati, jfyati, jiyyati, v. (Jjlr) to grow old, decay ; "ana, n. 

jiva, adj. (JjTv) living; mn. a being, creature, life. 

jivaka, TO. (ly/jiv) a kind of medicinal herb. 

jivati, V. (Jjiv) to live, subsist; °ana, n. 

jivana, to. (Jjiv) a son; /. the orchid flower; n. life, sub- 

jivamandira, to. the body. 

jivasadhana, n. food, paddy. 

jivasumana, n. the china rose- 

jivika, /. (Jjiv) life, livelihood, means of subsistence. 
Jlvikarh kappeti, to earn a living. 

jivita, n. ( Jjiv) life. 

jlvitindriya V'. controlling faculty of life, vitality. 

juijha, /. moonlight, mo nn lit ' i i 

jhola 99 

juti, /. (Jjul) spendour, ray; *kara, adj. splendid, radient. 

jutindhara, m. light-giver. 

juhuvana, to. fire, tree. 

juhoti, V. (Jhu) to sacrifice; huta, ppp ; hotabba, fpp ; 

"hana, n. 
juta, mn. gambling, dicing, 
je, inter j. man i woman I 
jeguccha, adj. contemptible, loathesome. 
jettha, adj. eldest, chief; /. one of the lunar mansions, 
jetthasassu, /. a wife's elder sister, 
jeyya, ad/, better, elder, 
jotati, V. (iJjut) to shine, be bright; "ana, "aka, adj ; "ana, 

n; "ayati, "teti, "talati, caus. to illumine, glorify, 
joti, mn. (Jjut) light, star, 
jotipatha, m. the sky. 
jotirasa, m. a wish-yielding jewel, 
jotisattha, n. astronomy. 


jhankara, to. a sound like the buzzing of a bee^ 

jhajjhari, /. name of a plant. 

jajjha, /. a rain-storm. 

jhati, m. a bush. 

jhatiti, adv. quickly, at once. 

jhampaka. m- a monkey- 

jhampasi, to. a kingfisher. 

jhari, /. a fountain of water, river. 

jhala, /. a daughter, the sun's ray. 

jhali, /. the betel nut. 

jhallaka, to. a cymbal. 

jhallakantha, to. a pigeon. 

jhalli"ka, /. a cricket. 

jhasa, TO . a fish. 

jhasati, v. (Jjhas) to hurt. 

jhata, TO. an evergreen shrub. 

jhatatthaka, m. the water-melon. 

jahana, n. Mjha) mystic meditation, trance, ecstasy. 

jhapeti, caus. (Jjha) to consume; °pana, n. 

jhayati, v. (Jjha) (i) to burn, consume; jhama, ppp; (2) to 

meditate, contemplate, 
jharl, jhiruka, /. a dragon-fly. 
jhoja, m. the betel tree. 

100 firtttl 


fiatfi, /. announcfMTicnt, decimal ion. 

nana, n. knowledge; "ni, adj. 

iiApeti, caus. (Jnfi) to make knuwn, declare, inform, pro 

claim ; "paka, adj ; "pana, ii ; nana, ppp. 
fiava, in. method, manner, means. 

tagara, adj. squinting ; "i- borax. 

taiika, mn. borax, spade, knife, chisel. 

lankaka, m. coined money. 

tatani, / a house lizard. 

taddari, /. jesting, kettle-drum. 

tara, in. a horse. 

tika, /. a Pali commentary on an AtthakathS, gloss. 


thakkura, in. an image of the Buddha. 

thaga, adj. shameless, craft) . 

thagi, /. a betel box. 

thana, n. (Jthii) stopping, place, situation, station, appoint- 
ment, subject, basis. 

thanantara, n- an appointment, office. 

thanaso, adv. (Jtha) causally, suddenly. 

thaniya, adj. (iJtha) based upon ; n. a town. 

thiti, /. (tJtha) stability, durability, existence; *ka, adj. 

thivana, n. spitting. 


darhsa, m. a gad-fly. 

daihsati, v. (Jdartis) to bite; "ana, n. 

damaya, mf. confusion, revolting. 

daka, ran. a vegetable, potherb. 

dalima, m. the pomegranate tree. 

dahati, v. (.ydah) to burn, consume by fire, torment ; daddha, 

daha, ra. (Jclah) burning, conflagration, 
diihuka, m. a water-fowl. 

t.-inhakkhaya loi 

dikkari, J. a young maiden. 

t.iihgara, m. a servant, bad man. 

(liniJiramodaka, h. garlic. 

liimba, in. a sound oi" (error, heap. 

dimbika, /. a bubble while rising in water. 

dundula, m. the owl. 

dunduka, m. water-fowl. 

duli, /. a young 

deti, V. (Jdi) lo lly. 

demana, m. a! bird. 


dhamara, /. a duck, goose, 
uhrda,-:??. a shield. 

dhunthana, n. investigation, enquiry 
dhola, m. a big drum. 

takka, m. (i«/takk) thought, reason, date fruit ; "kika, m. a 

lakkala, m. a thief, 
takkaslla, /. Taxila. 

rakkalam, adv. at that time, immediately, 
takkola, n. bdellium, sort of perfume, 
takkhaka, m. .1 carpenter, 
tagara, mn. a kind of shrub, lobster, 
taggha, adv. certainly, verily, 
tankhanarii, adv. at that moment, in.siantly. 
taca, in. skin, bark, rind, 
tacasara, m . a bamboo, 
tacclia, n. truth, reality, 
tacchati, v. ( Jtacch) to hew, chop, cut ; "aka, m. a carpenter ; 

"ani, /. a hatchet, 
tajja, adj. corresponding, suitable, 
tajjani, /. lit. ' the finger of scorn,' forefinger, 
tajjari, /. a measure of weight, 
tajjeti, V. (il/tajj) to revile, scorn, scold, threaten, 
tata, mn; tati, /. a bank, shore, 
tatini, /. a river, 
tandula, m. rice, 
tanhakkhaya, vi. extinction of craving, nibhana. 

I02 tanha 

tanha, /. (Jtas) lust, desire, craving. 

tatapatti, /. the plantain tree. 

tatiya, adj. tliird. 

tato, adv. thence, therefrom, thereafter, further, moreover. 

tattaka, adj. as many, as great. 

tattha, tatra, adv. there, thither, in that case. 

iatva, n. essence, reality. Ta.tvato, adv. accurately. 

tatha, adv. so-, thus also ; *pi, notwithstanding. 

tathagata, m. a Budhda, his Law or Order. 

tadanga, adj. partial, by parts. 

tadantare, adv. meanwhile. 

tadahu, "he, advj on that day. 

tada, adv. then, at that time. 

tad-arammana, n. lit. ' that object, ' registered object. 

tadupiya, adj. suitable, corresponding. 

taddhita, m. secondary derivative (grammar). 

tanaya, m. (J tan) a son. 

tanu, adj. thin, slender, delicate, small ; /. the body, skin. 

tanuja, m. a son. 

tanuttana, n. a coat of mail. 

tanoti, V. (J tan) to stretch. 

lanta, n. a thread, treatise, literary work ; *vaya, m. a 

weaver, spider, 
tanti, /. a string, line, cord, text, passage of a text. 

tantu, in. a thread; *klta, to. a silk-worm. 

tandi, /. drowsiness, sloth ; "dita, adj. lazy, slothful. 

tapa, mn. (Jtap) religious austerity, glow, self-mortifica- 
lion, piety. 

tapati, V. (Jtap) to burn, blaze, shine, torment ; 4:atta, ppp. 

tapana, to. (J tap) thf sun. 

tapanlya, n. gold. 

tapanettha, n. copper. 

tapassi, TO. ( Jtap) a mendicant, hermit. 

tappati, pass, to be tormented, suffer ; "ana, n. 

tappara, adj. diligent, subsequent. 

tappeti, cans, (^/tapp) to satisfy, refresh ; "pana, n. 

tama, mn. darkness, gloom. 

tamala, to. a kind of tree. 

tamonuda, adj. dispelling darkness. 

tamomaiii, to. a fire^fly, glow-worm. 

tamba, adj. coppery, red; to. a sort of elephant; n. copper. 

tamba-ciila, -sikhl, to. a cock. 

tambaloha, n. copper. 

t§yati 103 

tambula. n. the betel nut ; "11, /. a betel garden, 
layo, num. m. three; tissa, /• 
tara, to. (J tar) a raft, 
taranga, m . a wave ; *ginT, /. a river, 
taraccha, ni. a leopard, panthef, hyena, 
tarani, /. a boat. 

taranda, mfn. a boat ; mn. a raft, float, oar. 
tarati, a>. (Jtar) (i) to cross, traverse, escape; tinna, ppp ; 
lareti, caus. to save; (2) to tremble, be hurried; turita, 

tarambuja, n. a water-melon, 
tarala, adj. trembling, unsteady; n. rice gruel, 
tarahi, adv. then. 

tari, /. a boat ; *ka, m. a ferry-man. 
taritaka, n. a bark garment worn by ascetics, 
tarlsa, >?i. the ocean, sky, raft, 
taru, VI. a tree. 

taruna, adj. young, fresh, new. 
tarutulika, /. a flying squirrel, 
tarunakha, m. a thorn, 
tarumiga, m. a monkey, 
taluraja, m. a palmyra tree, 
taruruha, /. an orchid plant, 
tarusanda, m. a grove of trees, 
tarusara, m. camphor, 
tala, n. surface, level> plane, 
talaci, /. a mat made of reeds. 

talla, TO. a pond, lake; 11. a pit, hole; /• a maiden, boat, 
tallika, /. a key. 

tasati, V. (ijtas) to tremble, be afraid of. 
tasara, to. -a shuttle, 
tasina, see tanha. 
tassana, »i. (^/tas) thirst, 
tahirii, adv. there, 
talaka, ni. a pool, pond, lake, 
taiuna, adj. tender, delicate, 
tana, n. defence, shelter, refuge, nibbana. 
tata, adj. beloved, dear; m. father, term of endearment, 
tadikkha, tadisa, adj. such. 

tapa, TO. (Jtap) heart-burning; °ana, n. self-mortification, 
tapasa, to. (Jtap) a hermit, ascetic, 
tapiiicha, to. a kind of plant, 
tayati, v. (Jta) to protect, preserve, saye. 

104 '*''^ 

tara, adj. shrill, high (of a musical sound); /. a staf. pupil 

of the eye. 
taraka, /. a star, pupil of the eye. 
tiradhipati, m. the moon, 
tarapalha, m. the sky. 
tala, m. the palmyra plant, mensure of the short span, gong, 

cymbal ; *ki,- /. toddy, 
talavanta, m. a fan. 
talisa, nuvi. forty, 
tall, /. a kind of tree, striking a musical instrument, musical 

talu, n. the palate ; *ja, adj. palatal (letters), 
telujivha, m. the uvula, crocodile, 
talura, m. a whirlpool. 

tava, adv. at once, just, now, indeed, yet, still, 
tavataka, adj. so niuch, so many, 
tavata, adv. so far, to that extent, 
tavatiiiisa, m, pi. the thirty-three spirits of whom Sakka is 

the first, 
tavara, w. a bow-string, 
tala, m. a key. 

taleti, V. (iJtal) to beat, strike; "lana, n. 
talaveli, /. the main village road, 
ti, pref. three, 
tiriisa, num. thirty, 
tika, n. a triplet, triad, 
tikicchati, v. (Jkit) to cure, treat medically; "aka, m. 

tikiccha, /. medicine. 

tikhina, tikkha, tiijha, adj. sharp, pungent, acute, clever, 
titthati, thati, v. (Jtha) to stand, remain, stay, stop, abide, 

live; thatva, ger; thaturh ; inf ; thita, ppp. 
tina, n. grass, herb, weed, 
tinaketu, m. a bamboo tree, 
tinagodha, /. a chameleon, 
tinava, m. a sort of drum, 
tipukka, /. a torch of hay. 
tit^ha, see tikhina. 

titikkha, / (^tij) patience, forbearance, long-suflfering. 
tittaka, adj. bitter. ^ 

tittasara, m. the cutch tree, 
titti, /. satiety, fulness, 
tittira, m. a partidge. 

tittha, n. a landing-place, harbour, ford, religious belief. 

titthakara, m. a sect-founder. 

litha, m. fire, time, love. 

tithi, m'j. a lunar day. 

lidasa, in. a deva, spirit. 

tidiva, TO. the deva world, heaven. 

tinisa, m. a kind of tree. 

tinta, ppp. (Jtim) wet. 

tintina, n. reproach, scorn. 

tintiiii, /. the tamarind tree. 

tinduka, m. the Chinese date. 

tipu, n. tin, lead. 

tiputa, /. the scammony plant. 

tibba, adj. sharp, keen, acute, intense, severe. 

timandala, n. the three circles, viz., the navel and the two 

timi, *nda, *ngala, to. a fish of enormous size. 

timira, n. darkness ; "rayitatta, n. gloominess. 

timisa, n. darkness; °sika, /. a dark night. 

timbaru, to. the Chinese date. 

tiracchana, m. an animal, beast. 

tiriyaih, adv. across. 

tirltaka, n. a bark garment worn by ascetics. 

tiro, adv. across, beyond, on the other side. 

tirokarani, /. a curtain, screen. 

lirokkara, to. disrespect, blame, abuse. 

tirodhana, n. a cover, veil, lid. 

tila, m. the sesamum plant. 

lilaka, to. a mole, freckle, sectarial mark on the forehead. 

tilakalaka, m. a mole, freckle. 

tiliccha, w. a sort of snake, buffalo. 

tivuta, /. the scammony plant. 

tisarana, n. the three refuges, viz., the Buddha, the law, 

the order, 
tira, n. a shore, bank. 

tireti, v, (Jtir) to finish, decide, accomplish; °rana, n. 
tivara, to. the ocean, hunter, fisherman, 
tu, particle, never used at the beginning of a sentence and 
sometimes meaning ' now,' ' but,' * indeed ' and some- 
times with no meaning, 
lunga, adj. high, prominent, 
tuccha, adj. empty, vain; *dhar\naka, n. straw. 
t,.ttu^ AAA (■Jtiisl deliffhted. elad. 

io6 tuttdi 

tutthi, /. (Jtus) delight, joy. 

tunda, n. a beak, snout. 

tundila, adj. harsh in speech, having a beak. 

tuijna, adj. quick; adv. n. quickly. 

tunhi, adv. silently ; *bhava, m. silenqe. 

tutta, n. an elephant-goad. 

tudampati, m. husband and wife, 

tunda, n. the belly ; /. the navel. 

tunnavilya, m. a tailor. 

tumula, mn, an affray, clamour. 

tumba, m. a kettle, a measure of grain. 

tumburl, /. the coriander seed. 

tura, adj. quick, fast; *ga, a horse, courser, mind. 

turi, /. a paint-brush. 

turita, ppp. (Jtar) swift, hurried, eager; *ih, adv. quickly, 

turiya, n. a musical instrument, 
turukkha, m. Indian incense, 
tula, /. (N'tul) a balance, pair of scales, equality, rafter or 

beam, measure or weight ; *dhata, m. an oar. 
tulika, /. a paint-brush or pencil, 
tuliya, w. a flying fox. 

tuleti, V. ( Jtul) to weigh, measure, consider, 
tulya, adj. (^/tul) equal, .similar, 
tuvatam, adv. quickly, 
tuvattati, v. to lie down, 
tuvi, /. the gourd, 
tusa, w. substance, wealth, 
tusara, vi. hoar-frost, cold, snow, 
lusita, w. pi. devas of the fourth celestial mansion, 
tusodaka, n. vinegar, 
tussati, V. (Jtus)to be pleased, satisfied; toseti, cans; tuttha, 

tuhina, n. dew, frost, 
trina, tmi, tunua, m. a quiver, 
tula, mn. cotton; "lini, /. the cotton plant, 
tulika, /. a mattress. 

tuvara, m. a hornless ox, beardless man. 
tekiccha, adj. curable, 
teja, mn. flame, lire, light, splendour, majesty, influence, 

power; *ssT, adj. 
^ejana, n. an arrow, shaft, 
tejala, w^ a parti idge. 

thighosa 107 

tejeti, V. to sharpen. 

teineti, caus. ( Jtim) to wet, moisten; 'mana, n. 

tela, w. oil ; "lika, m. an oil manufacturer. 

lelacorikj), mfn. a cockroach. 

lelancana, n. lampblack. 

telapannika, 11. sandal wood. 

lelati, /. a wasp. 

tomara, mn. a lance, spike. 

toya, n. water ; *ppasadana, n. soap acacia. 

toyasuttika, /. mother-of-pearl, 

torana, n. an arch, gateway. 

tosa, m. (Jtus) satisfaction, joy. 


thaketi, v. to cover, conceal; "kana, n. 

thanria, n. mother's milk. 

thaddha, ppp. (Jthambh) firm, hard, solid, stubborn. 

thana, m. the female breast; *pa, mfn. a suckling child. 

thanita, adj. thundering; n.* thunder. 

thapati, w. a carpenter. 

thabaka, m. a bunch of flowers. 

thabha, m. goat, sheep. 

thamba. m. a bush, thicket. 

thambakari, to. paddy. 

thambha, to. pillar, column, stupor. 

thara, to. a layer, house-site. 

tharima, to. a bed, couch. 

tharu, TO. the hill of a sword. 

thala, mn. land, dry ground. 

thava, TO. (Jthu) praise. 

thavaka, m. a bunch, cluster. 

thavika, /. a purse. 

thavira, adj. firm, strong, elderly. 

thama, m. strength. 

thala, n. a metal bowl, plate, basin, dish. 

thali, /. a cooking pot, kettle, boiler. 

thavara, adj. stationary, stable, firm. 

thira, ady. firm, hard, solid, permanent; m. a mountain, 

tree ; /. the earth, 
thi, /. a woman, 
thighosa, m. the dawn. 

io8 iliuti 

ihiiti, /. (n'iIiu) praise, thanks. 

ihiilhi, Ihuln, adj. thick, coarse, stupid; "kumari, /. an old 

thusa, m. husk of grain. 
Ihuna, mf. a pillar, column, post. 
thupa, m. a memorial mound, lope, pagoda; °pika, n. the 

summit of a pagoda or tope, 
thiilanasika, w. a hog. 
thulapada, w. an elephant, 
theneti, v. to steal ; "n:t, m. a thief, 
theyya, n. theft. 

thera, m. an elder, senior monk, 
theva, m. a diop of water. 
thoka, adj. small, slight ; *m, adv. n little while, a short 

iliomeli, V. (Jtho) to praise; 'ma, m; "mana, n. 


daka, n. water; *jaj n. the water-lily. 

dakkha, adj. clever, skilful. 

dakkhina, adj. right, southern, dexterous; /. a gift, offering, 

dakkhinapatha, in. the southern country, Deccan. 

dakkhineyya, adj. worthy of offerings. 

danda, ?n. a staff, stick, handle, stalk, stem, punishment, 

penalty. Dandavi pafjreti, to inflict punishment, 
dandadlpika, mfn. a torch, 
dandaniti, /. the penal code, 
dandapala, 771. a gate-keeper, 
dandl, m. a mendicant, 
dandeti, v. (Jdand) to punish, 
datti, /. {J da) offering, 
dattu, adj. stupid 
dadati, deti, dajjati, v. (da) to give, grant, allow ; dinna, 

daddarl, m. a sort of drum, 
daddallati, v. to blaze, shine. 
daddu, m. ring-worm, 
daddura, m. a frog. 

dadhati, dahati. v. (ijdha) to put, hold, bear; hita, ppp, 
dadhi, n. milk curds, 
danu, /. mother of the asuras. 
danta, m. a tooth,, ivory. 

dasa log 

d.nnl.n-k^tUhH, »; -poI1,^, rn . a too(h-stick, looth-brush. 

cUint.ikara, Ju. a dentist. 

dantamaiiisa, n. the gum. 

dantasaiha, m. the lime, lemon. 

dantaliasaka, m. a sour fruit. 

dantavarana, n. tiie lip. 

danti, in. an elephant. 

dantuia, adj. having uneven teeth. 

dappa, m. 

dappana, m. a mirror. 

dabba, ti. object, thing, substance, material, wealth, pro- 

dabbimukhadija, in. a pelican. 

dabbi, /. a spoon. 

dabbha, in. kusa grass. 

dama, to. (Jdam) self-subjugation, self-control. 

damaka, m. (Jdam) one practising self-mortitication by 
living on remnants of food. 

damatha, m. (Jdam) self-control, subjugation. 

damija, m. a Tamil, Dravidian. 

dameti, cans. ( Jdam) to tame, subdue, ovenome, convince. 

dampati, m. husband and wife. 

dambha, vi. pride, boasting. 

dammati, r. (Jdam) to be tamed, subdu,»d ; danta, ppp. 

dayati, v. (Jday) to give, allot, protect. 

dayii, /- mercy, compassion. 

dayapanna, -"apara, °al(i, adj. merciful, compassionate. 

dayita, ppp. {Jday) beloved;/, a woman, wife. 

dara, to. pain, suffering. 

darl, /. a cavern, chasm. 

dala, mn. a leaf. 

dali, mf. a clod of earth. 

dalidda, adj. poor,' needy. 

dava, m. f(uick motion, sport, aniu.sement, inflammation, 

davatliu, m; davana, v. burning, heat. 

davata, adj. very far. 

davikarana, «•. melting. 

dasa, num. ten. 

dasana, m. a tooth. 

dasabala, in. the Buddha possessed of the ten kinds of 

(I.'isa, f. the skirt or border of a garment, period, age. 

no dassati 

dassati, fntiire of dadrui. 

dassana, n. (Jdass) seeing, perception, insight. 

dassanTya, "neyya, adj. beautiful. 

dasseti, caus. to show, point out, 

daha, m. a lake. 

dahana, n. burning. 

dahara, adj. young. 

dallia, adj. firm, hard; n. ad,v. firmly, strongly. 

dal.hayati, u. (hy(lah)to make firm, ronfirm. 

daUiTkarana, n. making firm, stiengthening, conlirmation. 

dathii, /. a canine looth, tusk, fang. 

data, ppp. (Jda) ciil. 

datia, n. a sickle. 

dfityilha, m. a gallinule, water-fowl. 

dana, n. (Jda) giving, gift, charity, almsgiving, cutting, 

purification (Jdai). 
danava, m. an asura. 

danasonda, adj. profusely liberal, munificent, 
dani, adv. now. 

diima, n. a rope, string, wreath. 

dayati, v. ( Jda) to give ; °aka, to. giver, benefactor, donor, 
dayajja, to. dowry, inheritance, 
dayada, m. a kinsman, heir, 
dara, tnf. a wife; *kamma, n. marriage, 
daraka. m. an infant, child, boy; "rikfi, /. a girl, 
darita, ppp. (^/dar) torn, divided, split, 
daru, "ka, n. wood, 
daruna, adj. severe, terrible, dreadful, 
daruhalidda, /. name of a plant, 
dalima, to. the pomegranate tree, 
dava, TO. a forest. 

dasa, TO. a slave, servant; *vya, n. slavery, servitude, 
daha, to. (Jdah) burning, torment, 
dahajjara, to. the plague, 
dlkka, TO. a young elephant, 
dikkha, /. worship, sacrifice, 
digambara, to. a naked ascetic, 
digu, pi. the numeral compound in grammar, 
dinka, to. a nit. 

dicchati, desid. {J da) to wish to give; v. (-^dis) to see, 
dittha, adj. hostile, hateful; to. an enemy, 
ditthadhamma, to. the present conditions, the present state 

of things. 

du 111 

diilhanla, m. example, illustration. 

ditlhi, /. (Jdis) sight, view, the eye, doctrine, opinion. 

ditta, adj. proud, arrogant, blazing, radiant. 

dittalocana, m. a cat. 

ditti, /. (fJdip) splendour, light. 

dlddha, ppp. smeared; m. a poisoned arrow. 

didhisu, m. a second husband. 

dina, n. day ; *kara, m. the sun. Dine dine, daily. 

dinarambha, in. morning; "avasana, n. evening. 

dindibha, in. a pheasant. 

dibba, adj. (Jdiv) celestial, heavenly, divine. 

dibbati, v. (^/div) to play, sport. 

diyaddha, num. one and a half. 

dilTra, m. mushroom. 

diva, m. ( Jdiv) the sky, heaven. 

divasa, win. a day. 

diva, adv. by day ; *kara, m. the sun. 

dLVabhita, m. an owl, thief, lit. ' day-jrightened.' 

divi, m. a jay. 

divoka, m. a deva. 

disa. m. an enemy; /. a country, region, point of the 

disampati, m. a king. 
disaj>amokkha, adj. world-famous, 
digha, adj. long. 

dighanikaya, m. the long discourses of the Sutta Pitaka^ 
dighapitthika, wi. a snake, 
dighavanta, m. the Indian trumpet flower, 
dighasutta', adj. slow, dilatory, 
dighayuka, adj. long-lived, 
dighika, /. a moat, 
didhiti, /. a ray, light. 
dIna, adj. poor, wretched, 
dipa, m. a lamp; tnn. island, shelter, nibbana. 
dipaka, m. an island; adj. expounding, illustrating, 
dipakitta, n. lampblack, soot. 
dipakhorJ, /. a wick, 
dipali, /. a lights festival. 
dipika, /. a lamp, torch, 
dipi, m. a panther, 
dipeti, caus. (fJdip) to illuminate, illustrate, expound, show, 

declare, publish; °pana, adj. and n. 
du, pref. meaning ' bad,' ' difficult.' 



duka, 11. a pair, couplet. 

dukula, 11. fine cloth. 

dukkata, dukkata, ii. (Jkar) an offence, sin. 

dukkara, adj. ( Jkar) difficult to perform. 

dukkha, ad], miserable, painful, unpleasant, difficult; n. 
pain, suffering; *ta, /. 

dukkhapeti, v. to cause to suffer, afflict; "kliita, ppp. 

du-gga, adj. (.J gam) difficult to pass; n, a strong-hold, bad 

du-ggata, adj. {J gam) distressed, wretched, poor; "ti, j. 

du-ccarita, adj. (Jcai) misbehaved, ill-f:onducted ; n. mis- 

dujjana, m. a bad man. 

duttha, ppp. (fJdus) corrupt, wicked, depraved, angry. 

dutfhu, adv. Ill, badly. 

dutthuUa, adj. wicked, lewd. 

dutiya, adj. second. 

du-ddittha, adj. (Jdis) misguided, foolish. 

duddina, n. a cloudy day. 

duddha, n. (^/duh) milk. 

dundubhi, m. a kettle-drum. 

dunnamaka, n. hemorrhoids. 

dubbaca, adj. (J vac) abusive, obstinate. 

dubbanna, adj. (Jvann) ugly. 

dubbala, adj. weak. 

dubba, /. the earliest grass. 

dubbinlta, adj. (Jni) uncultured, wild. 

dubbutthi, /. (^vas) drought. 

dubbhaga, adj. (bhaj) unfortunate. 

dubbhikkha, n. famine. 

duma, m. a tree. 

dumuppala, m. the bauhinia plant. 

dumbarika, /. the opposite-leaved fig tree. 

dummati, adj. (Jman) unintelligent, foolish. 

dummana, adj. sad. 

dummukha, adj. foul-mouthed, scurrilous. 

dummedha, adj. foolish. 

durita, n. (Ji) sin. 

durutta. adj. (^/vac) ill-spoken, abusive. 

dussa, n. cloth. 

dussati, ^. Udus) to offend, wrong; duttha, ppp. 

dussaha, adj. (Jsah) insui^^^^^Mi^MB^^^i^ 

dovacassa 113 

dussila, adj. immoral, wicked. 

duhita, /. a daughter. 

duta, m. a messenger. 

dura, adj. far, distant, remote. 

duradassana, n. a telescope. 

duseti, caws. («/dus) to pollute, spoil, ruin; "saka, adj , 
'^sana, n. 

deddubna, m. a water-snake. 

dendima, m. a kind of drum. 

deti, V. (is/da) to give. 

deva, m. a spirit, celestial being, angel, sky, king, death. 

devakaddama, n. fragrant ointment. 

devakamma, n. spirit-worship. 

devakuiijara, m. Sakra. 

devakula, n. a non-Buddhist temple, royal family. 

devakusuma, n. cloves. 

devakhata, n. (ijkhan) a natural pond, lit. ' dug by devas.' 

devatthana, n. (Jtha) a holy place, shrine. 

devata, /. a deva, deity, angel, spirit. 

devatada, "asa, m. a Cape jasmine. 

devadatta, m. the cousin of the Buddha. 

devadundubhi, to. ' devas drum,^ i.e. thunder. 

devaduta, m. a celestial messeager, messenger from death. 

devana, n. (»7div) sport, custom, praise. 

devara, m. a husband's brother, brother-in-law. 

nevasikarh, adv. daily. 

devayudha, n. the rain-bow. 

devalaya, m. a Hindu temple. 

desa, m. a place, region, country, part, side. 

desana, /. (Jdis) instruction, discourse, sermon. 

deseti, cans. (Jdis) to instruct, teach, show, preach; °saka, 

adj ; °sika, m. a preacher, teacher, guide, 
dessa, m. an enemy. 

deha, mn. the body; °hi, m. a creature, animal, 
dehada, m. mercury, 
dehadharaka, n. (Jdha) the bone, 
dehadhi, m. a wing, 
dehani, dehali, /. a threshold, 
dona, mn. a measure of capacity, 
doni, /. a trough, tub. coffin, 
domanassa, n. grief, sadness, 
dola, /. a swing, palanquin, 
dovacassa, n; *ta, /. (from dubbaca) obstinacy. 

114 dovanka 

dovarika, m. a gale-keeper, porter. 

dosa, m. (^/dus) offence, crime, defect, injury, damage, 

hate, anger, 
dosafmii, adj. (J ha) expert, wise, physician, 
dosina, adj- moonlit. 

dohati, V. (N/duh) to milk; "a, m. milk ; duddha, ppp ; duyhati, 

dohala, m. longing, desire; "!ini, /. a pregnant woman. 

drava, m. liquid. 

dravaja, m. molasses. 

dravarasa, /• lac 

dvanda, n. a couple; m. a copulative compound; *carl, m. 
the ruddy 

dvaya, adj. of two kinds; n. a pair, couple'. 

dvapara, n. one of the yugas or great periods. 

dvara, n. a door, gate, entrance, avenue. 

dvarakotthaka, m. gate-towers. 

dvarabandhana, n. the terrace before a house, house-front. 

dvarabaha, /. door-post. 

dvi, pref. two. 

dvikakuda, m. a camel. 

dvija, adj. twice-born; m. a brahmin, bird, tooth. 

dvijivha, adj. double-tongued, treacherous; in. a snake. 

dviduggama, nj. a four-legged creature. 

dvidhapatha, m. a road-junction, misgiving, doubt. 

dvipa, dvirada, m. an elephant. 

dvirutta, ady. (Jvac) stammering, stuttering. 

dva, duve, num. two. 

dvejjha, n. duplicity. 

dvejhaka, n. doubt. 

dharhseti, v. (Jdhariis) to fell, destroy; "saka, "si, adj. des- 

dhaiika, m. a crow. 

dhaja, m. a flag, mark, symbol; "jini, /. an army ; °jalu, adj. 
adorned with flags. 

dhajl, m. a signaller, peacock, brahmin, chariot. 

dhafina, n. grain, corn; adj. fortunate, lucky; *masa, m. 
measure of a grain. 

dhannambila, n. sour rice-gruel. 

dhana, n. wealth, property, treasure. 

dhanagama, m. revenue. 

dhanika, m. a lender, creditor. 

dhani, m ; *ta, n. a sound, 

dhaturatha 115 

dhaniyaka, n. the coriander seed. 

dhanu, v. a bow, a measure of four cubits; ''ggaha, m. an 

dhanumagga, m. a crooked road. 
dhanvantari, m. ihe sun. 
dhamaka, m. a l)lacksmith. 

dliamali, i'. (Jtihani) to blow (a musical instrument, elc.) 
dhamana, m. a reed, 
dhaniani, /. a vein, nerve, 
dlianima, inn. (>7dliar) nature, quality, piienomenon, object, 

thing, doctrine, law, virtue, justice, religion, the scrip- 
dhammalcarana, n. a water-filler, 
dhammaklchandha, m. branch or unit of doctrine. 
dhninniatakl<a, n. wheel or dominion of tlie law, kingdom of 

dhammacakkhu, n. tlie eye of the law. 
dhammacariya, /. religious life, piety, 
dhammallha, adj. (Jlha) just, righteous; m. a judge, 
dhammatfi, /. nature, custom, habit, 
dhammani, m. a rat-snalvc 
dhammapatanf, /. the first wife, faithful wife, 
dammadhikara, m. a court of justice, parliament; "ri, in. a 

dhammasana, n. a pulpit, 
dhammilla, m. biaided hair, 
dharana, m. the sun, world, rice; n. bearing, a weight 

dharaiii, f. the earth, 
dharati, v. (s/dhar) to live, 
dharadhara, w. a mountain, 
dhava, m- a husband, man. 
dhavaia, adj. white, glistening, 
dhati, /. a nurse, woman servant, 
dhatu, mf. primary substance, element, property of an 

element, remains of the body after cremation, sacred 

relic, metal, 
dhatugabbha, m. a relic-chamber, reliquary, 
dhatughata, n. vinegar, 
dhfituppadipa, m. electric light, 
dhatumarini, mfv. borax, 
dhatuyana, m. a motor car. 
dhaturatha, w. an electric tram-car. 

ii6 dhatuven 

dhatuveri, m. brimstone, sulphur. 

dhatusekhara, m. green vitriol. 

dhana, /. fried barley. 

dhani, /. the coriander plant, granary, abode. 

dhania, n. the body, horse, house. 

dharaka, m. a water-pot. 

dhara, /. a torrent, stream, shower, edge of a sharp instru- 

dharadhara, m. a cloud, sword. 

dhavati, v. {Jdhav) to run; "ana, n. 

dhikkara, to. disrespect, reviling. 

dhiti, /. wisdom, fortitude- courage. 

dhi, /. knowledge, intellect ; inlerj. fie ! shame ! 

dhita, /. a daughter. 

dhima, adj. wise. 

dhlra, adj. wise, resolute, brave. 

dhlrakkhanda, m. a buffalo. 

dhlvara, vi. a fisherman. 

dhuta, ppp. (Jdhu) shaken off, removed; "anga, n. an 
ascetic practice. 

dhutta, adj. fraudulent; m. a gamester. 

dhunati, v. (iJdhu) to shake off, remove- 

dhura, ran. a yoke, burden, trust, chief, front, head ; /. a 
load, burden. 

dhurandhara, m. a beast of burden, office-bearer. 

dhuya, adj. firm, stable, permanent, certain; adv. n. firmly. 

dhuta, m. the wind, swindler. 

dhupa, m. incense. 

dhupati, dhupayati, v. (Jdhup) to fumigate, spit smoke; 
"pita, ppp. suffering pain, heated. 

dhupanga, m. turpentine, pitch. 

dhupika, /. hoar-frost. 

dhuma, m. smoke, cremation of a dead body; *ketu, m. fire, 

dhfamika, /. dew, frost. 

dhumyata, m. the fork-tailed shrike. 

dhulaka, /. poison. 

dhiili, /, dust. 

dhulikuttima, n. a mound of earlh, dam. 

dhuliddhaja, to. the wind. 

dhusara, adj. grey. 

dhenu, /. a milch cow. 

dheyya, n. ( Jdhfi) renlm. ve.ff\on. 

namassati 117 

dhevata, m. one of the Hindu musical notes. 

dhorani, /. a traditional saying. 

dhorayha, m. a beast of burden; 'sTla, infn. patience, 

dhovali, V. (Jdhav) to wash, cleanse; "ana, n ; "dhota, ppp. 


na, neg. not. 

nakuta, n. the nostril. 

nakula, m. a miingoose. 

nakka, pi. a crocodile. 

nakkhatta, n. a star, constellation. 

nakha, mu. a nail of the finger or toe. 

nakhadarana, vi. a hawk. 

nakhayudha. m. a tiger, lion. 

naga, m. a mountain, tree. 

nagara, n. a town, city ; *sobhini, n. a harlot. 

nagga, adj. naked ; *cariya, /. going naked. 

nahgala, n. a plough. 

nanguttha, n. the tail of an animal. 

naccati, v. (Jnat) to dance; ''a, 11 ; °aka, adj. 

nata, *ka, r?. a dancer, acrobat. 

natapattika, /. the brinjal. 

nana, n. dancing (is/nat); *ka, m. a dancer, acrobat. 

nattha, ppp. (Jnas) lost, destroyed, ruined. 

natta, in. a grandson, descendant. 

natthu, /. the nose. 

nad^ti, v. ( Jnad) to sound, shout, roar. 

nadi, /. a river. 

naddha, ppp. (Jnah) bound, fastened. 

nananda, /. a husband's sister. 

nanu, a particle used in asking questions expecting an 

allfirniative answer, 
nandati, v. (Jnand) to be pleased, rejoice; "ana, n. 
nandi, /. ( Jnand) joy. 
nandi, /. a leather thong or strap, 
napurhsaka, adj. of no sex, of neuter gender, 
uabha, mn. tlie sky, the air; *cara, m. a bird, cloud, 
nabhi, t?i. a cart. 

naniakkara, m-. veneration, worship. 

namati, v. (Jnam)tobow, be inclined ; "meti, cans, [o bend. 
nam.issati, v, to honour, worship, revere^ "sita, ppp ; "sa,/. 

I [8 nanuici 

namuci, m. name of Mara. 

namo, m. honour, reverence, sahitatini!. 

nammada, /. the river Nerbudda. 

naya, m. (Jnl) guidance, conciucL, policy, method, infer- 
ence; nayato, adv. I)y implicaiion. 

nayati, neti, (N/ni) to lead, guide, conduct, infer; °ana, n. 
the eye; nita, ppp. 

nara, m. a man ; sTha, m. lion among men, greatest of men. 

naraka, m. hell. 

naraiiga, m. a pimple. 

naramalini, /. a woman growing a beard. 

nala, nal.a, m. a reed, cane, rush ; 'kara, m. basket maker. 

nalada, /. honey. 

nalamina, m. a prawn. 

nalata, n. the forehead. 

nalina, n. a lotus flower; "ni, /. a lotus pond. 

nava, num. nine; adj. new, fresh. 

navanita, n. butter. 

navamalika, /. the Arabian jasmine. 

navina, adj. new, fresh. 

navuti, nu7n. ninety. 

nassati, v. (Jnas) to perish, disappear; naltha, ppp. 

nahataka, m. (Jnha) 'bathed" i.e., one whose sins are washed 
away, who has finished his course of spiritual training. 

nahayati, v. (Jnha) to bathe; nahata, ppp. 

nahuta, n. a vast number. 

naka, m. heaven. 

naga, m. a serpent, snake, dragon, elephant, iron-wood tree, 

nagajivana, m. tin. 

nagara, vi. a townsman, citizen. 

nagalata, nagavalll, /. the betel vine. 

nataka, m. (Jnat) a dancer. 

natika, /. time, hour. 

natya, n. (Jnat) scenic art, drama. 

natha, m. a protector, saviour, lord, master. 

nada, m. (Jnad) a sound, cry, shout. 

nanata, /; nanatta, n. variety, diversity. 

nana, mdec/. various, diverse, different ; "kara, wj. clifTer- 

nanariipa, adj. different, various, diverse. 
nabhi, /. the navel, nave of a wheel^ centre, 
nama, adv. namely, indeed; v. a name, I'lOun. 

iiikkhipatf ug 

naniadhi-yya, v. narnej appelUition. 

n.-lyaka, m. i^iu) a chict, lord. 

naraka, in. a hell-heing, oik- i^iilTeriiig in licli. 

naranga, m. an oiaiige (ree. 

naraca, in. an iron weapon. 

naradlia, in. a pointed iron; /. a small pair of scales. 

narr, /. a woman. 

nala, n. ihe stalk of a water-lily, tube. 

nalT, na!i, f. a sialk, tube, pipe, a measure of rapacily. 

nalinilhania, m. a goldsmith. 

nalipatia, m. a covering lor the head, caj). 

navS, /. a ship, boat; "pakkha, in. a sail. 

navika, w. a sailor, pilol. 

nasa, in- ( Jnas) loss, ruin. 

nasanahga, n. a sin involving expulsion from ihe Order. 

nasa, n;isika,/. the nose- 

najikera, m. the cocoanut tree. 

ni, and before a vowel nir, prcf. with a negative or pri- 

\ati\o force, 
nikata, cJ(//. near. 

nikalthe, adv. loc. near, shortly, soon, 
nikata, pfp. (Jkav) base, ignoble, stingy; ''ti, /. baseness.. 

nikanti, /. (N/kam) desire, wish. 
nikara, m. a multitude, quantity, 
nikasa, m. a touchstone, whetstone, 
nikameti, :■. (Jkam) to long" for, care hw, desire; °ma, hi. 

desire; man'i, adv. voluntarily, willingly, 
nikilya, m. a multitude, collection, group, house, 
nikasa, adv- resembling, 
nikiitha, adj. \ile, base, low. 
mkujjita, at/;, overturned, upside down, 
nikunja, mn. a thicket, bower, 
nikei.i. nt : na, n. a. house, dwelling, 
nikkaddii^ti. ^- (N/kadcih) to e.xpei, dismiss, cast out. 
nikka.sfua, adj. free from sin. 
nd<kesa, adj. bald, 
nikkha, »ni. gold, gold ornament, 
nikhanati, r. (^/khan) to dig, bury; />/)/). nikhata. 
nikkhamati, V- (-^kam) to go out, set out, depart; nikkhanta. 

p/)/) ; ''a, w ; 'ana, n. 
nikkhipati, V. (Jkhip) to put down, throu aside, keep, 

deposit ; "ana, h. nikkhepa, m. deposit ; tiikHiitta, ppp. 

120 nikhila 

nikhila, adj. entire, all. 

nigacchati, v. (Jgani) to enler, undergo. 

nigantha, m. a naked ascetic. 

nigadati, v. {J gad) to tell, declare, explain; "a, m. speech. 

nigama, ni. a lijwn, the Veda. 

nigaja, m. a chain, tetter. 

niguhita, ppp- {Jguh) covered, concealed. 

nigganhati, v. (sfgah) to subdue, coerce, rebuke, punish; 

°hana, «; niggaha, m. coercion, punishment ; niggahita, 

ppp ; nigg^yha, ger. 
niggata, ppp. (Jgam) departed, gone out. 
niggundl, /. name of a shrub, 
nigghosa, m. noise, uproar, 
nigrodha, to. the banyan tree, 
nigha, m. a tree. 

nighandu, m. a vocabulary, lexicon, dictionary, 
nighateti, v. to kill, destroy, 
niiika, to. a sort of deer, sheep, 
nicaya, to. (J'ci) a heap, accumulation, 
nicita, ppp. (Jci) piled up. 
nicula, m, a kind of evergreen tree, 
nicca, adj. perpetual, lasting, 
niccala, adj. firm, steady, immovable, 
nicchaya, in. (is/ci) decision, conviction, ascertainment, 
niccharati, v. (Jcar) to proceed, go out. Ydcarh *,to utter 

nicchinali, v. (Jci) to ascertain, decide, resolve, inquire; 

°ita, ppp. 
nija, adj. own. 

nijigirhsati, v. to wish to take, covet; "sana, /; "sita, adj. 
nijjata, adj. disentangled, 
nijjara, adj. not growing old ; m. a deva. 
nijjivha, to. a water-fowl, 
nijjhara, m. a cascade, 
nijjhana, n. insight, perception, 
nittha, /. (Jtha) completion, end, disappearance. Nittham 

gacchati, to come to a conclusion, 
nitthati, v. (Jtha)to finish, terminate; nitthita, ppp ; "ana, n. 
nitthubhati, v. to spit out. 
nitthura, adj. harsh, hard, 
niddha, n. a nest. 

ninnaya, m. decision, inquiry, consultation, 
nitamba, m. the buttocks, slope of a hill or bank. 

nipatha I2i 

tiitaraifi, adv. everytime. 

nittala, adj. ' not flat,' spherical. 

nittharatii v. to get across, escape; "ana, n; nitthinna, ppp. 

nitthunati, v. (ijthun) to bewail. 

nida, m. poison. 

nidasseti, v. (Jdis) to point out, show, indicate, advise; 
°sana, n. 

nidahati, nidadhati, nidheti, t;. (Jdah, dha) to deposit, en- 
shrine, hide ; nihita, ppp ; nidhaya, get. 

nidagha, m. the hot season, drought, heat. 

nidana, n. origin, source, introduction. 

nididdhika, /. a sort of the egg-plant. 

niddaya, adj. merciless. 

niddara, adj. painless. 

nidda, /. sleep, slumber, sloth. 

niddayati, v. to sleep ; "ana, n. 

niddalu, "aslll, adj. sleepy, slothful. 

niddisati, v. (»Jdis) to point out, mention, describe, explain; 
"ittha, ppp; niddesa, m. 

niddhana, adj. poor. 

niddhamati, v. to remove, get rid of; niddhanta, PpP- 

niddharana, n. singling out, specifying. 

niddhunaka, n. throwing about the hands in eating. 

niddhota, ppp. (Jdhav) washed, clean, 
niddhana, mn. death. 

nidhana, n. depositing, treasure, receptacle, store; *vsi, adj. 

nidhi, m. (Jdha) a receptacle, treasure, 
nidhura, m. a bracelet. 
ninada> m. (ijnad) noise, 
nindati, v. (►/nind) to blame, despise, 
ninda, /. blame, abuse, reproach, 
nindu, /. mother of a still-born child. 

ninna, adj. lowlying; n. depth, low ground; *ga, /. a river- 
ninnaya, m. certainty, 
ninnahuta, n. a high numeral, 
ninnada, «i. (^ynad) echo, 
ninnejaka, m. a washerman, 
nipa, mn. a waterpot. 
nipaka, adj. experienced, prudent, mature, 
nipaccati, pass. (Jpac) to be settled) laid down, 
nipaccakara, vi. subjection, servitude, 
nipatha, nipatha, m. (.ypath) reading, studying, reader. 

122 nipatati 

nipatati, v. (N/pat) to fall down, descend, rush about. 

nipanna, ppp. (Jpad) lying down. 

nipata, m. (J pat) descending, a particle or indeclinable. 

nipuna, adj. subtle, clever, abstruse. 

nippakka, adj. (^/pac) boiled, infused. 

nippajjati, 'l;.(^/pad)lobe accomplished, succeed; nipphanna, 

nippava, m. winnowing, clearing, 
nippileti, v. (Jpi!) to vex, oppress; °!ana, n. 
nippesika, m. a slanderer, 
nipphala, adj. fruitless, useless. 
nipphadeti, cans. (Jpad) to accomplish, perform; °dana, n; 

°dita, ppp. 
nibaddharh, adv. continually, constantly, alv/ays. 
nibandhati, v. (Jbandh) to bind, continue; °a, m; "ana, n. 
nibba, n. the eaves of a roof, 
nibbattati, v. (Jvatt) to spring up, arise, be born; °a, ppp; 

°ana, n; nibbatti, /. birth, 
nibbana, *tha, nibbana, adj. free from the corruptions, sins, 
nibbandhati, v. (Jbandh) to press hard, keep a firm hold on. 
nibbati, nibbayati, v. ( Jva) to be extinguished or calm, cease ; 

nibbuta, ppp. 
nibbana, v. (Jva) arhantship, sanctity, cessation of human 

nibbikara, adj. unchanged, free from emotion, 
nibbikkheparti, adv. without confusion, 
nibbijjati, v. (s/vid) to be disgusted, wearied of the world, 
nibbijjhati, v. (Jvidh) to pierce, transfix, wound; nibbiddha, 

nibbida, /. (Jvid) disgust or weariness of the world, 
nibbindati, i>. (Jvid) to be disgusted, wearied of the world; 

nibbinna, ppp. 
nibbuddha, n. wrestling, 
nibbuti, /. peace ; tranquillity, calm. 

nibbetheti, v. (Jveth) to untwist, unravel, deny; "thana, n. 
nibbedheti, cans. (iJvidh) to pierce, penetrate; "dha, to; 

"dhaka, adj. 
nibbematika, adj. unanimous, 
nibbesa, m. wages, salary, 
nibbharaiii, adv. excessively, ardently, 
nibha, adj. like, resembling, 
nima, m. a short stake driven in the ground to mark the site 

of a building or to catch something stretched out. 

nirakula 123 

nimantett, v. (Jmant) to invite, offer; nimantana, n, 

nimi, m. the circumference of a circle. 

nimitta, n. a sign, mark, token, reason. 

nimisa, m. the closing of the eyes, a moment. 

nimileti, v. to close the eyes. 

nimba, m. the nimb tree. 

nimbuka, in. the orange tree. 

nimmathitai, ppP- (J math) stirred, agitated. 

nimmaddeti, v. (J mad) to crush, subdue; "dana, n. 

ntmmanthya, adj. to be stirred or rubbed. 

nimmala, adj. stainless. 

nimmata, m. (Jma) a creator. 

nimminati, nimmayati, v. (Jma) to create, fashion, make; 

nimmita, Ppp. 
nimmujjati, v. to sink, plunge, dive ; nimmugga, ppp. 
nimmoka, m. the slough or cast-off skin of a snake, 
niya, adj. own. 

niyata, ppp. (Jyam) fixed, certain, temperate, assured, 
niyati, /. destiny, fate, 
niyanta, to. a guide, steersman. 

niyameti, -o. (Jyam) to fix, ordain, restran ; °ma, m; "mana,?!. 
niyama, m. way, manner, fixed order; *ka, m. a sailor, 

nijrutta, ppp. attached, joined, 
niyura, m. a bracelet. 

niyoga, w» (•^yuj) injunction, order, appointment, 
niyojeti, cans. (»/yuj) to appoint, enjoin, ordain, decree; 

"jana, n. 
niyyati, v. (iJya) to go out, depart, 
niyyadeti, caus, to restore, give back, 
nijryana, n. (Jya) setting out, departure, 
niyyanika, adj. leading out to salvation, 
niyyasa, m. gum, resin, juice, 
niyyuha, m. a crest, clothes-peg, gum, sap, door, 
niraggala, adj. unobstructed, 
nirata, ppp. (J ram) pleased, delighted, 
nirattha, *ka, adj. useless, vain, 
nirantaraiti, adv. without interval, continuously, 
niraya, to. hell. 

niravasesa, adj. without a reminder) all. 
nirasana, n. rejection ; adj. fasting, 
nirakati, /. rejection, contradiction, 
nirakula, adj. undisturbed, tranquil. 

,.. nira tanks 


nirataiikoi, adj. free from disquieU safe. 

niratapa, /. nighl. 

niramaya, adj. liealtliy. 

niramisa, adj. free from tlie fleshy needs of the world, 

ninijjhati,-.'. (Jrudfi) to cease, perish; niruddha, ppp. 
niriitti, /. glossology, derivation of words, 
nirupakara, adj. useless, 
niroja, adj. tasteless, 
nirodha, m. (Jrudh) cessation, nibbana. 
nilaya, "i. a dwelling, abode, nest. 

niliyati, v. (-Jli) to settle down, alight, hide; nilina, ppp. 
nillajja, adj. shameless, 
nilleliaka, m. (Jleh) licking, 
nillopa, TO. (^/lup) plundering, 
nivattati, v. (-'vatt) to turn back, return, depart, halt, cease; 

°ana, ?i ; nivatta, ppp: nivatti, /. 
nivattha, ppp. (Jvas) dressed, 
nivara, /. a virgin. 

nivasati, v. (Jvas) to dwell, live; nivuttha, ppp. 
nivaha, m. a i-nultitude, quantity, 
nivata, m. lowliness, meekness, 
nivapa, to. spirit-oflfering, charity, provision, food, 
nivara, to. prevention. 

nivareti, -v. to keep off, prevent, hinder, ; "rana, n. 
liivasa, to-; *na, n. residence, abode. 

nivaseti, v. to put on, dress; cans. (Jyas) to cause to dwell. 
nivisati, v. (Jvis) to Settle, enc;\mp; nivittha, ppp- 
nivuta, ppp- hindered, surrounded, 
nivuttha, ppp- (x/vas) inhabited, 
nivedeti, cans- (Jvid) to inform, announce, relate; "dana, 

11; "di, adj. 
niveseti, cans. (-Jvis) to introduce, place, establish, build; 

"sana, n. residence, 
nisagga, to. natural state, nature, 
nisajja, /. (Jsad) sitting, session, 
nisada, mj. a grindstonee. 
nisanti, /. careful attention, observation, 
nisanda, w. result, consequence, 
nisammakarl, adj. careful, cercumspect. 
nisa, /. night; *kara, m. the moon; *cara, m. a ghost, thief. 
nisajala, n. frost, dew. 
nisada, vi. n musical note^—SQiiiijdl — 

nigha 125 

nisadassT, m. a cat, tiger, owl. 

nisadi, /. evening. 

nisameti, cans, to attend, listen to, mind, observe ; "mana, n, 

nisaratana, m. the moon. 

nisita, ppp- sharpened, whetted. 

nisinua, ppp. (Jsid) seated, settled. 

nisTtha, m. midnight. 

nisidati, v. (VsTd) to sit down, settle, alight ; "ana, n. 

nisiidana, 77. destroying, slaughter. 

nisedheti, v. to prevent, prohibit, dissuade; nisedha, »n; 

"dhana, ?j. 
nisevati, :'. (Jsev) to serve, follow, practise, resort to. 
nissatiisaya, adj. undoubted, certain, 
nissakka, vi. the ablative case, 
nissakkana, n. going out. 
nissagga, m. (.Jsaj) giving up, abandonment, 
nissajjati, v. {Jsaj) to give up, abandon, surrender; "ana, n. 
nissatta, adj. unsubstantial, powerless, 
nissana, m. a sound, noise, 
nissanda, m. consequence, result, 
nissaya, m. shelter, help, protection, requisite, gloss, 
nissayati, v. (Jsi) to depend on, belong to. 
nissarati, 7J. (is/sar) to depart, escape; "ana, n. departure, 

outcome, result, salvation, 
nissaya, ger. (•Jsi) dependent upon, near, on account of. 
nissara, adj. sapless, 
nissarana, n. expulsion, 
nissava, m. the scum of boiled rice, 
nissasa, m. (^/sas) breath, 
nissita, ppp. (i^si) dependent on, connected with, devoted 

to; *ka, m. a pupil, adherent, 
nissirlka, adj. inglorious, unfortunate, ill-fated, 
nisslma, adj. outside the boundary, 
nissila, adj. irreligious, 
nisseni, /. a ladder, stairs, 
nissesa, adj. (Jsis) without a remainder, all, entire ; *to, adv. 

nihanti, v. (^han) to destroy, put an end to, settle; nihata, 

ppp. (^/han). 
nihita, ppp- (Jdha)laid down, treasured up. 
nihlna, ppp. (Jha) low, vile, mean, 
nihiyati, pass. ( Jha) to deteriorate, decay, 
nlgha, m. grief, suffering, woe. 

126 "'<=* 

nica, adj. low (not high), inferior. 

nicabhojja, m. onion. 

nita, ppp. Utii) led, inferred; "attha, natural meaning. 

nfti, /. ( Jnl) guidance, behaviour, pratice, polity ; *sattha, n. 

nlpa, m. a species of asoka tree, 
nira, n. water. 

nlla, adj. dark blue, blue-green, 
nilagiva, m. a peacock, 
nilabha, in. the moon, beetle, 
nllaloha, n. steel, 
nilasappa, m. a whip-snake, 
nllika, /. moss, indigo, 
nilinl, nill, /. the indigo plant, 
nivarana, n. (Jvar) hindrance, obstacle- 
nivara, m. wild paddy, 
nlsara, m. a blanket, curtain, 
niharati, v. (Jhar) to draw out, remove, release ; "ana, n; 

nihata, ppp. 
nihara, m. way, manner, fog, frost. 
nu, indecl. now, pray ! I wonder. 

nudati, v. (Jnud) to dispel, remove, put away ; nutta, nunna, 
ppp; °ana, n; °a, "aka, adj. 

nuta, ppp. praised. 

nuti, /. praise. 

nutana, adj. new, fresh. 

niimi, /. the prickly-pear. 

nuna, adv. surely, I suppose. 

nupura, m. an anklet. 

neka, *ka, adj. several, many. 

nekatika, adj. fallacious, dishonest. 

nekayika, adj. versed in the Nikayas. 

nekkhamma, n. («ykam) forsaking, renouncing the world, 
entering the monkhood. 

negama, m. a townsman, trader, produce. 

neta, m. (Jni)a guide, leader. 

neti, see nayati. 

netta, n. the eye; *tara, /. the pupil of the eye. 

nettika, to. one who makes conduits for irrigating rice-fields. 

nettiriisa, adj. merciless; m. a sword. 

nepakka, n. prudence, discrimination. 

nepaccha, n. adornment of the person, costume. 

nepuiifia, n. cleverness. 

pakkamati 127 

nemi, /. the circumference of a wheel. 

nemittaka, m. a fortune-teller. 

neyyayika, m. a student of the Nyaya philosophy, dailec- 

nerayika, m. a hell-being, one suffering in hell, 
neru, m. Meru. 

neruttika, m. an etymologist, philologist, 
nevasailrianasanna, /. neither consciousness nor hon-coii- 

rievasika, adj. (Jvas) inhabiting, 
nesajjika, n. practice of the sitting posture, 
nesada, m. a hunter, fisherman, 
nela, adj, innocent, blameless, 
no, indecl. no, not ; pron. a substitute for the oblique cases 

plural of the first person pronoun, 
no ce, adv. if not. 
nonita, n. see navanita. 

nyasa, m. a deposit, pledge, mortgage, multitude, 
nharu, mn. a vein, artery. 

paihsu, nt. dust, dirt; *kulika, m. one who wears clothes 

made of rags taken from a dust heap, 
pa, pref. meaning ' forth', * away.' 
pakattha, adj. excellent, eminent, prominent, 
pakanda, m. the trunk of a tree. 

pakati, /. origin, natural state, the crude stem of a word, 
pakampita, ppp. (Jkamp) shaken, 
pakarana, «■• dissertation, thesis, literary composition, 
pakaroti, "O. (ijkar) to make, perform, 
pakara, m. sort, kind, manner, 
pakasati, v. («/kas) to become clear,. visible; "seti, caus, to 

explain, declare; "sana, ti; "saka, adj. 
pakinnaka, adj, particular, miscellaneous, 
pakitteti, v. (.>/kitt) to proclaim, 
pakujjhati, v. ( Jkudh) to be angry, 
pakuppati, v. (iJkup) to be angry, 
pakottha, m. the fore-arm. 
pakoti, /• a high numeral. 

pakopa, m. (h/kup) anger, fury, ebullition, effervescence, 
pakka, ppp, (<v/pac) cookedi mature, ripe, 
pakkamati, v, (Jkara) to depart, start, set out; "ma, m. 

128 pakkosati 

pakkosati, v. (^/kus) to call, summon, send for; "ana, /. 

pakkha, m. a cripple, wing, side, faction, fortnight. 

pakkhantara, adj. of the opposite parly, changeable.^ 

pakkhandati,t).(Jkhand) to.spring forth; "nta, ppp ; ana, n. 

pakkhandika, /. diarrhoea, dysentery. 

pakkhandi, adj. bold, braggart. 

pakkhapata, m. paialytic attack. 

pakkhapasa, m. the kyestone of a roof, duck's feather. 

pakkhabilala, m. a flying fox. 

pakkhalati, v. (^/khal) to trip, stumble, stagger. 

pakkhaleti, v. to wash, cleanse. 

pakkhika, adj. belonging to a party; m. a fowler. 

pakkhipati, t). (Jkhip) to throw, insert; interpolate; "itta 

pakkhi, TO. a bird. 

pakkhepa, TO;*na, n. insertion, interpolation, 
pakhuma, n. an eyelash, 
pagabbha, adj. impudent, forward, bold, 
pagamana, n. (Jgam) moving off, going away, 
paguna, adj. straight, familiar, known by heart ; "am karcti, 

to learn by heart, 
pagumba, m. forest, jungle, 
page, adv. in the morning, early, 
pageva, adv. much more, 
paggaiihati, v. (is/gah) to hold out, exert, grasp, favour, 

uphold, support; paggahita, ppp. 
paggaha, to. (ijgah) energy, striving, favour, patronage, 
paggharati, v. (Jghar) to ooze, trickle; "ana, n. 
paghana, to. a covered terrace before a house, 
panka, mn. mud, sin; *ja, n. a lotus; *danta, m. a hermit, 
pahkeruha, n. a lotus, 
pangu, *la, adj. lame, crippled, 
pacaodati, v. {Jcand) to be furious, 
pacati, V. {^Ipac) to cook,, dress, food; paccati, pass, to be 

tormented; "ana, n; pakka, pacita, ppp. 
pacaya, to. (n/cI) a heap, accumulation, 
pacara, m. (J car) wandering, a road, 
pacala, adj. ( Jcal) shaking, trembling, 
pacalayika, /. nodding, dozing, 
paca, /. (^ipac) ripeness, maturity, 
pacita, TO. (tVpac) a cook. 

pacinati, v. (jci) to gather, pick, collect; pacessati, fut. 
pacura, adj. much, many, frequent. 

paccupatthana 129 

paccakkosali, v. (Jkus) to revile in return, recriminate; 

"ana, n. 
paccakkha, adj. visible, evident, present, 
paccakkhati, v. (Jkha) to refuse, deny, repudiate; "ana, n. 
paccaggha, adj. new. 
paccaiiga, n. minor limb, minor requisite, 
paccatta, adv. singly, individually, 
paccattharana, n. (Jthar) a carpet, cushion, mat. 
paccatthika, adj. hostile, adverse ; m. an enemy, 
paccanlka, adj. hostile, adverse, 
paccambhoti, v. (JbhCi) to enjoy one by one. 
paccanta, adj. bordering on, adjacent ; "aiii, adv. finally, 
paccantima, adj. bordering on, adjacent, 
paccaya, m. cause, requisite, motive, conviction, tl'ust, gram- 

matical affix, 
paccayakara, m. causal chain, chain of causation, 
paccayika, adj. trusting, trusworthy. 
paccarl, /. a raft, 
paccavekkhinti, 7;. (N/ikkh) to reflect, contemplate, look at; 

"ana, n. 
paccagacchati, v. (Jgam) to return; "gamana, n. 
paccacikkhati, v. (Jcikkh) to repudiate, reject, 
paccajayati, v. (Jja) to be reborn, 
paccadana, n. (Jda) taking back. 
pacCadesa, m. (Jdis) refusal, rejection, 
paccamitta, m. an enemy, adversary, 
paccaya, m. revenue, tax. 
paccavattana, n. (Jvatt) retreating, receding, 
paccaroceti, v. (J rue) to say in return, 
pnccasanna, adj. near. 
paccasa, /. hope, expectation. 

paccasiriisati, v. (Jsaifis) to desire, expect, look for. 
paccahaih, adv. daily, 
paccaharati, v, (Jhar) to bring back, take back; "hara, m. 

paccuggacchati, v. {tjgam) to go out to meet, set out; 

''gamana, n. 
paccutthati, v. ( Jtha) to rise (in token of respect), reappear ; 

"ana, n. 
paccuttara, n. reply. 

paccudavattati, v. (pati + ud + a Jvatl) to retreat, 
paccupakara, m. (pati + upa Jkar) service in return, requital, 
paccupatthana, «. manifestation, visible appearance. 

130 paccupatthapeti 

paccupatthapeti. v. (pati + upas/tha) to provide, obtain; 

"thita, ppp. imminent, approaching, 
paccuppanna, /i/ip. (pali 4- udJpad) existing, ready, present, 
paccusa, «i. morning, dawn, 
paccuha, ?n. an obstacle. 

pacceka, adj. (pati + elva) single, each one, individual, 
pacceti, v. (patiJi) to return, come back; patita, ppp. 
paccoriihati, v. (pati + ON/ruh) to come down again, 
paccosakkati, v. to retreat, 
pacchada, m. (Jehad) cover, awning. 

paccha, pacchato, adv. behind, back, afterwards, westwards, 
pacchatapa, m; pacchanutapana, n. (J tap) repentance, 

pacchanipati, adj. retiring to bed after another, 
pacchanubandha, m. {^/bandh) closely following, 
pacchabandha, m. rudder-box. 
pacchabhattari:, adv. after meal, in the afternoon, 
pacchabhattika, m. one who eats a late meal, 
pacchilbliaga, to. ( Jbhaj) the hind quarters, 
pacchamukha, adj. looking westward, 
pacchaya, fn. a dense shade, 
pacchasamana, m. an attendant novice, 
pacchi, /. a basket. 

pacchijjati, pass. (Jchid) to be cut off, to cease; "inna, ppp. 
pacchima, adj. last, western- 
pajappa, m. (Jjapp) muttering, jabbering, 
pajahati, v. (JhH) to forsake, give up, escape; pahina, ppp. 
paja, /. progeny, race, mankind, 
pajana, n. (Jfia) knowledge, 
pajanati, v. (Jfia) to know, understand, discern; paiifiata, 

PPP; paiiniiyati, pass. 
pajfipati, m. Brahman, Mara; /. a wife. 
pajja, m. dress, road; n. a verse, water for the feet, 
pajjalati, v. (-Jjal) to burn, blaze, 
pajjunna, m. a cloud, 
pajjotati, V. (,ijut) to shine; 'a, to. light, lamp, lustre; 

"aka, adj. 
panca, num. five, 
pancagutta, 7U. a tortoise. 

paficasikha, to. name of a lieavenlv musician, 
paficassa, to. a lion, 
paficapa, to/w. the Punjab, 
pafijara, mn, a cage, frame. 

paticchada 131 

pafijalika, adj. raising the joined hands to the forehead in 

paiiiiatti, /. derlaration, enactment, ordinance, precept, regu- 

parina, /. (^/^a) knowledge, wisdom, understanding. 

paiifiajia, n. a mark, sign, knowledge. 

paniiapeti, (caus. pajdnfiti) to make known, declare, appoint ; 
pafinatta, ppp. 

paiifiayati, {pass. pajanCiti) to be known, to appear, exist. 

paiifiasa, num. fifty. 

panha, m. a question. 

pata, mn. cloth, garment. 

patanga, w. a moth, grasshopper. 

patala, n. a covering, membrane, thatch, heap. 

pataha, m. a kettledrum. 

pati, pref. towards, against, back, in return. 

patikankhati, v. (N/kankh) to expect, await. 

patikamma, n. cure, repairs, atonement. 

patikaroti, v. (Jkar) to make amends, repair; "kara, n. 

patikassana, n. drawing back. 

patika, /. white woollen cloth. 

patikujjeti, v. to cover (as a bowl.) 

patikutati, v. (Jkut) to bow, bend. 

patikkamati, v. (Jkam)to retreat, depart, step back ; "kanta, 
ppp ; "a, TO. reverse order. 

patikkQla, adj. contrary, disagreeable. 

patikkosati, v. {^/kus) to blame, revile, scorn; "ana, n. ' 

patikkhanarh, adv. every moment. 

patikkhipati, 0. (Jkhip) to refuse, oppose; "khepa, m. 

patikhamapita, ppp. ( Jkham) forgiven in return. 

patiganhati, v. (i>/gah) to take, receive, welcome, assent ; 
"ggahana, n; "ggaha, m; "ggahita, ppp. 

patigha, mn. anger, hatred. 

patighata, m. concussion, repulsion. 

patighosa, m. (ijghus) echo. 

paticikkhati, v. (^ycikkh) to resolve. 

paticodeti, caws. (-Vcud) to blame, reprove. 

paticca, gcr. (Ji) on account of, by reason of. 

paticcasamuppada, m. chain of causation, causal genesis. 

padcchati, v. (J is) to take, receive. 

paticchada, m. (Jehad) a covering, shelter. 

132 paticchadeti 

paticchadeti, v. (N/cliad) to cover, conceal, deny, clothe one- 
self ; "channa, ppp; 'dak-d., adj ; °dana, n; "daniya, n. 
soup, the flavour of meat. 

paticchaya, /. an image, photograph. 

patijaggati, v. to watch over, look after, tend; "ana, v. 

patijanati, v. (Jna) to acknowledge, confess, approve, re- 
cognize; patinnata, ppp. 

patiiina, /. ( Jna) agreement, promise, vow ; "nam moceti, 
to redeem one's promise. 

palidanda, m. retribution. 

patidadati, patideti, v. (Jda) to give in return, restore. 

paiideseti, cans. (Jdis) to confess. 

patinandati, v. (^/nand) to welcome, express gratification. 

patinidhi, m. image, likeness. 

patinivedeti, cans, (is/vid) to announce, bring back news. 

patinissagga, m. forsaking. 

patinissajjeti, cans. (Jsajj) to forsake, renounce ; "attha, ppp. 

patipakkha, m. an opponent, enemy, hostility. 

patipajjati, ii.(Jpad)to enter upon, follow, pratise ; "panna, 

patipanameti, v. (Jnam) to bend down again. 

patipatti, /. (Jpad) performance, practice, conduct. 

patipatha, m. a confronting road. 

patipadam, adv. step by step, in due order. 

patipada, /. accessi path, progress, conduct, the first day of 
the waxing moon. 

patipatij /. succession, order. 

patipada, 7M. a support, foundation; *na, n. (»/pad) im- 

patipuggala, m. a rival. 

patipucchati, v. (^Jpucch) to inquire, counter-question ;''cha, 
/; "ana, n. 

palipilana, n. (Jpil) pressing, punching. 

palippassambhati, 7). (Jsambh) to be calmed, to subside; 
"saddha, Ppp ; °ana, n. 

palibaddha, ppp. (Jbadh) bound, obstructed. 

patibala, adj. competent, adequate. 

patibimba, n. a reflection, image. 

patibahati, °heti, v. (.Jvah) to reject, put away, avert ; "hana, 

patibujjhati, v. (^budh) to awake; "bodha, m. 

patibhaya, adj. terrible, fearful. 

patisartkhati 133 

patibhaga, m. an enemy, one who is of the opposite party ; 
adj. equal, similar. 

paUbliHti, V. (is/bha.) to appear, occur. 

patihhana, »». ready wit, repartee, prompt speech. 

patibhu, in, a surety. 

patima, /. counterpart, image, picture. Appatima, adj. 

palimSseti, v. (Jmas) to explore, search. 

patimukha, adj. opposite, at hand, present. 

patimuiicati, v, (Jmuc) to put on, fasten, bind, accoutre; 
"ukka, ppp. 

patiyadeti, v. (Jyat) to prepare, provide; "yatta, ppp. 

patirava, m. (x/ru) echo. 

patilabhati, v. (Jlabh) to receive, regain; "labha, m. acqui- 

patilekhana, n. (Jlikh) a reply letter. 

patiloma, adj. contrary, reverse. 

pativacana, n. (J vac) answer, rejoinder. 

pafivatteti, v. (Jvatt) to roll someting against, knock, 

patvadati, v. (Jvad) to answer, retort; "vatta, m. one who 

pativasati, v. {»/vas) to dwell, live. 

pativakya, n. (Jvac) reply. 

pativana, n. opposition, resistance. 

pativatarii, adv. against the wind. 

palivirhsa, m. portion. 

pativijjhati, v. (Jvidh) to penetrate, split, acquire, mas- 
ter; "ana, »; "iddha, ppp. 

pativibhatta, ppp. (Jbhaj) divided, distributed. 

pativineti, v. ( Jni) to subdue, repress. 

pativinodeti, v. (Jnud) to remove, dismiss; "dan.i, >?. 

pativirati, /. (Jram) abstinence. 

pativiruddha, ppp- (Jrudh) hostile, opposed. 

pativissaka, adj. neighbouring. 

pativedeti, v. (iJvid) to announce, assist. 

pativedha, vi. (Jvidh) penetration, comprehension. 

patisarhyutta, "saiifiutta, ppp- (-Jyuj) connected with. 

patisatiiharati, v. (Jhar) to draw back, fold, change. 

patisankharoti, v. («/kar) to repair, mend, restore; "khara, 
m ; "rana, n. 

patisankhati, v- (/>/kha)to reflect, meditate; °ana, n. 

J34 patisancikkhati 

paiisancikkhaii, v. (Jc\kkh) to consider, revolve a matter 

in the mind, 
patisattu, m. an enemy, 
patisanlharati. v. (Jtliar) to greet, be favourably disposed 

to ; °thara, m- 
paiisandaiiati, v- (Jdha) to he reiiorn, conceive: 'dhi, m. 
patisama, adj. equal to. 

patisambhida, /. (^/bhid) discrimination, analysis, 
patisammajjati, v. (Jmaj) to sweep over again, 
patisammodana, n. (►Jmud) friendly greeting in return, 
paiisamvedeti, "diyati, v. (Jvkl) to feel, experience, enjoy, 

perceive; "vidita, ppp ; "dl, adj. 
patisarana, n. refuge, help, defence. 

patisameti, v. <Jsam) to put away, set in order; "mana, n. 
patisari, adj. trusting in, leaning on. 
patisiddha, ppp- (Jsidh) forbidden, 
patisunati, v. («/su) to assent,, reply, 
patisedheti, v. (N/sidh) to prohibit, ward off, restrain; 
"dhana, n. 

patisevati, v. (Jsev) to receive, practise; "ana, n. 

patisotaiti, adv. against the stream. 

patissava, m. ( Jsu) assent, promise, reply ; Vivi, adj. will- 
ing, ready. 

paii, /. coarse cloth, canvas. 

patu, adj. sharp, skilful, sensible, healthy; *bhava, m. 

patola, m. a species of cucumber. 

patta, m. a strip, slip, riband, tablet, slab, cloth, bandage, 

pattaka, m. a cloth. 

pattana, n. a port, seaport, 

pattika, /• a slip, tablet, bandage, ribbon. 

patthapeti, v. ( Jtha) to establish, furnish, provide, set going 

patthana, n. (iJtha) departure, origin, causal relation. 

patthaya, ger. beginning from, since, from. 

pathati, v. ( Jpath) to read. 

pathama, adj. first, earliest, best. 

pathavi, /. the earth. 

pana, m. a bet, wager, hire, wealth, trade, shop. 

panaka, m. a water-plant, moss. 

panakha, m. the tip of a finger. 

panaganthi, m. house-bazaar. 

panamati, v. (Jnam) to bend; panata, ppp. 

patitnandita 135 

panaya, )H. allection, confidence. 

panava, m. a small drum or tabor. 

patiama, m. bending, salutation. 

panall, /. a runnel, water-pipe. 

panidahati, "dheti, v. (Jdha) to wish for, pray, aspire to, 

direct ; panihita, ppp ; " dhana, n ; °dhi, m. 
panipatati, v. to prostrate oneself; "p^ta, to. 
paniya, adj. saleable. 

panita, {ppp- paneti) accomplished, exalted, excellent, 
paneti, v. to bring, accomplish, perform, 
pandaka, »i. a eunuch, 
pandara, adj. white, pale, yellowish. 

pandava, m. a descendant of Pandu, name of a mountain, 
panda, /. knowledge, wisdom, 
pandicca, n. scholarship, learning, 
pandita, adj. wise, learned; *ka, in. a pedant, 
pandu, adj. light yellow; *kanibala, in. Sakka's throne; 

*roga, m. jaundice, 
panna, in. a leaf, epistle, 
pannatti, see pannatti. 
paiinasala, /. a leaf-hut, hermitage, 
paanakara, m. a present. 
paiinasalia, n. a collection of fifty, 
pannuvlsati, num. twenty -five, 
panha, n. morning, 
panhi, mf. the heel; adj. variegated, 
patanga, patanta, m. a bird, 
patati, V. (Jpat) to fail, alight, 
patatta, n. a wing, 
pataka, /. a flag, banner, 
patapa, m. (Jtap) heat, majesty, 
patapana, m. one of the eight hells, 
patarana, n. elevation, aggrandisement, 
patareti, caus. (»Jtar) to mislead, deceive, 
pati, in. master, lord, husband, 
patikittha, ppp' contemptible, vile, interior, 
patikula, n. husband's family, 
patikriya, /. giving medicine, remedying, 
patiginati, ■<)• i'Jg'i) to approve, permit, 
patitthati, patitthahati, v. (Jtha) to stand tifmly, fix, svt 

up; "tha, /. fixity, stay, asylum; "ana, n; "thita, ppp. 
patibbata, /. a devoted wife. 
patimai?4ita, PPP\ (i^nlaij<^) adorned, decoratedi 

1^6 patimanteti 

patimanteti, v. (Jmant) to discuss, refute. 

patimaneti, caus. to revere- 

patirupa, adj. suitable, proper; *ka, adj.^ resembling. 

patisallana, n. (^li) solitude, seclusion; "lina, ppp. 

patisibbati, v. (^/siv) to sew, embroider. 

patisunfta, /. a widow. 

patissata, ppp. thoughtful, recollecting. 

patissaya, m. i>Jsi) a house, dwelling. 

patissa, /. assent, obedience. 

patTcT, /. the west. 

patfra, n. a shore, bank. 

patoda, m.. ( Jtud) a goad. 

patta, HI. a monk's bowl; n. a wing, leaf; *pani, m. a 

pattakalla, n. timeliness, seasonableness. 

pattaiiga, n. red sandal. 

pattapindikanga, n. the ascetic practice of eating out of one 
dish only. 

pattapufa, n. a small basket made of leaves. 

pattapuppha, m. a croton plant. 

pattayana, m. a bird- 

pattanika, n. infantry. 

patti, tn. a foot soldier; /. (Jap) attainment, gain. 

pattidana, n. sharing of one's merit, transfeience of merit. 

patti, m. an arrow. 

pattunna, n. woven silk cloth. 

pattha, m. a measure of capacity, table-land on a mountain- 
top ; adj. secluded, solitary. 

patthaddha, adj. stilT, stark. 

patthana, /. desire, wish, prayer, aspiration. 

pattharati, v. <■ Jthar) to spread, strew, overspread; patthata, 
ppp ; "a., m. a flat surface. 

paithavana, /. a prologue. 

patthiva, m. a king. 

pattheti, patthayati, v. ( Jatth) to wish for, pray. 

patha, m. a path, road, course, way. 

pathaddhi, /. a street, thoroughfare. 

pathavi, pathika, m. a traveller. 

pada, ft. step, stride, footprint, trace, track, mark, site, office, 
rank, abode, business, part, foot of a stanza ; m. word, 
sentence, the foot. 

padaka, w. an etymologist. 

papacla I37 

padcikkhina, m/n. walking round a person or tfiing on one's 

right in salutation, 
padaga, m. a foot-soldier, 
padacetiya, n. a holy foot-print, 
padatthana, n. a proximate cause 
padara, m. a plank, crevice, chasm, 
padavi, /• a road- 

padahati, v. ( Jdha) to strive, exert, 
padati, m. a pedestrian, peon, foot-soldier, 
padana, »v (Jda) giving, imparting, 
padanuga, m. a follower, attendant, 
padaleti, caus. (iJdal) to break, burst, tear, 
padika, m. a pedestrian, foot-soldier. 

padipa, m. ( Jdip) a lamp ; *ka, adj. illustrating, explaining, 
padipeti, v. (»ydTp) to kindle, 
paduttha, ppp- (t/dus) corrupt, wicked, 
paduma, mn. a lotus, name of a hell, a high numeral; *ka, 

n. a lotus ornament in architecture, 
padumaraga, in. red ruby, 
padumini, /. the lotus plant, 
padumuttara, m. one of the Buddhas. 
padussati, v. (Jdus) to be corrupt, wicked; 'ana, n. 
padesa, in. a place, spot, region, country, 
padodaka, n. water for the feet. 
padosa, ni. ( Jdus) fault, sin, twilight, 
paddhaf, /. a road, line. 

padhana, adj. principal, pre-eminent ; n. exertion, striv ing. 
pana, adv. now, but, however, 
panatta, in. a grandson, 
panasa, m. the jack tree, 
panali, /. water course, gutter, pipe- 

panudati, d. (Jnud) to remove, dispel; °unna, ppp; 'ana, n. 
panta, m. border, verge, end. 
panti, /. a row, range, series- 
pantha, m. a road; *dusaka, in. a highway robber; ''thika, 

in. a traveller, 
panna, ppp. fallen, gone- 
pannalia, m. a snake, 
pannarasa, num. fifteen, 
papanceti, v. to linger, tarry, delay, ca, m. 
papatati. v. (J pat) to fall down, fall from; "ana, n. 
papada. m. the lip of ihe foot, toe. 

138 papa 

papa, /. a shed oh the roadside where travellers are supplied. 

with water, 
papata, m. a precipice, declivity, 
papitamaha, m. a paternal great-grandfather, 
paputta, m. a grandson, descendant, 
papupphaka, n. a flower-tipped arrow, 
pappotheti, cans, to shake, strike, knock, 
papphasa, n. the lungs, 
paphulla, adj. blossoming, budding, joyful, 
pabandha, m. (Jbandh) a series, narrative, literary com- 
pabala, adj. strong, powerful, 
pabujjhati, v. (Jbudh) to wake up, be awake, enlightened; 

pabodheti, caiw ; pabuddha, ppp- 
pabba, n. a knot, joint : *ja, adj. made of reeds or rushes, 
pabbajati, r. (Jvaj) to go forth, exile oneself, take the 

robe; "ana, n; °jja, /. ordination, 
pabbata, m. a mountain; "teyya, adj. belonging to moun- 
pabbu, m. a cat, mongoose, 
pabbhara, m. a cave, cavern, 
pabhaiikara, adj. light-giving, 
pabhaiiguna, n. dissolution, break-up. 

pabhavati, v. (iJbhu) to arise, originate ; "a, m. birth, origin, 
pabhassara, adj. bright, radiant, 
pabha, /. (Jbha) light, radiance, 
pabhati, v. (Jbha) to become light, dawn; "ta, ppp. 
pabhava, m. power, might, dignity, 
pabhasati, -.'. (Jbhas) to talk, prate ; "seti, cans, to enlighten, 

illuminate; "a. m. illumination, 
pabhijjati, 1). (Jbhid) to be split, to burst, open, perish; 

"inna, ppp. 
pabhuti, /. commencement; adv. since, subsequently to. 
pabhutta, n. lordship, 
pabhfi, adj. able, powerful, 
pabheda, m. (Jbhid) difference, sort, kind; *na, n. the juice 

from a must elephant's temples, 
pamajjati, v. (Jmad) to be negligent, remiss, heedless; 

ana, n. 
pamatta, ppp. (J mad) negligent, heedless, 
pamathita, ppp. (iJmath) agitated, 
pamada, m. pleasure, 
patnada, /. a woman, 

paramniimmittavasavaftkleva 139 

pamaddana, adj. crushing, destroying. 

panifi, /. true knowledge. 

pamana, n- measure, scale, size, authority, motive; *ka, adj. 

of the size of ; "nika, adj. comparable, 
pamata, m. an authority; /. a mother's mother; *maha, m. 

mother's grandfather, 
pamada, vi. (Jmad) negligence, heedlessness; "dl, *va, adj. 
pamiti, f. correct knowledge, certainty, comparison, 
pamukha, adj. in front of, facing, first, principal, 
pamuticati, v. (ijmuc) to emit, utter, loosen, release; "ukka, 

"utta, ppp. 
pamuda, m. (Jmud) joy; "dita, ppp. joyful, pleased, 
pamuyhati, v. (Jmuh) to swoon, be bewildered, 
pamussati, v. (Jmus) to forget, leave behind; °uttha, ppp. 
pampaka, pampataka, m. a loris. 
pamha, n. see pakhuma. 
pamhita, adj. smiling, laughing, 
paya, mn. water, milk, 
payata, adj. pure. 

payatana, n. putting forth effort, striving, 
payaga, m. a river bathing-place, 
payati, v. (Jya.) to proceed, advance; "ta; ppp. 
payama, m. length, 
payirupasati, v. (pari + y + upaJas) to sit beside, attend, 

associate with, serve, 
payunjati, v. ( Jyuj) to yoke, harness, employ, behave ; °utta, 

ppp; "^yojeti, caus : "yojana, n. appointment, command, 

object, aim. 
payoga, m. (Jyuj) motive, means, use, instrumentality. 

ge sati, when occason requires, 
payoghana, m. hail, ice. 
payoda, m. a cloud. 

payodhara, m. a cloud, woman's breast, 
payodhi, in. the ocean, 
pararh, adv. beyond, more than, 
para, adj. distant, other, opposite, highest ; *to, adv. further, 

parakiya, adj. belonging to others, 
parakula, n. the family of another, 
parakkamati, v. (Jkam) to strive, exert, oneself; "a, m. 
parattha, adv. elsewhere ; m. the public good, 
paranimmittavasavattideva, m. pi. inhabitants of the highest 

of the deva worlds. 

140 parantapa 

parantapa, adj. tormenting others. 

paraputtha, parabhata, to. the Indian cuckoo. 

parabhaga, m. superiority, pre-eminence- 

parama, adj. highest, first, best, principal, exceeding. 

paramatta, m. the heresy of the soul-theory. 

paramattha, to. the highest sense, the ultimate truth- 

paramanna, n. rice boiled in milk. 

paranianu, to. a particle, atom. 

paramayu, n. the longest period of life. 

parampara, adj. successive, repeated ; /. series, lineage. 

parammukha, adj. averse from, avoiding. 

paraloka, to. the next world. 

paravada, to. rumour, gossip. 

parasuve, adv. the day after tomorrow. 

parassapada, n. the active voice or transitive verb. 

parahita, n. the good of others. 

para, prep, back, away, aside. 

paraga, to. the pollen of a flower. 

parajayati, "jeti, v. (Jji) to succumb, be conquered; °jaya, 

TO ; °jita, ppp. 
paranha, n. afternoon, evening, 
paradhina, adj. subject to another, 
parabhava, m. decay, loss, humiliation, 
paramasati, v. (Jmas) to touch, rub, stroke^ handle; "mat- 

tha, ppp ; °ana, n. 
parayatta, adj. dependent on another, 
parayana, n. final aim, destiny, support ; adj. dependent on, 

supported by. 
pari, prep, around, about. 
parikatha, /. exposition, 
parikappa, to- inclination, determination, 
parikamma, n. preparation, preparatory work, dressing, 
parikara, to. a girdle, 
parikitteti, v. to declare, publish, 
parikirana, n. (Jkir) strewing about, 
parikkamana, n. (^kam) a path to or round a house, 
parikkhata, ppp. (Jkar) adorned, prepared, 
parikkhati, v. (Jikkh) to inspect, investigate; "aka, adj. 
parikkhaya, to. < Jkhi) loss, decay, ruin, 
parikkhipati, v. (^/khip) to throw around, surround, encircle, 
parikkhina, -^^/), (Jkhi) decayed, wasted, extinct, 
parikkhepa, w. (Jkhip) enclosure, surrounding, fence. 

paridahnti 14! 

parikkha, /. (s/khan) a trench, moat. 

pariganhati, v. (ijgah) to grasp, take hold of, embrace, 

possess, treat kindly, occupy, comprehend, ascertain, 

include; "ggahaka, adj ; "hana, n ; "ggahita, ppp ; 

"ggaha, TO. favour, occupation, 
pariganeti, v. (^/gan) to calculate, 
parigalati, v. (Jgal) to sink down, slip off. 
parigiihati, v. (Jguh) to conceal, 
paricaya, m. ( Jci) acquaintance, accumulation, 
paricarati, v. (f^car) to attend, serve, minister to; "cinna, 

ppp; " ana, n; "cara, m. 
paricaraka, m. an attendant, servant. 
paricumbati, ('. (^ycumb) to cover with kisses, 
paricca, ger. (Ji) having grasped, understood, 
pariccajati, v. (caj) to surrender, sacrifice, expend; "catta, 

ppp ; "caga, to. 
paricchada, w. (fVchad) a cover, 
paricchindati, v. (Jchid) to limit, define, discriminate; 

°nna, ppp- 
pariccheda, to. (J chid) division, separation, definition, 

limit, chapter of a book, 
parijana, w. attendants, suite, 
parijapati, v. (J jap} to whisper, mutter spells, 
parijanati, v. (na) to perceive, know exactly; parinfiata, 

ppp ; "nana, to. 
parijinna, ppp. (iv/jir) decayed, decrepit, 
pariiina, /. (J iia) ascertainment, exact knowledge, 
paridayhati, ■:'. (dah) to be scorched. 

parinamati, v. to stoop, bend down ; "ri'i'a, ppp. ripe, mature, 
parinama, to. change, event, digestion, 
parinaha, to. breadth, extent, compass, 
paritassati, v. (Jtas)to tremble; "ana,/; "si, adj; paritasita, 

ppp. fearful, 
paritapa, to. (Jtap) heat, inflammation, anguish, 
pari to, adv. around, on every side, 
paritoseti, caus. (Jius) to satisfy, please, gratify; "sana, n 

"sika, adj. 
paritta, fn. protection, defence; ppp. small, limited, 
parittaka, adj. lesser, small, limited, 
parittana, n. protection, defence, 
parittasa, m. (»ytas) fear, dread, anxiety, 
paridahati, "heti, "dheti, "dadhati, v. (Jdha, dah) to put on; 

"dahana, «• 

142 paridaha 

paridalia, m. hurning, pain. 

pariclTpeti, v. {J dip) to explain, describe; "palca, ad/; "pana, n. 

paridevati, "veli, i'. (Jdiv) to wail, lament ;"va, m; "vana, /. 

paiiddava, m. (►/dav) lamentation. 

paiidhavati, v. (Jdhav) to run about. 

paridhi, m. (Jdha) circumference, circle, halo. 

paripakka, ppp. (Jpac) fully ripe. 

paripanhati, v. to weigh, compare, consider. 

paripatati, v. (Jpat) to fall down. 

paripantha, m. an obstacle, misfortune; "thi, m. an enemy. 

paripaceti, cans. («/pac) to bring to maturity, complete, 

achieve; "cana, n; "aka, m. maturity, perfection, 
paripaleti, caus. (-Jpal) to protect, guard, 
paripucchati, v. (ijpucch) to question, inquire; "cha, /; 

°chita, m. questioner, 
paripunna, ppp. (Jpfir) full, complete, perfect, 
paripiirati, v. (Jpur) to be full, perfect; "aka, adj ; "punna, 

ppp; °T\, f. fulfilment, perfection, 
paribaddha, ppp. (Jbadh) bound together, 
paribahira, adj. external, 
paribbajati, v. (»/vaj) to wander about, to be a wandering 

mendicant; "bajaka, m. a wandering monk, 
paribbaya, m. expense, expenditure, 
paribbulha, ppp. surrounded, attended, furnished with, 
paribbhamati, v. (^/bham) to walk round, revolve, make a 

circle; "ana, n. 
paribhanda, w- a girdle, belt, ring, zone, 
paribhata, ppp- (^/bha^) nourished, 
paribhava, m. disrespect, contempt, humiliation, 
paribhasati, v. (^/bhas) to censure, revile; "ana, n;'sa, /. 
paribhasana, n. light, lustre, 
paribhindati, v. (bhid) to split, create divisions, 
paribhufijati, v. (f>/bhuj)to enjoy, use, possess, eat; "ana, n; 

"utta, ppp. 
paribhuta, ppp. ( Jbhu) despised, disregarded, 
paribhoga, m. (^/bhuj) enjoyment, use, possession, 
parimajjati v. {Jmaj) to handle, stroke, polish, cleanse, 
parimandala, adj. circular, round, spreading around, 
parimaddati, v. to excel. 

parimadda, m; *na, n. crushing, kneading, shampooing, 
parimala, m. fragrance, 
parimasati, ^•.•(Jmas) to touch, stroke, 
parimana, n. measure, extent, duration. 

parivara 143 

parimukhaiti, adv. in front, before. 

parimuccali, v. (Jmuc) to escape; "utta, ppp. 

parimutti, /. (Jmuc) release. 

parimeyya, fpp. (J ma) measurable. 

parimoceti, cans- (is/muc) to release; "cana, n. 

pariyaiika, see pallanka. 

pariyattaiii, adv. voluntarily, willingly. 

pariyatta, ppp. (Jap) able, sufficient, learnl by heart. 

pariyatti, /. (Jap) adequacy, sufficiency, learning by heart, 

the text of Buddha's word, the three pilakas. 
pariyanta, m. boundary, border, limit, term, end; ''va, adj. 

accurate, definite, discriminating, 
pariyati, v. ( Jya) to attend on, serve, 
pariyadati, v. (Jda) to seize, lay hold of; ana, n. taking up, 

finishing, gasping; ''dinna, ppp. grasped at. 
pariyapanna, ppp. (Jpad) included, contained, 
pariyapunati, v. (Jap) to learn thoroughly, learn by heart; 

"yatta, ppp. 
pariyaya, m. succession, turn, synonym, way, leaching. 

pariyuUhita, ppp. (pari-y-ud Jlha) arisen, possessed, 
pariyetthi, /. ( Jis) search. 

pariyesati, v. (Jis) to search, seek; "aka, si, adj ; °ana, /. 
pariyoga, m. a curry dish, plate, 
pariyogalha, ppp. ( Jgah) dived into, 
pariyodapeti, cans. (Jdai) to cleanse, purify; "pana, dana. 

n; "data, ppp. 
pariyonandhati, v. to cover, envelop; pariyonaddha, ppp: 

"ana, n. 
pariyosana, n. termination, end; 'sita, ppp- concluded, 
parirakkhati, v. (Jrakkh) to preserve, retain, maintain, 
parirundhati, v. (Jrudh) to beset, plot against, 
parivaccha, n. preparation. 

parivajjeti, cans, to avoid, shun, forsake, put away ; 'jana, n. 
parivatta, m. circle, succession, revolution; n. embrace, 
parivanneti, v. ( Jvann) to praise, describe, 
parivattati, v. (Jvatt) to turn, revolve, change; ana, u, 

exchange, barter; "a, m. change, return, 
parivasati, v. (Jvas) to dwell, 
parivada, w. (Jvad) censure, accusation. 
parivadirtT, /. a lute of seven strings, 
parivara^ nt. (Jvar) covering, scabbard, retinue, pomp. 

144 parivareti 

parivaretl, cutis. (fVvar) to accompany, atLend, surround; 

"raka, adj. 
parivasa, m. (fivas) living apart, being put under restraint, 
parivasita, ppp. (Jvas) perfumed, 
parivaseti, caus. to put on a robe, 
parivitakketi, v. (Jtakk) to reflect; "ka, m. 
parivisali, i'. (^/vis)to present, wait upon. 
parivTmaiiisati, v. to examine, search, 
parivetheti, v. (fs/veth) to envelop, 
parivena, n. a hermit's cell. 
parivesa, m. a halo round the sun or moon, 
pariveeana, fn. distribution of food, attendance, 
parisakkati, v. (Jsakk) to go about; "ana, n. 
parisankati, v. (Jsahk) to suspect; "ka, /. 
parisandeti, caus. to drench; "nna, ppp. 
parisappati, v. to run to and fro, creep about, 
parisamatta, ppp. (fJap) finished, 
parisambahati, v. to stroke, rub. 
parisartivuta, ppp. (h/var) restrained, guarded, 
parisara, m. neighbourhood, precinct, 
parisa, /. assembly, company, 
parisiiicati, v. ( Jsic) to sprinkle all over, bathe, 
parisuddha, ppp. (Jsudh) pure, innocent, intact; "dhi, /. 
parisussati, v. (Jsus) to dry up, waste away, 
parisodheti, caws, (s/sudh) to purify, 
parissaiiga, m. embrace, 
parissajati, v. (-Jsaj) to embrace. 
l)arissama, m. (Jsam) fatigue, exertion, 
parissaya, n. danger, risk. 

parissaveti, caus. {Jsu) to strain or filter; "vana, «. a filter, 
pariharati, v. (Jhar) to move, advance, practise,use, tend, 
embrace, take care of, surround; "ana, n; "harika, adj ; 
"hara, m. attention, ceremony, avoidance, 
parihani, /. decrease, decay, diminution, 
parihayati, v. (Jha) to waste, deteriorate; "hina, ppp. 
parupaghata, m. (para + up") injuring others, cruelty. 
parCipa\ada, m. (para. i- up") reproaching others, 
paruiha, ppp. grown up, increased, 
pareta, ppp. (Ji) dead, destroyed. 
paro, adv. beyond, more than, 
parokkha, adj, invisible, perfect tense, 
parodati, u. (Jrud) to burst into tears, 
palagaiida, m. a mason. l^S 

palanrtii, »(. oniuii. 

palambheti, v. to cheat, trirU, deceive- 

palaya, m. dissolution, death, destruction of tlie world. 

paiavanga, m. a monkey. 

palavati, i'. (^/[)kl) to float, swim. 

palapa, m. prattle, nonsense, chalT of corn. 

palayati, paleti, v. to run away, ileo, retreat, escape ; 'ana, 
n: apcti, cans; jjalata, jiaU'iyita, ppf^- 

paialn, mn. straw. 

jialasa, in. the butea tree, green colour; n. a leaf. 

palfisada, vi. a rhinoceros. 

paligunlhita, ppp. (-Jgunth) entangled. 

f)aligha, m. an iron beam tor fastening up a door, obsiacie. 

|)alita, mfn. grey hair. 

l)alipatha, n. a miry road, c(uagmire, slougli. 

palibuddhati, ;'. (N/bandh) to hinder; "ana, n. 

palibodha, ?/. obstacle, impediment. 

palivetlieti, v.C Jveth)to wrap up. cover, encumber; 'thana.K. 

palujjati, V. (Jruj) to crumble, fall down. 

palepana, n. (Jlip) ointment, unguent. 

))alobheli, taK.v. (Jlubh) to allure, tempt, seduce; "bhana, n. 

pallanka, m. a couch, sofa, throne, litter, *)ii abujali, or 
bandbati, to sit cross-legged. 

pallattiiika, /. silting on the hams. 

pallala, n. a pond, pool. 

pallaxa, mn. a sprout, shoot. 

palhka, /. a hamlet, lizard. 

|)ava, m. winnowing grain, purification. 

pavakkhati, fiit. (Jvnc) will fell. 

pavajjati, .'. to sound (music)- 

pavaliati, v. to re\olve, whirl round. 

pa\addhati, v. (^/vaddll) to grow, increaN-, 

pavattati, 'O. (Jvatt) to arise, start, set out, become, exist; 

"ana, «. 
|)a\*atta, /. (<Jvac) informant, 
pavatti, /. occurrence, i)rocedure, oslabiishnunt. 
pavana, n. declivity, height, iiill-stde; nt.aii-. wind- 
pavara, adj- chief, best, excellent, 
pavassati, 'd. (^/vas) to rain, 
pavahana, n. a ship s boat, 
pavaka, /. whirUwind. 
pavata, n. a draught of air, lireeze. 
pavati, V. (va) to waft, diffuse- 

146 pn\iui;t 

paviida, m. (JvatI) dis|)ukition ; "di, ni. a dispulaiil. 

pavaia, m. woollen cloth. 

pavarana, /. invitation, prohibition, ceieinony at end of lent. 

pavareli, caus. (Jvar) to give a choice, invite, oiler. 

pavaia, mn. a sprout, germ. 

pavasa, in. absence from home, foreign residence ; "si, adj. 

Ijavaha, m. current, stream, occupation. 

pavaheti, caus. (ijvah) to lloat in a stream. 

pavaia, mn. coral. 

pavicaya, m. (n/ci) investigation. 

pavijjhati, v. (^/vidh) to throw down. 

pavisati, v. (Jvis) to enter; "ana, n. entrance ; pavillha, /'/>/'. 

pavissilesa, m. separation, opposition, 

pavina, adj. clever, skilful. 

pavira, adj. heroic. 

pavuccati, pass. (iJvac) to be spoken of, said. 

pavecchati, v. to give. 

pa\eni, /. a long braid of hair, series, lineage, tradition, 

pavedhati, v. (Jvidh) to tremble, 
pavesa, m; *na, n. (Jvis) entrance, 
pasariisati, v. (^saihs) to praise; "sita, pasallha, />/>/>; "ana, 

rt ; "sa, / ; "si, adj. 
pasakha, /• a branch, twig, 
pasaiiga, m. attachment, 
pasata, m. the palm hollowed out. 
pasada, tn. a barking deer, 
pasamati, r. (.ysam) to alJay. 
pusanna, ppp. ( Jsad) clear, tranquil, serene, 
pasayha, m. ( Jsah) force, violence, 
pasara, to; *ai.ia, n. (./sar) stretching out, extension, 
pusavati, v. (^sii) to beget, produce; pasula, ppp: "anil, /. 

a woman in childbirth, 
pasahati, v. (./sah) to conquer, overcome, dare, 
pasakha, m. the abdomen and thighs, 
pasada, hi. (./sad) clearness, favour, conviction, faith; *na, 

n. clearing, propitiating, gratifying, 
|)asadheti,t;dHi-.(^/sadh)loputon, wear ornaments ;"dhana, 11. 
pasiti, /. a fetter. 

Ijasiddhi, /. (Jsidh) fame, celebration, accomplishment. 
!)afiibbaka. inii. a bag, sack. 

luisklati, X'. (sisad) to be clear, pleased, gracious, to belie\e ; 
pasanna, pppi 

patipail.'i 147 

])asu, in. Ciittie, Soast, goal. 

|);isiila, adj. [Jfiu, si» intent iijKJn, devoted to. 

pasu, /. a mother, plantain iiee. 

nnsfiti, /. (iJsfi) birtli, bringing forth; ^ku, I. a woman in 

passa, TOM. side, tlaniv 

passati, v. (Jpas) to .see, look, know, find; 'ana, n. 

passaddhi, /. ( Jsambh) serenity, repose. 

pa.s.sambhati, i'. (Jsambh) to cahn down, be serene; pass- 
addha, />/>/>. 

passaya, vi, a liermit's cell, nunnery. 

]>assava, »»i. urine. 

pas.sasa, m. (Jsas) breath, eshalation. 

pahamsati, -.'. to .strike, rub. 

pahaUha, /»/)/). dJhas) dehghted, glad. 

paharati, V. (Jhar) to strike, hurt; pahara, w. a stroke; 

"ana, n. a weapon ; pahata, />/>/>. 
pahuna, n. (iJha) rejection, abandonment. 

I^ahasa, »m, loud laughter. 

pahinuti, r. (Jhi) to send; direct; 'ita, />/>/>. 

l)ahfna, />/>/>. (K/ha) abandoned, forsaken. 

pahfita, (/)/>/). pahoti) much, abundant. 

paheriaka, n-. an offering of food, present. 

pahoti, V. («/bhii) to suffice, be competent ; onaka, adj. 

palaccara, n. old clothes, rags. 

paka, m. («/pac) ripeness, maturity, re.sult ; *tthana. n. 

a kitchen, 
pakaia, adj. evident, manifest, public, 
pakara, m. (Jkar) enclosure, wall, fence, 
pagunna, n. familiarity, experience, 
pdcaka, m. ( Jpac) a cook, 
pficana, n. (J a]) d goad, 
pacariya, m. a pupil. 

jwcittiya, adj. expiatory, requiring expiation, 
paci, /. the east ; *naka, adj. eastern, 
patala, adj. pink, light red. 
patali, n. the trumpet flower, 
patava, n. skill- 

jKiiikankha, //>/). (iJkaiikh) to be expected; "khl, adj. 
patika, /. a slone step. 

paiipada, adj. belonging to the first day of (he lunar fort* 

148 paiibliogn 

pfitibhoga, m. a surety, sponsor, 
paliyekka, adj. indi\ idual, separate, 
piitihariya, "hera, "liira, v. a miracle, 
pfitha, in. reading, recitation, text, 
pfithina, «?. the fresh-water herring, 
patheli, f. (Jpath) to leach. 

pfina. m. (Jan) breath, life, vitality, living being; *ka, m. 
a small creature, worm, insect; 'ghfita, w, life-taking; 
biiuta, m- a living being, 
panasama, adj. a wife, ' dear-as-Hfc' 
pfinatipala, vi. life-taking. 
p:lni, m. the hand; "*ggaha, m. marriage: '^matta, adj. 

panimuila, n. a missile weapon, 
paiiissara, n. sound of hand-clapping, 
panihita, adj. kind to living lieings. 
panT, m. a living being. 

paiuipeta, adj. (pana + upetaj living, possessed of life, 
panyaiiga, 71. the navel, 
patabba, fpp. {J pit.) drinkable, 
pfilarasa, m. morning meal, breakfast, 
patavyala, /. injuring, destroying. 

patiila, n. the lower world, infernal regions, naga world. 
pati, V. {J pa) to protect, 
patimokkha, ?i. Vinaya precepts. 
pati, /. a cup, bowl. 

patu, patur, adv. manifestly, clearly, evidently, 
j'jfilukarana, n. production, manifestation; "karoti, v. to 

patubhavati, v. to be nanifcst, to appear, arise; "bhava, m, 
palo, patar, adv. early, at dawn, 
patheyya, m. provisions for a journey, 
pada, m. a foot, ray of light, quarter, base. 
jKidakatnka, 7n. an anklet. 
p;xdagantlii, m. the ankle, 
padahguttha, m. the great toe 
padachidda, w. a stride, 
pada pa, m. a tree, 
padaparicarika, /. a wife, 
padajjitha, n. a footstool, 
padaphota, m. a tumour on the foot, 
paduka, padfi, /. a shoe, slipper, 
pfidrKtnrn, ni. a snake, 

pava i/45 

pjina, ;i. (Jpa) drink, beverage ; *kupn, in. a drinking wi^li ; 
*mandala, v. a tavern; *saklia, m. a thinking com- 

panAgara, n. a lavern. 

paniya, adj. {J pa) drinkable; n. beverage, water. 

l^apa, adj. evil, wicked, sinful; w. a sinner; n. e\il, sin. 

papanika, ?i. shop-refuse. 

papana, n. (Jap) attainment. 

p^ipiccha, adj. having sinful desires- 

papima, adj. sinfuil. 

papunati, '\ioti, pappoti, I*, (ijap) to atl.Tin, arrive, rea( li ; 
palla, ppt>; pattabba, fpp: "nana, n. allainment. 

pribhata, n. a present, price. 

pama, ??. scab. 

pamokkha, adj. principal, eminent. 

paniojja, pamujja, n. joy, delight. 

paya, m. abundance ; ad/, drinking; payo, adv. abimdantly. 

payasa, m. milk-rice, rice porridge. 

payu, in. the anus. 

]iara, it- tiie further bank, nibbana; *gu, od;. (gam) arrived 
at the further bank, accomlpished, versed in. 

parangato, adj. accomplished, versed in. 

parada, m. quicksilver. 

paradarika, »?!-. an adulterer. 

paradesika, adj. foreign. 

parapata, ni. a dove, pigeon. 

jjaraml, /. perfection. 

parampariya, n. tradition. 

parajika, adj. meriting expulsion. 

paricariya, /. service, ministration. 

paricchattaka, parijataka, m. the coral tree. 

parijunna, u. decay, loss. 

paripiiri, /. fulfilment, accomplishment. 

parisajja, adj. belonging to an assembly. 

parupali, papurati, v. to dress, put on garment; parula, ppp; 

''ana, ^'^na, n. dressing, a cloak, 
pala, palaka, in. (Jpa) a guardian, keeper, 
pfdi, paM, /- a line, row, ridge, causeway, sacred fexl. 
paleti,- cflw.s". to guard, keep, maintain, 
pavaka, m. fire. 

(Kivacana, ». the holy scriplure.s. 
pavadati, v. (-ivad) to speak out, express, 
p.'iva. /. a ciiv near Riijagaha in Magadh.t. 

150 pfivAra 

pAv.irn, ni. a cloak or mantle. 

paxusa, ni. ihc rai:) v season, a sort of i'lsli ; "ssaka, adj. 
belonging to the rainy .season. 

pasa, m. a noose, string, sn.'ire, felter. 

(Jasaka, m. a die. 

pasancja, ^dika, adj. heretical. 

pusana, m. a stone, rock; (ilialaka, m. a stone-slal). 

ptusada, vi. a terrace, tower, palace, man.sion. 

pasika, adj. connected with snares, caught in a snare. 

pahuna, m. a guest; "neyya, adj. worthy of being guests or 
of hospitality. 

pahuna, adj. sulTicient. 

nika, m. the Indian cuckoo. 

pinga, "la, adj. brown, tawny. 

|)icu, m. cotton. 

])icula, m. the ( tree, dre.s.sed cotton. 

ptcchi, ". a peacock tail, tuft of hair; »t. tail; /. cotton. 

picchihl, /. the silk-cotton tree. 

pinja, n. a feather of a peacock's tail, wing. 

pinjara. adj. yellow, lawny. 

pinjula, II. the wick of a lamp. 

pitaka, m- a basket, lUiddhist scriptures. 

pittha. n; iiiithl, /. the back, .surface. 

pitthaka, in. a cake made of flour, meal. 

pitthikii, /. porridge. 

pitthimaiiisika, vifii. back-biiing. 

pitthara, m. a pot, rice-pot. 

pinda, m. a lump, ball, mass, morsel, food. 

piiidaka, m. incense. 

|)indapata, i». alm.s-food, lumps of food received in the nlm.s- 

bowl of a monk, 
pindika, /. the nave of a wheel, 
pindiyalopa, m. morsels of food, 
pindeti, v. to roll into a lump; '\Iann, n. 
pitamaha, m. grandfather, 
pituccha, /. father's sister, aunt, 
pitta, M. bile. 

|)ithlyati, ^'. to be shut, covered, 
pidahati, c. {Jdhii, dah) to cover, shut, close, guard ; 'pil''<fi, 

ppp : °ana, n. covering, a lid. 
pidh.ina, n. (Jdha) covering, sheath, lid. 
|)in.isa, 7)1. cold in llie nose, catarrh, 
pipasfi. f. (Jpa) thirst; "sjla, ppp. Ihir.siy, 

(I. lull, I 151 

|)i|)|)lial;i, lit. (lie sacreil liguoc; /'. sci.Ysur.s 

pipphali, /. the wuve-leavud tig lioo, long pepper. 

piya, adj. (;lear, beloved, kind, loving; m. an oar. 

piyaka, m. spotted deer, a species of colTee-wort. 

piyajigu.. /. panick seed. 

piyala, tlic piyal tree- 

piyayati, v. to be fond of, to iionour. 

pilakkha, m. the wave-lcaveil llg tree. 

pilandhati, v. to put on, wear, deck oneself; "an,i, 1;. 

pilava, m. a kind of duck. 

pilotikii, /.a cloth, bandage. 

piluNati, V. ("Jptu) to lloat. 

pillaka, ni. a child, young of an animal. 

pisanga, aiij. brown, lawny. 

pisacaj m. a goblin, sprite. 

pisita, Ji. flesh. 

pisuna, adj. calumnious, slanderous- 

pihaku, n. the spleen. 

piha, /. desire, envy. 

pihita, ppp. (Jdha) shut, closed. 

piheti, V. to desire, envy. 

pilaka, /. a boil, pimple. 

))ilha, *ka, n. a chair, stool, bench. 

pIthasajjpT, m. a erijiple. 

pita, adj. yellow ■, adj. delighted. 

()itaka, adj. yellow. 

pitana, h. yellow or|)iment. 

pitanaka, in. the hog plum. 

piti, /. joy, delight. 

pTneti, cans- to gratify, cheer, jjlease ; "nita, />/>/i. 

pina, adj. fat, bulky. 

piyiisa, }}]. ambrosia, the guava tree. 

pilu, m. an elephant, arrow.' 

|)Tvara, adj. fat, bulky. 

pileti, V. (Jpi|) to crush, vex, hurt; *^!a, /- 

puitilinga, m. masculine gender. 

pukkusa, m, a man of tiie lowest caste. 

pukkhara, n, the sky, water; m. a pond, sun. 

pukkhala, adj. nobles abundant- 

puggala, m. a person, indi\ idual. 

punkha, in. the feathered part of an arrow. 

pungava, vi. a bull; adj< l)cst) ]>re^minenl. 

puccba, mn. a tail. 

1 ^x- pucimanda 

])iicim.'inda, »i. tlic iiiiiih irw. 

Ijufichali, r, to wipe; ";uia, v. 

punja, m. Iieaj), mass, muUitiidi'. 

puhna, adj. good, just, virtuous; n. vittuc, nicril. 

l)Uta, mn. a cup, vessel, basket. 

putaka, 11. a small l)askot. 

pulabhedana, n. emporium of trade, trading town. 

puli, /. a vessel, cup. 

putoli, ,/. a basket. 

l)undaiika, m. a fragaiit kind of mango, Liger ; n-. a wliile 

lotus, liigii numeral. 
|)undarTkini, /. a pond of while lotuses, 
puniia, ppp- (^'pur) full, fulfilled, complete. 
))utta, 'H. a son, child, 
puthu, puthag, adv. .separately, without, 
puthu, adj. big, numerous, extensive, 
puthuka, VI. a child, rice in the ear. 
puthukkarana, )/. .separation, segregation, 
puthugattata, /. iliscrimination. 
)iutluijjana, m. an average person. 
|)uthubhuta, adj. separated, 
jiuthula, adj. broad, large, 
pu'-huloma, m. a lisli. 

|)una, jiunad, punar, puno, adv. again, afresh, furtjier, 
puna|)puna, adv. repeatedly, again and again, 
punabbhava, vi. ren(nved existence. 
punaruili, /. repetition, tautolog) . 
punfiti, V- ("ipu) to |)urify ; pCita, /)/>/>. 
punnanava, /. iiogweed. 
pu|iplia, n. a flo\\e;. 
pupphati, V. lo blossom ; "ana, ii. 
pupphavati, /. a menstruous woman. 
pu[)phiisava, n. flower-juice, honey, 
pupphi, adj. bearing llowers. 
pubba, ad/, fore, first, earlier, eastern, ancient; m. pus; 

*rii, adz\ formerly, before, 
imbbarigama, adj. going before, prior, preceding. 
|)ubbanna, ». grain, rice. 
pubbaiUia. ni. fore-noon, 
pubbaddha, ni. upper parr. 
|)ubbanta, m. beginning, the east, 
toubbapara, adj. finst and last, mutual, successive 
pubbutihayl, ,/. a witV who rises earlier than her hu.Un..A 

petti ka 153 

pubbuttara, adj. north-eastern. 

puma, m. a male, man. 

pumbhava, m. masculine sex, masculinity. 

pura, n. a town, fortress, house. 

purakkharoti, v. to put in fi-ont, make a person the leader, 
revere, honour; "ata, ppp ; "khara, m. 

purato, adv. before, in front of, in the presence of. 

puratthato, adt'. estwards ; "tha, adv. in front, formerly; 
"thima, adj. eastern. 

purassara, adj. going in advance, preceded by. 

pura, adv. formerly, previously. 

purana, puratana, adj. ancient, old. 

purindaka, m. Sakka. 

purima, *ka, adj. previous, former, eastern. 

purisa, m. a man, individual, male; *tta, n. manhood. 

purisamedha, m. human sacrifice. 

purisajafifia, m. a man of noble birth. 

purt, /. a town. 

purisa, *na, ji. excrement. 

pure, adv. formerly, previously, first, in front, before; *bhat- 
tarh, adv. before meal ; *kkhara, m. precedence, pre- 

purohita, m. a chaplain. 

pulina, n. a sand-bank. 

pulinda, m. a savage, hill-man- 

pullinga, n. masculine gender. 

pulava, m. a worm, maggot. 

puga, m. a multitude, areca nut tree. 

pujeti, ■». (Jpuj) to honour, offer, worship; "ja, °jana, /; 

°jaka, adj. 
puta, ppp. (Jpu) purified, clean, 
puti, *ka, adj. stinking, putrid, foul ; 'mutta, n. urine of 

puya, m. pus. 
purati, V. (Jpur) to get full, be fulfilled; "ana, n. and adj ; 

°rita, ppp. 
puva, *ka, to. a cake, sweetmeat; °vika, m. a confectioner, 
pekkhati, v. (»7ikkh) to look, observe, watch, expect; "kha, /. 
pekhuna, n. a wing, 
pecca, ger. after death, hereafter, 
petaka, in. a small basket 
peta, ppp- (n/i) dead, departed- 
nettika, r)ettiya, petteyti, adj. (>aternal. 

j54 pema 

penia, n. affection, love; *niya, adj. affectionate. 

peyya, adj. beloved, clear. 

(jcyyala, n. et cetera, words omitted. 

pelaka, m. a hare. 

pelava, adj. delicate, tender. 

|)esakara, m. a weaver. 

pesala, adj. beautiful, amiable, skilful. 

pesika, /. rind, shell. 

pesi, /- meatspit, piece of flesh. 

pesunna, pesuneyya, n. slander. 

peseti, V. to send ; "sana, n. 

pessa, pessika, m. a servant, messenger, menial. 

pokkhara, n. a lotus, tip of an elephant' s trunk, water, 

body, head of a drum ; *nl, /. a lotus- pond, 
pokkharata, /• beauty, 
pokkharasataka, n. a sort of water bird, 
poiikhanuponkham, adv. shot after shot, successively, 
potheti, V. to crack, snap, knock, 
pona, adj. sloping. 

potn, m. the young of an animal, boat, 
pottha, n. plastering, working in clay; *kara, m. modeller 

in clay, 
potthaka, m7t. a manuscript, book, working in clay, cloth 

made of fibre. 
potthanT, /. a knife, 
potthalika, /. a doll, pujjpet. 

pothujjanika, adj. belonging to an average person, 
potheti, caus. to strike, beat ; "thana, n ; v. to speak many 

ponobhavika, adj. connected with rebirth- 
pora, adj. urbane, polite, 
porana, *ka, adj. ancient, former, 
porisa, posa, m. a human being, man. 
porohicca, n. the office of a chaplain, 
posati, •u. (Jpus) to feed, nourish, bring up; "aka, adj : 

"ana, °savana, n; puttha, ppp- 
plava, m. a raft, float, 
plavaka, m. an acrobat, gymnast, 
plavahga, *ma, m. a monkey, 
plavati, (Jplu) to float, hover. 
phaggava, M. a sort of pot-herb, 
phaggu, /. the acacia tree, falsehood. 
phana, m, the hood of a snakes ''ka. "ni. m. a snak-p. 

phcnn i|i^ 

phaijileUha, m. a quail. 

phaiiipiya, m. wind. 

phaiida, 7)1.. the belly, stomach. 

phandati, v. (n/phand) to throb, palpitate, tremble; °anH, adj. 

phaiati, v. to, thrill, pervade, diffuse, emit; °ana, n, 

pharasu, ??!. a hatchet, axe. 

phariivaka, /. a betel box. 

pharusa, adj. harsh, rough, severe, cruel. 

phala, n. a fruit, result, profit, testicle, a measure. 

phalaka, mn. a board, slab, shield. 

phalakesara, m. the cocoanut tree. 

phaiati, v. to split, break, burst, bear fruit ; phuUa, ppp. 

phalapijra, m. tiie common citron. 

phalasatava, m. the pomegranate. 

phaladana, "asana, m. a parrot. 

phalaphalaiii, n. wild fruits. 

phalika, mf. crystal, quartz. 

phalita, adj. fruitful, grey-hnired. 

phalina, "ll, adj. bearing fruit. 

phalu, m. a knot in a reed. 

phaloppatijTO. the mango tree. 

phallati, v. to bear fruit. 

phassa, m. touch, contact. 

phanita, n. molasses. 

phati, /. increase, growth. 

pharusaka, w. name of one of Indra's groves. 

phala, m. a ploughshare. 

phasu, *ka, adj. agreeable, pleasant, comfortable; *vihara, 

m. comfort, 
phasuka, °ulika, /. a rib. 
phiyai m. an oar. 
phita, adj. prosperous, 
phuka, m. a bird. 

phuta, adj. thrilled, pervaded; m. the hood of a snake, 
phutana, n. tearing, bursting, 
phulinga, n. a spark. 

phulla (/>/>/>. phalali) expanded, blossoming, split, 
phullita, adj. blossoming. 

phusati, V. ( Jphus) to touch, reach ; °ana, /; phuttha, ppp, 
phusitaka, n. a water-drop, 
phussita, adj. blossoming. 

pheggui adj. empty, vain ; /. the opposite.leaved fig tree, 
phena, m. foam, froth. 

iS6 pho.nila 

phenila, Lidj. froihy ; m. the soap plant, 
phera, "ru, «;. a jackal, 
phevara, adj. cunning, liarmful. 
phota, 7)1. a boil, tumour, 
photthabba, n. a tangible object. 

baka, w. a crane. 
bana, m. a sound. 

badara, m; "rj, /'. the jujube fruit; "ra, /. cotton, 
baddha, fpp. ( Jbadh) bound, continuous ; 7i. a leather strap, 
badhira, adj. deaf. 

bandha, m. binding, bond, union, bandage, 
bandhaki, /. an unchaste woman, 
bandhati, v. (Jbadh) to bind, fasten, fix, embank, get; 

baddha, />/>/? ; "ana, n. binding, fetter, snare, slalk of 

a leaf, 
bandhanagara, n. a prison, 
bandhava, m. a kinsman, 
bandhu, ra. a relative, kinsman, 
bandhuki, /. a species of mistletoe. 
bandhujTvaka, m. a kind of plant, 
bandhura, adj. imeven, undulating, 
bappa, in. a tear. 

babbaja, m. a sort of coarse grass, 
babbu, in. a cat, mongoose, 
bariha, n. a peacock's tail, 
barihisa, n. sacrificial grass. 
barihi, in. a peacock, 
bala, in. a crow; n. strength, power, force, army, troops; 

*kaya, in. an army. 
balakk:"ira, in. violence, 
balakkha, in. the white colour, 
baiagga, n. troops in array, battle-front, 
balaja, n. a field, gate, fruit, warfare; /. a beautiful woman, 

balajjhakkha, m. the generalissimo, 
balati, v. (Jbal) to live. 

balattha, m. a royal messenger, palace servant, 
balaha, m. phlegm, 
balaka, /. a crane, 
ball, m. religious offering, oblation, revenue, tax; *puttha, 

*bhuja, ra. a crow ; *ma, adj. receiving offerings. 

I)inclu 137 

halimukha, in. ;i monkey. 

balivadd.i, m. an ox. 

balisa, vi. a fish-hook. 

ball, adj. strong. 

balina, m. a scorpion. 

bahala, adj. thick. 

bahi, bahim, bahiddha, adv. outside, out. 

bahu, adj. many, large, ample. 

bahuka, m. a prawn, crab, water-fowl. 

bahujjana, ?». the world, multitude. 

bahuppada, adj. liberal, munifirent. 

bahubbihi, m. an adjectival compound. 

I)ahubhaiil, adj. garrulous. 

bahubheda, tidj. various, multiform. 

bahumnta, adj. esteemed, venerated. 

bahumala, m. lead. 

bahuvacana, n. the plural number. 

bahula, adj. much, abundant. 

bahulTkaroti, v. to increase, extend. 

bahuso, adv. abundantly. 

bahussuta, adj. having wide knowledge, erudite. 

bakuci, /. a kind of plant. 

bana, m. an arrow; *dhi, m. a quiver. 

badhati, v. to obstruct, annoy, oppress; badha, /. 

barasa, num. twelve. 

baranasi, ;'. Benares. 

bala, adj. young, foolish; m. a child, fool; ''ka, m. a boy. 

young of an animal. 
I)alakimi, m. a louse, 
balakka, fn. the rising sun. 
balatapa, m. rays of the rising sun. 
balisa, adj. young, ignorant, 
balisika, vi. a fisherman, 
balya, n. childhood, folly, 
bahati, bahetj, v. to remove, put away, 
bahira, *ka, adj. external, foreign, heretical ; °ra, °re, "rato, 

adv. from outside, 
bahu, m. the aim ; *ja, m. a prince, 
bahuka, m. a servant, dependant, 
bahumula, n. the armpit. 
bahuUa, n. abundance, 
bindu, m. a drop, spot, dot, high numeral. 

li^S himhn 

bimba, mn. the disc of the sun or moon, figure, image; /. 

bimbu, "I. the lietel tree, 
bimbohana, n. a pillow. 
bila, 71. a hole, chasm, 
bilaiiga, m. sour gruel, vinegar, 
bilaso, adv. bit by bit. 
bilala, n. a sort of salt, 
bilara, bilala, to. a oat. 
bija, ■". a germ, seed, origin ; *gama, m. the vegetable 

bijaka, m. the common citron, 
bijakosa, vi. a seed-pod. 
bijani, /. a fan. 

bijapijra, m. the citron, pomegranate, 
bljodaka, n. hail. 

bibhaccha, adj. loathesome, horrible. 

bujjhati, V. (»/budh) to know, understand; "ana, n; bodheti, 

buddha, ppp. (.ibuddh) old, aged. 

buddha, vi. the omniscient Buddha. 

buddhi, /. (Jbudh) understanding, intelligence. 

budha, adj. wise. 

budhavara, vi. Wednesday. 

bunda, m. the root of a tree. 

bundi, m. the body. 

bundikabaddha, m. a sort of bed-stead. 

bubbula, *ka, n. a bubble, blister. 

bubhukkhati, v. (Jbhuj) to wish to eat, be hungry; "khita, 
adj ; °kha, /. 

beluva, m. the vilva tree, bael tree. 

bella, n. the citron, pine-apple fruit. 

bojjhanga, m. constituent of wisdom, factor of knowledge. 

bodha, m. knowledge, wisdom; *ka, m. a spy. 

bodhakara, w. one who wakes a prince with music. 

bodhati, v. (budh) to know; "ana, n. 

bodhi, mf. supreme wisdom, omniscience, Buddha's know- 
ledge, the .Wisdom Tree. 

bodhipakkhiya, adj. accessory to wisdom. 

bodhimandala, n. the region surrounding the Wisdom Tree. 

bodhisatta, m. /uture Buddha. 

bondi,TC. trhe body. 

by, fo words beginning with by see under vy 

bhali 159 

braha, adj. large, big; "hati, /. the pierardia fruit, 
brahma, n. the Vedas; adj. exalted, noble; *cariya, n. ihe 

noble life of a monk, chastity ; *bandhu, m. a brahmin ; 

^vihara, m. divine state, exalted state ; *ssara, m. 

Brahma's voice, 
brahma, "i. Brahma, 
brahmaiiiiata, /. brahminhood. 
brahmana, m, a brahmin. 


bha, n. a star; /. a ray of light. 

bhakkheti, v. (Jbhakkb) to devour; *khaka, adj. voracious; 

"khana, n. 
bhaga, n. power, fortune, glory, virtue, love, 
bhagandala, /. fistula, 
bhagava, adj. worshipful, blessed, 
bhagini, /. a sister, 
bhagga, ppp. (Jbhaj) broken, 
bhanga, adj. hempen, 
bhangari, /. a bat. 
bhangura, adj. crooked, dishonest, 
bhacca, m. (Jbhar) a servant, attendant, 
bhajati, v. (Jbhaj) to follow, serve, honour, associate with, 
bhajjati, v, to fry, roast; bhattha, ppp. 
bhafijati, v. (Jbhaj) to break, crush; bhagga, ppp {"ana, n. 
bhata, m. a soldier, 
bhattha, ippp- bhassati) fallen, 
bhanati, v. (^ybhan) to speak, tell, recite; bharinati, pass: 

"ana, n. 
bhane, voc. I say I 
bhantakl, /. the brinjal plant, 
bha^da, m. a clown ; n. *ka, n. utensil, goods, wares, 

bhandaka, m. the wagtail, robin, 
bhandati, v. to quarrel, abuse, ; °ana, n. 
bhanclagara, n. treasury. 

bhandika, m. a kind of plant; /. an article, utensil, bundle, 
bhandila, m. a kind of tree, 
bhandu, adj. bald. 

bhataka, m. (Jbhar) a servant, hireling, 
bhrtti, /. support) maintenance, wages, hire ; *ka, m. a 


t60 bhatU 

bhatta, n. food, meal; *k-ara, m. a cook; *kicca, n. eating 

bhattagga, ii. a refectory, 
bhatta, m. a husband, 
bhatti, /. division, service, devotion, 
bhadda, bhadra, adj. good, fortunate, auspicious, blest, 
bhaddaka, adj. good, happy, 
bhaddanama, m. a woodpecker. 

bhaddanta, m. lord, master, reverend person ; "te, voc. 'lord.' 
bhaddamutta, n. a kind of grass. 
bhadde, voc. madam I dear lady I 
bhanta, ppp. (N/bham) whirled, rolling, 
bhante, voc. lor-d ! reverend sir ! 
bhabba, adj. right, proper, future. 
bhama, m. ( Jbham) whirling, a lathe, drain ; *kara, m. a 

bhamati, v. (Vbham) to whirl about, revolve, roam; bhanta, 

bhamara, m. a bee. 
bhamu, *ka, m. an eyebrow, 
bhambha, to. smoke, 
bhaya, n. fear, fright, danger, calamity, 
bhayaiikara, adj. fearful, dreadful, 
bhayattha, adj. terrified, 
bhayanaka, adj. frightful, horrible, 
bhara, adj. (Jbhar) supporting; vi. a load, 
bharati, i). ( Jbhar) to bear, support, maintain; "ana, n. 
bharanda, m. lord, master, husband, bull, 
bharita, adj. filled with, green (colour), bearing, 
bhariya, /. a wife, 
bharutaka, n. roasted meat, 
bhalla, ni. a bear. 

bhallataka, m; "kl, "H, /. the marking nut plant, 
bhavaiii, n. lord, sir. 

bhava, m. being, existence, becoming, birth, increase, 
bhavaiiga, n, life-continuum, 
bhavati, v. (Jbhu) to be, exist, become, befall; bhuta. ppp: 

"ana, n. 
bhavaditthi, /. heresy of believing matter and being to be 

bhavanetti, /. craving, lust, 
bhavissanti, /. the future tense, 
bhasira, /. a kind of beet. 

bhavitta i6l 

biiasQcaka, m. an abtronomor. 

I)hast£i, /, a bellows. 

bhasma, n. a shes ; *kai"a, »i. a washerman; 'vcdhaka, m 

bhasmlbhavali, v. to be reduced l<i aslies. 

I)hassa, n. talk. 

bhassati. v. (^/bhass) to fall; bhaiiha, j^pp. 

bhassara. adj. shining, brilliant. 

bhii, /. light, ray, splendour; *kar;i, m. the sun. 

bhfikuii, /. frowning, knitting the eye-liruw^ 

bhaga, m. a portion, share, region, lime, lot ; gi, adj. partak 
ing in, undergoing; 'giy^'i ^'^Z- conducive to, connected 

bbagadheyta, »i. an Iieir, revenue; ». destiny, 

bhagineyya, m. a sister's son, nepbi-w. 

bhaglrathi, /. the Ganges. 

bhagya, n. fortune, lot, destiny. 

bhajana, n. a vessel, bowl, jar, distribution. 

bhajeti, v. to divide, distriiiute. 

bhanaka, m. a jar: adj. reciiing, saying. 

bhani, adj. speaking, talking. 

bhata, adj. shining, bright. 

bhatabya, m. a brother's son, nephew. 

bhata, m. a brother. 

bhati, V. ( Jbha) to shine, appear. 

bhatika, 'tuka, wi. a brother. 

bhanavara, n. recitation, recital. 

bhanu, m. a ray of light, sun; *ma, in. tire, light. 

bhanuvara, m. Sunday. 

bhama, m. anger, light, sun, brother-in-law. 

bhara, m. a weight, burden, charge, dut\ ; 'ka. m. ,i, 

bharati, /. speech. 

bharapadata, /. elephantiases of the leg. 
bhilrayatthi, /. a carrying pole or bamboo 
bhara va, n. bow-string. 

bharika, adj. grievous, seriou.s, heavy; nc ;i porter. 
bhariya, adj. grievous, serious. 
bhava, m. properly, state, inieniion, gesture, substance. 

bhavana, /. culture, deveiopnieni, ineditauDn. 
bhavita, {ppp- bhdvelt) developed, increased, perfected, 

1(32 bliavT 

bhavi, adj. future. 

bhasa, »?i. a vulture. 

bhasaci, v. (Jbhas) to speak, address; "sa, /. speech. 

bhasati, v. to shine; "ana, n; "sa, /. light, radiance. 

bhasura, adj. shining. 

bhikkhati, ;'. (^/bhikkh) to ask for, beg. 

bbikkha, /. begging, alms; *cariya, /. going the rounds for 

bhikkhu, m. a beggar, mendicant, Buddhist monk, 
bhiiika, m. a young elephant, 
bhihkara, m. a golden vase. 

bhitti, /. a wall of earth or masonry; *ka, /. a house lizard, 
bhidaka, w. a knife, 
bhida, /. difference, kind, 
bhindati, v. (ijbhid) to break, injure, separate; bhinna, ppp ; 

"ana, n. 
bhindivala, m. a fork, 
bhinnaka, adj. schismatic, 
bhiyyo, bhiyo, adv. again, further, liesjdes; *somattaya, 

adv. more and more, 
bhirhsapeti, {caus. bhdyati) to frighten, terrify ; °pana, n; 

"sana, adj ; "sika, /. an alarm, 
bhisa, n. the film or fibres of a lotus-stalk; *puppha, n. a 

lotus flower, 
bhisakka, m. a physician, 
bhisi, /. a mat, mattrass. 
hhita, ppp. (►/bha) frgihtened, afraid, 
bhiti, /. fear. 

bhima, adj. dreadful, cruel, 
bhimanada, m. a lion, 
bhimara, m. a battle, warfare, 
bhiru, *ka, ad;, timid, 
bhiruhadaya, in. a deer, 
baisila, adj. timid. 

bhuja, mf. the arm; *kotara, m. ihe arm-pit. 
bhujnga, bhujanga, to. a snake, 
bhujasira, -m. the shoulder. 
I)hujissaj m. a freed man. 
bhunjati, V. (^/bhuj) to eat, enjoy, possess; bhotturh, inf ; 

bhuttti, ppp; "ana, n; "ji, adj. 
bhuttava, eavi, pari. adj. having eaten, 
bhutti, /. eating, enjoying. 

l)herand;i 163 

bhuhhu, onom. the bark of a clog. 

hhumma, adj. terrestrial; *ttharaKa, n. a carpet. 

bhuvana, 11. the world. 

bhusaiti, adv. much, exreedingly. 

bhiisa, n. chaff of corn. 

hhu, /• the earth, eyebrow. 

bhulvuti, /. frowning', knitting tiie eyebrow.s. 

bhujantu, m. an earth-worm. 

lihiijapatta, m. a kind ot birch. 

bhuta, ppp. (x/bhii) past, real, true;m)!. a living being, 
spirit, vegetation, aggregales of l)eing. 

bluitagama, in. the animal kingdom. 

bhutadhara, /. the the earth. 

biiijtanasana, m. marking nut plant, mustard. 

bhfitapubba, adj. that has existed l)efore ; adv. formerlv. 

bhutavjidi, adj. speaking the truth. 

bhutavijja, /. knowledge of spirits; "vejja, adv. an exorcist. 

bhutari, m. asaf tida. 

bhuti, /. welfare, birth. 

bhutina, *ka, n. a fragrant gniss. 

bhijdara, m. a pig. 

bhudhara, m. a mountain. 

bhunatha, m. a king. 

bhupa, *ti, "pala, m. a king. 

bhCibhuja, m. a king. 

bhumaka, adj. having stages or stories. 

bhumajjha, m. space i)etween the eyebrows. 

bhfimi, /. the earth, stage, ground, story of a house, plane. 

bhumika, /. a stage, story. 

bhiimicala, m. earth-quake. 

bhiiminda, bhumipa, bhumipala, m. a king. 

bhumipisaca, in. the palmyra tree. 

iihumilabha, m. death. 

bhiiri, adj. much, abundant. 

bhuri, /. wisdom, earth. 

bhiisapeti, "set?, v. (Jbhus) to atkirn ; "sa, /,• "sana, 11. orna- 
ment; "sata, ppp. 

bheka, in. a frog. 

bhetta, m. (Jbhid) one who breaks. 

bheda, m. division, breach, destruction, kind, sort. 

bhedeti, cows. (»Vbhid) to break, divide; 'dana, m; "daka, m. 
one who breaks; "danaka, adj. breakable. 

bherarida. m. a jackal. 

i64 hheravn 

bherava, adj. tearful, terrible; i?. terror. 

bheri, /. a kettle-drum; *m carapeLi, to proclaim by best of 

bhesaja, "jja, n. a medicine, drug, 
bhesama, adj. terrible, 
bho, interj. oh ! say ! sir ! 
bhoga, m. a snake's expanded hood, fold, food, wealth, 

bhogavasa, m. women's apartment, 
bhogin, /. a royal concubine, 
bhogiviallabha, 11. the sandal-wood, 
bhogl, a snake, village headman, 
l^hogga, n. wealth, properly. 
l)hojaka, m. a village headman. 
l)hojana, "nlya, n. food, 
bhojja, adj. edible. 
l)hatta, m. one eats or enjoys. 
I'hovada, m. one who says hlw, brahmin, non-F^uddhist. 


mamsa, n. flesh, meat ; *cakkhu, n. the fleshy eye, naked 

makara, m. a mythical fish, sea monster. 

makaranda, m. the nectar of a flower. 

makarakara, m. the sea. 

makasa, m. a mosquito; *kuli, /. a mosquito curtain. 

makuta, mn. a, diadem, top-knot; *m mnceti, to dis- 
hevel the hair. 

makura, "ula, m. a flower bud. 

makkata, m. a monkey. 

makkataka, m. a spider. 

makkola, m. white chalk. 

makkha, m. hypocrisy. 

makkhika, /. a fly. 

makkhl, odj. concealing one's vices, hypocritical. 

makkheti, v. to swear, anoint, rub-out; "kharia, n. 

maga, m. a deer, antelope. 

f'^^gg^, "I- track, path, course. 

maggati, "geti, v. (Jmagg) to seek, trace out; "ana, fn. 

maggamagga, m. the righf and the wrong path, 

maggika, m. a traveller. 

maggura, m, the torpedo-fish. 

manibij.'i 165 

maghava, m. SaUkn. 

mankila, m. a jungle-fire. 

manku, adj. troubled, put out, discontented, ashamed. 

manga, to. the prow of a boat. 

maiigala, adj. auspicious, festive; »;. blessing, festivily. 

mangini, /. a boat. 

macca, //)/>. m. (^/mar)a mortal; adj. maternal. 

maccu, TO. death. 

maccha, *ka, m. a fish. 

macchandl, /. treacle, sugar-cane juice- 

macchanasaka, m. an eagle. 

macchabandha, m. a fisherman- 

macchara, n. avarice, stinginess. 

maccharafiga, »i. a king-fisher. 

maochavedhani, /. a fish-hook. 

macchika, to. a fisherman. 

majja, m. strong drink, licjuor, spirits; *pa, vi. a wineliihlier. 

raajjati, v. (iJmad) to be intoxicated; matta, ppp : ana, ?!. 

majjati, v. (Jmaj) to rub, polish; mattha, /)/)/); ana, ». 

majjara, th. a cat. 

majjha, mv. middle, centre, interior, waist. 

majjhanha, m. noon, midday. 

majjhatta, adj. neutral, impartial ; 'ta, /. 

majjhantika, to. midday, noon. 

majjhima, adj. central, middle, medium. 

manca, *ka, to. a bed. 

mancadhara, m. a bedstead. 

maiijari, /. a sprout. 

mafijika, /. a harlot. 

mafijittha, w. Bengal madder. 

maiijira, to. a bangle, foot-ring. 

mafiju, adj. beautiful, lovely; *gamana, m(n. a goose, duck. 

manjusa, /. a box, casket. 

manjeltha, adj. light red. 

mafif\ati, T'. (Jman) to think, suppose, imagine, consider; 

mata, />/>/>; manturti, maniturii, inf ; "ne, methinks! 
mattha, matta, ppj). (Jmaj) 
mani, mf. a gem, jewel- 
manika, n. a waterpot. 
manikantha, to. a jay. 
manidhanu, m. a rainbow, 
manibandha, to. the wrist, 
manibija, n. the pomegranate. 

t66 iTindliiikantlin 

manivedha', m. adamant, diamond, 

manisappa, m. green snake. 

manda, m. scum. 

mandana, n. an ornament, adornment. 

mandapa, n. a pavilion. 

mandala, n. a disc, circle, rirciiil, circumference, region, 

mandalagga, m. a sabre. 

mandall, /. a disc, circle. 

manduka, ni. a frog. 

mandura, mn. iron rust. 

mandeti, v. (N'mand) to adorn; "dita, ppp'. 

mata, ppp. n. dJman) opinion, wish, doctrine. 

mataka, adj. dead. 

matangaja, m. an elephant. 

niati, /. (Jman) mind, understanding, thought, wish, opi- 
nion; 'ma, adj. wise, intelligent. 

matta, /. measure, atom, quantity, moderation; n. measure, 
extent, only, mere; adj. intoxicated, joyful. 

mattakasini, /. a charming woman. 

mattanfiu, adj. moderate, temperate, 'extent knowing'; 
'nuta, /. 

mattasita, /. moderation in eating. 

mtatika, adj. maternal ; /. earth, i~lay, mud. 

mattiya, "teyya, adj. maternal. 

matthaka, mn. the head, top, end, eminence. 

matthalunga, n. the brain. 

matthu, n. whey. 

mathati, r. (^/math) to churn, stir up, crush, destroy; "ana, 
«;"thita, ppp. n. buttermilk. 

mada, m. intoxication, pride, enjoyment, juice from the 
temples of a must elephant. 

madana, m. the god of love. 

madanalekha, /. a love letter. 

madani, /. scent water. 

madara, m. an elephant in rut. 

madira, /. spirituous liquor. 

madiya, adj. mine. 

maddati, v. (Jmad) to rub, crush, tread, trample ; °ana, n, 

maddala, to. a sort of drum. 

maddava, ii. suavity, softness. 

madhu, n. honey, nectar of flowers; *ka, adj. sweet. 

madhukahtha, to. a cuckoo. 

manlana 107 

madhukantila, m. the wild jasmine. 

madhukarai m. a bee; adj. sweet. 

madhukosa, m. a honey-comb. 

madhukkhira, m. the date tree. 

madhucchittha, n. bee's wax. 

madhupa, m. a bee. 

madhubbata, m. a honey bee. 

madhumakkhika, /■ a bee. 

madhumeha, m. diabetes. 

madhura, adj. sweet, agreeable. 

madhuraka, m. the jivaka plant. 

madhurasa, /. a grape. 

madhulatthika, /. liquorice. 

madhuliha, m. a bee. 

madhvaluka, n. the sweet-potato root. 

manarii, adv. a little. 

mana, mn. the mind, intellect, heart. 

manakkara, m. sensitiveness. 

manasa, tiu lust. 

manasicchati, v. (manasi Jis) to wish, desire. 

manasikaroti, v. to mind, attend, bear in mind, ponder. 

take to heart; "kara, to; "ata, ppp. 
manaso, adj. mental, 
manassi, adj. sensible, prudent, 
manapa, adj. pleasing, charming, pretty, 
manuja, m. a man; "jadhipa, m. a king, 
manunna, adj. beautiful, pleasing, delightful, 
nianussa, m. a human being, man; *ka, adj. human, 
manesika, /. guessing the thoughts of others, 
manokamma, n. an act of mind, 
manotapa, m. heart-burning, 
manodvara, w. the door of mind, 
manopubbaiigama, adj. preceded by mind, 
manobhu, m. the god of love, 
manomaya, adj. sprung from or caused by mind. 
manoratha, m. desire of mind, craving, 
manorama, adj. pleasant, delightful, 
manosila, /. realgar, red arsenic, 
manohara, adj. captivating, fascinating, t liarming, 
nlanta. m. deliberation, design, plan, artitm', (harm. V'edic 

hymn. incantation, 
mantanfia, m. a .spy. 
mantana, n, (Jmant) deliberation, consuit.itai. n.^ohiUun 

i68 mantayoga 

mantayoga, m. incantation, recitation of charms. 

manta, /. wisdom. 

manti, m. a counsellor, minister. 

manteti, ^^ (Jmant) to consult, discuss, deliberate. 

mantha, vi. a churning-stick, rice cake. 

manthani, /. a churn. 

manthara, adj. slow, stupid. 

manda, adj. slow, stupid, small, slight. 

mandakini, /. name of a celestial river, or a great Himalayan 

mandarava, m. a celestial flower. 

mandira, ?i. a house, edifice, town. 

mandibhava, m. slackness, dulness. 

mandhata, to. the first king of the world. 

niamaka, ad. mine. 

mamayati, v. to be devoted to, conceited, egoistic; "y'l". ppp. 

mammacchedaka, adj. breaking the joints. 

maya, ad], made of, consisting of. 

mayu, m. a harpy, deer. 

mayukha, m. a ray of -light. 

mayiira, to. a peacock. 

mayuraka, n. vitriol. 

mayurari, to. a chameleon. 

marana, n. (rJmar) death. 

marati, v. (Jmar) to die; ma(ta, ppp. 

maramma, adj. Burmese. 

marara, m. granary. 

marica, n. pepper. 

mariyada, /. a boundary, limit, rectitude. 

marici, /. a ray of light, mirage. 

marrcika, /. mirage. 

maricimali, to. the sun. 

maru, to. a sandy desert, mountain, spirit. 

mala, n. dirt, filth, stain, fault, defect, impurity, sin, rust. 

malakassi, to. a sweeper. 

malakka, to. a small cup. 

malaya, to. name of a mountain, garden, jungle. 

malayaja, m. sandal-wood. 

malina, adj. dirty, black; n. fault. 

malinambu, m. ink. 

malimasa, adf. dirty, polluted; m. iron. 

malla, to. a wrestler ; *yuddha, n. mrestling. 

mallaka, m. a cup. 

mahika 169 

mallika, m. a sort of goose, weaver's shuttle ; /. Arabian 

malligandhi, in. aloes wood, 
mallipatta, mushroom, 
masakkasara, m. Sakka's city, 
masahari, /. a mosquito curtain, 
masira, *ka, m. sapphire, emerald, 
mas&ragalla, n. a cat's eye. 

masi, nt. soot, ink ; 'kupi, /. ink-pot ; *patha, m. pen-holder, 
masika, m. a snake hole, 
masura, m. a sort of lentil, 
masuri, /. the small-pox., n. beard, 
maha, mn. a festival. 

mahaggha, °ghiya, adj, of great value, costly, valuable, 
mahati, v. (Jmah) to revere, worship, 
mahatta, /. greatness of soul, magnanimity, 
mahanta, maha, adj. great, big, much, 
mahapphala, adj. very fruitful, 
maballaka, adj. old, aged, big- 
mahakaccha, m, the sea, mountain, 
mahakathana, n- a high numeral, 
mahakanda, m. garlic, 
mahagada, m. a plague, 
mahagiva, m. a camel, 
mahajana, m. the people, public, mankind, 
mahaiimi, m. a mythical fish monster, 
mahana, *sa, n. a kitchen, 
mahanisa, /. midnight, 
mahabodi, m/. the great Wisdom Tree. 
mahSbhuta, mn. a primary or essential element, 
mahamatta, m. a great minister. 
mahiraUha, n. Siam. 
mah&raha, adj. superb, splendid, 
maharoruva, m. one of the eight hells, 
mahivireka, m. the cholera, 
mahivega, m. a monkey, 
mahasatta. m. future Buddha. 

mahasammata, m. the Great Elect, the first king of the worki. 
mahasah§, /. globe amaranth, 
mahisala, m. a man of great wealth and position. 
mahik&, /. tendon, 
mabika, /. frost. 

ijo mahiccha. 

mahiccha, adj. of great desire, lustful. 

mahinda, m. Sakka. 

niahindhara, m. a mountain. 

inahira, m. the sun. 

mahira, /. a woman. 

mahisa, m. a buffalo. 

mahlssara, m. a king, Vishnu. 

mahi, /. the earth, land. 

mahldhara, m. a mountain. 

mahlpa, *ti, °paa, m. a king, 

mahiruha, to. a tree. 

mahilata, /. an earth-worm. 

mahesakkha, adj. powerful, eminent- 

mahesi, m. great sage, Buddha 

mahesi, /. chief queen. 

tuahogha, m- a torrent. 

tnahodadhi, m. the ocean. 

mahosadha, n. dry ginger. 

ma, m. the moon; particle of prohibition- 

magavika, m. a deer-stalker, huntsman. 

mSghata, m. interdiction of slaughter. 

maghya, n. blossom of the many-flowered jasmine. 

macala, m. a robber, crocodile, disease. 

macika, /. a Hy. 

mapava, *ka, m. a lad, novice. 

mipika, /. a weight, measure. 

matahga^ in. an elephant, out-caste. 

matali, m. Sakka's charioteer. 

mata, /. a mother; *maha, m. maternal grandfather. 

matapettika, adj. belonging to father and mother. 

matika, /. a conduit, water-course, canal, table of contents, 

(hatiya, adj. maternal, 
matugama, m. womankind, female, 
matuccha, /. mother's sister, 
niatula, m. a mother's Ijrother. 
matulani, /. a mother's brother's wife. 
matuluiiga, m. the citron tree- 
mada, in. pride, 
madaka, nt. water-fowl. 
madana, it- delighting, cloves, 
madisa, marisa, ad], like me 
miidhavilata) /. the soap acacia creepero 

migadaya r;} 

mailurl, /. spirituous, drink. 

rnana, m. pride, conceit; n. a measure. 

inanaknta, n. a false measure. 

manana, fn. honouring, revering. 

minaniya, adj. venerable, honourable. 

manava, vi. mankind, man. 

manasa, n. the mind, intention, purpose; "sika, adj. mental. 

mnnita. ( ^pp. mdncti) revered, honoured. 

mSnusa, *ka, adj. human- 

maneti, {caus. m&nhati) to honour revere. 

mlpeti, {c<ius. viinSti) to make, create; "paka, adj ; °pana, n. 

maya /. illusion, jugglery, magic, deceit ; *kara,m. a juggler. 

liiayavl, adj. deceitful. 

mayu, m. bile, gall. 

mara, m. death, the evil one; *ka, m. a slayer. 

maraji, m. a conqueror of Mara, Buddha. 

marisa, m. a venerable person. 

maruta, a wind. 

iii.ila, m. a pavillion, one-peaked building; /. garland neck- 
lace, row, line; *ka, m. enclosure, yard, terrace, nimo 

malati, /. the great flowered jasmine. 

malatitiraja, n. borax. 

malakara, w. a gardener. 

malaguna, °u!a, m. a garland of flowers. 

mSlika, m a gardener, florist; f. a garland, double jasmine. 

mail, jw. a gardener. 

maluta. m. wind. air. 

malutana, m. the armadillo. 

maluva, /. n creeper. 

raalura, m. the bael tree- 

malya. n. a garland of flowers. 

masa, mn. a month, kidney-bean. 

masaka, m. a bean or vetch, weight, measur©, coin. 

masara, m. the scum of boiled rice. 

masuri, /. the beard. 

miga, m. a deer, wild beast. 

migakkhi, /. a woman with lovely eyes like those of the 

migaka, in. the moon. 

:nigacelaka, a wild cat. 

migatanhika, /. mirage. 

lyz miganabnj 

migan&bhi, m. musk. 

migapti, m. a lion. 

migamada, m. musk. 

migam^tuka, /. a bison. 

migava, m. hunting, chase. 

migadana, m. a hyena. 

migari, m. a lion, tiger, blood-hound. 

micchatta, «. falsity, misconduct, wrongness. 

miccha, adv. falsely, wrongly; 'cara, m. wrong conduct or 

micchaditthi, /. wrong views. 

micchSsaiikappa, m. wrong thought or intention. 

mita, {ppp.miniti) measured, moderate; *bhaiji, adj. speak- 
ing in moderation. 

mitta, m. a friend; *ddu, *du, dubhl *dubhika, adj. 
treacherous, perfidious. 

mithu, mitho, adv. mutually, privately, reciprocally. 

mithuna, n. a couple. 

middha, n. torpor, drowsiness. 

minati, v. (Jma) to measure, gauge, survey: mStabba, 
metabba, meyya, fpp; mita, ppp ; mapeti, caus; min. 
ana, n. 

milakka, *ka, m. a barbarian, foreigner, hillman. 

milana, m. mixture, association. 

milayati, v. (Jmla) to languish, fade, wither; milsita, 'ppp. 

milita, adj. mixed, associated. 

missa, *ka, adj. mixed; *ti, "seti, v. to be mixed ; "sita, ppp. 

mihita, w. a smile. 

mihira, m. the sun, moon, cloud, wind. 

mina, m. a fish. 

mllati, V. {Jmi\) to wink; °ana, n; "lita, ppp. 

mil ha, n. excrement. 

mukandaka. m. red onion. 

niukura, m. a mirror. 

mukula, mn. a bird. 

mukha, n. the mouth, face, front, entrance, brim, means, 

mukhadhana, n. the bit of a bridle, 
mukhapata, m. a veil, 
mukhapStha, m. oral recitation, 
mukhappiya, n. an orange, 
mukhara, adj. garruloas, noisy, scurrilous. 

musati J 73 

mukkhavaUi, /• brim, fringe, edge. 

mukhaviUha, /, a cockroach. 

mukhya, adj. chief, true. 

mugga, m. a sort of kidney bean. 

muggara, m. a hammer, mallet, club. 

mucchati, v. to become faint; °chita, ppp ; "ana, n; °cha, /. 

mucchanS, /. a musical tone. 

muRcati, v. (Jrtiuc) to loose, release' dismiss, omit, send 

forth; mutta, ppp ; moceti, caus. 
munja, m, a sort of grass, the banded snake-head- 
mufijaka, m. testicle. 

mutthasacca, "ssati, n. forgetfulness, lapse of memory. 
muUhi. nif. the fist, handful, smith's hammer; 'ka, m. a 

mun(?a, ad/, bald, bare, shaved; *ka, m. a shaveling; n. 

muta, {ppp. mundti) thought, considered, 
mvti, /. understanding, intelligence. 
mutiAga, m. a small drum, tabour. 
mutta, n. urine; /• a pearl. 

muttakaficuka, m. a snake that has east off its skin, 
muttaguna, "anara, m. a string of pearls, 
muttapasii, /. mother-of-pearl, 
muttaphala, n. the custard-apple, camphor, 
mutti, /. release, deiiverance, nibbina. 
muttika, n. a pearl, 
muda, /. joy. 
mudita, /. sympathy, 
mudu, adf. soft, slow. 

mudda, ;. a seal, signet, seal-ring, conveyancing. 
muddSyanta, n. a printing press, 
muddika, /. the vine, grape, seal-ring, signet, 
muddeti, v. to stamp, print; °dita, ppp- 
muddha, adj. stupid, foolish; *ta, /. 
muddhaja, m. a celebral letter. 

muddha, m. the head, top; *bhisitta, m. an anointed king 
mudha, adv. in vain, gratis, 
muni, m. a sage, saint, 
muniputtara, m. a wagtail, robin. 
mubba, /. a kind of creeper, 
muraja, m. a tambourine- 
musaka, m. a rat. 
musati, V. (^mns) to steal, plunder. 



musala, mn. a club, pestle. 

musaluttara, nt. a pig. 

musa, adv. falsely; *vada, m. falsehood. 

muhu, muhurii, adv. momently, repeatedly. 

muhutta, m. a moment. 

mulala, inn. a lotus-stalk. 

muga, adj. dumb. 

mula, n. a root, origin, base, cause, amount, price, capital. 

mulaka, mn. a radish. 

mulya, n. price, wages. 

musa, /. a crucible. 

musika, m. mouse. 

mulha, ppp. (Jmuh) misguided, deluded, ignorant, foolish. 

mekhala, /. a girdle zone. 

megha, m. a cloud, rain. 

meghajala, meghanala, m. talc, mica, 

meghajjoti, /. lightning. 

meghapasana, n. hail. 

meghavanna, /. the indigo plant, 

mecaka, adj. black, dark-blue; m. root of an animal's tail. 

mejjha, adj. pure. 

men<Ja, m. a sheep, ram. 

metta, /. love, good-will. 

metya, n. friendship. 

inethuna, n. sexual intercourse. 

meda, m. fat. 

medinl, /. the earth. 

medha, m. sacrifice; /. intelligence. 

medhaga, m. strife, quarrel. 

medhsvi, ad;, intelligent, wise. 

menika, 7n. a fisherman. 

meraya, n. intoxicating drink, liquor. 

melaka, m. as.semblage. 

mela, /. ink. 

mesa, m. a ram. 

meha, m. urine. 

moka, n. hide, skin peeled off from an animal. 

mokkha, adj. principal, pre-eminent ; m. release, delivcrence 

mokkhacika, n. acrobatic feats. 

mogha, adj, useless, vain. 

moca, m. the drum-stick tree; n. banana fruit. 

moceti, cans, (^muc) to release, detach; °cana, n. 

mocSta, m, banana or plan: : 

yadidam fyt 

mona, m. a aried fruit, snake-chamer's basket. 

modaka, vi. a sort of sweet-meat, ferment. 

modati, v. (Jmud) to rejoice; °ana, n; mudita, ppp. 

modayanti, /. a species of coffee-wort- 

mona, n. silence. 

momuka, adj, silly, mad. 

mora, m. a peacock. 

moli, mf. a top-knot, chignon, crest, diadem. 

mosa, VI. (^/mus) theft, roFjbery ; *ka, m. a thief. 

moha, TO. (Jmuh) delusion, folly. 

mohita, ppp. (►/muh) deluded, infaluatad. 


pa, pfon. who, which, what, lie, who, whoever. 

yakana, n. the liver. 

yakkha, n. an ogre. 

yakkhadhiipa, w. resin, 
yagghe, indecl. indeed, 
yajati, V. (Jyaj) to sacrifice, offer; "ana, « ; yittjia, ppp. n 

yance, adv. than if, rather than. 
yaiifia, vi. (Jyaj) a sacrifice, 
yannartga, m. the glomerous fig-tree, 
yatthi, /. a staff, stick, pole, stem, measure of length, 
yatthimadhuka, /- liquoiice. 
yati, m. a monk, ascetic; /• caesura, 
yato, adv. since, inasmach as, because, 
yaltaka, adj. however much, of whatever size, 
yatra, yattha, adv. where, whither, since, as. 
yatha, adv. as, how. like; yathattarh, adv. rightl)', exactly. 
yathatatha,.arf/. real, true- 
yathabuddham, adv. according to seniority. 
yathabuhuccatti, "bhutam, adv. according to the reality, 
yatharaharii, adv. according to worth, property, 
yatharucirh, adv. according to one's pleasure, at will, 
yathasaka, adj. each his own, respective, 
yathasattirh, adv. according to one's ability 
yathasukharti, adv. as one likes, at pleasure, 
yathicchitam, adv. to one's liking, to one's heart's content 
yadi, indecl. if. 
yadiccha, /. self-will, independence; achaka, n. whatever one 

yadidarti, adv. namely, that is to say. 

^76 ya"^ 

yanta, n. machine, engine* appliance. 

yama, m. restraint, temperance, pair, couple, king ot the 

infernal region, 
yamaka, adj, double, twin, pair, couple. 
yamala, n. a pair- 
yamavahana, m. a buffalo, 
yameruka, /. a gang, 
yava, to. barley, 
yavalasa, m. saltpetre, 
yavasa, m. pasture, fodder, 
yasa, m. fame, renown, pomp; yasassi, adj. 
yahirti, adv. where, wherever, 
yaga, m. ( Jyaj) a sacrifice, 
yagu, /. rice gruel. ^ 

yacati, v.'(Jyac) toask, beg, entreat ;°aka, to. begger; ana, /. 
yatana, /. torment. 

yati, y. (f^ya) to go, undergo; yata, ppp. 
yadikkha, °isa, adj. of what sort? 
yana, n. a conveyance, carriage, proceeding; *patta, n. a 

yapeti, caus. (Jya) to maintain oneself; "p^na, n. mainten- 
ance, living, 
yapayayana, n. a palanquin. 
ySma, w. restraint, watch of three hours, name of a class of 

yamaghosa, m. a cock ; /. clock, 
yamavati, /. night, 
yayi, adj. going, temporary, 
yava, *rti, adv. until, as long as. 
yavaka, m. lac. 

yivajlvarti, adv. as long as life lasts, 
yavata, adv. as far as, inasmuch as, because; *yukaih, adv. 

as long as life lasts, 
yavadattharh. "dicchakarh, ddv. as much as desired, 
yitfha, ppp. (Jyaj) n. a sacrifice, 
yuga, n. a pair, couple, a generation, age of the world; wn. 

yugakkhaya, to. destruction of the worlb. 
yugapatta, to. mountain ebony, 
yugala, n. a pair, couple. 

yujjhati, v. (Jyudh) to fight, make war; yuddha, ppp. ». 

1-anku 177 

yunjaLi, V. ( Jyuj) to ilevole, apply oneself to, be Zealous; 
yutta, ppp. 

yutta, />/>/>. (Jyuj) devoted to, yoked, engaged. 

yuttaka, adj. wonhy, proper, right. 

yutti, /. use, application, fitness, propriety. 

yuvati, /. a girl, maiden- 

yuvaraja, in. a crown prince. 

yuva, adj. young. 

yuka, mf. a louse. 

yiiti, /. mixture, association. 

yutlia, mn. a herd of animals. 

yCithika, /. a sort of jasmine. 

yuna, udj. young. 

yupa, m. a pillar, column. 

yusa, inn. juice. 

yenakamam, yenicchakaiii, adv. wherever one likes, at will. 

yebhuyya, adj. abundant, numerous; "yena, adv. instr. 
generally, mostly. 

yoga, »»i. junction, union, method, application, devotion; 
"gi, m. an ascetic. 

yogakkhema, m. security, nibbiina. 

yogavahi, m. mercury. 

yogavacara, m. a religious applicant or aspirant. 

yogga, adj. worthy, proper; /. training, practice; n. a car- 
riage, conveyance. 

yojana, 71. junction, union, measure of length; *gandha, /. 

yotta, n. the tie of a yoke, rope. 

yodha, yodhi, m. (N/yudh) a warrior. 

yona, yonaka, yavana, adj. Ionian, Greek. 

yoni, /. the womb, origin, knowledge; *So adv. causally, 

yobbana, yobbaiina, n. youth. 

yobbanakandaka, m. a pimple, 
yosa, /. a woman. 


raiilsi, /. a ray of light; *ma, adj. radiant; m. the sun. 
rakkhati, v. to protect, ward off, guard; "kha, /; "aka, adj ; 

ana, n. 
rakkhasa, "i. a demon, ogre, 
rafiku, m. a species ot deer. 

1 78 ranga 

rariga, m. colour, paint ; *sala, /. theatre. 

rarigajiva, m. a painter, actor. 

racati, -y. (Jrac) to compose, prepare; °ana, /./. literary 

racayita, to. composer, author, 
raccha, /. a carriage road or street, 
raja, mn. dirt, dust, pollen of flowers, impurity, sin. 
rajaka, m. a washerman, 
rajakkha, adj. having impurity or passion, 
rajala, n. silver, 
rajati, v. (Jraj) to colour, dye; ratta, fpp; raiijeti, caus; 

"ana, n. 
rajani, /. night; rajanicara, m. a ghost, thief; rajanijala, n. 

rajanlya, adj. lustful. 

rajavatti, /. minute particles of dust or vapour, 
rajassala, to. a buffalo; /. a menslruous woman, 
rajovajalla, n. dust and dirt, 
rajosarathi, m. wind, 
rajohara, m. a washerman, 
rajja, n. sovereignty, royalty, monarchy, kingdom ; "aiiga, 

n. requisite of royalty, 
rajju, /. a rope, string. 

raiijeti, caus (Jraj) to dye, illuminate, gratify; °jana, n. 
rattha, mn. kingdom, realm, country ; "thika, "thiya, m. 

an inhabitant, 
rana, w. sin, battle, 
raodaka, m. a fruitless tree, 
ratakila, w. a dog. 
rataguru, to. a husband, 
ratatali, to/, a lustful person, 
ratana, M. a jewel; *kandala, to. coral; *mukhya, n. 

ratayani, /. a harlot. 

rati, /. pleasure, delight, sexual intercourse, 
ratta, ppp. (Jraj) coloured, dyed, impassioned; n. nighl. 
rattatunda, «. a parrot, 
rattaniiu, adj. experienced, 
rattapa, /. a leech, 
rattapuppha, mf. the cotton tree, 
rattalocana, to. a pigeon, 
rattavaddhana, to. the brinjal. 
ratti, mjn. night; "indiva, to. a day and a nignt. 

rahita '79 

ratha, m. a car, carriage, chariot. 

ratharenu, m. a mite, a minute measure of weiglit. 

rathanika, n. an array of chariots. 

rathilva, m. one who rides a chariot; /. a carriage road- 

rathesabha, m. 'lord of charioteers,' a king. 

rada, *na, m. a tooth. 

radi, m. an elephant. 

randha, n. a hole, cavity, fault. 

randheti, v. to hurt, make subject to. 

ramattha, n. asafaetida- 

ramati, 1). (J ram) to enjoy, delight in; rata, ppp ; "twya., 

adj. pleasing; °aniya, ppP- delightful; 'ani, /. a 

rampanna, 7nn. a cucumber, 
rambha, /• a plantain tree, 
ramma, adj. delightful, beautiful, 
raya, m. speed. 

rallaka, m. a woollen blanket, eyelash, 
ravati, v. (Jru) to cry, shout; rava, mf. 
ravi, m. the sun, Sunday; *natha, n. a lily; *sannaka., n. 

rasa, m. sap, juice, essence, taste; *ka, m. a cook^ 
rasakesara, n. camphor, 
rasagabbha, n. vermilion, 
rasaggasa, /. a nerve of sensatio. 
rasana, n. taste; /. tongue, woman's zone, 
rasanatha, m. mercury, 
rasaphala, to. a cocoanut tree, 
rasavati, /. a kitchen, 
rasasadhana, m. borax, 
rasatala, n. the infernal region, 
rasala, in. sugar-cane, 
rasika, adj. spirited, witty, tasteful, 
rasita, n. thunder; adj. gilt, 
rasopala, n. a pearl, 
rasmi, to. a rope, bridle, ray of light, 
rassa, adj, short. 

raha, to. solitude, secrecy, privacy; raho, adv. privately, 
rahada, to. a lake, 
rahasa," to. the sea, sky. 
rahassa, '.adj. secret, private; n. a secret; °sena, adv, 

rahita, ppP- deprived of, without. 

l8o raka 

raka, /. the full moon, itch. 

raga, w. dyeing, colour, passion, lust. 

rajaka, m. a king. 

rajakara, n. royal revenue. 

rajakkhaya, m. royal house, palace. 

rajangana, n. a palace yard/ 

rajanna, m. a prince. 

rajatala, m. the betel tree. 

rajadhani, /. a royal city. 

rajarariga, n. silver. 

raja, m. a king. 

raji, /. a streak, line, row. 

rajinJ, /. a queen. 

rajila, adj. stupid; m. a water-snake. 

radhita, ppp. accomplished, performed. 

rama, to. joy, delight. 

r'amaiieyyaka, adj. delightful. 

rasi, TO. a heap, quantily, sign of the zodiac. 

rittha, n. sin, misfortune. 

rite, adv. except, without. 

ritta, *ka, adj. empty. 

ripu, TO. an enemy. 

riri, /. brass. 

riti, /. custom, habit. 

rukkha, to. a tree; adj. rough, cruel. 

rukkhacara., to. a tKonkey. 

rukkhadhupa, to. varnish. 

rukkhamakkatika, /. a squirrel. 

rukkharuha, /. the orchid plant. 

rukkhasa, to. a chameleon. 

ruci, /. light, splendour, pleasure, inclination; *ma, adj. 

rucira, adj. brilliant, beautiful, agreeable, 
ruccati, v. ( Jruc) to appear good,be pleasing ;°anii, n. choice, 
rujati, V. to suffer, ache; "ja, /; "jjana, n. pain, 
ruttha, ppp. (Jtus) enraged, 
rundika, /. the battle ground, 
runna, n. (iJiud) weeping, lamentation, 
rudda, adj, furious, 
ruddha, ppp. (Jrudh) obstructed, 
rudhira, n. blood. 

rundhati, v. (Jrudh) to restrain, obstruct; ruddha, ppp, 
ruta, n. cry, noise. 

lakara i8i 

ruru, m. a sambhur. 

ruvathu, m. sound, noise. 

ruha, adj. growing 

rulhi, /. growth, metaphor. 

riipa, n. form, matter, shape, body, visible object, objective; 

*ltkhandha, m. aggregate of matter, 
rupaka, n. an image, representation, 
ruparammana, n. a visible object, 
rupi, *ya, m. silver, 
rupika, /. an image, statue. 
rCipI, adj. beautiful. 
rupQpajivini, /. a harlot, 
re, interj. heigh ! halloa ! 
rekha, /. a line, streak, 
recana, fn. diarrhoea. 

renu, mf. dust, pollen; *vasa, m. a bee; *sara, to. camphor, 
retaja, /. sand, 
roka, n. a hole, 
roga, m. (iJruj) disease; "gl, ad/, ill, sick; *santaka, to. a 

doctor, physician, 
rocati, v. (^/^uc) to be pleasing, appear good; roceti, cans. 

to choose, 
rocana, adj. shining; m. a sort of cotton, 
rodati, v. (Jrud) to weep, wail; "ana, n. 
rodha, n. a bank, dam; to. stopping; *na, obstruction, 
ropa, m. an arrow, planting. 

ropeti, cans, to plant, set up; V'^na, n; "pita, ppp. 
roma, n. the hair on the body; "afica, to. horripilation, 
romantha, n. chewing the cud. 
roruda, /. violent crying, 
roruva, to. one of the eight hells. 
rosaiTisa, /. desire, wish, 
rosa, TO. anger. 

rosaka, rosana, a(^j. (Jrus) angry, 
rosaneyya, adj. irritable, 
roseti, cans. (Jrus) to annoy, irritate. 
roha, TO ; *na, n. mounting, ascending, a bud. 
rohini, /. a red cow. 
rohita, adj. red. 
rohisa, to. a kind of deer. 

lakara, to. a mast. 

i82 takuntaka 

lakuntaka, m. a dwarf. 

lakkha, n. a mark, target; *na, n. mark, sign, characteristic, 

property, fortune-telling, 
lakkhaiina, adj. auspicious, beautiful, 
lakkhl, /. prosperity, splendour, beauty, 
lakkheti, v. to mark, characterize, dicern. 
laguja, TO. a club, mallet, 
laggati, lagati, v. (Jlag) to adhere, stick fast; lagga, 

lagita, ppp, "geti, caus. 
laghu, adj. light, quick, small; *kaya, m- a goat, 
lafika, /. Ceylon, 
laf.khani, /. the bit of a bridle, 
langati, v. to deteriorate, fall off. 
langi, /. a bolt or bar. 
langhati, v. to jump, step over, disregard; "gheti, v. to 

jump over, lift up. 
laiighi, /. a rain-cloud. 

lajjati, V. (Jlajj) to be ashamed ; "ana, n; "ja, /. shame, 
lajjita, lajji, adj. ashamed, modest. 
laSca, TO. a present, bribe. 

lanchati, "cheti v. to seal; °cha, to; °chana, n. a mark, seal, 
lafija, m. a foot, tail, bribe, 
lafijika, /. a harlot, 
lata, TO. a vile or mean person, 
latukika, /. the Indian quail, 
latthi, *ka, /. a staff, stick, offshoot, plant, 
landa, n. the dung of animals, 
lata, /. a creeper, branch, 
latajivha, m. a snake, 
latataru, to. the palm tree, cocoanut tree, 
latamani, to. fossilized branch, 
lattaka, n. lac. 
lattika, /. a lizard, 
laddhaka, adj. delightful, pleasing, 
laddhi, /. religious belief, heresy, 
lapaka, to. one who fawns or intrigues, 
lapati, 7). (fc/lap) to talk, prattle, whine; 'ana, «. talking, 

the mouth, 
lapanaja, m. a tooth, 
lapayati, v. to talk, prattle, whine, 
iapita, n. talk, voice, 
labuja, TO. the mountain jack, 
labbha, indecl, allowable, permissible, possible. 

llAga 183 

labhati, 1). (Jlabh) to obtain, acquire, get a chance; laddha, 

ppp ; lacchati, jut. 
lamba, adj. pendulous, long, large ; *kanna, m. Hong ears,' 

a goat, hare, 
lambati, v. to droop, fall, hang down ; °ana, n. 
lambika, adj. hanging, suspended, 
lambhana, n. abuse, bad language. 

laya, m. a brief measure of time> time in music and dancing, 
lalati, V. (rjlal) to sport, dally; lalita, ppp; °ana, f. a 

lalata, n. the forehead. 

lalama, adj. delightful ; n. a sign, flag, horn, ornament, 
lalami, /. an ear-ornament, 
lalita, ppp. ((Vial) beautiful, sporting, 
lava, ?». reaping, a chip, drop, piece, 
lavanga, n. cloves. 

lavana, n. salt; "nuttama, n. "saltpetre, 
lavitta, 11. a sickle, 
lasati, V. to shine, sport, 
lasika, /. the fluid that lubricates the joints, 
lasuna, n. garlic. 

lahu, adj. Ught, quick, vain, flighty; * rn, adv, lightly, 
lahutthana, n. bodily vigour, 
lakha, /. lac 

lakharukkha, m. the butea tree, 
laja, mf. parched grain, 
lapa, m. a sort of quail, 
labu, m. a pumpkin, 
labha, m. gain. 

lamaka, adj. low, inferior, vile, 
layati, v . to reap ; "ana, n. 
lalana, n. dalliance, sport, 
lalappati, lalapati, v. (<Jlap) to lament, 
lalasa, /. ardent desire, 
lala, /. saliva, 
lasana, 71. dancing, 
likuca, m. a sort of bread fruit, 
likocaka, m. the oleaster plum, 
likkha, /. a measure of weight, louse-egg. 
likhati, "0. (Jlikh) to write, inscribe, scratch; *ana, n. 
ligu, n. the heart; m. an animal, bad man. 
liAga, «. a mark, sign, characteristic, sex, gerider, puden* 


i84 lingf 

lirigl, adj. having gender; m. an elephant. 

litta, ppp. (n/Hp) smeared, plastered. 

lipi, /. writing, letter of the alphabet. 

liha, TO. licking. 

Una, {ppp- liyati) attached, adhering, inherent, hidden; 
*cara, to. a thief, hunter. 

llha, /. sport, play, dalliance. 

ll]ha, /. grace, facility, ease. 

lujjana, n. break-up. 

luricati, v. to pull up or out. 

lunthana, n. rolling on the ground. 

ludda, *ka, m. a hunter. 

luddha, ppp. (ijlubh) greedy, covetous. 

lunati, V. (Jlu) to cut, reap; lima, ppp. luyati, pass. 

lupyati, pass. (Jlup) to be elided; lutla, ppp; "pana, n. 

luiaya, to. a buffalo. 

lukha, adj. rough, harsh. 

luta, lutika, /. a spider. 

lijma, mfn. a tail ; *visa, to, a scorpion. 

lekha, to. a letter, epistle, inscription, writing, drawing; /. 
a line, scratch; *ka, to. a scribe, secretary. 

lekhana, n. writing, a letter; "nika, to. amanuensis, post- 

lekheti, cans, (ijlikh) to write, delineate. 

lekhyapatta, mfn. letter-paper. 

Jeddu, TO. a clod of earth. 

lena, n. a cave, cavern, refuge. 

lepa, TO. mortar, plaster; *na, n. plastering. 

lepya, n. modelling in clay, plastering. 

leyya, {fpp. lehati) n. a foodstuff that is licked, lapped or 

lesa, TO. a bit, atom, trick, stratagem. 

lehati, v. (Jlih) to lick; lilha, ppp; leyya, fpp. 

lehina, to. borax. 

ioka, tn. the world, universe, mankind. 

lokagaru, to. the Buddha. 

lokadhamma, to. worldly condition. 

lokadhatu, /. a world element or system. 

lokantarika, adj. belonging to the space between three 

lokayata, n. casuistry. 

lokuttara, adj. transcendental, spiritual. 

lokesa, TO. Brahman. 

vahka 185 

locaka, m. a piece of flesh, pupil of the eyei skin cast off 

by a snake, 
locana, n. the eye. 
lona, n. salt. 

lopa, m. cutting off, apocope, 
lobha, m- greed, cupidity; °aniya, adj.- connected with 

loma, n. the hair of the body; *kupa, to. a pore of the 

lotnabhumi, /. the skin. 

loniasa, adj. hairy; *panaka, to. a caterpillar, 
lomasara, to. emerald, 
lomahatiisa, to. horripilation ; "hattha, adj. 
lola, adj. tremulous, agitated, desirous; *ta, /. eagerness. 
lolupa, adj. desirous, covetous, greedy, 
loha, TOn. iron, any metal, agallochum. 
lohakanta, n. a magnet, 
lohaja, n. brass, bronze. 

lohaddavl, m. borax, 
lohapittha, m. a heron, 
lohavamma, n. a coat of mail, 
lohavara, n. gold, 
lohita, adj. red. 
lohitanka, w. a ruby, 
lohitatunda, w. a parrot, 
lohitaya, n. copper. 

Vatttsa, Ml. a bamboo, race, lineage, dynasty, history. 

vathsakkama, m. lineage, pedigree. 

vartisavanna, m. the vejuriya gem. 

vathsika, m. a flute player, piper. 

vaka, TO. a wolf. 

vakka, n. the kidney ; adj. crooked ; *giva, to. a camel. 

vakkanga, m. the ruddy goose. 

vakkala, mn. bark of tree, bark garment of ascetics. 

vakkha, to. a tree; n. the chest. 

vakkhoja, ". a woman's breast. 

vagga, m. a class, company, multitude. 

vaggu, adj. pleasant, beautiful. 

vaiika, «<^/' crooked, cunning; m. a fish-hook, river -bend. 

1 86 vahkativangaiii 

vaiikativangarii, adv. crookedly- 

vahga, m. Bengal, cotton, cutaneous complaint. 

vaca, m. speech, saying. 

vacana, n. speaking sword- *. . j 

vaci, /. speech; *kamma, n. act of speech; *bheda, m. 

uttering words. 

vacca. mn. lustre, excrement; *kuti, /• a privy. 

vaccha, m. a calf; *ka, m, a calf; *tara, m. bullock, steer. 

vacchara, m. vear. 

vacchala, adj. affectionate; m. affection; /- a cow fond ot 

her calf, 
vaja, m. a cow pen- 
vajati, v. {^/vaj) to go, walk, 
vajira, mn. the thunderbolt^ diamond, adamant; ♦tunda, a 

garuia, vulture, mosquito; *danta, m^. a pig, rat- 
vajja, n. a fault, sin, musical instrument; "ana. v. avoiding. 
vajjeti, cans, to avoid, abstain, shun, remove, 
vajjha, /. (Jvadh) execution, 
vaficeti, v. to deceive, delude; "cat;' "^^' ' 

y2n)na,"an/. barren, sterile. 

vatarfisaka, n. a kind of flower. 

vafa, m. the banyan tree. 

vatakara, m. a cord, garland of flowers- 

vatuma, n. a road- 

vatta, m. expenditure; adj. round; n. circle of existence, 

vatlaka, /. a quail, 
vattati, V. to behove, be right, 
valli, /. fringe, rim, wick, lump ; *ka, /. a thong, wick, 

vattula, adj. circular, 
vathara, adj. fat, stout, 
vacjcjhati, v. to grow, increase, multiply, prosper; "dhi, /; 

vaddha, vuddha, vuddha, buddha, ppp, old, wise; 

°ana, "aka, adj ; "ana, n. 
vaddhaki, m. an artisan, carpenter, mason, 
vana, mn. a soie, wound, boil, 
vanijja, /. trade, 
vanita, adj. wounded, 
vaiiippatha, m. trading town, mart, 
vanta, n. a stalk, 
vanthara, m. a palmyra bud, bosom, dog, cloud. 

vanatha 187 

vannn, ■»}. appearance, colour, loinplexioii, beauty, vowel, 

syllable, quality ; *m kathet], to praise, 
vannaka, ». paint, rouge, 
vannakupika, /. an ink-pot. 
vannadasT, f, a prostitute 

vannana, /. description, explanation, commentary, 
vannapatha,;))!. a desert, 
vannamata, /. a nib. 
vanni, n. gold. 

vanrii, ad/.:having the colour of; to. a painter; /. a beauti- 
ful woman, 
vanneti, v. to descricb, depict, praise, explain, comment, 
vata, indecl. O! alas! indeed; mn. duty, observance, 

habit, rite, 
vati, /. a fence. 

vatta, J7. the mouth, face; /. one who says, 
vattati, 1'. to begin, proceed, go on, take place, say, be, 

exist, practise, tend; vatta, ppp ; n. duty, 
vattana, n. livelihood, subsistence, wages, 
vattani, /. a road, 
vattamana, adj. the present, 
vattarama, m. a plantation. 

vatti, ID, (J vac) to speak, address; vatva, ^er;avoca, aor ; 
vakkhati, fut ; vatturh, inf ; vuccati, pass; vutta, ppp. 
vattha, n. clothes; m. a goat. 

vatthaguyha, n. the pudendum, 'to be hidden by clothes.' 
vatthi, »»/. the abdomen, bladder, 
vatthu, n. substance, thing, matter, cause, subject, story, 

narrative ; m. a site, floor, 
vatrabhfi, m. Sakha, 
vadaiinu, adj. bountiful, affable, 
vadati. u. (Jvad) to speak, declare; vada, m. speaking; 

ud ppp; vadeti, caus- to sound (musically), 
vadana, n. speech, mouth, face, 
vaddalika, /. rainy weather, 
vaddhamaya, adj. leathern, 
vadhati, r. to strike, kill; °aka, adj ; a, m. slaughter, 

adhuka, /. a daughter-in-law. 
vadhu, /. a bride, girl, daugther-ih-law. 
vana, n. a wood, forest, water; *gahana n. forest, 
vanacaraka, m. a farester. 
vanatha, m. undergrowth in a forest, bru.«(hwood, lust. 

i88 vanada 

vannda, m. a rnin-cloud. 

vaiiappati, vanaspali. vi. 'lord oj iha fnrcst,' Iree towering 

above olhevs. 
vanappiya, m. the cuckoi). 
vanaraji, /. a forest glade, 
vanabhu, m. a rabbit, 
vanita, /. a woman, 
vanussaha, m. a rhinoceros. 

vanta, ppp. (iJvam) vomited, ejected, deprived of. 
vantasika, adj. eating what has been vomited- 
vandati, v. to salute, revere, venerate; "anri, In. 
vandaka, /. a species of mistletoe, 
vandi, m. a bard, panegyrist; /. prisoner, 
vapati, XI. to sow, shave; vatta, vutta, ppp; "ana, n. 
vapa, /. at spreading among the muscles, 
vapu, 71. the body. 
v.iDna, m. sowing, river-bank. 

vamati, v. to vomit, eject ; vanta ; ppp ; "a, w ; ana^ "n. emetic, 
vamathu, m. vomiting, 
vambhana, n. ridicule, 
vamma, n. armour, 
vammika, mn. an ant-liill. 
vammita, adj. wearing armour, 
vaya, mn. youth, age; *ttha, adj. young; *ppatta, adj. come 

of age. 
vayassa, m. friend. 

vara, m. a boon, favour; adj. excellent, best, noble, 
varaka, n. the Indian corn, 
varanga, m. the head. 

varahgana, /. a noble or beautiful woman. 
varafifiu, adj. knowing the best, the Buddha, 
varana, to. a wall, rampart, 
varata, m. a foreigner, wild man, swan, 
varanda, to. a pimple, refuse, 
varatta, /. a strap, thong, 
yarapbala, to. the cocoanut tree, 
varala, m. a wasp, 
varavacchala, /. mother-in-law. 
varan nini, /. lac. 

varaka, adj. wretched, miserable, 
varata, to. a rope. 

vararoha, to. a mahout ; /. a woman of excellent form, 
varaha, to. a boar, 

vasTbhava 1S9 

varisa, n. a year; /. rainy season. 

variha, m. a peacock. 

varihisa. n. the kusa grass. 

varuna, hi. the ocean. 

variitha, m. a wooden fender round a chariot. 

valaja, m. a sort of fish. 

valafijeti, v. (v/lanj) to use, spend, resort to ;''ja. to ; "jana, 

n ; "jaka, adj. 
valaya, mn. a bracelet, ring, circle, 
valayita, adj. encircled, 
valahaka, vi. rain-cloud, mountain. 

vali, /. a fold of the skin, wrinkle, streak ; *ta, adj. wrinkled, 
valittaca, adj. wrinkled, 
valira, adj. squinting, 
vallmukha, m. a monkey, 
vallaki, /. an Indian lute. 

vallabha, adj. beloved; m. a favourite, overseer, 
vallari, /. a compound pedicle, 
vallava, m. a cook, cow-herd. 
vaJlibha, m. the pumpkin, 
valli, /. a creeper, 
vallura, mfn. dried flesh, 
vavakattha, />/>/>• (Jkas)- withdrawn, secluded, 
vavatthapeti, cans, to place, fix, settle, establish; "ana, 

°apana, n; "thita, ppp. 
vasa, mn. wish, desire, authority, power, control. Vase 

vattati, to be under control ; vasena, adv. by means of, 

for the sake of- *ga, adj. subject, obedient, 
vasati, v. to dwell, live, spend time; vacchati, fnl ; vatthurii, 

in; vuttha, vusita, ppp; °ana, n. dwelling, 
vasati, /. dwelling, abode, 
vasana, n. cloth, clothes, 
vasanta, m. spring (season), 
vasantaghosi, m. the cuckoo, 
vasabha, m. a bull, 
vasala, m. an oul-cast, reprobate, 
vasavatti, adj. bringing into subjection, Mara, 
vaSa, /, a barren cow, obedient wife, serum, fat. 
vasada, m. a lion, 
vasika, adj. subject to ; *ta, /. 
vasikaroti, v. to bring into subjection, 
vasibhava, m. Subjection, self-control, subjugation; "bhuta' 

ndi . 



vasu, adj. sweet; m. .-. ray of ligh1, tree; n. wcaltli. a gem. 

vasudha, vasumati, vasundhara, /. the earth. 

vassa, m. a goat; mn. a year, rain; *wi vasati, to keep leni. 

vassakara, m. a rain cloud. 

vassaggarh, adv. in order of seniority of monks. 

vassati, -v. to utter a cry, vassita, ppt>. n. a cry; v. to rain; 
°ana, n; vatta, p/)^ Dcvo vassati, it rains. 

vassavara, vassadhara, m. a eunuch. 

vassaghosa. m. a frog. 

vassana, m. the rainy season. 

vassanara, m. fire. 

vassapabhatijana, m. a storm. 

vassamada, m. a peacock. 

vassavasa, m. rainy residence, lent. 

vassikasatika, /. a waterproof. 

vassiki, /. great-flowered jasmine. 

vassupanayika, /. entrance upon lent. 

vnssokasara, /. Sakka's city. 

vaha, adj. carrying; jh. shoulder of an ox. 

vahati, v. (ijvah) to carry, bear, possess; vuyhati,vulhati, 
pass ; ana, i. 

vahitta, n. a raft, boat. 

valabanala, m. a submarine fire at the wSoulh Pole. 

vaiabhamukha. n. a whirlpool on the way to Mount Meru. 

valabhi, /• a roof. 

va.iava, /. a mare. 

va, conj. or. 

vaka, n. bark of a tree , "cira, n. bark-garment . 

vakara, /. a net or snare. 

vakkarana, n. talk, assertion. 

vakya, n. speech, sentence; "yarambha, m. prefatory words. 

vagura, /. a net or snare; "rika, m. a sportsman using nets. 

vacaka, adj. speaking. 

vacana, fn. recitation, reading, teaching. 

vacasika, adj. verbal. 

vaca, /. word, speech. Vacam nicchareti, to utter speech. 

vacadana, n. repartee. 

vacapeyya, n. lovely speech. 

vacala, ad], talkative. 

vacika, n. news. 

vacikaharaka, m. a love-letter, messenger, postman. 

vacuggata, adj. learnt by rote, verbally acquired. 

vayuapala 191 

vajaj w. tlie feather of an arrow ; n. butter. 

vana, m. an arrow, pipe; *dhi, m. a quiver of arrows; 

"nasana, n. a bow. 
vanijja, n. trade; "ija, m. a trader, 
van!, /. speech, voice, 
vata, m. the wind, 
vatakeh", /. whistling, 
vatanda, n. elephantiasis of the scrotum, 
vatadhaja, m. a rain-cloud, 
vatapana, n. a window, 
vatamiga, to. a swifi antelope, 
vatabadha, m. rheumatism, 
vatamoda, /. musk, 
vataya, n. a leaf, 
vatayana, n. a window, 
vatika, adj. rheumatic- 
vatingana, m. *J"= brinjal. 
vatuli. /• 3 bat. 
,atta, /. rumour, news, 
vattaki, /. the egg-plant, 
vada, TO. speech, controversy, dispute doctrine, creed; vidJ, 

adj. disputing, asserting, 
vadaka, adj. playing (music), 
vadana, n. music. 

vaditta, n. a musical instrument, instrumental music, 
vana, 11. desire, lust, sewing, 
vanapattha, to. a brahmin, anchorite, 
vanara, to. a monkey, 
vapa, TO. sewing, 
vapi, /. a reservoir, lake, 
vapita, ppp. shorn. 

vama, adj. left (hand), reverse, beautiful, 
vamana, adj. dwarfish, 
vaya, to. the wind, air. 
vayati, vati, r. to blow, breathe forth, emit, 
vayanaji n. weaving. 

vayamati, v. to strive, endeavour; vayama, n. endeavour. 
vayasriri, to. an owl. 
vayasa, to. a crow, 
vayu, TO. air, wind, 
vayuketu, m. dust, 
vayukona, m. north-west corner, 
vfiyuphala, n. the rainbow, hail. 

192 vayusakha 

vayusakha, m. fire. 

vayosariivatta, m. destruction of the world by fire. 
vayha, n- a conveyance. 

vara, m. time, occasion, turn, day of the week, 
varata, n. cultivated field, 
varana, m. an elephant; m. resistance, 
varanavallabha, /. the plantain tree, 
varavana, mn. armour, shield, 
varavilasini, /. a harlot, 
vari, -n. water, 
varikimi, m. a water-leech, 
varija, m. a fish ; n. a lotus. 

varittasila, «. abstinence from what is forbidden, 
varida, m. a cloud, 
varidhi, m- the sea. 
varipavaha, to. a fountain, spray, 
varimagga, m. a sluice, water-course, 
varuni, /. spirituous liquor. 
, vala, m. hair, hairy tail; n. water. 
valagga, n. the tip of a hair. 

valadhi, m. a horse's or cow's tail. 

valavijani, /. a yak's tail fan. 

valavedhi, m. a hair-spitter, acute arguer. 

valika, valuka, /. sand. 

vasa, m. clothing, dwelling, abode, perfume; *cunna, «. 
toilet perfume. 

vasana, /. impression remaining on the mind from past 
deeds; n. perfuming the person. 

vasayoga, to. toilet powder. 

vasara, mn. day, quill of a shuttle. 

vasava, m. Sakka. 

vasagara, n. a bed-room. 

vasada, to. a lion's den. 

vasi, /. a razor. 

v&sita, ppp. scented, perfumed. 

vasi, /. an axe, hatchet. 

vasuki, TO. king of snakes. 

vasudeva, m. Vishnu. 

vasura, /. night, woman. 

vaha, TO. a bearer, horse, vehicle, measure of capacity. 

vahaka, TO. a horseman. 

vahana, n. carrying, vehicle, 'monture.' 

vigacchati 193 

vahasa, w. a boa constrictor, or python. 

vahini, /. a river, army. 

vala, m. a snake, beast of prey ; *gahi, m. 3 snake ciiarmer. 

vikarilcata, m. name of a plant. 

vikaca, adj. blossoming. 

vikata, adj. changed, reversed; n. filth. 

vikati, /. change, emotion, kind, product. 

vikatika, /. an embroidered woollen coverlet. 

vikappa, m. option, uncertainly, thinking over. 

vikappeti, cans, to apportion, assign; °pana, n. option, 

alternative ; "pana, /. assignment, 
vikampana, n. tremulalion, shaking, 
vikara, m. disease, 
vikaroti, v. to alter; vikata, ppp. 
vikala, adj. defective, deprived of. 
vikasati v. to blossom, expand; vikasa, rre. 
vikasa, /. Bengal madder, 
vikara, m. change, alteration, perturbation, 
vikala, m. wrong time, afternoon, 
vikirati, v. to scatter, sprinkle, overwhelm ; vikinna, ppp. 

mixed, assorted, scattered, 
vikirana, adj. dispersing, squandering; m. the gigantic 

swallow- work, 
vikubbana, n. magical transformation, 
vikujati, V- to chirp, warble. 

vikppeti, caus. (Jkup) to inflict pain, annoy; "pana, n. 
vikkanta, ppp. (Jkam) stepping out, heroic, 
vikkanti, /. galloping of a horse, heroism, 
vikkama, m. advancing, heroism, prowess, 
vikkaya, m. sale; "yika, m- a vendor, 
vikkinati, v. (Jki) to sell ; vikketa, tn. a vendor; "eyya, {pp. 

for sale, 
vikkosa, m. (Jkus) proclamation, 
vikkhanatfa, adv. for a moment, 
vikkhambha, m. diameter; °ana, n. discarding; "bhita, ppp. 

vikkhayitaka, n. a corpse gnawed by animals, 
vikkhaleti, v, to wash ; °lana, n. 
vikkhipati, v. to scatter; vikkliitta, ppp- distracted. 
Vikkhepa, m. distraction, scattering, disorder, 
vikkhobheti, v. to agitate, 
vikhyata, adj. famed, renowned, 
vigacchati, v. to depart; viggata, ppp: vigania, m. 

i94 vigarahati 

vigarahali, v. to rebuke, reproach. 

vigiti, /. a song out of tune or time. 

vigahati, °heti, v. to plunge into, wade, enter; vigayha, ger. 

vigunthita, ppp. arrested, foiled. 

viggaha, m. the body, strife, analysis; *va, adj. handsome. 

viggahaka, adj. quarrelsome. 

viggha, m. an obstacle. 

vighateti, v. to remove, overthrow; "tana, n. 

vighata, m. destruction, vexation. 

vighasa, m. remains of iood, scraps ; °sa da, m, one who eats 

vicakkhana, adj. knowing, wise, skilful, 
vicakkhukamma, n. magic, deception of the eyes, 
vicaya, m. investigation, search, 
vicarati, v- to walk about; °ana, n; vicareti, ca,us. to carry 

on, investigate; "rana, fn. investigation, doubt, 
vicaraka, m. investigator, judge, 
vicikicchati, v. to hesitate, doubt; °cha, /. 
viciti, /. examination. 

vicitta, vicitra, adj. variegated, ornamented, painted, 
vicinati, v. to seek, search, gather, collect; "ana, n. 
vicinteti,, v. to think, devise; vicintaka, adj. 
viceyya, adj. discriminate, 
viccuta, ppp. fallen down, 
vicchaddeti, v. to throw away, 
vicchika, m. a scorpion, 
vicchiddaka, n. a fissured corpse, 
vicchindati, v. to break off, interrupt; vicchinna, Ppp ; 

viccheda, m. 
vijateti, v. to comb out, disentangle, unravel, explain ; "tana, w. 
vijana, adj. lonely, 
vijanana, n. birth, production, 
vijambhati, v. to rouse oneself, besport oneself, 
vijaya, -ni. victory, triumph, 
vijala, n. vinegar, 
vijana, n. understanding, 
vijanati, «. to discern, distinguish, understand, ascertain; 

vifinaya, ger; viiiiiatuiii, inf ; vifiiiata, ppp. 
vijayati, V. to give birth to ; vijata, ppp.f.a woman who 

has had a child. 
Vijigucchati, v. to loathe, 
vijitavi, adj. victorious, 
vijiti, /. victory J viieta, iw> a rnnnupmi 

vitthata T95 

vijivita, adj. dead. 

vijjamana, adj. existing, real, evident. 

vijja, /. knowledge, learning, wisdom. 

vijju, *ta, /. lightning; *llata. /. forked lightning. 

vijjotati, V. (-Jjut) to shine. 

vijjhati, V. to pierce, perforate, strike; "ana, n; viddha, ppp. 

vijjhayati, v. to burn out, he extinguished. 

vinjoli, /. a row, series. 

virijha, m. the Vindhya mountain. 

viiifiatti, /. intimation, information. 

vifiiiana, n. consciousness, rhind, thought, perception. 

vifiiianancaj'atana, n. sphere of infinite consciousness or 

vifin.inatthiti, /. abode of consciousness. 

vinnanadhatu, /. the element of consciousness or percep- 

vifiiiapana, adj. informing, instructing. 

vififiu, adj. Intelligent, wise, discreet; * ta, /. intelligence. 

vitaiika, »nn. a dove-cote. 

vitapa, m. the fork of a tree, "thicket ; *pT,lm. altree. 

vitabhi, /. the fork a tree. 

vidoja, TO.-Sakka. 

vitamsa, m. a cage for animal. 

vitakketi, v. to reflect, reason, argue; "ka, m; "kana, n. 

vitacchika, /. scabies- 

vitacchita, ppp. planed, smoothed. 

vitanda, /. frivolous discussion, captious argument; m. an 

vitata, ppp. (Jtan) extended, tdiflFused ; n. a drum covered 
with leather on both sides. 

vitatha, adj. false, unreal. 

vitarati, v. (Jtar) to continue, go through, perform, ac- 
complish ; vitinna, ppp. escaped from, crossed over, 
free from ; "ana, n. donation, escaping, 
vitana, mn. expansion, canopy, multitude, 
vitunnaka, n. vitriol, 
vitudati, TJ. to strike, sting; vitunna, ppp. n. a sort of 

vitta, n. property, wealth, possession, 
vitti, /. joy, feeling, 
vitthata, ppp- (>Jtliar) extended, wide. 

1^6 vitfhambhang 

vitlliamhhana. v, inslabilil/- 

villhfireli, v. to expami, detail; "ra, m. ampliJication. de- 
tail; "rika, adj. extended, diffused ; vitthinna, ppp. 

vidaddhata, /. gallantry, wit. 

vidati, V. to know, ascertain; vidita, ppp. 

vidatthi, /. a span. 

vidahati, v. (Jdah, dha) to allot, assign, appoint, fix, 

provide; vihita, ppp- 
vidara, m; "ana, n. tearing; "rita, ppp. (iJdar) rent, split, 
vidaleti, cai(>r. (jdal) to break open, split, rip up; °lna 

vidisa, /. an intermediate point of the compass, 
vidura, adj. wise, 
vidu, adj. knowing, wise, 
vidura, adj. very far. 
viduraja, n. a precious stone, 
vidusita, ppp. (Jdus) corrupted, 
videsa, m. a foreign land, 
viddasu, adj. skilled, wise, 
vidduma, m. coral, 
viddesa, m. enmity, hatred; "si, m. an enemy. 

viddha, ppp. (Jvidh) piecred, penetrated, thrust into. 

viddhamseti. v. caus. to crush, destroy, overthrow, scatter, 

disperse; "sa. m -, "sana, n; "sita, ppp- 
viddhasta., ppp. broken, fallen to pieces. 

vidha, m form, sort, part, fold; /. pride. 

vidhamati, v. to. scatter, dispel ; "ana, n. 
vidhava, /. a widow. 

vidhana, n. arrangement, disposal, precept, ceremony* 

vidhavati, v. to run about. 

vidhi, m. rule, precept, cereriiony, luck, destiny. 

vidhu, m. the moon. 

vidhura, n. absence, seclusion. 

vidhunati, v. (Jdhii) to shake. 

vidhupana. n. a fan. 

vinattha, ppp. (Jnas)lost, perished, destroyed. 

vinata, ppp. (Jnam) bent, inclined;/, mother of the 

vinandhati. v, (Jnah) to cover, encircle; vinaddha, ppp- 

vinaya, m. discipline, training, rules and regulations for 

vinassati, v. (.Jnas) to be lost, to perish; vinaft/ia, ppp. 

vipubbaka 197 

villa, adv. wilhoiil, except ; bliava, m separation. 

vinameti, v. to bend, twist. 

viniiyaka, ni. leader, chief, Buddha. 

vinasa, m. loss, ruin; "si, adj. destructive. 

vinikkliepa, m. throwing down. 

viniggama, m. departure. 

vinicchinati, a. (>s/ci) to investigate, try, judge, decide; 

"chaya, m. 
vinipata, m. state of punishment or suffering, 
vinipateti, v. to do away with, destroy. 
vinibandha, m. bondage, 
vinimutta, fPP- (o/muc) released, discharged, 
vinivattati, v. to roll back. 

vinivijjhati, v. (Jvidh) to pierce through and through, 
vinivethana, n. unwrapping, explaining, refuting, 
vinilaka, adj. purple, 
vineti, v. to remove, put away, conquer, train, convert; 

vinTta, ppp- 
vinodeti, i'- (iJnud) to dispel, put away ; "daka, udj. \lana, n. 
vindati, see. vidati. 

vipakkha, adj. opposite, hostile; m. an enemy, 
vipaccati,, pass. (>jpac) to be cooked, tormented, suffer, 
vipaccanika, adj. hostile. 

vipajjati, v. (Jpad); vipanna, ppp. to fall, perish, 
vipana, m. sale; "ni, m. a trader; /. shop, market, 
vipatti, /. misfortune, failure, 
vipatha, ??z. wrong road, bye-path, bad road, 
vipada, f. danger. 

vipanna, ppp- (Jpad) failed to attain, without; m. a snake, 
viparamosa, m. highway robbery, 
viparavatta, ppp- reversed, changed, 
viparinameti, cans. (Jnam) to reverse, transform ; °ma, iv. 

"nata, ppp. 
vipariyaya, m. reversal, change. 

viparfta, />/>/>. reversed, changed, contrary, wrong; 'la, /. 
Vipallasa, vipariyasa, m. reversal, change, 
vipassati, v. to see clearly, have insight; "ana, /. insigiit ; 

"aka, "si ; adj. 
vipaka, m. result, ripening, fruii; "kl, adj. resulinnt. 
vipateti, v. to crush, 
vipadika, /. swelling of the legs, 
vipina, n. a grove, wood, 
vipubbaka, «. a festering corpse. 

Iq8 vipula 

vipula, adj. broad, extensive, 
vippa, m. a brahmin, 
vippakatlhaka, adj. distant. 

vippakata, ppp. imperfected, done, left unfinished, 
vippakara, m. change of state, impropriety, 
vippakirati, v. to scatter; "inna, ppp- 
vippakkhitta, ppp. ("ikhip) thrown about, scattered, 
vippajahati, v. ( Jha) to abandon ; vippahina, ppp. 
vippatipanna, ppp. (J pad) behaved wrongly, 
vippatisara, m. remorse, regret; "ri, adj. 
vippanattha, ppp. (Jnas) smile, lost, ruined, 
vippamuficati, v. to cast off, free oneself; "utta, ppp. 
vippayoga, m. separation ; "yutta, adj. 
vippaladdha, ppp- (Jlabh) disappointed, deceived, 
vippalapati, v. (Jlap) to chatter, lament; "klpa, m. wrangl- 
ing, grumbling, 
vippalambheti, v. to mock, delude, 
vippavasati, v. to leave home, go abroad ; 'Vuttha, ppp ; 

°vasa, m. absense- 
vippaviddha, ppp. (Jvidh) pierced through and through, 
vipphandati, v. to struggle, writhe. Ditthi'vipphandita, n. 

sceptical agitation, 
vippharana, n. thrilling, pervading; vippharika, adj. 
vipphurati, v. to vibrate, flash; "ana, n. 
vlpphulinga, n. a sparJc of fire. 
viplava, m. (Jplu) floating, fault; vipluta, adj. 
viphala, adj. fruitless, 
vibadha, /. sickness, disease, 
vibuddhi, /. enlightenment, 
vibudha, m. a wise or learned man, deva. 
vibodhana, n. awakening. 

vibbhamati, v. (Jbham) to roam, wander; "ana, n. roam- 
ing; °a, m. whirling, agitation, hurry ; vibbhanta, ppp. 
vibhaiiga, m. division, analysis, distinction, one of the 

Abhidhamma books, 
vibhajati, v. (N/bhaj) to divide, distinguish, analyse; 

vibhatta, ppp ; °ana, n. sharing with others, 
vibhatti, /. grammatical inflexion. 

vibhava, m. prosperity, property, wealth, non-existence, 
vibha, /.light, lustre; *Iiara, m. fire, sun. 
vibhaga, m. division, part, 
vibhati, n. (Jbha) to glitter, glow ; "ta, n. day-break. 

viravati 199 

vibhava, m. condition or sentiment, friendship. 

vibhavari, /. night. 

vibhavasu, m. wind, fire, moon. 

vibhaveti, n. to understand clearly, ascertain; "vana, n; "vi, 

adj. wise; Vita, ppp. 
vibhasa, /. an alternative, light, 
vibhinna, ppp. scattered, divided, 
vibhitaka, ma; "ki, /. beleric rhyrobalon. 
vibhTsana, adj. terrific, fearful, 
vibhu, m. a lord, ruler, 
vibhuti, VI. splendour, dignity, 
vibhusana, n. adornment; °sita, adj. 
vibhedana, n. (Jbhid) division, 
vibhedika, /. the palmyra tree, 
vimattha, ppp. (Jmas) soft, burnished, 
vimati, /. perplexity, 
vimana, adj. distressed, 
vimala, adj. pure, spotless, 
vimata, /. a step-mother, 
vimana, mn. a mansion, pagoda, abode, 
vimanana, /. showing, disrespect, 
vimukha, adj. averted, neglectful. 

vimuncati, v. to release, give up, spend; vimutta, ppp. 
vimutti, /. release deliverance, 
vimuyhati, v. (Jmuh) to be bewildered, deluded, 
vimoka, m. the slough cast off by a snake, 
vimokha, m. release, escape, devilerance, emancipation, 
vimocana, «• emancipating, releasing, 
vimohaka, adj. deluding, 
vimba, mn. an image, figure, 
vimhaya, m. astonishment. 

vimhapeti, cans, to astonish ; vimhita, ppp. astonished, 
viyojeti, caus. (o/yuj) to separate; viyutta. ppp; viyoga, m. 
vajcita, ppp- (x/rac) composed, made, 
vraja, adj. untainted, passionless, 
virajjati, v. to be displeased, loathe; viratta, ppp. detached, 

turning from, 
virajjhati, v. (Jradh) to fail, go wrong, miss, 
virati, /. abstinence. 

viramati, v. to abstain, desist; refrain; °ana, n. 
virala, adj. delicate, fine ; °aii-jana, adj. thinly peopled, 
viravati, v. (Jru> to shout, cry out jungle; °a, m. clamour' 

200 virahita 

virahita, ppp. bereft of, exenipL from. 

viraga, m. absence of lust, saintship. 

virajati, v. to shine ; "jita, ppp. 

vinidheti. caus. (Jradh) to fail, miss. 

viriya, n. energy, vigour; *va, adj. energetic. 

virujjati, pass. {•^Iru]) to decay, fall to pieces. 

virujjhati, pass. (Jrudh) to be obstructed, annoyed, dis- 
turbed; viruddha, ppp- annoyed, hostile, opposite; 
"ana, n. 

virudhanaka, adj. growing. 

virQpa, adj. deformed, ugly. 

virijpaklvha, m. the Regent of the West. 

virulha, ^p/). (Jruh) grown, blossoming; "hi,/, growth; 
"him dpajjati. to be full grown. 

yireka, m. purging, diarrhoea. 

virecana, n. (Jric) purging, a purgative. 

virocati, v. (Jruc) to shine, be conspicuous; "ana, adj. 

virodha, m;*na, n. opposition, contradiction, inconsis- 
tency ; "dhi. adj. adverse. 

virodhotti, /. contradiction, quarrel. 

vilagga, ppp. (o/lag) fastened; m. the waist. 

vilapati, D. (Jlap) to lament, wail; vilapa, m. 

vilambati, v. {^/lamb) to tarry, loiter, hang on; "bita, ppp^ 
n, delay. 

vilaya, m. destruction; *rii, neti to kill. 

vilata, n. a hearse. 

vilasa, m. sport, pastime, dalliance, charm; "sini, /. a 
charming woman. 

vilimpati, v. (J lip) to smear, anoint; vilitta, ppp, 

vilina, ppp. (n/Ii) clinging, adhering. 

Villva, n. split bamboo; *kara, m. a basket-maker. 

vilumpati, v. (Jlup) to plunder; vilutta, ppp. 

viluna, ppp. ("ilu) cut off. 

vilekha, m. perplexity. 

Vilekhana, v. writing, scratching. 

vilepana, n. (Vlip) toilet perfume. 

viloketi, ■u. ( Jlok) to look at, examine; "kana, rt;"kita, 
ppp. n, a look. 

vilocana, n. the eye. 

vilopa, m. plunder, pillage; *ka, adj, 

viloma, adj. against the grain, reversed, contrary ; ''metii 
demon, v. to oppose, invert, thwart. 

viloleti, V. to stir, move about. 

Visayha 201 

villa, n. a hole, pit, asafoetida. 
vivaccha, /. meaning, implication, 
vivajjeti, v. to avoid, forsake; "jana, n. 

vivata, ppp. (Jvar) opened; *cchada, n. one who has 
opened the veil (of passidn), -Buddha. 

vivatta, w. renovation, beginning again ; to. rolling back, 
part of a monk's dress, absence of the round of births. 

vivattati, v. to roll on, revolve. 

vivanna, adj. discoloured, wan; *ka, n. dispraise, contempt. 

vivadati, v. to dispute, quarrel ; "ana, ?i. 

vivara, n. a hollow, gap, vacuum, flaw, defect. 

vivarana, n. explanation, comment. 

vivarati, v. (Jvar) to open. 

vivasa, adj. unrestrained, independent. 

vivada, m. dispute, contention, litigation. 

vivaha, m; *na, n. marriage. 

viviccati, v. (vie) to separate or seclude oneself, retire; 
vivitta, ppp. solitary; vivicca, ger. 

vividha, adj. various, manifold. 

viveka, m. (Jvic) separation, seclusion. 

viveceti, caus. (Jvic) to separate, seclude; "cana, tt. investi- 

visaitiyoga, visafinoga, m. (Jyuj) separation, disjunction; 
"yutta, °nutta, ppp- 

visaiiivadeti, caus. to break one's word, deceive, disappoint; 
"da, TO ; °daka, adj. 

visa, n. poison, venom : Visena hanti, to poison a person. 

visakanthaka, n. molasses. 

visaiikhara, m. absence of complexes or of dispositions. 

visahkhita, ppp. ( Jkar) taken asunder, disintegrated. 

visafina, adj. unconscious; nita, /. 

visata, pPp- spread, diffused. 

visattha, /. emission. 

visattika, /. desire, lust. 

visada, adj. pure, clear, manifest; *tta, n. 

visadhara, to. snake. 

visappana, n. a spreading. 

visabhaga, adj. dissimilar, different. 

visama, ady. uneven, unequal, unjust; n. uneven ground, 
inaccessible place. 

visaya, w. region, realm, domain, sphere, object of sense. 

visayi, n. an organ ot sense. 

visayha, adj. competent, capable. 

202 visara 

visaia, rn. a mullitudc. 

visalla, adj. free from grief or misery. 

visaci, /. casting a side glance. 

visana, n. a horn, tusk. 

visada, in. dejection. 

visarada, adj. confident, bold, self-possessed. 

visarl, adj. spreading. 

visaia, adj. wide, e.xtensive, great; /. the bitter apple; *la, 
/. breadth. 

visikha, /. a spade, street, road; m. an arrow. 

visittha, ppp. (Jsis) excellent, superior, distinguished. 

visibbati, v. to unsew. 

visldati, v. to be afflicted. 

vislla, adj. immoral. 

visfveti. V. to warm oneself; "vana, n. 

visum, adv. separately, iiidividually. 

visuka, 11. a thorn, bolt. 

visujjhati, V. (ijsudh) to be jjure, clean; visuddha, ppp. 

visuddhi, /. purity, nibbana. 

visuka, n. a show, spectacle, theatre. 

visucika, /. cholera. 

visesa, m. destruction, speciality, sort, kind, merit, excel- 
lence. Visesena, adv. specially. 

visesaka, m. a sectarial mark on the forehead. 

viseseti, caus. to distinguish, specify; "sana, n- 

visessa, adj. chief, principal. 

visoka, adj. free from sorrow. 

visodheti, cans. (Jsudh) to purify, cleanse; "dhana, n. 

visoseti, cans- (Jsus) to dry- 

vissa, adj. whole, entire; n. a smell like raw-meat. 

vissakamma, ni. the celestial 'architect. 

vissajjati, v. (Jsaj) to send forth, throw, dismiss, answer, 
spend; °ana, ii. a gift; "ana, /. a reply, answer; vissat- 
tha, ppp. 

vissandati, r. (Jsand) to flow, overflow. 

vissamati, v. (Jsatn) to resl, re|)ose ; "ana, ;i. 

vissambha, in. trusl, coniidence, intimacy. 

vissarati, ':'. (Jsiw) to forgel. 

vissavati, v. (Jsu)tQ ouze- 

vissasati, n. to trust, confide in; \ issattlia, ppp. confident; 
vissasa, nt. 

vissanana, n. gift, donation. 

vissasika, °iya, adj, intimate, confidential, trustv. 

vQpakattha 203 

vissula, ppl>- ipnowncd ; "li, /. fame, renown. 

vissussati, v. (Js'is) To be dried up. 

viliaga, vihanga, viliangama, m. n bird. 

vihaiinati, tj. (Jlian) to be afflicted, vexed; vihata, ppp. 

viliattha, ndj. perplexed, 
viharati, v. to live, dwell, 
vihayasa, m. the air, sky. 
vihayita, /;. a gift, 
vihara, m. dwelling, .s(ate of life, monastery, recreation , 

sojourn; "ri, "riya, adj. dwelling. 
vihiriisati, v. (►/hiriis) to hurt, injure; "sa, /. 
vihetheti, v. (J hath) to annoy, harass, hurt; "thana, n; 

"thaka, adj. 
vihesaka, adj. annoying, troubling; "sa, /. 
vici, in/, a wave, leisure; *mrili. to. the ocean. 
vTccha, /. succession, 
vljati, V. (is/vfj) to fan; "ani, /. a fan. 
vTna, /. a lute. 

vita, ppp. devoid of, free from, 
vitilvkamati, v. (Jkam) to exceed, transgress; "a, m. 
vftinameti, v. to spend the time, wait; "manaka, adj. 
vTtipatati, V. to fall away, transgress. 
vTtivalta, pfp- past, exceeded, 
vftisareti, caiis. (Jsar) to remind mutually, 
vfthi, /. a row, line, road, bazaar, 
vfra, adj. strong, mighty, heroic, 
vihi, TO. rice, paddy, 
vutthi, /. rain; *bhu, to. a frog, 
vuddha, ppp. (Jvaddh) aged, old; vuddhapaciiyj, adj. 

honouring the aged, 
vuddhi, /. growth, increase, 
vunali, to restrain, prevent; vareti, caus ; variyati, pass ; 

varita, ppP- 
vutapada, n. points of conduct, 
vutla, {ppp- vapati) shaven; (Jvac) said; spoken, 
vuttanta, m. tidings, 
vutti, /. conduct, behaviour, business, profession, rhythm, 

vuttha, ppp. (Jvas) lived, 
vuddhi, /. increase, growth; *jlvika, /. usury, 
vusa, to. a bull- 
yfipakattha, adj. distant, removed. 

204 vupassmmati 

vupasammati, v. (Jsam) to be quieted, becalmed, cease; 
"sama, m ; "samana, n. 

ve, indecl. indeed, truly. 

vekalla, n. deficiency. 

vega, m. speed, velocity, impetus, impulse; vegena, adv. 
speedily ; "gi, to. a courier. 

vejjayanta, to. Sakka's palace. 

veja, TO. a physician. 

vejjha, n. a target. 

vetheti, v. to surround, envelope, wrap; °tha, to; "thana, n; 
"thaka, adj. 

vena, to. a worker in bamboo or wicker work. 

venavika, to. a flute-player. 

veni, /. a woman's topknot. 

venivedhani, /. a water-leech. 

venu, TO. a bamboo tree, flute; *hara, m. a worker in bam- 
boo ; *dhama, to. a flute-player. 

vetana, n. hire, wages; °nika, to. a hired servant, labourer. 

vetaranl, /. the river of hell. 

vetasa, ra. the ratan reed. 

vetalika, to. one who wakes a king with music and song, 

vetala, n. a magic art. 

vetta, n. stick, staff. 

veda, TO. knowledge, emotion, Veda; *gu, adj. knowing the 
VedaS; *jata, adj. excited, joyous. 

vedana, fn. sen.sation, feeling, perception ; *ttha, adj. ago- 

vedalla, n. one of the nine divsions of the Buddhist scrip- 

vedi, vedika, vedi, /. a bench, altar, cornice, eaves. 

vedha, vedhi, adj. piercing. 

vedhati, v. to tremble, quake; vedhi, adj. 

vedhavera, to. a widow's son. 

vedhan}, /. a gimlet. 

venateyya, to. a garula. 

venayika, adj. versed in the Vinaya. 

veneyya, ppp. (iVni) tractable, convertible. 

vepa, *thu, m; *na, n. trembling, tremor. 

vepulla, w. development. 

vebhassa, n. threatening language. 

vebhutiya, n. slander. 

vema, to. a loom. 

vemajjha, n. the middle centre. 

vossajjati 205 

vematika, adj. inconsisleni, variable. 

vematta, n. difference. 

vematika, adj. born of a differenl mother. 

veyyaggha, m. tiger's skin. 

veyyakarana, m. a grammrian ; n. exposition, an.swer. 

veyyavacca, "vatika, n. service, duty. 

vera, n. wrath, hatred. 

veraka, n. camphor. 

verajjaka, adj. belonging to various provinces, 

veramarii, /. abstinence. 

verT, adj. hostile, hating; m. an enemy. 

verocana, w. the sun. 

vela, n. a garden; /. time, shore, boundary, multitude. 

vellaja, m. the red-pepper plant. 

vellita, ppp. crooked, shaken. 

vevacana, n. a synonym. 

vevanna, adj. various, different, diverse; "niya, n. change, 

vesa, m. dress, appearance, equipment, disguise, 
vesana, n. a house, entrance, 
vesama, v. inequality, 
vesarajja, n. confidence, 
vesiya, ves^ /. a harlot, 
vesnia, n. a house; *nakula, m. a mouse, 
vessa, VI. one of the merchant class; *kriya, /. trade, 
vessanara, m. fire, 
vehapphala, m. name of the inhabitants of the tenth brahma- 

vehasa, *ya, m. the sky, air. 
ve!u, venu, m. a bamboo, reed, flute, 
veluriya, m. a precious stone, cat s eye. 
vokara, m. the aggregates of life, worthlessness, dfflFerence. 
vokinna, ppp- (Jkir) mixed, 
vochijjati, v. (Jchid) to be cut off. 
vodapeti, v. to purify; vodana, n. purification, 
vomissaka, adj. miscellaneous, 
voropeti, caus. to deprive of; "pana, n; "pita, ppp. 
vosana, n. end, consummation, 
vosasati, v. to give orders, assume authority, 
vosita, ppp. (Jos) ended, consummated, 
vossakamma, n. castration, makfng a man a eunu(?h. 
vos«agga, m. relinquishment, gift, 
vossajjati, V. (Jsaj) to relinguish; "ana, n. 

2o6 voharati 

voharali, v. to give currency to, express, use. 

vohdra, m. usage, custom, business, currency, vernacular, 

voharika, m. a magistrjite. 

sa, pref. meaning 'with,' 'common to', 'same', 'own.' 
sa-utlaracchada, 11. a carpet with awnings above it. 
sa-udariya, adj. born of the same womb, uterine, 
sa-upadisesa, adj. having The elements of life remaining, 
sarh, pref. implying, 'conjunction' 'completeness', 
samyala, sannata, ppp. (iJyatn) restrained, fastened, 
sarhyattika, to. a sea-trader. 
sarhyamanT, /. a i<ind of ornament, 
saihyuga, n. union, harness, strife, 
sarhyutta, ppp- (>Jyuj) joined, connected, tied, 
samyujha, sannulha, ppp- uttered, reciled. 
sariiyoga, m. (<Jyuj) union, association, conjunction, bond, 

fetter, intercouse. 
saihyojana, n. bond, fetter; "aniya, adj. fasourable to the 

sartiyojefi, v. to put together, prepare, 
sarhrakkhana, n. preservation, 
sariirambha, m. impetuosity, rage, 
sariirahita. adj. devoid of. 
sarhraga, m. passion, 
sariirava, m. uproar. 

sariirQhati, u. to grow, prosper.- "u!ha, ppp. 
sariivacana, n. sentence. 

sarhyacchara, mn. A year; m. an astrologer, 
samvattati, v. to pass away, be dissolved; °a, m. rolHng uj) 

or destruction ; °a-vivatta, n. rolling up and rolling out, 

a period within which dissolution and evolution of the 

world takes place; "aihka, adj. turning to, being reborn, 
sanivaddhati, v. (Jvadtlh) to grow up; "dheA'x, cans, to 

nourish, rear, 
sarhvanneti, v. to discribe, explain, praise ; "nana, v. 
samvattati, v. to lead, conduce, be subject to; "anika. adj. 

conducive to. 
sariivadati, v. to agree; °ana, n. i\ magic act to produce 

saihvaddhana, n. increasing. 

sarhsaha 207 

Saiiivara, m. restraint; *na, n. coveiing. 

samvari, /. night. 

samvasati, v. to live, associate. 

samvasatha, m. a village. 

samvati, v. (Jva) to blow, be fragrant. 

sariivasa, m. co-residence, co-habitation; *ka, adj. living 
together with. 

saiiivigga, ppp. excited, agitated, grieved. 

sariivijjati, v. to be agitated, excited, to exist, find. 

sariividahati, v. (Jdha) to dispose, arrange, appoint; 
sarhvihita, ppp. 

sarhvidhana, n. (Jdha, dah) arrangement. 

sartividhavahara, m. concerted theft. 

samvibhajati, v. to divide, share, communicate; "bhatta, 
ppp ; "bhaga, m ; "bhagl, adj. generous. 

Sariiviruhati, v. to grow up, sprout; "uiha, ppp. 

Samvilapa, tn. noisy talk, thundering. 

Sarhvissandati, v. (»/sand) to ovei'flow. 

sariivunati, "noti, v. to cover; saihvuta, ppp. closed, res- 

sariivega, m. agitation, anxiety, anguish, emotion, grief. 

samvejeti, caus. to agitate; °jana, n. 

sariivetheti, caus. to wrap. 

sarhvedita, adj. admonished. 

samvedhita, adj. trembling. 

saihvelli, /. a kind of dress, ordinary undress. 

sarhvesana, /. sleeping, lying down. 

sarhvohara, m. business, traffic. 

sarhsagga, m. contact, connexion, association. 

saitisati, v. to proclaim, point out. 

saiiisattha, ppp. mixed, associated, contiguous. 

saifisatta, adj. adhering, clinging. 

sariisada, mf. assembly, session. 

sarhsandati, v. to run together, associate; °deti, caus. to put 
together; "ana, n. comparison. 

samsanna, ppp. depressed. 

sariisappati, v. to creep along, move; "a, °pl, adj. 

sarhsaya, m; "yita, n. doubt. 

satiisarati, v. to come continually, transmigrate; setiisita, 

sariisarana, n. a curtain or blind that can be drawn aside. 

samsava, m. flowing. 

Saiiisaha, adj. able. 

2o8 sartisadiya 

samsadiya, /. a kind of rice, 
sariisameti, v. to tidy up, set right, 
samsara, tn. transmigration, round of births, 
samsita, adj. dependent ;' ppp . of samsarati. 
sariisijjhati, v. to be fulfilled, 
sarhsibbati, v. (Jsiv) to entwine; "ana, n. 
sarhsidati, v. (w'sad) to sink down, lose heart, 
sathsina, ppp. withered. 

sarhsuddha, ppp- pure; *gahanika, adj. of pure descent ; 
"dhl, /. 

samsunibhati, t. to beat. 

samsucaka, adj. indicating; "ceti, v. 

satiiseda, m. sweat, moisture; *ja. adj. born of moisture. 

sariiseva, m.' associating ; /. attending, worshipping. 

samhata, adj. from compact. 

saihhati, /. assemblage, mass- 

satiihacca, get. (Jhan) joining together. 

sartihanana, n. joining together, closing. 

sathharati, X). (Jhar) to collect, fold up ; "hirati, /)as5. is 
curbed, attached, "ana, n. removing. 

samhani, /. shrinking, subsidence. 

sarhhara, m. abridgment, compilation; *ka, m. drawing 
together, mixing. 

samhira, adj. conquerable, refutable. 

saka, adj. own. 

sakata, mn. a cart, cartload ; *mukha, adj. cart-front. 

sakatavyuha, m. the waggon array. 

sakannajappaka, adj. whispering in the ear. 

sakattha, m. own advantage. 

sakadagami, m. one who will not return to earth more than 

sakaraniya, adj. having still something to do. 

sakala, adj. all, whole; m. a portion, potsherd. 

sakalika, /. a splinter, bit. 

sakasata, adj. wrong. 

sakasa, adj. near; *rti, adv. to, towards; *se, adv. before. 

saki, sakirti, adv. once, once more, once for all; Sakid evai 

once only, 
sakiccaya, n. own duty. 
Saktficana, adj. wealthy, 'with something*; *karr, adj. 

Sakiya, adj. own. 

saiikappa 209 

Sakuna, m; °nika, /. a bird; *gghl, /.a kind of hawk; 
*vatta, ?n. freedom of a bird; *vijja, /. knowledge of 

sakunita, ppp. distorted. 

sakunta, m. a bird. 

sakumara, m. a playmate. 

sakka, 111. lord of the devas, Buddha's race. 

sakkacca, adv. respectfully, carefully, thoroughly. 

sakkata, sakkata, m. the Sanskrit language. 

sakkati, 7'. (^/sak) to go; to be able or competent (also, 
sakkunati, sakkoti). 

sakkatta, n. the position as Sakka. 

sakkaroti, v. to honour, receive hospitably. 

sakka, indccl. to be able, possible. 

sakkaya, m. theory of the self. 

sakkara, m. honour, hospitality, worship. 

sakkhara, /. gravel, sugar. 

sakkharika, /. a lancet. 

sakkharilla, adj. stony. 

sakkhali, *ka, /. the orifice of the ear, a sort of cake. 

sakkhi, m. an eyewitness; *m karoti. to see with one's own 

sakhi, n; "i, ]. friendship. 

sakhi, m. a companion, friend. 

sakhila, adj. congenial, friendly in speech. 

sakhya, n. friendship. 

sagabbha, m. a brother; adj. pregnant. 

sagameyya, adj. hailing from the same village. 

saguiiaiii karoti, v. to put together, upon each other. 

sagula, n. a cake with sugar. 

sagocara, in. companion, mate. 

sagotta, n. a kinsman. 

sagga, m. heaven. 

sagguiia, m. good quality, virtue. 

saghacca, /. an impartial, sentence. 

saiikati, r. to doubt, hesitate, mistrust; sahkiyati, pass. 

sahkacchika, n. a kind of cloth, bodice, vest. 

sahkata, adj. narrow. 

sankatira, n' dust heap. 

sahkaddhati, v. to collect, think out. 

sahkatha, /. conversation. 

saiikanti, /. transition, passage. 

saiikappa, in. thought, fancy, intention, aspiration, hope. 



sankappeti, v. to imagine, wish, strive after, think about, 
sahkamati, v. to go, pass over, join, transmigrate; "a, m. 

passage, bridge; "ana, a path, avenue, 
sarikampati, v. to tremble, shake, 
saiikara, m. confusion, 
sankalana, n. addition, 
sahkalaha, m. inciting w^ords. 

saiikasayati, v. to accommodate oneself to circumstances, 
sankassara, adj. doubtful, wicked, 
saiika, /. doubt, uncertainty, fear, 
sankapayati, i;. to live in seclusion. 

sankara, m. rubbish ; *kuta, n. a rubbish heap, dust heap ; 
*cola, n. a rag from a dung-hill ; *dhana, n. a dust 

sankasa, adj. like, similar. 

sankasana, j. explanation, illustration. 

Sankinna, ppp. mixed, impure; *parikha, ad/, having the 
trenches filled, said of one who is free from samsara. 

saiikita, "ki, adj. anxious. 

sankitti, /. hodge-podge. 

sankiya, adj. anxious. 

sankirana, n. act of calling in of debts. 

saiikilissati, v. ( Jklis) to become impure, foul, corrupt ; "ana, 
n. corrupting. 

sankilesa, m. corruption, sinfulness, impurily; "sika, adj. 
sinful, baneful. 

sat^kilati, v. to sport or joke together. 

sanku, *ka, m. a stake, spike. 

sankucati, v. to shrink, be contracted. 

sankutika, adj. doubled up. 

sahkutila, adj. curved, winding. 

saAkundita, ppp. contorted , distorted. 

saiikuddha, adv. angry. 

safikupita, ppp. (s/kup) enraged. 

sahkuppa, adv. moveable, shakeable. 

sai'ikula, adv. crowded, full. 

sankulya, n. a kind of cake. 

sarikusumita, adj. in blossom. 

sanketa, m. intimation, perception, engagement, rendezvous. 

saiikoca, m. *na, n. contraction. 

sahkha, mn. a shell, chank, conch; *kutthl, m. a leper 
whose body turns white as mother-of-oearl. 

sangiima 211 

saiikhata, (ppp. sarii kharoti) put together, compound, 
created, conditioned. 

sajjkhati, /. cookery. 

sahkhadhama, *ka, m. a trumpeter. 

sanklianakiia, m. a kind of small shell. 

sai'ikhapat|.a, n. mother-of-pearl. 

saiikhaya, m. destruction, loss, consumption, end. 

sankharoti , ■!>. to prepare. 

sahkhala, "lika, /. a chain. 

sarikhalikhita, adj. bright, perfect. 

sahkha, saiikhya, /. enumeration, calculation; sankham 
gacchati, is styled, called; sankham nopeti, does not, 

sahkhati, v. to appear, calculate; °aya, ger. deliberately, 

sankhadati, v. to masticate. 

sankhana, n. calculation, strong leash. 

saiikhayaka, ?». a calculator. 

sahkhara, m. complex, compound, aggregate, synthesis. 

saiikharilla, adj. connected with the saiikharas. 

saiikhipati, v. to collect, heap together, shorten, with- 
draw; saiikh'uta, /Jf />. concsie, brief; "ittena, in short. 

saiikhiyadhamma, m. the trend of talk. 

saiikhubhati, n. to be agitated, stirred up. 

saiikhepa, m. abridgment, abstract, quintessence. 

sankheyya, adj. calculable; n. a hermitage; *kara, m. one 
who acts with a set purpose. 

sankhobha, m. (Jkhubh) commotion, disturbance. 

sanga, m. clearing, clinging, attachment, bond. 

sahgana, adj. sinful. 

sahganika, /. communication, association, society. 

sanganhati, v. (^/gah) to seize, collect, abridge, restrain, 
favour, help. 

sangati, /. meeting, intercourse, union, combination, an ac- 
cidental occurrence. 

saiigama, m. meeting, intercourse, association. 

sangara, m. a promise, agreement. 

sangaha, m. collecting, accumulation, recension, com- 
pendium, summary, protection, help, kindness, favour, 
conjunction; n. hinderance, bond. 

sangahana, adj. firm, well grasped. 

safigatiga, adj. free from attachment. 

sangama, m. fight, battle. 

212 sangamaji 

saiigamaji, adj. victorious in battle. 

sangamavacara, adj. quite at home on the battle field. 

saiigayati, v. to chant, rehearse. 

saiigaha, m. collecting, restraining, self-restraint ; *ka, 
adj. compiling, compassionate; m. a charioteer- 

sangahika, adj. including, comprising, comprehensive. 

saiigiti, /. chanting together, choir, rehearsal. 

sangujika /. a cake. 

sangha, to. multitude, assemblage, community; *kamnia, 
n. an act performed by a chapter of monks. 

saiighaitisati, v. lo rub, together or against. 

sanghatita. adj. sounding, resonant, pieced together, con- 

saiighattati, v. to knock against, sound, ring, provoke; 
°ana, n. impact. 

saiighathera, to. the eldest thera. 

saiighabhatta, n. food given to the community of monks. 

sanghabhinna, m. a schismatic. 

sanghabheda, m. division among the priesthood. 

saiigharati, v. (iJhar) to bring together, collect, accumu- 
late, crush. 

sahgharaji, /. a row, contention in the community. 

sanghata, to. a raft, union, aggregate, multitude. 

saiighatl, /. one of the three robes of a monk, waist-cloth. 

sanghani, /. a loin-cloth. 

sanghata, m. striking, killing, knocking, snapping the 
fingres, aggregate, multitude, one of the eight hells ; 
*nika, *niya, adj. binding together, decisive. 

saiighadisesa, adj. requiring suspension from the brother- 

sanghanussati, /. meditation on the Order. 

sangharama, w. a residence for the community. 

saiighl, adj. having a multitude of disciples. 

sanghuttha, ppp. (Jghus) resounding. 

sacaca, adv. ii indeed. 

saciva, to. a minister. 

sace, adv. if. 

sacetana. adj. animate, conscious, rational. 

sacca, adj. real, true; n. truth, solemn vow; *ih, adv. truly; 
*kiriya, /. a solemn asseveration ; *sammata, /. maxim, 
saccakara, to. ratification, pledge, 
saccanikkama, adj. truthful, 
saccavacana, "vajja, n. veracity. 

sari copal i 213 

saccavadi, adj. truthful. 

saccasandha, adj. truthful, reliable. 

saccapeti, v. to make true, verify, fulfil. 

saccabhinivesa, in. inclination, to dogmatize. 

saccabhisamaya, m. comprehension, realization of truth. 

laCchanda, adj. self-willed ; "dl, adj. headstrong. 

saccika, mfn. real, true; *ttha, m. truth. 

sacchikaroti, v. to realize, see with one's own eyes, ex- 
perience; "rana. n; "sacchikiriya, /. 

sajati, V. to embrace. 

sajjati, V. (Jsaj) to be attached; satta, ppp, 

sajjana, m. a kinsman. 

sajati, adj. of the same caste. 

sajatibhfita, ddf. flaming, ablaze, aglow. 

sajja, m. the sal tree. 

sajju, *m, adv. instantly, suddenly. 

sajjulasa, m. resin. 

sajjeti, V. (iJsajj) to equip, prepare, fit up; sajja. adj. pre- 
pared, ready ; "jjana, n. 

sajjha, n. silver; *kara, m. a silversmith. 

sajjhayati, T». to rehearse, study, read aloud; "a, m. re- 
petition , rehearsal . 

sajjhu, n. silver. 

saficaya, w. accumulation, quantity. 

saiicarati, v. to go about, wander, unite, spring together, 
move ; ^a, m. passage, medium ; "ana, n. meeting 

sancaritta, n. going backwards and forwards, acting as go- 

saticara, m. movement, passage, entrance. 

saiicaleti, "v. to shake. 

sancayati, v. (Jci) to accumulate; °cita, ppp. 

saricicca, ger. discriminately, purposely. 

saficinteti, v. nimb. 

saficunnayati, v. to crush; "a, adj ; °nita, ppp. 

saficumbita, ppp. kissed. 

sancetana, /. thought, intention, cogitation; "nika, adj. in 

saficetayati, v to find out means, devise means; "yitatta, n. 

saficodita, ppp- instigated., 
saficopati, v. to move, start. 

214 sancopana 

sancopana, /. touching, handling, striking. 

safichadeti, v. to cover, hide. 

saiichindati, v. to cut. 

sanjagghati, v. to joke, jest. 

sanjambhariih liaroti, v. to tease, abuse. 

sanjati, /. birth, origin, produce. 

saiijadiya, a grove, wood. 

sarijanati, v. to know, perceive, recognize; "n^^na, fn. 
"nanto, pres. part, knowingly. 

sanjayati, TJ. to be born, to arise: 'janana. n; "janani, /. 

sanjinna, ppp. decayed- 

sanjiva, adj. alive; m. one of the eight hells. 

saiijlvana, ad/, remaining. 

sanjha, /. evening, *ghana, m. an evening cloud; *tapa, m. 
evening sun. 

safifiatta, n. perceptibility ; "ti, /. informing, convincing, 

saniia, /. sense, perception, discernment; *gata, ad;, per- 

sailiiana, n. perception, knowledge, token, monument. 

saiinapana, remonstrating. 

saiinigabbha, m. animate production. 

safiiil, m; safininl. /. adj. conscious, thinking. 

sata, mn. a heap of things fallen, removed, or left. 

satthi, num. sixty; *hayana, adj. sixty years old. 

satha, adj. crafty, fraudulent; *ta, /. 

sathila, adj. loose, inattentive. 

sathesana, /. foolish wishes. 

Sana, n. a kind of hemp. 

sanati, v. to sound. 

sanikam, sanirh, adv. softly, gradually. 

santha, a reed. 

santhapana, /. fixing, settling. 

santhati, samthahati, samtitthati, v, to stand, remain, con- 
tinue; "thita, ppp. 

santhana, n. position, figure, shape, form. 

santhapana, n. arranging, fixing. 

santhiti, /. stability, firmness. 

sanda, m. a heap, multitude, grove; *sandacarT, adj. 

sandasa, to. a long pincers. 

sattandha 215 

sahha, *ka, adj. smooth, soft, gentle, mild, delicate, subtle; 
*karinl, /. a wooden instrument for smoothing the 

sat, being, existing, good, 
sata, num. hundred; adj. mindful, conscious, 
satakkaku, adj. having a hundred corners, 
satata, adj. continual; *m. adv. continually, 
satapatta, m. the Indian crane, 
satapadi, /• a centipede. 

sataporisa, adj. of the height of hundred men. 
satarariisi, m. the sun. 
satavartika, m- a kind of fish, 
satavallia, /. an under garment arranged like a row of 

satadhipateyya, n. mastering recollection, 
satavarl, /. asparagus racemosus. 
sati, /. memory, mindfulness, recognition; *ma, adj. 

satindriya, n. the controlling faculy of mindfulness, 
satipatthana, n. application of mindfulness, 
sativepullappatta, adj. having tittained a clear conscience, 
satisammosa, m. loss of self-control, 
sati, /. being, chaste woman. 
satuUapakayika, a class of devas. 
satekicha, adj. curable, pardonable, 
saterata, /. lightning, 
satta, m. a living entity, person, rational being; num- 

seven ; *ka, n. a collectiom of seven, 
sattakkhatturh, adv. seven times, 
sattaguna. adj. sevenfold, 
sattanga. m. a conch with seven parts, 
sattati, num. seventy, 
sattadina, n. a week, 
sattadha, adv. in seven pieces, 
sattapada, m. way, manner of being attached to the objects 

of sense, 
sattama. adj. best, excellent, seventh, 
sattami. /. the locative case, optative mood, 
sattaratta, rt. a week, 
sattarasa, num. seventeen, 
sattala, /. a kind of jasmine, 
sattandha, adj. sevenfold. 

2l6 sattagarika 

sattagarika, m. one who turns back from his round as soon 

as he has received alms at seven houses, 
sattalopika, m. one who does not eat more than seven 

sattaha, n. a week, 
satti, /. ability, power, spear, javelion ; *parijara, mn. a 

lattice-wcrk of spears, a knife, dagger, 
sattu, m. an enemy, flour, harley-meal ; *ka, m. an enemy, 
sattussada, adj. teeming with life, 
sattha, 11. a weapon, sword, treatise, book, lore, science; 

m. a caravan ; adj. able, 
satthaka, n. scissors, 
satthakavata, m. cutting pain, 
satihakaraka, m. an assassin. 

satthavasa. m. encampment ; "sika, °si, m. caravan people, 
satthavaha, m. a caravan leader, merchant, 
sattliaharaka, m. an assassin, 
sattha, m. a teacher, master. 
satthi, fn. the thigh. 

satthu-d-anvaya, m. the master's successor, 
satthuna, m. a friend, 
satthuvanna, m. gold, 
sathera, adj. including the theras. 
sadattha, m. one's own welfare, 
sadatthuta, adj. always praised, 
sadara, adj. unhappy, fearful. 
sadasa, n. a seat. 

sadassa, m. a horse of good breed, 
sada, adv. always, 
sadacara, m. good behaviour, 
sadatana, adj. eternal, perpetual, 
sadadara, adv. always reverential, 
sadisa, adj. similar, like, equal ; *ta, /. 
saduma, n. house. 
Sadevaka, adj. with the deva World, 
sadeha, m. own body, 
sadosa, adj. sinful, 
sadda, m. sound, noise, voice, word, 
saddaggaha, m. ear. 
saddana, n. making a noise, 
saddala, adj, grassy, 
saddahati, v. (Jdha) to believe, have faith; "ana, /. 

santi 217 

saddayati, v. to make a sound, call, summon; saddita, adj. 

sounded, called, 
saddula, m. a loepard. 
saddha, adj. believing, faithful, credulous; n. a funeral 

rite or offering in honour of departed relatives, 
saddhamma, m. the good religion, 
saddha, /. faith; indecl. in faith; *ta, m. a believer, 
saddhadeyya, n. a gift of faith, 
saddhaytka, adj. trustworthy, 
saddhalu, adj. believing, 
saddhavlmutti, /. emancipation through faith. 
saddhiiii, adv. with, together with ; *cara, m. a companion, 
saddhiviharika, °ri, m. co-resident, fellow-priest, pupil, 
sadhana, adj. rich, wealthy, 
sadhammika, w. co-religionist, 
san, m. a dog; si, nom. 
sanathkumara, w. Brahma, 'eternal youth.' 
sanacca, n. dancing, 
sanantana, adj. eternal, primeval, 
sanita, adj. sounding. 

sanidassana, adj. visible. 

santa, adj. tranquillizing, peaceful, tired, wearied ; n. peace. 

santaka, adj. belonging to, limited; n. property. 

santaca, /. bark. 

santajjeti, v. to frighten, menace. 

santatath, adv. continually. 

santalakari, adj. consistent. 

santata, /. goodness. 

santati, /. continuity, series, duration. 

santappati, pass. («/tap) to be heated, grieved. 

santappeti, v. to satisfy. 

santarati, v. to hasten, be in haste. 

santarabahira, adv. within and without. 

santaruttaro, adj. inner and outer. 

santavutti, adj. living a peaceful life. 

santasati, v. to fear; "sita. santatta, PPP- 

santSna, m. (Jtan) continuity, succession, lineage; *ka, m. 
offspring; n. a cobweb. 

santapeti, caus. (Jtap) to burn, torment; °pa, m. heat, tor- 
santarana, adj. conveying to the other shore, 
santasa, m. trembling, fear ; "si, adj. 
santi, /. tranquillity, peace. 

2i8 santika 

santika, n. vicinity, presence; "kena, instr. along with. 

santikattha, adj. adjoining. 

santikamma, n. a vow to the gods to obtain something. 

santika, /. a kind of play, spellicaus. ' . 

santindriya, adj. having senses calmed. 

santlrana, n- decision. 

santutthi, /. (Jtus) satisfaction, contentment; *ta, /. 

santuleyya, adj. commeasurable, comparable. 

santussati, ^. (Jtus) to be pleased, happy, content ; sant- 

uttha, ppp ; °aka, adj. 
santosa, m. contentment, 
santhatika, adj. sleeping on a rug. 
Eanthana, n. appeasing, satisfaction, 
santhambhati, 7). to restrain oneself, take heart; "blieti, caus. 

to make stiff, numb; "ana. /. intentness. 
santhara, m. a couch. 

santharati, v. to spread, strew; "santhata, ppp; n. a rug. 
santhava, m; *na, n. acquaintance, intimacy, 
santhagara, m. a council hall, mole hall, 
santhana, n. nature, configuration, market-place, 
santhara, m. covering, flooring, spreading, 
santhuta, adj. acquainted, familiar, 
sanda, adj. thick, coarse; n. wood, forest. 
sandattha, ppp- bitten, compressed, 
sandati, v. to flow; sanna, ppp. 
sandana, n. trappings, 
sandamanika, /. chariot, 
sandassnka, "ana, adj. showing, 
sandahati, n. to apply, put together, fit; "ana, n; sanhita, 

sandana, n. a cord, tether, fetter, 
sandaleti, v. to break, 
sanditthi, /. the visible world, worldy gain ; *ka, adj. visible, 

actual, of this world, 
sandita, adj. tied, bound, 
sandiddha, ppp. smeared, husky, indistinct, 
sandissati, pass. (Jdis) to be seen together with, to tally, 

agree; sandiltha, ppp. m.a friend ; sandasseti , caus. 

to teach, 
sandipeti, v. to kindle, 
sandesa, m. news, message, 
sandeha, m. accumulation, the body, doubt, 
sandosa, m. pollution, defilement. 

sannivareti 319 

sundhana, n. property, belongings. 

sandhamati, v. to blow, fan. 

sandhana, n. friendship, combination. 

sandhareti, v. to hold, bear, carry, support, curb, check, 
resist ; "rana, 11. 

sandhavati, v. to run through, transmigrate. 

sandhi, to/, union, junction, agreement, joint, hole, chasm, 
euphony; sandhim chindati, to break into a house. 

sandhiccheda, to. house breaking, one who has cut off con- 
nection with rebirth. 

sandhibhedaka, adj. causing discord or discussion. 

sandhisamala, to. a dust bin. 

sandhunati, v. ( Jdhu) to shake. 

sandhiipayati, denom. from dhupa, to smoke. 

sannata, ppp. (Jnam) bent, prepared. 

sannayhati, v. (Jnah) to tie, bind, fasten, arm oneself; 
sannaddha, ppp. armed, accoutred. 

sannameti, caus. (Jnam) to bend. 

sannaha, to. armour, mail. 

sannikasa, adj. resemblirjg. 
-sannigganhati, v. (tjgah) to restrain, 
sannighata, »i. concussion, knocking against each other, 
sannicaya, ni. accumalation, hoarding ; "cita, ppp. 
sannit;thanfl, n. conclusion, consummation, resolve, con- 
sannitajeti, v, to strike, 

sannitodaka, n. (Jtud) instigating, jeering, 
sannidhiina, n. proximity, 
sannidhi, m. putting together, storing up. 
sanninna, adj. bent, inclined, 
sannipatati, v. (Jpat) to assemble, come together, 
sannipata, to. union, coincidence, assemblage, collocation, 
sannipalika, adj. resulting from the union of the humours 

of the body, 
sannibha, adj. resembling, 
sanniyojeti, v. to appoint, command, 
sanniyyatana, n. resignation, handing over, 
sannirumbhati, °hati, v. to restrain, block; °hana, n. 
sannivatta, w. returning, 
sannivasati, v. to live together, associate; "vuttha, p P; 

"vasa, TO. association, 
sannivareti, v. to restrain, check, keep togetner. 

220 sannivesa 

sannivesa, m. preparation, station ; *na, n. position, settle 

sannisajja, /. meeting-place. 

sannisidati, v. (Jsad) to subside, to calm; "sinna, ppp. 
sannissayata, /. connexion, dependency, 
sannissita, ppp. based on, connected with, attached to. 
sannihita, ppp. (Jdha) put down, placed, stored up, ready, 
sapati, V. to swear^ curse, 
sanneti, v. (Jni) to mix, knead, 
sapafiiia, adj. wise. 

sapati, /. having same husband, a rival wife, 
sapatta, adj. hostile, rival ; m. a rival, foe; *ka, adj. hostile, 
sapatti, /. a co-wife, 
sapatha, m. an oath, 
sapadana, n. taking alms straight on from house to house ; 

*carl, adj. begging from house to house, 
sapadi, adv. instantly, 
sapallavita, adj. sprouting, 
sapaka, m. an outcast, 
sappa, TO. a snake. 

sappaccaya, adj. correlated, having a cause, 
sappatiga, adj. reacting. 

sappatipuggala, m. having an equal, comparable, friend, 
sappatibhaga, adj. resembling, like, 
sappatisarana, adj. safe-guarded, restorable. 
sappatissa, *va, adj. reverential, deferential ; *vata, /. 
sappana, n. gliding on. 
sappabha, adj. brilliant, 
sappabhasa, adj. shining, brilliant, 
sappaya, adj. likely, beneficial, suitable, 
sappi, n. clarified butter, ghee ; *manda, m. the scum of 

clarified butter 
sappurisa, m. a good man. 
sapha, n. a horse's hoof, 
saphala, adj. fruitful. 

sabala, adj. spotted ; *kari, adj. acting inconsistently, 
sabana, adv. with arrows. 

sabba, *ka, adj. whole, entire, all; *to, adv. trom all sides 
sabbangapaccangi, adj. complete in all parts, 
sabbarinu, adj. omnicient; *ta, "riuta, /. 
sabbatthaka, m. a general minister, 
sabbattha, adv. everywhere, under all circumstances, 
sabbatthika, adj. always useful. 

samanu ddesa 2 2 1 

sabbatha, sabbathatta, adv. in every way. 

sabbada, adv. always; *cana, adv. at any time. 

sabbadhi, adv. everywhere, in every respect. 

sabbabhumma, m. a universal monarch. 

sabbavidu, adj. all-wise. 

sabbaso, adv. altogether, throughout. 

sabbassa, n. the whole of one's property. 

sabbotuka, adj. corresponding to all the seasons. 

sabbyohara, m. business, intercourse. 

sabbha, adj. polite, honourable. 

sabrahmacari, m. a fellow student. 

sabha, /. a hall, assembly-room. 

sabhaga, adj. common, equal, similar. 

sabhajana, n. salutation, honouring. 

sabhavo, m. own state, nature, reality; *m. adv, sincerely, 

sabhoga, adj. wealthy, 
sammati, v. (Jsam) to be appeased, calmed, to cease; santa, 

ppp; sameti, cans, to appease, stop, 
sama, m. tranquiljity, calmness, toil, fatigue; adj. level, 

even; samena, justly, 
saihaka, adj. equal, like, same; *m. adv. 
samakkhata, ppp. counted, known, 
samagga, adj. harmonious, 
samaiigi, adj, endowed with, possessing; "gibhuta, adj. 

provided with, 
samacariya, /. living in spiritual calm, 
saniacaga, adj. equally liberal, 
samacitta, adj. possessed of equanimity, 
samacchati, v. to sit down, 
samacchtdagatta, adj. with mangled limbs, 
saniacchinna, ppp- cut off. 

samajana, m. an ordinary man, common people, 
samajlvita, /. regular life, 
samajja, m. a festival, fair; "tthana, n. the arena; °ja, /. 

samaficati, v. to bend together, 
samancara, adj. pacified, calm. 

samafifia, /. designation, name; *ta, ppp. designated, 
samana, m. wanderer, recluse ; *ka, m.a contemptible ascetic; 

*kuttaka, m. one who wears the dress of a samana. 
samanaguttaka, m. a thief, 
gamanuddesa, m. a novice. 

222 sainatala 

samatala, adj. level. 

samata, /. equality, evenness. 

samatikkamati, v. to cross over, transcend; "mma, ger; 
kanta, ppp ; "a., mfn. 

samatigganhati, v. (Jgah) to reach beyond, stretch over. 

samatittika, adj. brimful, overflowicg. 

samatimafinati, v. ( Jman) to despise. 

samativijjhati, v. to penetrate. 

samatta, n. equality, justice; ppp. accomplished, entire. 

samattha, adj. able, strong. 

samatthita, adj. unravelling. 

samatthiya, adj. able. 

samatha, m. calm. 

samadhigacchati, v. to attain. 

samadhigganhati, v. to reach, obtain; "ayha, .ij-gr. 

samadhura, adj. bearing an equal yoke, equal. 

samana, n. suppression. 

samanantara, adv. immediately. 

samanugahati, v. to ask for reasons, question closely. 

samanujanati, v. to approve; 'uniiata, ppp; 'ufifia, adj. 

samanupassati, v. to perceive, regard ; "ana, /. 

samanubandhati, v. to pursue. 

samanubhasati, v. to remonstrate with, admonish ; "ana, /. 

samanumaniiati, v. approve. 

samanumodati, v. to rejoice at, approve. 

samanuyuiijati, v. to question, admonish. 

samanussarati, v. to recollect. 

samanta, adj. all, entire; "ta, 'tena' on all sides. 

samantacakkhu, adj. all-seeing. 

saniandhakara, m. the dark of night. 

samannagata, adj. endowed with. 

samannaneti, samanvaneti, v. (sam-anu-a Jni) to lead, 
conduct properly. 

samannahata, ppp. played upon. 

samannaharati, v. to concentrate, reflect, honour; "hara, m. 

samannesali, samanvesati, v. (sam-anu J is) to seek, ex- 
amine ; "ana, /. 

samapekkhati, v. (Jikkh) to consider; "ana, n. 

samappeti, v. to hand over, give, put; "pita, ppp. 

samabhivaddheti, v. to encourage. 

samabhisata, adj. joyful, 

samabhisincati, v, to anoint king. 

samaniya 223 

samaya, m. gathering, multitude, time, occasion, cause, 

samara, m. battle, 
samala, adj. impure, 
samalaiikaroti, v. to decorate, adorn, 
saniavatthita, ppp. ready, 
samavattasariivasa, m. living on equal terms or with equal 

samavadhana, n. concurrence, co-existence, 
samavaya, m. annihilation, termination, 
samavapaka, n. a store-room, 
samavaya, m. combination; "yena, in common, 
samavibhatta, ppp. in equal shares, 
samavekkhati, v. to consider, examine, 
samavepakl. adj. promoting a good digestion, 
samavossajjati, v. (sam-ava-ud i>/sajj) to transfer, entrust, 
samavhaya, m. a name, 
samasama, adj. exactly the same, 
samassasati, v. to be refreshed; samsassattha, ppp; "samas- 

sasa, m. relief, 
samassita, adj. leaning towards, 
sama, /. a year. 

samakaddhati, v. to pull along, entice, 
samakinn a, />/>/). covered, filled, 
samakula, adj. filled, crowded, 
samagacchati, r. to meet together, assemble, 
samagama, m. meeting, intercourse, assembly, 
samacarati, v. to behave, act, practise; "cinna, ppp. "cara, m. 
samatapa, m. ardour, zeal. 

samadapaka, ddj ; °pana, n. instructing, arousing, 
samadapeta, m. adviser, instigator, 
samadahati, v. (Jdha) to put together; "dhiyati, pass; 

"^ahita, ppp- 
samadana, n. taking, bringing, undertaking, 
samadiyati, v. (Jda) to undertake; "inna, ppp; "dapeti, 

caus. to incite, rouse, 
samadhi, m. concentration, 
samadhika, adj. excessive, abundant, 
satnana, adj. similar, equal, same, a kind of devas. 
samanatta, adj. equanimous, of pacified mind; *ta, /. 

samanavassika. adj. having spent the rainy season together, 
saniuniycl} adv. all equally. 

224 samaneti 

samaneti, v. to bring together, put together, compare, enu- 

samapeti, v. to complete, conclude. 

samapajjati, v. (ijpad)to come into, attain; °ana, n; "panna, 

samapatti, /. attainment; *Ia, adj. that has acquired. 

samayoga, m. combination, conjunction. 

samarabhati, v. to begin, undertake; "raddha, ppp. 

samarambha, m. undertaking, injuring. 

samaruhati, v. to ascend, enter; °rulha, ppp. 

samalapati, v. to speak to, address. 

samasa, in. a compound, abridgment. 

samasajja, ger. (iJsad) having got. 

samasati, v. to sit together, associate; "ana, n. company. 

samasanna, adj. near. 

samasama, adj. exactly the same. 

samaslsl, adj. one who has simultaneously attained an end 
of human passion and of life. 

samahata, ppp. hit, struck. 

samaharati, v. to collect; "hara, m. 

samijjhati, v. ( Jidh) to succeed, prosper, take effect ; "ana, n. 

samita, adj. like, equal, quiet, appeased. 

samitam, indecl. continually. 

samiti, /. assembly. 

samiddha, adj. rich, niagnificent. 

samiddhi, /. success, prosperity. 

samiddhika, adj. rich in, abounding in. 

samihita. ppp- composed. 

samipa, adj. near, recent ; *ga, adj. approaching. 

samlrati, •z). to be moved. 

samira, *na, m. air, wind. 

samlhati, v. to move along. 

samukkaiiisati, v. to extol; "kauha, ppp. exalted. 

samugga, m. a box, casket. 

samuggata, ppp. {Jga.m) arisen. 

samugganhati, v. {•Jgah) to grasp, embrace; °ahita, ppp. 

samugghata, m. uprooting, removal. 

samucita, adj. suitable. 

samuccaya, Jrt. collection, accumulation. 

Samucchita, ppp. infatuated. 

samucchindati, v. to extirpate, abolish: "nna, ppp; *cheda, 

sarnujjala, adj. resplendent. 

satiiubbluita 225 

saniujju, adj. straightforward, peifcct. 

baiiiufichkka, n. glieaning. 

samutthati, r. to rise up, originate; "ana, t? ; "anika, adj. 

samuUhapaka, adj. causing, occasioning. 

samuttarati, v. to pass over. 

sanjuttejeti, v. to excite, gladden; "jaka, adj. 

samiitthala, pl>fy. struck. 

samudayati, v. to arise, come togeiiier; sainudaya, hi. 

origin, produce, revenue; "dita, ppp. 
saniudagacchati, v. to come out, result, rise; "gama, in. 
samudacarati, r. to turn up, originate, occur, l)cfall, beliave, 

address, vindicate; "cara, m; "cinna, ppp. 
saniudaneli, v. to bring out. 
samudaya, vi. multitude, quantity, 
satnudavnta, ppp- restrained, 
-saniudahata, ppp. brought forward, 
samudrdiara, m. talk, conversation, 
samudirana, 'U moving. 
samudda,m. quantity of water, ocean, sea. 
samuddittha, ppp. pointed out. 
samuddesa, in. summar}-, statement, 
samuddhata, ppp. pulled out, eradicated, 
samuddhata, ppp. filled with, abounding in. 
samuddharati, ;•. to take out, lift up, carry away, save; 

ana, n. 
saniunna, ppp. moistened, wet. 
samunnadati. v. (Jnad) to utter loud cries, 
samupagacchati, v. to approach, 
samupatthati, v. to serve, help, 
samupadhavati, v. to run towards, 
samupabbfiiha, ppp- joined, 
samupama, adj. resembling, 
samupayati, v. to approach, attain, 
sainuparulha, ppp. (Jruh) ascended- 
samupasobhila, ppp. adorned, 
samupagacchati, v. to come to. 
samupadika, adj. level with the water, 
samupeta, ppp. endowed with. 

samuppajjati, v. (Jpad) to arise; "patti, /; "pada, m. 
samupphosita, ppp, sprinkled, 
samubbnhali, i\ to carry 
samubbhava, to. production, 
samubbhufa, ppp. borne from 

226 saniuyyuta 

samujyuta, adj. energetic. 

samuUapati, v. to talk, converse; "ana, n ; liipa, w . 

samussaya. m. accumulation, complex. 

saniussahita, ppp. instigated. 

samusseti, ^■. (Jsi) to raise, lift up; "sita, ppp- 

samuhanati, -v. to remove, abolish; °hata, Ppp i ana, lu 

samuheti, v. to gather, collect; °ha, m. multitude, mass. 

samekkhati, -c. (Jikkh) to consider. 

sameta, adj. connected with, associating with. 

sameti, v. (Ji) to come together, meet, assemble, associate, 

correspond to; samiUniu continually 
Siuiiokirali, 'v. to sprinkle; "inna, ppp. 
samotata, ppp. strewn all over, 
samotarati, v, to descend, 
samodakarn, adv. at the water's edge, 
samodahati, v. (h/dha) to draw back, put together; samo- 

hiia, ppp. 
saniodita, ppp. united, 
samodhiina, n. combination, collocation ; "ncti, deiwvi. lo 

samoruyha, ger. (./ruh) having descended, 
samorodha, m. barricading, torpor, 
samosarati, v. to flow down together, gather; ^ana, n. 
samoha, ppp. infatuated, 
sampakompati, v. to tremble, shake, 
sampakasita. ppp. displayed, 
sampakopa, m. indignation. 

sampakkhandati, s. to aspire to, enter into; "ana, «. 
sampagganhaii, -v. to grasp, seize; "aha, m. support, 
sampaggaha, m. assumption, 
sampaghosa, m, sound, noise, 
sampacura, adj. very many, 
sampajana, adj. thoughtful, mindful, conscious ; "jafiiia, 

« ; "nati v. to know. 
Sampajjalita, adj. blazing, burning, 
sampatike adv. now. 

sampaticchati, v. to receive, accept; "ana, n. 
sampativijjhati, v. to penetrate; vedha, in, 
sampatisaiikha. adv. deliberately, 
sampatati, v. to go away, fly along, 
saflipati, adv. now. 
sampatinipajja, /. sitting down, 
sampatta, ppp. reached, present. 

sampasada 227 

sampatti, /. success, attainment, magnificence. 

sampatthana, /. entreating, imploring. 

sampajjati, v. to come to, succeed, prosper, happen ; "panna, 
/>/>/). successful, complete, perfect, endowed with; 
"padeti, cans, to procure, obtain, .strive. 

sampada, /. success, attainment, possession, perfection. 

sampadana, «. tlie dative relation, 

sampadalati, i(. to burst; "leti, cans, to tear, cut. 

sampaditta, ppp- kindled. 

sampadussati, v. to be corrupted, trespass; \iitlia. p.pp. 

sampadosa, w. hate, abhorrence. 

sampaddavati, v. (Jdu) to run away; "duta, ppp, 

sampadhupayati, -v. to send forth smoke. 

sarapaphulla, adj. blooming, blo.ssoming. 

sampabhasa, m. frivolous talk. 

sampabhasati, v. to shine. 

sampamilapeti, v. ( Jmia) to slarve, eniaeiate- 

sampaniulha, ppp. confounded. 

sampamodati, v. to rejoice. 

sampayati, v. to go aWay, proceed; "ta, ppp. 

sampayojeti, 1'. 10 associate, keep company; "yulta, ppp; 
"oga, w. 

samparaya, m. future state,, tiie next world; "yika, adj, 

samparikaddhati, v. to pull, drag along. 

samparikantati, v, to cut ail around. 

samparikinna, ppp. surrounded. 

.samparivajjati, 'i), to avoid, shun. 

samparivattati, v. to turn, roll about; "aka, adj. 

samparivareti, v. to wail upon, surround, attrnd on. 

sampareta, ppp. surrounded, beset with. 

sampaHbodiia, m. awakening, continuation. 

sompalibhanjati, v. to break, crack; "bhagga, ppp. 

sampalimattha, ppp. (J mas) touched, handled. 

sampalivetheti, v. to wrap up, envelop; °thita. ppp. 

sampavahka, adj. intimate; *ta, /. intimacy, connexion. 

sampavatteti, v. to produce, set going; °tta, m. an instiga- 

sampaviiti, v. to blow, be fragrant ; "ayati, to make fra- 
grant ; "ayana, n. 
sampavareti, v. 10 cause to accept, to offer, regale, 
.sanipavedhati, v. to be shaken vioientlv". 
sampassati, 11. to see, behold, consider, 
sampasiida, m. serenity; *na, n. tranquillizing. 

228 sampasareti 

sampasareti, v, to distract. 

sampasidati, v. to be tranquilli/ied; "ana, n. 

satnpaharhsati, v. to be glad; "hattha, ppp, "seti, caus; 
"aka, adj. "ana, n. 

sampahattha, ppp. joined, made, gladdened. 

sampahara, m. striking, strife. 

sampaka, m. barleyfood. 

sampata, m. falling together, collision, descent. 

sampapunati, v. to reach, attain; sampatta, ppp. 

sampayati, v. to be able to explain. 

sanipaleti, v. to protect. 

sampindeti, v. to combine, knead together; °dana. n. 

sampiya, adj. friendly; "yena, in mutual love. 

sampiyayati, denom- to receive with lOve; °yana, n. 

samplleti, v. to press, pinch, worry; "la. "lita, m. troubling.- 

sampucchati, v. to ask: °a, ger. 

samputa, m. a casket, cavity. 

samputita, ppp. shrunk, shrivelled. 

sampunna, adj. full, filled. 

sampurakkharoti, v. to honour. 

sampujeti, v. to venerate. 

sampurita, ppp. filled, full. 

samposita, ppp. nourished. 

sampha, nonsense; *ppalapa, m. frivolous talk. 

samphala, adj. abounding in fruits. 

samphassa, m. contact. • 

sampbulla, adj. full-blown. 

samphusati, v. to touch ; "uuha, ppp ; "ana, /. 

sambandhati, v to bind together, unite; sambaddha, ppp; 
sambajjhati, pass; "a, m; "ana, n. 

sambarimaya, /. jugglery. 

sambala, n. provision. 

sambahula, adj. many; ^rii karoli, to take a plurality vote. 

sambadha, m. crowding, pressure, difificulty; "dhayati, v. to 
be crowded. 

sambahati, v. to rub, shampoo; 'ana, n. 

sarabuka, m. a shell. 

sambujjhati, v. to understand, know perfectly ; "uddha, ppp. 

sambuddha, ppp. well understood, Buddha; "dhi, /. under- 

sambojjhaiiga, m. constituent or factor of enlightenment. 

sambodhi. /. higfiest enlightenment. 

sambodhiyaiiga, w, — .^^^^^^-^^^^^u--. . • 

sammasati 229 

sambhajati, v. to consort with, love, be devoted; "ana, /. 
sambhaiijati, v. to split; sambhagga, ppp. 
sambhata, ppp. brought together, stored up. 

sambhatta, adj. devoted, a friend. 

sambhatti, /. joining, consorting wilh. 

sambhanjati, '0. to revolve; ^a, m. confusion. 

sambhavati, v. to arise, meet with, be adequate; "a, m. 
origin, birth, production, semen virile; "ana, n. com- 
ing into existence; VesI, adj. seeking birth. 

sambhara, m. materials, constituent, preparation ; *.seda, 
bringing on sweating by artificial means. 

sambhavana, n. supposition, assumption;/, honour,' rever- 

sambhasa, /. conversation, talii. 

sambhinna, ppp- (Jbhid) broken, exhausted; *a, adj. clear, 

sambhita, adj. terrified. 

sambhufijati, v. to ?at together with, associate. 

sambhunati, "nati, "v. (Jbhu) to be able to, capable of. 

sambhusita, ppp. adorned, embellished. 

sambheda, m. breaking, splitting, confusion. 

sambhoga, m. eating, living together with. 

sambhoti, v. same as sambhavati. 

samma, a term of familiar address; m. a cymbal. 

sammaggata, m. perfect, one who has wandered rightly, 

sammajjati, v. to sweep; sammattha, ppp ; °ana, ii; "anT, /, 
a broom. 

sammatala, m. a kind of cymbal. 

sammatta, ppp. intoxicated, maddenrd; ji- correctness, 

sammada, m. drowsiness after a meal. 

sammadakkhata, ppp. well preached. 

sammadanria, /. perfect knowledge. 

sammaddati, v. to trample. 

sammaddasa, adj. having a right view. 

sammannati, v. to assent, consent, authorize, esteem; 
sammata, ppp. 

sammantetL, v. to consult together. 

sanmiapparma, /. right knowledge, true wisdom ; "ajana, adj- 

sammasati, v. to touch, master, contemplale, seize; °ana, n. 
"sita, n, one who touches, etc. 

230 samma 

samma, a pin of the yoke; adv, thoroughl/, properly; sam- 

mad b&fore eva. 
sammadhara, /. a heavy ghower, 
sammana, «•• honour; " na, /. 
sammapasa, m. a kind of sacrifice, 
sainmiiijeti. v. lo bend back, double up; jana, «. 
sammita, ppf>. (^/ma) measured, just so much, no more nor- 

sainmiya, m. a false friend. 
sammillabliasinT. /. gently smiting, 
sammissa. adj. mixed ; 'ta, /. 
sammuklia, adj. face lo face with; °kha. obi. before; "khlb- 

ha\a, !u. coming into one's place, 
sammujjani, /. a broom, 
samnuiiiha, f>pf). confused, 
sammuti, /. conseni, permission, choice, delegation, tleier- 

minalion (of boundary), opnion, doctrine, traditional 

lore, popular e.vpression. 
sammu.ssanala, f. obliviousness, 
sammuyhati, v. to bebewildcrd, muddle-hc;i<led ; ^samnifii- 

lia, ppp. "ana, n. 
s.unraegha, m. rainy or clou<ly \\ eat her. 
sainmoda, m. odour, fragrance- 

sanimodati, v. to rejoice, delight, greet; '^'aka, adj. polite, 
sammosa, vi. rorruplion. confusion, 
sammoha, m. bewilderment, despair, infatiiation. 
saya, adj. one's own; "rii. self, 
sayariivasi, adj. self-controlled, independent, 
sayartijata, adj. sprung up spontaneously, 
sayartivara, «,. self-choice, 
sayatatta, n. (Jyam) being well restrained, 
.sayana, n. lying, sleeping, bed. 
sayanighara, «... a sleeping-room, 
say.'imbhii, adj. self-dependenl. 
sara, m. an arrow, sound, voice, mn. a lake, 
saraka, ??.. a drinking vessel, 
sarakutti, /. intonation, resonance, 
saraja, adj. dusky. 

sarana, n. shelter, remembrance, refuge; adj. harmful, 
sarati, v. (iJsar) to go, to remember, to crush, 
sarada, m. autumn, 
.sarahu, /. a lizard, 
.sarabha, to. a sort of deer 

Sallakatta a.-^l 

Sarabhanna, n. intonins'. 

sarabhasam, adv. eagerly, quickly. 

Sarava, adj. noisy. 

sarasa, ndj. with its essential qualities. 

sarasara. onom. imitation word. 

sarasi, /. a large pond. 

saraga, adj. passionate. 

sarava, m. a cup, saucer. 

sarasana, n. a bow. 

sarikkha. n. resetnbling. 

-saritaka, n. powdered Slonr 

sarita, f, a river. 

sarisa, adj. resembling. 

Sarlra, n. the body, relics, corpse; *kicca, n. funeral rites; 
*tthaka, n. the skeleton ; *dhatu, corporeal relic; maiti- 
sa, n. the flesh of the body. 

sartri, adj. having a body, animal, man. 

sarTvanna, adj. resembling. 

sarupa, adj. of the same form, with a body, own form. 

saroja, n. a lotus. 

Sarojayoni, vi. a brahma 

.sarorulia, n. a lotus. 

saiayati, v. to cause to shake; 'ana, ». 

saiabha. m. a moth. 

sala|a, m. a kind of .swcft-.scejited tree. 

s.ilaka, n. an arrow, dart; /. a [jcg, blade of a grass, ribs 
of an umbrella, pencil, a stick of caustic, ticket fur 
voting; ""'lit gilhetij to issue tickets, take a vote; salaka- 
gga, )!,. room for distributing lood by tickets; salilka 
vatapnna, n. a winilow made wilii slips of wood ; salaka- 
bhaita, food distributed by tickets ; salaka-hattha, in. 
brush-hand, a kind of play, where the hand is dipped 
in lac or dye and used as a brush. 

salaka\'utta, adj. subsisting by means of pegs, n kind of 
famine when scraps of food are scraped together with 
pegs and cooked. 

saUikodhaniya n. a case for the ointment-stick. 

salatuka, adj. unripe, 
salila, M. Water, 
s.illa, ". an arrow, pain, 
sallfika. in. a porcupine, 
sullakatta, m. a surgeon. 



sallaUkheli, v. to ubseive, consider, examine, bear in mind; 

asallakkhelvd, inadvertently ; "khana, /. 
saliapati, v. to talk with, 
sallallkala, adj. pierced, perforated. 
salla\ejja, m. a snrgeon. 
sallahuka, ati/. light; *vuttT, adj. whose wants are easily 

met; */je)i« nakkhaltena, on lucky nights, 
sallapa, m. conversation. 
salUna, ppp. bent together, cowering. 
salliyanA, /. cohering, stolidity, 
sallekha, m. austere penance- 
iavankd, m. a sort of fish. 

sasacanlya, n. a command issued by a bhikkhu to a junior, 
ppp. prohibiting him from going beyond. the bounds, 
or summoning him to come before the elders, 
savati, v. (Jsu) (o flow. 

savana, n. flowing, ear; 'HthCine, within hearing; °nlya, ppp. 
pleasant to hear. 

savanti, /. a river. 

savara, m. a savage. 

savali, adj. wrinkled. 

savidha, n. neighbourhood. 

savhaya, adj. called, named. 

sasa, m. a hare; 'visana, 'hare's horn , impossibility, ima- 

sasakkait), adv. certainly. 

sasanka, m. moon. 

sasati, v. to slay; sattha, ppp; "ana, n. slaughter. 

sasi",- HI. the moon. 

Sasura, m. father-in-law. 

sassa, n. corn, crop. 

sassata, adj. eternal, perpetual ; *ditthi, /. eternalism ; *mflla, 
*vadlj m. eternalist. 

sassatisamatii, adv. for ever and ever. 

sassara, imitative of the sound sarasaia. 

sassiruka, adj. glorious, resplendent. 

.sassCl, su, /. mother-in-law. 

saha, prep, with, logetbernvith ; aci/. enduring ; n. power. 

sahakara, m. a sort of fragrant mango. 

sahagata, adj. accompanying, concomitant. 

sahaggana, adj. with his companions. 

sfihaja, adj. inborn, natural. 

sahajfiia, adj. connote, born at the same time. 

satakalakkhana 233 

sahati, v. to conquer, defeat, overcome, endure, be able,- 

"ana, n. 
sahadhammiya, m- co-religionist. 
sahaparhs'dkllita, m. a play-fellow, 
sahabhavi, adj. at one's service, 
sahavatthu, n. living together with, 
sahavyata, /. companionship, 
sahavyiipaga, adj. coming into union with, 
sahasa, ado. forcibly, suddenly, inconsiderately: *kara, w. 

sahassa, num. thousand, 
sahassakkha, m. thousand-eyed, Sakka: 
sahassarariiisi, m. the sun. 
sahassara, adj. having a thousand spokes, 
sahanukkama, adj. with what follows, 
sahaya, m- companion, friend, 
sahita, adj. accompanied with, united, consistent, 
sahindaka. ad/, together with inda. 
sahudaka, ady. together with water. 
sahoQlha, adj. together with the stolen goods, 
sahorodha, adj. with his harem, 
saka, n. vegetable, potherb. 

sakaccha, /. conversation; °cheti, denom. to converse with, 
sakatika, to. a carter, 
sakalya, n. totality, 
sakara, adj. with its characteristics, 
sakiya, sakya, sakka, to. the Buddha's clan, 
sakunika, sakuntika, to. a fowler 
sakkharappabheda, adj. together with the distinction of 

sSkhalya, sakhalla, n. friendship, 
sakha, /. a branch; *nagaraka, n. a suburb, 
sakhamiga, m. a monkey, 
sagaiarh, indecl. welcome, 
sagara, m. the ocean, 
sagara, adj. living in a house, 
s&ngana, adj. full of lust. 

sacakka, n. interpretation of omens to be drawn from dogs.- 
saciyoga, w. crooked ways, insincerity, 
sajiva, n. rule of life. 

sata, m. a garment, cloth ; ""ka, to. a cloak, 
s&takalakkhafia, »t. prognostication drawn from pieces of 

234 sateta 

sateta, m. one who dispels. 

satheyya, n. craft, treachery. 

saija, n. hemp, hempen cloth; also sanavalca; adj. (sa-ina) 
indebted, subjected to the corruptions; *dhovana. n. a 
kind of play. 

sanika, /. a curtain. 

sani, /, hemp-cloth, a screen, curtain, tent. 

sata, adj. pleasant, agreeable; n. pleasure, joy; *ta, /. hap- 
piness; *cta, n. tastiness, sweetness. 

satakumbha, n. gold. • 

satacca, n. perseverance ; *kari adj. persevering. 

satatarii, adv. continually. 

satatika, adj, persevering. 

satava, n. sweet result (of good words). 

satiya, adj. pleasant. 

satireka, adj: having something in excess 

satisara, adj. trespassing. 

sattha, adj. with the meaning, in spirit. 

satthaka, adj. useful. 

sathallka, adj. lax, lethargic. 

sadana, n. place, house. 

sadara, adj. reverential; "riya, n; riyata, /. showing consi- 

sadana, adj. attached to the world, passionate. 

sadikkha, adj. like, similar. 

sadiyati, v. to accept, acquiesce; "ana, /. 

sadisa, adj. like, similar.. 

sadu, adj. sweet, nice; n. sweet things. 

sadhaka, adj. accomplishing, edecting. 

sadhana, n. enforcing, proving, settling up. 

sadharana, adj. common, general, joint. 

sadhika, adj. having something beyond. 

sadhu, adj. good, virtuous, meritorious; adv. well, thorough- 
ly. *karii, adv. well, thoioughly. 

sadhukara, in. approval. 

sadhukljana, n. a festive play, sacred festivity. 

sadhurupa, adj. good, respectable. 

sadhusammata, adj. highly honoured. 

sadhuslliya, n. good character. 

sddheti, V. to arrange, prepare, recover, settle up a debt, 

sanu, mn. a ridge. 

sanucara, adj. together with followers. 

si.rajjati 235 

sanuvajja, adj. blameable. 

sSpa, m. a cuise. 

sSpateyya, n. property, wealth. 

sapathika, adj. one who has comrnitced a sin. 

sapada, n. a beast of prey. 

sapadesa, adj. illustrated by figures ot speech. 

sapekha, adj. longing for. 

sama, adj. black, dark, yellow, beautiful ; n. conciliation. 

samarh, self, of oneself. 

samaggiya, n. completeness. 

samaggT, /. completeness, a quorum, meeting, communionj 
unanimity, concord, 

samaflfia, adj. general, universal; n. unity, company, state 
of a monk. 

samanera, in ; "rl, /. a novice. 

.samattha, adj. able, competent; °thiya, n. 

.samanta, adj. neighbouring, bordering. 

samayika, adj. temporary. 

samaka, m. a kind of millet. 

samajika, >n. a member of an assembly. 

samayika, adj. in agreement, timely, temporary. 

samika. in. lord, owner, husband. 

samiya, m. husband. 

samivocana, n. the genitive case. 

samisa, adj. carnal. 

sami, m. lord, master, husband; saminJ, /. wife. 

samlcl, /. right or proper course ; *kamma, n komage. 

samukkarhsika, adj. principal, best. 

samudda, n. sea salt. 

samuddika, adj. seafaring. 

sSyati, V. to taste, eat ; sayanlya, adj. savoury, tasty ; °ana, n. 

saya, m. evening, ; ''rh, adv. at night; *patam, evening and 
morning, late and early; *masa, m. supper. 

sfiyanha, to. evening. 

sara, adj. essential, strong. 

saraka, m. a messenger. 

s&ragandha, m. the odour of the heart of a tree, 
saragabbha, to. a treasury. 

earajja, n. timidity : "jayati, denom. to be embarrassed, per- 
sarajjati, v. to be pleased with, attached to; "ang. f. mfatua- 

236 sSratta 

saratta, adj. impassioned, enamoured. 

strati ha, in. quintessence. 

saraihi, m. ciiarioleer, coachman. 

sarada, adj. autumnal ; m the autumn ;'deka, adj. autumnal. 

saraddha, adj. violeni, angry. 

sarameya, m. a dog. 

sarambha, m. impetuosity, anger, quarrel, °bhi ; adj. 

sarasa, vi. a crane. 

saraga, m. affection, infatuation; °gi, adj. 

saraniya, adj. courteous, polite, friendly. 

sari, m. chessman. 

saiikUha, adj. similar. 

sSruppa, adj. fit, proper, suitable. 

saropl, adj. healing, curative. 

saja, m. a sal tree. 

salaka, m. a brother-in-law, used as a term of abuser 

s31a, /. a hall, hospice, room. 

salakiya, n. ophthalmology. 

sali, m. rice. 

saliUa, /. a kind of bird. 

saliiiaka, n. slinging stones, throwing potsherds, etc. 

sail, adj. hlaving, possessing. 

saliya,°ya, the maina bird. 

saluka. n. the edible root of the water-lily. 

salijra, m. a dog. 

saloka, m. light. 

salohita, m. a kinsman, blood relation. 

sava, m. juice. 

savaka, m. a hearer, disciple. 

savajja, adj. blameabie, faulty ; *ta, /. 

savata, n. name of a certain throw at dice. 

savasesa, adj. with a remainder, incomplete. 

savi, m. a porcupine. 

sasati, v. to teach, instruct; sattha, ppp. 

sasa, m. astiima. 

sasanka, adj. dangerous. 

sasara, -TO. order, message, doctrine, teaching. 

sasapa, m. a mustard seed; *kutta, n. mustard powder. 

satia, m. six days. 

sahasa, adj. violent, hasty; n. violence ;*rh. adv ;°s\ka. adj. 

Sahara, adj. together with th6 suburbs, 
sahu, adj. good, well. 

siddha 237 

$&hu|ac!vara, n. a coarse cloth. 

sahuijeyyaka, ppp. worshipped. 

sahunna, w. a strip of ragged cloth- 

salava, m. sweets, taste. 

sajika, TO. a bird; /. the maina bird. 

sita, PPP- (x/si) declining, resting, clinging. 

siihsaka, m. red sandal-wood. 

siriisapa, /. the dalbergia tree. 

sikata, /. sand. 

sikayasa-maya, adj. made of tempered steel. 

sikka, /. string, string of a balance. 

sikkhati, v. to learn, train oneself; °ana, n- 

sikkha, /. study, discipline, 

sikkhapada, n. a precept. 

sikkhita, m. a master, professor, adept. 

sikhanda, m. a lock of hair, peacock's tail. 

sikhandl, to. a peacock ; adj. tufted, crested, with tonsured 

sikhara, w. the top, summit, crest, tuft, 
sikha, /. point, edge; *bandha, m. top-knot, 
siklil, TO. fire; n. peacock; adj. crested, tufted, 
sigala, m. a jackal. 

singa, n. a horn; m. the young of an animal, 
siiigara, m. love, finery ; arf/. elegant, graceful, 
singinada, m. gold, 
singila, m. a kind of horned bird, 
singilonakappa, m. the horn-salt license, 
sihgivera, n. ginger. 

sihgi, adj. having a horn, clever, sharp-witted, fiax; /. gold, 
sihgu, /. a kind of fish, 
sihghataka, m. a plani ; mn. a square, place where four 

roads meet, 
sifighanika, /. snot, 
sijjati, V. (Jsid) to boil. 

siiicati, v. (Jsic) to sprinkle, bale out a ship; sitta. ppp. 
sita, adj. sharp, bound, white; n. a smile. 
sitSkara, to. smiling, smile. 
sittha, ti. a lump ol boiled rice, beeswax, 
sithila, adj. loose, lax, yielding, 
sithilahanu, to. a kind of bird, 
sidali, -J. to sink, subside, 
siddha, ppp. dJsidh) accomplished, succeeded; "dhi,/. 

238 siddhattha 

siddhattha, adj. one who has completed his task ; m. must- 
ard seed. 

sinati, v. to bathe ;°ta, ppp ; ana, n; "ani, /. bath-powder. 

siniyhati, v. to love, be attached; siniddha, ppp. oily, 
greasy, smooth, resplendent, charming, affectionate. 

sineru, n. Mount Meru. 

sineha, m. viscidity, sap, affection, desire; *ka, m. a friend; 
*na, n. oiling, softening; °hita, adj. lustful, covetous. 

sindura, n. red-lead. 

sindhava, m. a sindh-horse; n. rock-salt. 

sinoti, V (iJsi) lo bind; sita, ppp- 

sinna, adj. wet with peispiration, boiled. 

sipaUKa, /. pericarp, receptacle. 

sippa, n. art, craft; *tthana, "payatana, n. art, craft; "pika, 
m. artisan. 

sippi, /. a pearl oyster. 

sibba, n; sibbinJ, /. a suture of the skull. 

sibbati, v. to sew. 

sibbani, /. ',' greed, lust. 

simbali, /. the silk-cotton tree- 

sira, mn. head ; *m muncati, to loosen the hair. 

sira, /. a blood vessal, nerve, tendon, gut. 

siriitisapa, m. a serpent, reptile. 

sirigabbha, m. bedroom. 

siripavesana, adj. lucky, bringing luck. 

sirivivada, m. a bed chamber quarrel. 

siri, /. splendour, beauty, glory, majesty, goddess of luck; 
*dhara, adj. glorious. 

sirlsappupha, n. a kind of gem. 

siroruha, m. hair. 

sila, /. a stone, rock, quartz. 

silaghate, v. to praise. 

silabhu, n, a whip snake. 

siliuha, adj. adhering, connected. 

siluccaya, m. a mountain. 

silutta, TO. a rat snake. 

silesa, to. attachment, embracing. 

siloka, TO. fame, a verse; 'ra, adj. famous. 

Siva, adj. auspicious, happy, fortunate ; n blees ; /. a jackal • 
*vijja, /. knowledge of auspicious signs; slvika. /. a 
palanquin, litter. 

siveyyaka, adj. hailing from the siva country, kind of cloth. 

sunati 339 

sisira, adj. cool, cold; m. the cold season. 

sissa, m. a pupil. 

sikara, m. drizzling rain, 

sTgha, adj. quick, rapid, swift; "arh, adv. 

slla, adj. cool, cold; n. coldness. 

sitala, adj, cool, cold, tranquil; ?i. coldness- 

sita, /. a furrow. 

sitaiuka, adj. susceptible of cold. 

sUalu, adj. chilled. 

sitaloli, /. mud or loam from the furrow adhering to the 

sitibhava, m. tranquillization. 
situnha, n, cold and heat, 
sina, adj. cold, frosty. 

sipada, n. morbid enlargement of the legs, 
simanta, m. a boundary, sin; *rika., /. interval between, 
simantini, /. a woman, 
sima, /. boundary, limit, parish. 
sira, m. a plough. 

Slla, n. character, nature, morality, precept; *va, adj. 
silabbata, n. good works and ceremonial observances, 

rite and ritual; *paramasa, m. infatuation of rite and 

ritual, the delusion that they suffice, 
silamattaka, n. a matter of mere morality, 
sllavatta, n. morality, vitue. 
Siliya, n. wrong conduct. 
sTii, adj. having a disposition or character, 
sivathika, /. a cemeiery. 

sisa, n. lead head, point, car (of crops); *ka, n. head, 
sisakataha, a skull, 
sisacola, m. a head-cloth, turban, 
sisavirecana, 7;. purging to relieve the head, 
sisavpthana, 11. head-cloth, i urban, 
sisavedana, /. headache, 
siha, >n. a lion ; *nada, m. lion's roar, song of ecstasy, 

shout of exultation. 
sIhapaiHjara, n. a window, 
sihala, m. Ceylon. ' 

sihavikkilita, n. the lion's play, attitude of the Buddhas. 
sihaseyya, /. lying like a lion, on the right side, 
sihasana, n. a throne. 
su, interj. shoo! adv. well, properly, 
suijali, V. (Jsu) to hear; sossafl, fut- 

i240 sutfisumara 

surfisumara, m. a crocodile. 

suka, m. a parrot. 

sukata, adj. good, virtuous, done well; n. a good deed. 

sukati, adj. fortunate. 

sukara, adj. easy, feasible. 

sukiccha, n. pain, great irouble- 

sukumara, adj. delicate, lovely. 

sukka, m. planet, star; n. semen; adj. white, pure, bright. 

sukkatiisa; m. bright lot, fortune. 

sukkapakkha, m the bright fortnight of a month. 

sukkavara, w. Friday. 

sukkha, ad/, dry ; *na, n. drying up; sukkhSpana. n. 

making dry. 
sukkhati, v. to be dried up, waste 3way. 
sukha, adj. agreeable, pleasant, happy ; n. ease, .happines; 

*rh, adv. in happiness j'sukhi, adj. 
sukhatihi, adj. longing for happiness, 
sukhadhamma, m. a good slate, 
sukhabbagiya, adj. participating in happiness, 
sukhabhumi^ /■ soil of bliss, source of ease, 
sukhayati, sukheti. v. to iriake happy, 
sukhatlikanuyoga, to. lujjujious living, 
sukhavihara, m. dwelling at ease, happy life, 
sukhayati, v. to be pleased. 

sukhita, adj. happy, blest, glad; *tta, adj. happy, easy, 
sukhudraya, adj. having a happy result, 
sukhuma, adj. subtle, minute, hop, exquisite; *tta, n. 
sukhumacchika, adj. iine-meshed. 
sukhumadhara, adj. with fine edge, 
sukhumala, adj. tender, delicate, refined, graceful, 
sukhedhita, adj. grown up in comfort, delicate, 
sugata, adj. faring well, happy, blessed, 
sugatalaya, m. imitation of the Buddha, 
sugati, /. happiness, bliss; "tl, adj. righteous, 
suggava, ad], virtuous. 

suhka, mn. toll, tax, customs, profit, purchase-price of a 
wife; *ghata, n. customs' frontier ; "kika, m. a receiver 
of customs; "kiya, n. price paid tor a wife. 
Suci, adj. pure, clean, white; n. merit, 
sucitta, adj. much, variegated, 
suja, ;'. a sacrificial ladle. 

sujjhatj, V, (Jsudh) to become pure; suddha, ppp ^ sodheti. 
caus. to purify, correct, search. 

supphassita 341 

suflflai *ta, adj. void, empty 5 *ta, /. 

sunnSgara, n. solitude. 

suUliu, adv. ^vell. 

sur.ia, m. a day. 

siiijisa, sunha, /. a daughter-iti-law. 

suta, n. learning, lore; m-. son. /. daughter. 

sutappaya, adj. easily contented. 

suti, /. hearing, tradition; *vasena, by rumour; *hlna, adj. 

sutta, n. a thread, string, discourse, sermon; *ka, n. a 

string; "tika, adj, bound with a thread, 
suttakara, m. a cotton-spinner, 
suttajala, n, a spider's web, web of thread, 
suttanta, »n. a discourse, dialogue; "tika, adj. versed in the 

sutti. /. a good saying, 
sudassana, adj. well-looking, 
sudujj^iya, adj. very difficult to win. 
Suduttara. adj. very diificult to escape from, 
sudda, m. one of the poor class 
suddhaka, n. a minor offence. 

suddhanta, m. women's apartment; adj. well blown, 
suddhantaparivasa, m. a probation of complete purification, 
suddhi, /. purity. 

sudhamma, /. the council hail of the devas. 
sudha, /. the beverage of the gods, nectar, whitewash, 

sudhi, adj. wise, 
suna, adj. swollen ; m. a dog. 
sunakha, m. a dog. 
sunaya, adj. easily understood, 
sundara, adj. beautiful, good. 

supati, suppati, soppati, v. to sleep; sottuih. inf : sutta, ppp. 
supatittha, adj. easy to get down to. 
supana, m. a dog. 
supana, adj, foregoing, 
supina, mn. a dream; *ka, m. 
suposat^, /. good nature. 

suppa, »rt. a winnowing basket; *ka, wt. a toy basket, 
suppata, /. pea-soup talk, sugared words, 
suppavattt, adj. thoroughly mastered, 
supliassa, w. a kind of musical instrument, 
suphassita, adj. agreeable to touchy very soft. 

242 subbata 

subbata, adj. virtuous, devout. 

subbutthi, /. abundant rainfall. 

subbhu, adj. having beautiful, eye-brows, lovely- 

subha, adj. shining, bright, auspicious, lucky ; n, welfare, 

subhaga, adj. happy, beloved, charming, 
subhagati, /. going to bliss, 
subhara, adj. easily supported, frugal; *ta, /. 
subhanupassi, adj. looking for pleasure, 
subhikkha, n. plenty ; *vaca, adj. called plenty, renowned 

for great liberality. 
Suma, tn. the moon- 
sumana, adj. glad, happy, 
sumana, /. the great flowered jasmine, 
sumedha, *sa, adj. wise, 
sumbhati, v. to strike, hurt, 
sura, m. god. 

surata, n. sexual intercourse, 
surabhi, adj. fragrant. 

sura, /. spiritous liquor; *dhutta, m. a drunkard- 
surapana, n. a liquor shop, drinking strong liquor, 
suramada, m. tipsiness. 

suriya, m. the sun ; *»n uUkdpeturh, to go on till sunrise, 
suriyakanta, m. the sun-gem. 
suriyaggaha, wi. eclipse of the sun. 
suriyamandala, d. the orb of the Sun. 
suruci, adj. resplendent, 
surunga, /. a subterranean passage. 
Surupa, adj. handsome, 
suladdha, n. a good gain, bliss. 
sulasi, /. a medicinal plant, 
sulopi, /. a kind of small deer. 
Suva, m, a parrot. 

suvaca, adj. of soft speech, compliant, 
suvanna, adj. beautiful; n. gold, 
suvanijahartisa, m. the golden mallard, 
suvatthi, 7)1. well-being, 
suvaria, m. a dog; also supatja, suvana. 
suvanaya, etdj, easy to catch, 
suvami, in, a master, 
suvutthika, /. abundance of rain", 
suve, see sve. 
sussati, ^. (•ysus)to be dried, to wither. 

supika 243 

susSna, n. a cemetery. 

susira, adj. hollow, full of holes; n. a hole; wind instrument. 

susilai adj. moral, virtuous; also susill ; °lya, «#. 

susu, m. a boy, lad, a sort of water animal. 

susuka, m. an alligator, infant, porpoise; /. alligator. 

susumayati, v. to make the sound su-su. 

sussarata, /. melodiousness of voice. 

sussijsati, des. v. to wish to hear, listen. 

sussusa, adj. obedient ; /. obedience ; "si, adj. 

suhajja, m. a friend. 

suhat5, /. happiness. 

suhada, adj. friendly; m. a friend; /. a woman with childc 

suhadaya, adj. friendly. 

suhlta, adj. satiated. 

su-hu-ju, adj. very upright, conscientious, 

suka, m. the awn of barley, etc. 

sukara, m. a hog, pig. 

sijkarantakai n. kind of girdle- 

sukaramaddava, n. a plartt or tuber called 'pig-tender,' 

perhaps truffles. 
sQkarasall, /. a kind of rice. 
sukarika, m. a boar-hunter, 
sficayati, r.CJsuc) to point out, show, indicate; sQcaka, m. 

an informer, slanderer; sucana, n. 
suci, /. a needle, hairpin, pin to secure the bolt, railing, 
siicikattha, adj. with needle like bones, 
sucika, /. a needle, hunger, small bolt to a door, 
sucighatika, /. a small bolt to a door, 
sucinajika, /. a bamboo needle-case, 
sucimukha, 'needle-faced,' mosquito. 
sOciviji'hana, n. an owl. 
sijju, adj. upright, conscientious, 
suna, /. a slaughter-house, 
suta, m. a charioteer, bard, panegyrist, 
sutighara, n. a lying-in-chamber, 
suda, m. a cook, 
sudana, n, destruction, 
suna, adj. swollen. 
siinS, /. a slaughter-house. 
sQnu, m. a son, child. 

Supa, m. broth, soup, curry ; 'vyafijana, n. curry, 
supatittha, adj. easy of access, 
supika, m. a cook. 

244 suppoya 

supeyya, n. curry ; •paijna, n. curry leaf, curry stuff j *saka. 
m. potherb for carry 

sura. adj. valiant, courageous ; m. a hero, the sun ; it. 

suragajjita, n. a shout of defiance, heroic utterance, 

surata, adj. kindle disposed. 

surl, adj, wise. 

suriya, n. valour. 

sula, mn. a sharp.pointed instrument, stake. 

sujara, adj. magnificent. 

seka, m. sprinkling. 

gekata, n. a sandbank. 

sekha, adj. probationary, imperfect, under training, 

sekhara, m. a crest, chaplec. 

sekhiya, adj. connected with training. 

Segalaka, n. a jackal's cry. 

secanaka, n. sorinkling. 

settha, adj. best, excellent. 

setthi, TO. treasurer, wealthy merchant :/. ashes ; *tta, n, 

sepi, /. a guild, a division of an army ; *mokkha, m. the 
chief of an army. 

seta, adj. white; *ka, adj. white, transparent. 

setaccha, to. a tree. 

setatthika, adj^ suffering from famine; /. mildew. 

setpanni, /• a tree. 

setamba, m. a sort of mango. 

setu, TO. a casueway, bridge. 

seda, TO. sweat, perspiration; *ka, n. sweating. 

sedaja, adj. springing from moisture, insect, worm, 

sedavakkhitta, adj. earned with the sweat of the brow. 

sedeti, v. (N/sed) to heat, steam. 

sena, m. a hawk. 

senaka, to. a carter, monkey. 

senagutta, to. a minister of war. 

sena, /. an army ; *nayaka, to, a general. 

senSnl, n. a general. 

senanikutilatS, /. strategy. 

sendpacca, n. generalship. 

senSpati, *ka, m. a general. 

scnSbyuha, m. a leview. 

senSsana, «, sleeping and sitting, dwelling ;"gaha, m. allot- 
ment of lodging places. 

soijtia 245 

seniya, vi. a soldier. 

senupiya, /. a bed fellow. 

senesika, adj. greasy. 

semSnaka, adj. lying. 

semha, n. phlegm; "iiika, ?i. a man of phlegmatic humour. 

semhara, vi. a monUey. 

seyya, adj. better. 

seyyaka, adj. lying. 

seyyarhsa, m. the better part. 

seyyalha, adj. as, just as; "thidaili, namely, as follows. 

seyyaso, inderl. still better. 

seyya, /. a bed, couch. 

seri, ad/, self-willed, independent, self-possessed; vl. a god; 

serita, /, independence, emancipation of will, 
serivihara, >v . lodging privately. 
sela, adj. rocky; m. rock, stone, crystal, gem. 
selissaka, n. noise, mad pranks, 
seleti, V. (►/sel) to shout. 

Sevati, v. to serve, resort to, practise, em.brace, make use 
of; "aka, adj. serving, in. a servant, dependent; "anS, 
seva, /. service. 
sevala, m. moss, 
seveti, v.. to throw down. 
sesa, *ka, adj. remaining, left. 

seseti, v. (Jsis) to leave; sissati, pass, to be left, remain, 
soka, m. sorrow, grief, 
sokajjhayika, /. a woman comeaian. 
sokara-mariisa, m. pork, 
sokika, soki, adj. sorrowful. 
sokhya, 11. happiness, 
sokhumma, n. fineness, minuteness, 
sogata, adj. Buddhist. 

sogandhika, m. purgatory; n. the white water-lily, 
socati, V. ( Jsuc) to be grieved, sorrowful, to mourn ; "ana, n. 
socitatta, n. sorrowfulness, 
sociya, adj. daplorable. 
soceyya, n. purity, 
sojacca, n. nobility, high birth. 
sooa, adj. red, crimson; m. a dog, a kind of tree, 
sonita, n. blood, 
soni, /. the buttock, bitch- 
sonuttara, m. a hunter, 
sopda, adj. addicted to dirink, drunkard ; 'ka, m, a drunkard. 

246 SOT) 4^ 

soij(Ja, mj. an elephant's trunk. 

soncjika, m. a distiller and seller of liquor, a drunkard. 

sondikata adj, with expanded neck (of a serpent). 

son<[ika, /. tendril of a creeper, peppered meat. 

soi?di> /• a natural pond in a rock. 

sondT. /. the neck of a tortoise. 

sonna, n. gold. 

sola, n. ear, nostril : mn. a stream, flood, torrent, stream of 

sofanjana, n. ointment made with antimony, 
sotatta, ppp. scorched. 
sotSnugata, adj. acquired by hearing, 
sotapaiti, /. entering upon the stream of salvation ; °anna, m. 

a convert, stream-winner, 
sotavadhana, n. giving ear, attention, 
sotti, /. a shell filled with chunam and lac for scratching 

the back, 
sottiya, m. a learned man. 
sotthana, n. blessing, well- fare, 
sotthi, /. well-being, blessing; "hotu hail ! ^rh gacchati, to 

go in safety; *na, safely; suvatthi, the same. 
sotthika, m. a brahmin. 

sotthik5ra, m. an utterer of blessings, herald, 
sotthigamana, n. a prosperous journey. 
Sotthibhava, m. safety, well-being, 
softhiya, jh. a learned man, brahmin, 
sotthivacaka, tn. utterer of blessings, herald, 
sotthis&ia, /. a hospital, 
sotha, VI. swelling, 
sodaka; adj. containing water, 
sodara, "riya, m. a uterine brother, 
sodhana, n. cleansing, examining, payment, 
sodhani, /. a broom, 
sona, m. a dog. 
sopacararh. adv, deferentially, 
sopadhlka, adj. together with the upadhi's or elements of 

sopaka, m. an outcast, 
sopana, mn. stairs, staircase; •kalirtgara, m. a flight of 

steps; 'phalaka, m, a step of a staircase, 
soppa, 'na, n. sleep, 
sopha, m. swelling. 

haih 247 

sobbha, n. a hole, pit, water-pool. 

sobhagga, n. prosperity, beauty. 

sobhai:ia, n. beauty, ornament, edging on a girdle; &d/. 

sobhati. v, (Jsubh) to shine, 
sobhanagaraka, n. fairy scenes, 
sobha, /. splendour, radiance, beauty, 
somanassa, n. joy, mental ease; "sita, adj. joyful, satisfied, 
sombhl, /. a puppet, doll, 
somma, adj. pleasing, agreeable, gentle, 
soracca, "ciya, n. gentleness, restraint, 
sorata, adj. gentle, kind, self-restrained, 
sovaggika, adj. heavenly, 
savacassa, n. gentleness, suavity; *ta, /; "sSya, °siya, ti. 

the same. 
sovanna, *ya, adj. golden, 
sovatthi, /. hail 1 safety ; *ka, adj. safe, 
sovidalla, m. an attendant on the harem, 
sovlraka, n. sour gruel. 

sosa, m. drying up, consumption; "na, n. causing to dry. 
sosanika, adj. bier like ; m. one who lives near a cemetery. 
sosika, adj. consumptive. 
soSita, adj. frozen. 

sohada, n. a friend; sohajja, n. friendship. 
sohicca, n. satiety, 
solasa, num. sixteen, 
sneha, m. oil, unctuous moisture, affection, lust, friend; 

*virecana, n. oil as purgative. 
sy&mrattha, n. Siam. 
svai^na, n. gold, 
svappa, adj. very little, a few. 
svSkara, adj. of good disposition, 
svakkhata, ppp. well-preached, 
svagata, n. welcome, learnt by heart, 
svalana, adj. belonging to the morrow. 
svStivatta, adj. easily overcome. 
svana> m. a dog. 
sve, adv. tomorrow, 
salayatana, n. the six organs of senSe. 


ha, an emphatic particle, 
hatfi, an exclamation. 

248 hariisati 

hariisati, v. to bristle, stand on end; haftha, ppp, brisUed, 

joyful ; °a, m. 
haihsa, m. a swan ; sheldrake, a kind of building, 
hacca, adj. killing, 
hajja, adj. beloved, 
hafici, adv. if, 

ha{a, m. a kind ot water-plant. 
iia{ahatakesa, adj. with dishevelled hair, 
hatthaioma, adj. with the hair of the body erect with joy or 

astonislied, horripilated, 
hatha, m. violence. 
hati, /. destruction. 
hattha, m. hand, forearm, elephant's trunk, handful, cubit; 

*gata, fallen into the hand of. 
hatthaka, m. a handful, 
hatthakamma, n. manual work, craft, 
hatthatthara, m. an elepliant rug. 
hatlhapajjotika, n. hand-illumination, scorching the hand 

by a tcrch. 
hatthapaiapaka, n. heating the hand over a coal-pan. 
hatthapasa, m. the side of the hand, vicinity, 
hatthabandha, m. a bracelet, 
hatthasara, m. ' hand wealth,' movable propertj'. 
hatthacariya, m. elephant-trainer, 
hatthapalekhana, n. licking the hands after eating to clean 

hatthabhijappana, n. incantations to make a man throw up 

his hands, 
hattharoha, w. mounted on an elephant, elephant-driver, 
hatthinakha, m. a sort of turret projecting over the ap- 
proach to a gate; *ka, adj. provided with such turrets 
or supported on pillars with capitals of elephant's heads, 
hatthippabhinna, m. an elephant in rut. 
hatthibhanda, m. an elephant-keeper. 
hatthimei?da, m. an elephant's groom, 
hatthiyana, n. elephant vehicle, riding elephant, 
hatthiliiiga, m. a vulture with a bill like an elephant's 

hatthisutta, n. an elephant-trainer's manual, 
hatthisoncjaka, «. an under- garment arranged with append* 

ages like elephant trunks, 
hatthi, m. an elephant, 
hadaya, ft. heart, the physical organ, thought, mind. 

hasita 249 

hadayarigata, adj. gone to the heart, learnt by heart. 

hadayaiigama, adj. heart-stirring, agreeable. 

hadayabheda, m. cheating in measure. 

hadayavatthu, n. the heart-basis, substance of the heart- 

hadayalu, adj. good-hearted. 

hadayi, adj. benevolent, kind. 

lianti, "il. to strike, kill; hafichati, /itt; haunati, pans; hata, 

ppp; ghateti, caus; hanana, ;i-. 
hanu, *ka, j. the jaw. 
hanusariihanana, n. jaw-binding, incantation to briiig on 

handa, a particle implying resolution, grief, alas ! 
hanna, n. modesty. 

hambho. a particle expressing surprise or haughtiness, 
hammiya, n. a long, storied mansion . 

haya, ■»»•■ a horse. 

harati, v. to carry, bring, take, fetch, remove, abolish, 
steal, cure, kill; hata, ppp; °a, in, siva; "ana, n. 

haranaka, n. goods in transit. 

harani, /. a passage. 

hari, adj. green, tawny ; m, Vishnu ; n. gold; *candana, n. 

Iiarina, m. a deer. 

hariijakalahka, harinahka, m. the nioon. 

harita, adj. green, fresh; n. green grass. 

haritaka, n. a potherb. 

harilala, n. yellow orpiment. 

haritupatta, adj. covered with green. 

hanttaca, adj. gold-coloured. 

haripada, m. yellow-leg, a deer. 

haritaka, m. yellow niyrobalan ;''ki, /. the myrobalan tree. 

hareijuka. /. ^ea. 

hala, n. a plough. 

halan'j, adi). enough of. 

halahala, nt. a kind of deadly poison; n. tumult, uproar. 

halidda, "di, /,, turmeric. 

hava, m. calling, challenge. 

havana, u. sacrifice. 

have, indecl. indeed, certainly, 

havya, n. an oblation, ofTering. 

hasati, v. to laugh, be merry; "ana, «. 

hasita, n. laughier, mirth. 

350 hasScj 

hasba, ai/. ridiculous ; ?i. Iauj,dUei-, mirtli, joke, jest; *vase- 
na, in jesl. 

ha, alas ! 
halaka, n. gold. 

hana, n. falling off, relinquishing; *bhagiya, adj. con- 
ducive to relinquishing. 

hani, /. decrease, loss, waste. 

hayati, pass. (Jha) to decrease, decay; "ana, n. 

hayi, adj. forsaking. 

hara, m. a pearl necklace. 

haraka, /. carrying. 

haraharl, /. adj. rapid, tearing. 

hart, adj. attracting, charming. 

harika, adj. carrying. 

harinika, m. a deer-hunter. 

harita, m. Mahabrahma. 

hari, m; °ini, /. adj. carrying, robbing. 

hariya, adj. carrying. 

halidda, adj. yellow. 

hava, m. coquetry, dalliance. 

havaka, in. one who performs a sacrifice. 

hasa, m, laughter, mirth, joy; *dhamma, >n. merriment. 

hasupaiiiia, adj. of bright knowledge, wise. 

hi, for, indeed, surely. 

hirhsati, v. to hurt, injure; "ana, n; "sa, /; °sita, n, one who 

hikka, /. hiccough. 

hinkara, m. uttering the sound him.. 

hingu, 11. the asafcEtida plant. 

hihgulaka, "li, m. vermilion ;"lika, /. 

hita, adj. useful, beneficial, friendly ; m. a friend ; n. benefit i 
*kara, m. a benefactor. 

hitupacara, m. beneficial conduct. 

hitesi, adj. desiring another's welfare. 

hintala, to. a kind of palm. 

hima, adj. cold, frosty; ii. ice, snov. . 

hitnagiri, himava, himacala, m. the Himalayas. 

hiyyo, af'v. yesterday. 

hiraiifia, n, gold j "nolokanakamma, n. valuation of the gold. 

hiriya, inn. shume, conscientiousness; *ti, v. to blush. 

hirikoplna, it. a cloth to cover the pudenda. 

hirf, /. shame, bashfulm^ss, conscience; *ma, adj. bashful. 

hilada kl pie;isure. 


agg&ss.vaka~-^two) chief disciples : i. Sariputta. 2. Mog- 

akusalakammapatha, — (ten) courses of immoral act : i . pa- 
natipata, life-taking. 2. adinnadana, tliefi. 3. ka- 
mesu micchacara, sensual vusbehaviour. 4. musava- 
da, lying. 5, pisuna vaca, slander. 6. pharusa vaca, 
harsh language. 7. samphappalapa, fivolous talh. 
8. abhijjha, covetousness. 9. vyapada, ill-will, 'o- 
micchaditthi, wrong views.. 

akusaladhatU' — (three) elements of imrnorality : 1. kama, 
hbst. 2. vySpada, ill-will. 3. vihiriisa, crueliy. 

akusalamula — (three) roots of immorality : 1. lobha, greed. 
2. dosa, hate. 3. moha, delusion.. 

abhidhamma — (seven books of) abhidhamma : Dhamma- 
sanganl, vibhariga, Kathavatthu, Puggalapaiiiiatti, 
Dhatukatha, Yamaka, Patthana, 

appamaniia-— (four) immeasurables or beatitudes : i. metta, 
love- 2.karuna, piiv- 3. mudita, sympathy. 4. 
upekkha, equanimity. 

abhithana, see paficanantariyakamma. 

ariyadhanam — (seven) noble treasures": i. saddha, faith. 
2. sila, virtue. 3. hirl, sense of shame. 4. ottappa, 
fear of blame. 5. suta, learning. 6. caga, self-denial. 
7. paniia, wisdom. 

ariyasacca — (four) noble truths: i. dukkha, suffering. 
2. dukkhasamudaya, origin of suffering. 3. dukkha- 
nirodha, cessation of suffering. 4. dukkhanirodha- 
gamini patipada, the path leading to the cessation of 

ariya atthaingika magga — the noble eight-fold path: i. 
sammaditthij right views. 3. sammasafikappa, right 
intention. 3. sammavaca, right speech. 4. samma- 
kammanta, right action. 5. samma ajiva, right living. 
6. sammavayama, right exertion. 7. sammasatj, right 
mindfulness. H. sammasamadhi, right concentration, 


arupabrahmaloka — (four) immaterial bralima worlds : i. 
alvasanaiicayatana, sphere of infLiiile space. 2. viiina- 
riaiicayatana, sphere 0) infinite consciousness. 3. 
akincafinayatana, sphere of nothiugness. 4. nevas- 
afiiianasarifiayatana, sphere of neither perception nor 

asekha diiamraa — (ten) attributes of a saint : i — 8. same as 
the noble eight fold path. 9. sammanana, right under- 
standing. 10. sammavimutti, right emancipation. 

arammana — (six) objects of sense : i. rupa, visible object. 
2. sadda, sound. 3. gandha, odour. 4. rasa, tasle. 
5. phassa, contact. 6. dhamma, idea. 

iddhipada — (four) base, of magical potency : i.' chanda, 
will, 2. viriya, energy. 3. citta, thought. 4. vim- 
amsa, investigation. 

indriyarii — (five) controlling faculties: i. saddha, faith. 

2. viriya, energy. 3. sati, mindfulness. 4. sama- 
dh'i, concentration. 5. panna, wisdom . 

ogha— (four) floods : i. kama, lust. 2. bhava, bpcowu'w.^. 

3. ditthi, wrong 7icws. 4. avijja, ignorance. 

kamma — (three) acts : i, kayakamma, deed. 2. vaclkam- 

ma, speech. 3. manokamma, thought. 
kavi — (four kinds of) 'poets : cintakavi, suta*, *attha„ *patib- 

hana*, the poet of imagination, of tradition, of real 

life, of wit. 

kasina — (ten) devices for meditation : i. pathavi, earth- 

2. apo, water. 3. tejo, fire. 4. vayo, wind. 5. nlla, 
blue. 6. pita, yellow. 7. lohita, red. 8. odata, 
white, g. aloka, light. ' 10. paricchinnakasa, the sky 
seen through a narrozv aperture. 

kamaloka— (eleven) sensuous worlds : the six develokas' 
7. maussaloka, the world of men. 8. asuraloka, the 
-world of asuras. 9. petaloka, the world of departed 
spirits. 10. iivacchanayoni, the animal hingdom. 11. 
nirayaj hell. 

kolahala — (four) warnings : i. cakkavaitikoiahala, a hun- 
dred years before the birth of auniversal monarch. 2. 
buddha, a thousand years before the birth of a Buddha. 

3. mangala; twelve years before the Buddha preaches 
the tnarigala^utta. 4. moneyya; seven years before 
the Buddha explains the ordinances of saints. 



Uosalla- (three) kinds of proficiency : i. ayakosalla, apa. 
ya*, upaya,* konwledge of what is advavtogeous, of 
■what is injurlou.^, af what is expeditious. 
khandha— (five) aggregates : i . rupa, maf/rr. i. vedana, 
feeling. 3. sanfia, perception. 41 sankhard, com. 
plexcs. 5. viiinana, consciousness. 
gaha — (nine) planets: Sura, Canda, Angara. Budha, 

JIva, Sukka, Asita, Rahu, Ketu. 
cakka — (four) wheels or blessings: i- patirupadesavasa, 
living in a suitable place. 2. suppurisupanlssaya, asso- 
elation with good men. 3. attasamma* panidhi, rj^/i/ 
resolutions. 4. pubbekatapunnata, good works done, 
in a former existence. 
cakkhu — (five sort of) vision : martisacakkhu, dibb* ; paiiiia , 
samanta* ; Buddha* ; the human eye, divine eye, eye of 
wisdom, universa.l eye, Biiddha's eye. 
cdalabhiilna — (six) supernatural powers: i. iddhividha 
magical powers. 2. dibbasota, divine ear. 3. para- 
rittavijanana, knowledge of other's thoughts. 4; 
pubbenivasanussatiflana, reminiscent knowledge of 
former existences. 5. dibbacakkhu, divine aye. 6. 
asavakkhayakaraiiana, knowledge which causes thf 
destruction of human passions. 
tipitaka — three baskets or scriptures : i. vinaya, disci- 
pline. 2. sutta, discourses. 3. abhidhamma, meta- 
pkysic. [see also under each division], 
devaloka — (six) worlds of devns : CatummaharSjika, Tava- 
tirhsa, V^ama, Tuslta, Nimmanarati, Paranimmitava- 
dhatu — (four) elements ; pathavl, extension: 2. apo, cohe- 
sion. 3. tejo, heat. 4. vSyo, mobility. 
dhutanga— (thirteen) ascetic, practices : i. paitisukulikan- 
ga, refuse-rag-practice. 2. teclvarikaiiga, three-robe, 
tractice. 3. pindapatikanga, allms-/>racf;Vc. 4. supa- 
danacSrikanga, house-to-'house practice. 5. ekasani- 
kmga., cne-sitting practice . 6. pattapin^ikanga, onc- 
boivl practice. 7. khalupacchabhattikariga, no-more 
practice. 8. arailflikanga, for est- practice. 9. rukkha- 
mulikanga, tree-root- practice. lo. abbhokasikanga, 
open-sky-practice. 11. sos3,nikanga, burning-ground- 
practice. 12. yathasanthatikartga, lodge-nowhere-prac- 
tice. 13. nesajjikaftga, never^lie-down-practice. 


luivangasasan.'i— ninefold religion-; i. sutta, diicoursea. 
-■ g'^yya. "'i.vvd prose and verse. 3. veyyakaraiiH, 
c.vt'ia'vii-. 4. gaihci, verses. 5. udana, ecstatic utter- 
ances. 6. iUvuttaksi, traditional sayings. 7. jataka, 
hirth stories. 8. abbhutadhamma, )narvels and ivon- 
ders. 9. vedalla, miscellany. 

nikaya — (five) nikayas : i. dighanikaya, majjhima', bailiy- 
utta*, anguttara*, khuddaka*. 

paiicavaggiya — rhe group of five : Anfiakondafifia, Bhad- 
diya, Vappa, Assaji, Mahanama, 

paticanantariyakanima— live sins witn immed'ate retribu- 
tion: I. inatugliata, matricide. 2. pilughSta, -parri- 
cide. 3. arahantaghata, killing a saint. 4- lohitup- 
pa.da, shedding the Buddha's blood. 5. saiighabheda, 
causing; dissension among the order. Abhithana— =the 
six deedly sins aie the same wiUi the addition of 
aiiriasatthu-uddesa, following otiier teachers. 

patisambhida — (four) analyses: i. atthapatisambhidl, 
dhamma*, nirutti", patibhana*, analytical hiowledgr 
of the meaning, of the text, of etyvwlogy, of the first 

parikkhara- — -(eight) requisites of a monk ; i. patta, the 
bowl. J— 4. ticlv&Ta, the three robes ^ 5. kayaband- 
hana, t/;e ^'frd/e. 6. vasi, a rasor. 7. suci, a needle. 
8. parissavana, a ivater-strainer. 

pjirami — (ten) perfections: i, dana, alms^gmng. i> 
sila, virtue, 3. nekkhamma, retirement. 4. paflfia, 
wisdom, 5. viriya, energy. 6. khanti, ^a iiencc. 7. 
sacca, truth. 8. adhitthana, resoUitian. 9. mett§, 
love. 10. upekha, indifference. 

bala — (five) pawers, same as tiie five indriya's, 

bodhipakkhiya — (thirty-seven) constituents of wisdom arc 
the four satipatthana, four sammappadhanas, four 
iddhipadas, five indriyas, five balas, seven bojjhangas, 
and the ariya aUhangika niagga. 

bojjhaAga — (seven) factors of wisdom: i.sati, mindfuU 
ness. 2. dhammavicaya, investigation of the dha^n- 
ma,~ 3. viriya* ener^'y, 4. piti, rapture. 5. passa* 
ddhi, trariquilUty. 6. samadhi, concentration, y. 
upekha, indifference. 


Buddha — (twenty four) Buddhas : Dipanlcara, Kondanna, 
Mangala, Sumana, Revata, Sobhita, AnomadassI 
Paduma, Narada, Padumuttara, Sumedlia, vSujata, 
Plyadassi, Atthadassf Dhammadassi, STddhatlha, 
Tissa, Phussa, VipassT, SikhT, Vessabiu'i, Kakusand- 
dha, Konfigamana, Kassapa. 

buddhakap]:)a — (five) buddha cycles : i . sarakappa, man 
da*, vara*, sarainanda*, bhadda*, in which one, two. 
three, four, five Buddhas appear, 

brahmaloka — inhabitants of the sixtfeen brahmfi worlds are : 
brahmaparisajja, brahmapurohita, mahabrahma, parit- 
tabha, appamanabha ahhassara, parittasubha, appa. 
manasubha, subhakinna, vehapphah'i, asaniiasattap avi- 
ha, atappa, sudassa, sudassT, akiniitha. 

brahmavihara— (tour) divine states : same as the four appa- 

niagga*— (four) paths: 1. sotapatti, xtre'dm-winning. 2 = 
sakadagami, once returning. 3. anagiimi, never-re' 
iufning. 4. arahatta. suintship. 

maharaja — -(four) Regents i i. Dhataral.tha, regent of the 
north. 2. Virulha, regent of the south. 3. Viru- 
pakkha, regent of the west. 4. Vessavatia, regent of 
the east, 

rajakakudahbhanda — (five) symbols of royalty ; 1 . khagga, 

the stiHird. 2. chatta, the iimbrella. 3. unhisa, the 

diadem. 4. paduka, the slippers. 5. valavijanJ, 
the fan. 

rajjaliga,— (seven) requisites of regal administration: i. 
sami, the monarch. 2. amacca, the prime minister. 
3. sakha, the friend. 4. kosa, treasure. 5. dugga, 
a stronghold. 6. vijita, a ti^rritory. 7. bala, ar)> 

ratana, — (seven) precious stones : i. suvantxa, gold, a. 
rajata, silver, 3. mutta, peart, 4. mani, gems. 5. 
veluriya, cat's-eye. 6. vajifa, diartiend. 7. pavaja, 

rasa — (six) tastes; t- ka&ava, dstringvrit, 2. titta, bitter. 
3. niadhltra, sweet, 4. lavana, Sail. 5. ambila, sour, 
6. katukaj acid- 


rSsi— (twelve) signs of the zodiac : i. mesa, ifee ram. t, 
usabha, hvXX. 3^. tneth'jna, twtns. 4. kakiiata, crah. 
5- siha, ito«. 6. kalii^a, virgin, 7. tula, balance. 
8. vicchika, scorpion. 9. dlianu, bow. 10. makara, 
Capricorn. 11. kumbha, water-pot. 12. mina, /isfe. 

vinayapitaka — the basket of Discipline consisls of Pa.r4- 
jika, Pacitti, MahSvagga, Culavagga, Parivara. 

lakkhaua — (three) characteristics : anicca, dukkha, anatta, 
impermanence, sufftring, selflessness. 

loka — (three) worlds: kimaloka, rupa*. arQpa*, the world 
of sense, of forrrij and of absence of form. 

lokadhamma — (eight) worldy conditions : r. ISbha, gain. 
2. alabha, Zosf . 3. yasa, /ame. 4. ayasa, dishonour. 
5. pasathsa, praise. 6. ninda, blame. 7. sukha, 
happiness. 7. dukkha, suffering. 

satipatthana— (four) applicalions of mindfulness : kayanu- 
passanS, vedananupassanl, cittatiupassana, dhan^ma- 
nupassana, meditation on the impurity of the body, 
on the evils of the sensations, on the evanescence of 
thought, on the conditions of existence. 

sariiyojana— (ten) fetters : i. sakkayadit^hi, feerasy about 
one's-self. 2. vicikicclm, doubt. 3. sllabbatapara- 
misa, observance of rite and ritual. 4. kamaraga, 
sensualpassion. 5. patigha, hatred. 6. ruparSga. 
passion of form. 7. aruparaga, passion of the form' 
less. 8. mana, conceit. 9. uddhacca, flurry. 10, 
avijja, ignorance. 

saliyatana— six organs af sense s \> c&kkhxx, the eye, i, 
sota, ear. 3. ghina, nose. 4. jivha, tongue. 5. 
k&ya, boy. 6. mana, mind. 

ariyapuggala — the eight holy personages are one in each of 
the four Paths {see raagga) and their respective 
Fruitions {phala).